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Research has shown that the ancient Mesoamerican ballgame

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Re: Research has shown that the ancient Mesoamerican ballgame [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2012, 03:45
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B

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Re: Research has shown that the ancient Mesoamerican ballgame [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2012, 11:26
action noun preferred over gerund..
+1 B
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Re: Research has shown that the ancient Mesoamerican ballgame [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2012, 04:57
conmisdosmanos wrote:
Research has shown that the ancient Mesoamerican ballgame did not always involve human sacrifice; it was often used for entertaining, exercising, worship and conflict resolution between warring factions.
(A) it was often used for entertaining, exercising, worship and conflict resolution between warring factions.
(B) it was often used for entertainment, exercise, worship and conflict resolution between warring factions.
(C) it was often used for entertaining, exercising, worshipping and conflict resolution between factions at war.
(D) they had often used it for entertaining, exercising, worshipping and resolving conflicts between factions who were at war.
(E) it was often used for entertaining, exercising, worshipping and resolving conflicts between warring factions.



among all other choices B wins because of parallelism. but i have a doubt as far i know the correct idiomatic expression is Between X and Y . in this connection "between warring factions" is correct idiomatic expression??
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New post 10 Jun 2012, 07:13
conmisdosmanos wrote:
Hi everybody,

Thanks for the answers and feedback!

anilwanted and nusmavrik are correct - in B, the verbs are all in their noun forms, parallel to human sacrifice. between warring factions modifies the main verb conflict resolution.



I am not sure conflict resolution is a verb. It sounds like a noun.

The reason for choosing B over E, IMO, is this.

entertaining, exercising, worshipping and resolving conflicts


This can be construed as entertaining conflicts, exercising conflicts, worshipping conflicts, and resolving conflicts. (Wrong)

Never separate a subject and a "verb" by using a ", and". Resolving is a verb, resolution is not.

Therefore pick B which uses noun forms and not verb forms.
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Re: Research has shown that the ancient Mesoamerican ballgame [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2012, 21:25
Strike 1 - pronoun - it
Strike 2 - entertainment or entertaining vs conflict resolution


(am I right in strike 2??)

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Re: Research has shown that the ancient Mesoamerican ballgame [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2013, 05:11
Also, in case stuck between B and E, it is helpful to note that on the GMAT, "action nouns" are always preferred over gerunds.

Eg. Entertainment, etc. are action nouns, and while E is as parallel as B, when we have another option that is written in the form of action nouns, that should be chosen as the answer.

Hope that helps.
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New post 26 Sep 2014, 01:09
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New post 28 Apr 2016, 22:43
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Research has shown that the ancient Mesoamerican ballgame [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2016, 07:10
This is a good question , can you please tell the source ?
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New post 23 Jun 2016, 03:43
I felt that the gerund form of the verbs in option E need an object.. Hence eliminated E in favour of B.. Is my line of reasoning right?

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Research has shown that the ancient Mesoamerican ballgame [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2016, 07:08
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rs47 wrote:
I felt that the gerund form of the verbs in option E need an object. Hence eliminated E in favour of B.. Is my line of reasoning right?


Gerund can be used without an object, e.g. I like swimming.

The actual reason that E is wrong is the wrong idiomatic usage of use for + verb-ing (gerund). The correct usage is use + to verb ( infinitive).

Wrong: used for entertaining, exercising, worshipping and resolving.
Correct: used to entertain, exercise, worship and resolve.

Nonetheless use for + concrete noun is also alright as stated in option B.

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New post 16 Sep 2016, 02:13
Meaning: Some details (usage of Mesoamerican Ballgame).

Two clauses are correctly separated by semicolon. As the second sentence is the continuation of the first one (providing additional information). By just looking at the sentence we can figure out that it is testing the concept of parallelism.

D can be easily eliminated as the subject is singular. Rest all the options start the same way.

For+ verbing is avoided as much as possible. Instead look for to + verb form. Thus we can eliminate the A,C and E. The corect option left is B.

Also,we can check parallelism of the activities with human sacrifice. This will also lead us to option B.

Take away: Get the feel of what is being asked in the question. Here, parallelism with For + verbing error.

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 10:58
According to Kaplan, ones should avoid V-ing as much as possible => E is out

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New post 20 Sep 2017, 05:37
One question.

pronoun "it" in the second independent clause, must be in parallel with "Research" in first independent clause. So is n't it incorrectly referring to "Research"?.

Also, I was struck with B and E.

Experts please help me eliminate E.

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Research has shown that the ancient Mesoamerican ballgame [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2017, 05:38
One question.

pronoun "it" in the second independent clause, must be in parallel with "Research" in first independent clause. So is n't it incorrectly referring to "Research"?.

Experts please help
Thanks

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Re: Research has shown that the ancient Mesoamerican ballgame [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2017, 08:57
B is shorter than E even though B uses nouns.

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Re: Research has shown that the ancient Mesoamerican ballgame   [#permalink] 20 Sep 2017, 08:57

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