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# Research has shown that when speaking, individuals who have been blind

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Research has shown that when speaking, individuals who have been blind  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 16 Nov 2018, 02:46
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35% (medium)

Question Stats:

71% (01:44) correct 29% (02:08) wrong based on 1152 sessions

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Research has shown that when speaking, individuals who have been blind from birth and have thus never seen anyone gesture nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way as sighted people do, and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.

A) have thus never seen anyone gesture nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way as sighted people do, and that

B) have thus never seen anyone gesture but nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way that sighted people do, and

C) have thus never seen anyone gesture, that they nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way as sighted people do, and

D) thus they have never seen anyone gesture, but nonetheless they make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way that sighted people do, and that

E) thus they have never seen anyone gesture nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way that sighted people do, and

Originally posted by maryann on 01 Mar 2011, 04:33.
Last edited by Bunuel on 16 Nov 2018, 02:46, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Research has shown that when speaking, individuals who have been blind  [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2011, 08:34
9
2
IMO correct option A
The question tests parallelism and idiom.
Correct idiom => as X as Y
Not considering the marked portion in the main sentence maxes X = individuals make hand motions & Y = sighted people do
In A this is parallel.

Research has shown that when speaking, individuals [strike]who have been blind from birth and have thus never seen anyone gesture nonetheless[/strike] make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way as sighted people do, and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.

A) have thus never seen anyone gesture nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way as sighted people do, and that

B) have thus never seen anyone gesture but nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way that sighted people do, and - As X that Y is wrong

C) have thus never seen anyone gesture, that they nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way as sighted people do, and - that is not parallel & is unnecessary

D) thus they have never seen anyone gesture, but nonetheless they make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way that sighted people do, and that - As X that Y is wrong

E) thus they have never seen anyone gesture nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way that sighted people do, and - As X that Y is wrong
##### General Discussion
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Re: Research has shown that when speaking, individuals who have been blind  [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2011, 23:23
3
amma4u wrote:
can someone explain "that" in A is referring to what?

Research has shown that (when speaking, individuals ... people do,) and (that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.)

Reserch has shown that X and that Y --> his Keeps the parallelism

So B, C, E areout due to lack of parallelism.

between A and E , the only difference is A starts with "Have thus" while E starts with "thus they have..."

introduction of Subject "they" in E is unnecessary

it leave with the answer A.

whats is the OA????
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Re: Research has shown that when speaking, individuals who have been blind  [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2017, 23:05
2
For me, it 's A.

There are some problems here
Parallelism: “and that they will” - “and they will”; “show that X, that Y, and Z” - “show that X, and that Y”
Modifier: Comparison: “just as frequently” -“just as frequently as”
Idiom: “in the same way as” - “in the same way that”
Sentence structure: “but nonetheless make” - “nonetheless make”

B: “but nonetheless”, we don't have Verb for "individuals", and "but" is in wrong place.

B, D: “in the same way that” is absolutely wrong.

B, D, E: “As frequently” needs "as" in the end. In other sentences, “as frequently” share “as” with “in the same way”.

C: “shown that …, that …, and they will”, we need one more “and that” to end this parallel list.

If it helps, pls give me kudos. Thanks a lot.
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Re: Research has shown that when speaking, individuals who have been blind  [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2011, 21:03
can someone explain "that" in A is referring to what?
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Re: Research has shown that when speaking, individuals who have been blind  [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2014, 09:52
Crazy problem

A) have thus never seen anyone gesture nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way as sighted people do, and that
looks fine
B) have thus never seen anyone gesture but nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way that sighted people do, and
research has shown that blah blah and they will gesture - break in parallel (need a 'that' before 'they')

C) have thus never seen anyone gesture, that they nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way as sighted people do, and
research has shown that blah blah and they will gesture - break in parallel (need a 'that' before 'they')

D) thus they have never seen anyone gesture, but nonetheless they make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way that sighted people do, and that
individuals who have been blah blah and thus they have - break in parallel (remove they)

E) thus they have never seen anyone gesture nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way that sighted people do, and
individuals who have been blah blah and thus they have - break in parallel (remove they)

If you get this problem in 60 secs, pretty sure you don't need to worry about parallelism
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Re: Research has shown that when speaking, individuals who have been blind  [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2015, 00:58
My take -

A) have thus never seen anyone gesture nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way as sighted people do, and that
Keep. No problem. Lets look at other options.
B) have thus never seen anyone gesture but nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way that sighted people do, and
but and nonetheless are redundant. There is no problem with 'in the same way that'. However, a 'that' at the end is missing, which makes the meaning unclear.
C) have thus never seen anyone gesture, that they nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way as sighted people do, and
wrong usage - 'gesture, that they nonetheless' (comma not required). Also a 'that' at the end is missing, which makes the meaning unclear.
D) thus they have never seen anyone gesture, but nonetheless they make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way that sighted people do, and that
pronoun 'they' not required in 'thus they have never seen'. but and nonetheless are redundant.
E) thus they have never seen anyone gesture nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way that sighted people do, and
pronoun 'they' not required in 'thus they have never seen'. Also a 'that' at the end is missing, which makes the meaning unclear.

What is the source of this question?
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Re: Research has shown that when speaking, individuals who have been blind  [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2017, 21:29
maryann wrote:
Research has shown that when speaking, individuals who have been blind from birth and have thus never seen anyone gesture nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way as sighted people do, and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.

A) have thus never seen anyone gesture nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way as sighted people do, and that
B) have thus never seen anyone gesture but nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way that sighted people do, and
C) have thus never seen anyone gesture, that they nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way as sighted people do, and
D) thus they have never seen anyone gesture, but nonetheless they make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way that sighted people do, and that
E) thus they have never seen anyone gesture nonetheless make hand motions just as frequently and in the same way that sighted people do, and

Research has shown that L (when speaking...people do), and that M (they will gesture...).

Within "that L" there's another structure. "individuals who N (have been blind) and P (have never seen) nonetheless make hand motions Q (just as frequently) and R (in the same... people do)"

So you've got three pairs of "and" phrases or clauses, in which each part of the pair should be parallel.

So, L and M = pair #1, N and P = pair #2, Q and R = pair #3.

They're all correctly parallel in choice A.
B breaks parallelism for L and M (no "that" before M), as well as breaking some other rules (Correct idiom is as X as)
C breaks parallelism for L and M (no "that" before M), as well as breaking some other rules
D breaks parallelism for N and P (individuals who N and "they" P - I shouldn't repeat the subject here b/c "individuals" is outside of the parallel part of the sentence) ;(Correct idiom is as X as)
E same as D and B/C and in E --(Correct idiom is as X as)

Other rules are broken as well in the wrong ones, but you can use this one rule, parallelism, to deal with all 4 wrong choices.
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Research has shown that when speaking, individuals who have been blind  [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2019, 17:44
amma4u wrote:
can someone explain "that" in A is referring to what?

Research has shown 2 phenomena.

Therefore, sentence structure used is "Research has shown that(1st phenomena) x does 123 and that(2nd phenomena) does 456".
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Re: Research has shown that when speaking, individuals who have been blind  [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2020, 21:49
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Research has shown that when speaking, individuals who have been blind   [#permalink] 18 Feb 2020, 21:49
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