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Research has shown that impoverished people in this country

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Research has shown that impoverished people in this country buy unhealthy snack foods on a daily basis because this kind of food is generally less expensive than more nutritious food. Therefore, improving the quality of one’s diet is a crucial step for rising out of poverty.

Which of the following choices uses reasoning that most clearly parallels the reasoning in the argument above?

A. A new study clearly demonstrates that a weed killer containing the ingredient Zorphon will make pets sick even if those pets have had minimal exposure to the weed killer. Therefore, people with pets should choose weed killers that do not contain any chemicals.

B. The size of the federal deficit has been unnecessarily increased by the unchecked expenditures of the previous administration. Therefore, any political party wishing to bring the deficit back down to manageable levels would be wise to avoid the economic policies of the previous administration.

C. It is well known that many students at state colleges take up residency in the state just to secure discounted tuition. Discounts of this sort adversely affect the financial standing of many colleges and should be reserved for students who have attended secondary school in the state.

D. Anyone looking to secure a home mortgage these days must avoid banks that advertise their low rates on the Internet, because all the banks that have recently been investigated for improper banking procedures have used the Internet to run ads that promote unrealistically low rates.

E. A recent study shows that people who drive to work do less weekend driving than car owners who take public transportation to work. To reduce the number of people who drive to work when they could be taking public transportation, buses and subways should be more readily available during the weekend.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by broall on 28 May 2017, 06:40, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Research has shown that impoverished people in this country [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2013, 09:18
carcass wrote:
I pick E but the answer is D

do you provide OE ??

Thanks



Hi carcass ,

I did many quizzes in the last 3 days so struggling to find OE , once I will find it I 'll post it.
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targetgmatchotu wrote:
carcass wrote:
I pick E but the answer is D

do you provide OE ??

Thanks



Hi carcass ,

I did many quizzes in the last 3 days so struggling to find OE , once I will find it I 'll post it.



It's ok ;)
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Here is the OE...

Explanation: The evidence in the stimulus is that A (poverty) leads to B (bad diet), while the conclusion is that “not A” (not being poor) leads to “not B” (a good diet). This is not a logical conclusion based on the evidence. By forming the contrapositive of the first premise, we could logically conclude that if you have a good diet, then you are not in poverty. NOTE: The phrase “leads to” in the explanation of the conclusion above can be confusing. We are told that a good diet is crucial, which is like saying that it is necessary. This does NOT mean that a good diet guarantees non-poverty. Instead, non-poverty guarantees a good diet. Therefore, anyone who is not poor has a good diet (“if not A, then not B”), even though the good diet came before the rise out of poverty. It’s like saying that taking the GMAT is a crucial step for going to business school, which translates into “if you want to be in business school, then you must take the GMAT.”

In the correct choice, the evidence comes after the word “because”: If a bank acted improperly (A), then it advertised on the Internet (B). The conclusion, found at the beginning of the answer, is that proper banks (not A) do not advertise on the Internet (not B). As in the stimulus, we are given “if A then B” as evidence, and “if not A then not B” as an (illogical) conclusion. Note that the conclusion is in the beginning of the argument, while the conclusion in the stimulus is in the second sentence. This difference is irrelevant.

(A) We are told that a weed killer with Zorphon will lead to sick pets, and therefore, if you don’t want sick pets don’t get a weed killer with any chemicals. In other words the evidence is if A (weed killer with Zorphon), then B (sick pets); the conclusion is if not B (not sick pets), then C (get weed killers without ANY chemicals).

(B) The evidence here is that A (unnecessary expenditures) has led to B (rising deficit). The conclusion advises against ANY policies of the last administration, not just unnecessary expenditures.

(C) This argument merely says that a particularly policy – granting discounted tuition to students who have only recently lived in the state – should be changed. There is no cause-and-effect argument, as there is in the stimulus.

(E) The evidence is that people who drive to work drive less on the weekends than people who take public transportation to work. This does not set up a clear cause-and-effect argument, as the stimulus does. Furthermore, it then discusses reducing the number of people who drive to work when they could take public transportation, which is a subset of the first group discussed. Thus, this argument is not parallel to the stimulus.

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Research has shown that impoverished people in this country buy unhealthy snack foods on a daily basis because this kind of food is generally less expensive than more nutritious food. Therefore, improving the quality of one’s diet is a crucial step for rising out of poverty.

Which of the following choices uses reasoning that most clearly parallels the reasoning in the argument above?

A. A new study clearly demonstrates that a weed killer containing the ingredient Zorphon will make pets sick even if those pets have had minimal exposure to the weed killer. Therefore, people with pets should choose weed killers that do not contain any chemicals.

B. The size of the federal deficit has been unnecessarily increased by the unchecked expenditures of the previous administration. Therefore, any political party wishing to bring the deficit back down to manageable levels would be wise to avoid the economic policies of the previous administration.

C. It is well known that many students at state colleges take up residency in the state just to secure discounted tuition. Discounts of this sort adversely affect the financial standing of many colleges and should be reserved for students who have attended secondary school in the state.

D. Anyone looking to secure a home mortgage these days must avoid banks that advertise their low rates on the Internet, because all the banks that have recently been investigated for improper banking procedures have used the Internet to run ads that promote unrealistically low rates.

E. A recent study shows that people who drive to work do less weekend driving than car owners who take public transportation to work. To reduce the number of people who drive to work when they could be taking public transportation, buses and subways should be more readily available during the weekend.
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Re: Research has shown that impoverished people in this country [#permalink]

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poverty results in buying unhealthy food
Therefore, improving the quality of one’s diet is a crucial step for rising out of poverty.

X causes Y
so eliminating y is necessary for eliminating X

parallels the reasoning

A.
    Z causes S
    Therefore,avoid Z to avoid S

B. UE increased deficit
Therefore, to improve deficit, avoid the economic policies of the previous administration.

C. residency at state colleges gives secure discounted tuition.
Discounts of this sort adversely affect the financial standing of many colleges and should be reserved for students not of colleges.

D. avoid banks that advertise their low rates on the Internet to secure a home mortgage
because all the banks,that have been investigated for improper banking procedures, have used the Internet to run ads that promote unrealistically low rates.

E. A recent study shows that people who drive to work do less weekend driving than car owners who take public transportation to work. To reduce the number of people who drive to work when they could be taking public transportation, buses and subways should be more readily available during the weekend.

Im really confused and this is a tough question.
Can someone explain parallel structure here?
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Re: Research has shown that impoverished people in this country [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2015, 21:02
It's a tough question , experts please help!! :cry:
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Re: Research has shown that impoverished people in this country [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2015, 04:45
Time consuming and difficult question!

You can eliminate A, B and C...Leaving you with D and E and probably more than 2min on the clock.

Can anyone explain why D is the right question?

The way I see, the reasoning behind the stem is “People buy low quality food because they are poor, therefore in order to diminish poverty you should improve food quality”, i.e. it assumes that there is a two way street (a vice-versa relation) between cause and effect.

I think D does have this two way street, but not as clear as in the question sten. You want a home mortgage and you should avoid banks that advertise on the web because all the banks recently investigated used to advertise on the web, although not all the banks that advertise on the web were investigated. Sounds more reasonable them the reasoning in the question stem.

In E, you have a much more obvious two way street. People who drive to work during the week drive less during weekend if compared to people who use public transportation during the week. To reduce people who drive to work during the week, you should make more buses and subways available during the weekend to reduce the number of people driving to work.
You are saying that because people drive during the week they (for whatever the reason) drive less during the weekend. Assuming that making more buses and subways available during the weekends will make less people drive to work is the same “and vice-versa” reasoning used in the question stem.

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This is the kinda question im gonna treat as a freebie and skip on my GMAT :) .. i can attempt 3 SC's at the cost of this one biggie!
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Re: Research has shown that impoverished people in this country [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2015, 05:35
I don't think there is two way in the argument.
Unhealthy snack leads to health problems and causes to spend more. Hence concludes improving ones diet is one of the way of getting out of poverty.
It goes on from specific statement of unhealthy snacks to generalizing to quality of diet. Similar trend can be found in correct answer specific some banks to generic all banks.
Answer a and b good arguments.
Answer c can't be right
Answer d and question have assumptions which is questionable
Answer e had two way conflict. Structure is different.

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New post 20 Oct 2015, 14:50
Experts, can you please explain what is correct the answer choice between D and E, and why?

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New post 21 Oct 2015, 05:32
I am not expert at all. But I can still provide some basis.
From the stimulus we find that:
//Poverty leads poor people to have low quality food. So, eliminating low quality food to rely on is crucial to eliminate poverty.//

We have to depend on an assumption to get the same thing from option D because:
//Improper banking procedures lead such banks to rely on Internet ad (to attract people through cheaper rates). So, eliminating Internet ad (through discouraging people to avoid such ads) is CRUCIAL TO ELIMINATE IMPROPER BANKING PROCEDURES.//

But unfortunately, this passage lacks the capital letters part. It is not clear why why people are told to avoid such banks. Is it not to be cheated? Or is it to eliminate improper banking practices?
If the passage clearly states that eliminating improper banking procedures is the ultimate goal like poverty elimination, only then option D could be the answer.

In my opinion, option E is a better candidate. Lets see:
//Poverty →low quality food
If we can weaken the right side, the left side(poverty) will be weakened as well....//

Likewise, in option E:
//Driving to work →less weekend driving
If we can weaken right side through providing available buses, subways on weekend, we can weaken/reduce such people driving to work.//

Hope it helps, even though still unsure.

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Stem states:

Unhealthy snacks (B) are a result of poverty (A)
Clearly, if one would avoid unhealthy snacks (B) --> one would avoid poverty (A)

This reasoning ignores the fact that A causes B and, thus, changing B will not help to get rid of A.

A. A new study clearly demonstrates that a weed killer containing the ingredient Zorphon will make pets sick even if those pets have had minimal exposure to the weed killer. Therefore, people with pets should choose weed killers that do not contain any chemicals.

Pets get sick (B) because they are exposed to (A)
To avoid sick pets (B), people should choose (C)


B. The size of the federal deficit has been unnecessarily increased by the unchecked expenditures of the previous administration. Therefore, any political party wishing to bring the deficit back down to manageable levels would be wise to avoid the economic policies of the previous administration.

Deficit increased (B) because of unchecked expenditures (A)
To bring deficit down (B), the next administration should avoid (A)

This may look similar but in both cases A is changed to cause B to change (and not the other way around)


C. It is well known that many students at state colleges take up residency in the state just to secure discounted tuition. Discounts of this sort adversely affect the financial standing of many colleges and should be reserved for students who have attended secondary school in the state.

Don't even bother with this one. It brings up a completely unrelated fact.

D. Anyone looking to secure a home mortgage these days must avoid banks that advertise their low rates on the Internet, because all the banks that have recently been investigated for improper banking procedures have used the Internet to run ads that promote unrealistically low rates.

Online advertisements of shady rates (B) are the result of improper banking procedures (A)
If one would avoid online advertisements (B) --> one would avoid improper banking procedures (A)

This statement ignores the fact that improper banking procedures are the root of the evil and not the online advertisements themselves. BINGO.


E. A recent study shows that people who drive to work do less weekend driving than car owners who take public transportation to work. To reduce the number of people who drive to work when they could be taking public transportation, buses and subways should be more readily available during the weekend.

Less driving on the weekend (B) is the result of commuting during the week (A)
If more public transportation is offered during the weekend (C) --> people would drive less during the week (A)

This is not the right answer choice because it does not touch on the relationship between A and B. For it to be the right answer, it should have read something like "If people would stop driving on the weekend, they would also be more likely to commute to work using public transportation.


I hope this helps.

This question reminded me of the "Let them eat cake" quote by Marie Antoinette (although she never said that). :roll:

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Re: Research has shown that impoverished people in this country [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2015, 17:49
Fact:Research has shown that impoverished people in this country buy unhealthy snack foods on a daily basis

Reason:because this kind of food is generally less expensive than more nutritious food.

Conclusion:Therefore, improving the quality of one’s diet is a crucial step for rising out of poverty.


A.
Fact:A new study clearly demonstrates that a weed killer containing the ingredient Zorphon will make pets sick even if those pets have had minimal exposure to the weed killer.

Reason?

Conclusion: Therefore, people with pets should choose weed killers that do not contain any
chemicals.
B.
Fact: The size of the federal deficit has been unnecessarily increased by the unchecked expenditures of the previous administration.

Reason?

Conclusion:Therefore, any political party wishing to bring the deficit back down to manageable levels would be wise to avoid the economic policies of the previous administration.


C.
Fact: It is well known that many students at state colleges take up residency in the state just to secure discounted tuition.

Fact:Discounts of this sort adversely affect the financial standing of many colleges and should be reserved for students who have attended secondary school in the state.


D.

Fact:Anyone looking to secure a home mortgage these days must avoid banks that advertise their low rates on the Internet,

Reason:because all the banks that have recently been investigated for improper banking procedures have used the Internet to run ads that promote unrealistically low rates.

This sounds parallel

E.
Fact:A recent study shows that people who drive to work do less weekend driving than car owners who take public transportation to work.

Reason?

Conclusion:To reduce the number of people who drive to work when they could be taking public transportation, buses and subways should be more readily available during the weekend.

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Re: Research has shown that impoverished people in this country [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2015, 19:05
Quote:
Research has shown that impoverished people in this country buy unhealthy snack foods on a daily basis because this kind of food is generally less expensive than more nutritious food. Therefore, improving the quality of one’s diet is a crucial step for rising out of poverty.

Which of the following choices uses reasoning that most clearly parallels the reasoning in the argument above?

A. A new study clearly demonstrates that a weed killer containing the ingredient Zorphon will make pets sick even if those pets have had minimal exposure to the weed killer. Therefore, people with pets should choose weed killers that do not contain any chemicals.

B. The size of the federal deficit has been unnecessarily increased by the unchecked expenditures of the previous administration. Therefore, any political party wishing to bring the deficit back down to manageable levels would be wise to avoid the economic policies of the previous administration.

C. It is well known that many students at state colleges take up residency in the state just to secure discounted tuition. Discounts of this sort adversely affect the financial standing of many colleges and should be reserved for students who have attended secondary school in the state.

D. Anyone looking to secure a home mortgage these days must avoid banks that advertise their low rates on the Internet, because all the banks that have recently been investigated for improper banking procedures have used the Internet to run ads that promote unrealistically low rates.

E. A recent study shows that people who drive to work do less weekend driving than car owners who take public transportation to work. To reduce the number of people who drive to work when they could be taking public transportation, buses and subways should be more readily available during the weekend.


I was able to narrow down to B and D.
STEM:-
Cause --> Effect
Poverty --> Unhealthy food

&

~Effect --> ~Cause
Improved quality of food (moving from unhealthy to healthy food) --> Coming out of poverty

Option D:-
Since it is in passive it can rephrased as:-
All the banks that have recently been investigated for improper banking procedures have used the Internet to run ads that promote unrealistically low rates. Therefore anyone looking to secure a home mortgage these days must avoid banks that advertise their low rates on the Internet.

Cause --> Effect
Banks that use of internet to run ads about low rates --> investigated for banking procedures (unsecured loans)

~Effect --> ~Cause
Secured loans --> Avoid banks that use internet to advertise

Pretty tough question.

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Re: Research has shown that impoverished people in this country [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2015, 19:17
Quote:
Research has shown that impoverished people in this country buy unhealthy snack foods on a daily basis because this kind of food is generally less expensive than more nutritious food. Therefore, improving the quality of one’s diet is a crucial step for rising out of poverty.

Which of the following choices uses reasoning that most clearly parallels the reasoning in the argument above?

A new study clearly demonstrates that a weed killer containing the ingredient Zorphon will make pets sick even if those pets have had minimal exposure to the weed killer. Therefore, people with pets should choose weed killers that do not contain any chemicals.

The size of the federal deficit has been unnecessarily increased by the unchecked expenditures of the previous administration. Therefore, any political party wishing to bring the deficit back down to manageable levels would be wise to avoid the economic policies of the previous administration.

It is well known that many students at state colleges take up residency in the state just to secure discounted tuition. Discounts of this sort adversely affect the financial standing of many colleges and should be reserved for students who have attended secondary school in the state.

Anyone looking to secure a home mortgage these days must avoid banks that advertise their low rates on the Internet, because all the banks that have recently been investigated for improper banking procedures have used the Internet to run ads that promote unrealistically low rates.

A recent study shows that people who drive to work do less weekend driving than car owners who take public transportation to work. To reduce the number of people who drive to work when they could be taking public transportation, buses and subways should be more readily available during the weekend.

I was able to narrow down to B and D.
STEM:-
Cause --> Effect
Poverty --> Unhealthy food

&

~Effect --> ~Cause
Improved quality of food (moving from unhealthy to healthy food) --> Coming out of poverty

Option D:-
Since it is in passive it can rephrased as:-
All the banks that have recently been investigated for improper banking procedures have used the Internet to run ads that promote unrealistically low rates. Therefore anyone looking to secure a home mortgage these days must avoid banks that advertise their low rates on the Internet.

Cause --> Effect
Banks that use of internet to run ads about low rates --> investigated for banking procedures (unsecured loans)

~Effect --> ~Cause
Secured loans --> Avoid banks that use internet to advertise

Pretty tough question.

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Re: Research has shown that impoverished people in this country [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2016, 12:06
there appears to be initial state of confusion between option D and E, but after a through reading the answer is actually option D

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Re: Research has shown that impoverished people in this country   [#permalink] 18 Apr 2016, 12:06

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