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Research during the past several decades on the nature of

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2007, 22:32
Fistail wrote:
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity


A.

BDE all use have to refer to a singular entity. So I elim these choices.

C: not x but y... should be not x but rather y.

good prob.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2008, 04:53
Eliminate BDE for SV
Tough now between A and C

I am going for C - it just "sounds" right - even though its passive voice.

sondenso wrote:
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.
(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2008, 05:37
I'll also go for option C.
cuz in the option A.
"that produce and make it understandable "

two side of AND are :
a) produce
b) make it understandable.

but then in this case for the verb produce there is no noun.

I feel if the sentence was something like
"that produce and help understand the language ...." then it would have been more appropriate.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2008, 07:09
Good one.
A or C and I initially chose A. But the previous poster's analysis, about the missing noun for the verb 'produce' and making a case for C to be correct, is valid. So that leaves me stranded on A. :|

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2008, 07:30
sondenso wrote:
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.
(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
processess that make it(language) understandable
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
processess by which it (language) is understood

'understood' sounds better than 'understandable'.
I go for C.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2008, 18:34
sondenso wrote:
Like I, All but one here fall in the trap C

OA is A

I also think that C is better than A. Do you think so?


IMO
In C , "by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity" should rather be not only .....but also , and so C is wrong

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2008, 18:44
rpmodi wrote:
sondenso wrote:
Like I, All but one here fall in the trap C

OA is A

I also think that C is better than A. Do you think so?


IMO
In C , "by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity" should rather be not only .....but also , and so C is wrong


Believe me, if you dont want to say "not only...but also...", you can say "not...but". They are the same! :shock:
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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2008, 22:37
Could this be a good SC tactic? If you are stuck between A and another option - go for A since thats a lower risk guess. Other options *might* change the meaning....

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2008, 00:51
C states "by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity"


i believe "has revealed not underlying.... " is incorrect
rather it should be "has not revealed underlying...."

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2008, 17:39
IMO C

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

B,D and E are out as Research is singular and hence has is needed. Between A and C. C is better as "by which it is produced and understood" is better than "that produce and make it understandable"

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2008, 03:07
IMO A. Its between A and C , as the other sentences have "have"

Now C's "not underlying simplicity but great complexity " is not correct.. should have been either not only.. but also structure.. or

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2008, 04:14
IMO A. In B, D and E "have" is not correct, we need has. Between C and A i chose A because C looks wordy and i think that it has a structure problem.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2008, 16:50
Richardson wrote:
Thanks for your valuable inputs!

Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity


OA is A. I went to C though. I thought "instead of" in option A could be incorrect. Anyone can give any great explanation on this??? THx.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2008, 17:54
Richardson wrote:
Richardson wrote:
Thanks for your valuable inputs!

Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity


OA is A. I went to C though. I thought "instead of" in option A could be incorrect. Anyone can give any great explanation on this??? THx.


instead of is correct here ,x instead of y is correct idiom !!!
hence A is correct
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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2008, 18:07
Richardson wrote:
Richardson wrote:
Thanks for your valuable inputs!

Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity


OA is A. I went to C though. I thought "instead of" in option A could be incorrect. Anyone can give any great explanation on this??? THx.


Where is this Q from? I really doubt the OA? It was between A & C. I ruled out A for two reasons

(1) We use instead of when we can just replace X with Y and not when we want to show contrast or superiority.

(2) As some one has already said, it does not have a clear antecedent in A. C takes care of it by changing the construct to passive voice and making it refer to language? Can we say
Research is produced? I was stuck on that for a moment, but we say Research is done.

(3) AFAIK, Not X but Y is also a correct idiom.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2008, 18:12
spriya wrote:
Richardson wrote:
Richardson wrote:
Thanks for your valuable inputs!

Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity


OA is A. I went to C though. I thought "instead of" in option A could be incorrect. Anyone can give any great explanation on this??? THx.


instead of is correct here ,x instead of y is correct idiom !!!
hence A is correct


I know it's correct idiom, but what happens in GMAT is "rather than" is preferrable to "instead of" if they are both given as option choices. This is why I said "could be incorrect", not "is incorrect"...Anyway, thanks for your input.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2009, 10:47
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The subject of the sentence is "research," all of the other fluff in between can be ignored.

Since "research" is singular, the verb tense must also be singular. Answers B, D, and E all use the plural verb "have," so eliminate answers B, D, and E

Between answers A and C, "by which it..." is wordy and awkward construction.

I would pick answer A
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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2009, 11:38
"have" is must.
Between B,D and E.
Continuous or past tense is not required.

E for me.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2009, 15:05
Because of the subject is 'research', it needs to be 'has' - thus A or C. I picked C because in this choice, it is less ambiguous. Unfortunately, I am wrong.
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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2009, 18:29
noboru wrote:
606. Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.


(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity


B for me. "the process of" is a correct idiom. "Producing and understanding" are parallel. "Revealed not X but Y" is a proper and parallel idiom.

What's the OA?

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of   [#permalink] 06 Dec 2009, 18:29

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