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# Research shows that when people work

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Research shows that when people work  [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2018, 03:12
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Question 1
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37% (03:01) correct 63% (02:54) wrong

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Question 2
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61% (01:07) correct 39% (01:04) wrong

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Question 3
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Research shows that when people work with a positive mind-set, performance on nearly every level—productivity, creativity, engagement—improves. Yet the correlation between happiness and performance is perhaps not so easily understood by many. For one, most people believe that success precedes happiness, but, because success is a moving target, the happiness that results from success is fleeting. Instead people who cultivate a positive mind-set perform better in the face of a challenge. In a meta-analysis of 225 academic studies, researchers found strong evidence of directional causality between life satisfaction and successful business outcomes.

What is even more encouraging is that even though our genetics and our environment have an impact on how happy we are, our general sense of well-being is surprisingly malleable. Our habits, our interactions with coworkers, our attitude towards stress—all these aspects can be managed to increase our happiness and our chances of success. Habits such as taking short breaks and constantly having a positive engagement with coworkers not only reduce stress substantially but also enhance our productivity and thus better our prospects of professional success. Accordingly, encouraging employees to accept some level of stress as an inevitability and perceive it as a motivator and a fuel to growth, is vital for boosting the performance of the workforce.

1. Which of the following statements would the author NOT agree with?
A. Two people with the same genetic make-up and environment can have different happiness quotients.
B. For happiness to result from success, the latter needs to be a stationary target.
C. Increment in remuneration is not the only important factor responsible for improving the performance of employees.
D. Some factors beyond that we have little control over impact how happy we are.
E. The order in which success and happiness occur is not necessarily fixed.
A.Two people with the same genetic make-up and environment can have different happiness quotients.
Incorrect: Can be Inferred
This statement follows from the first sentence of the second paragraph. The author states that even though our genetics and our environment have an impact on how happy we are, our general sense of well-being is surprisingly malleable.
The author goes on to elaborate on the “malleable” part by describing how we can manage our happiness by things that are in our control. Accordingly, even if the genetic and environmental factors are kept constant for two individuals, their attitude can influence their individual happiness quotients.
B.For happiness to result from success, the latter needs to be a stationary target.
Correct
In the first paragraph, the author states that the happiness that results from success is fleeting or shortlived as success is a moving target. This clearly suggests that even when success is not a stationary target, happiness is possible- albeit shortlived.
C.Increment in remuneration is not the only important factor responsible for improving the performance of employees.
Incorrect: Can be Inferred
This statement can be derived from the last sentence of the passage in which the author states that encouraging employees to accept some level of stress as an inevitability and perceive it as motivator and a fuel to growth is vital for boosting the performance of the workforce.
D.Some factors beyond that we have little control over impact how happy we are.
Incorrect: Can be Inferred
The author contrasts our genetics and our environment with other factors that are within our control. So, it can be inferred that our genetics alongwith our environment are pitched as those that we have little control over.
E. The order in which success and happiness occur is not necessarily fixed.
Incorrect: Can be Inferred
In the first paragraph, the author talks about how people do not really understand the relation between success and happiness and then cites the example of the order of success and happiness that most people believe in to illustrate this point. Clearly, this choice follows from there.

2. The author is primarily concerned with
A. showing how happiness can be cultivated rather than passively experienced
B. guiding employers with respect to increasing the overall happiness and success quotient of the employees
C. clarifying why happiness is not dependent on factors other than a positive outlook
D.proposing that happiness and the resultant success at work are rather dependent on our attitude
E. outlining the ways in which one can achieve professional success

The first paragraph explains the relationship between cultivating a positive outlook and professional success while the second paragraphs shows how happiness and success can be achieved. The correct answer must take in to account the main idea of both these paragraphs.

A.showing how happiness can be cultivated rather than passively experienced
Incorrect: Partial scope
This choice captures the scope of only the second paragraph.
B.guiding employers with respect to increasing the overall happiness and success quotient of the employees
Incorrect: Partial scope
The author does talk about boosting employee performance in the last sentence of the passage but nowhere else in the passage does the author make any other suggestions to employers as such.
C.clarifying why happiness is not dependent on factors other than a positive outlook
Incorrect: Inconsistent
The author does talk about the link between happiness and positive outlook in the second paragraph but at the same time agrees that our genetics and environment affect how happy we are. Hence, there are other factors as well that determine happiness.
D.proposing that happiness and the resultant success at work are rather dependent on our attitude
Correct
This choice is on the lines of our pre-thought answer. It combines the scope of both the paragraphs.
E.outlining the ways in which one can achieve professional success
Incorrect: Partial scope
While this choice does almost cover the scope of the first paragraph, it does not take in to account the author’s main point in writing the first paragraph.

3. According to the passage, which of the following is true?
A. Most people use success to measure their happiness.
B. Even when the situation is tough, a positive outlook can trick the brain in to believing otherwise.
C. One of the most important ways of boosting employee performance is encouraging them to accept some level of stress as a part of the job.
D. Developing common habits with coworkers can help reduce stress significantly.
E. When happiness is triggered by success, it is anything but everlasting.

A.Most people use success to measure their happiness.
Incorrect: Out Of Scope
The author says that most people think success comes before happiness and not that they use it as a tool to measure happiness.
B.Even when the situation is tough, a positive outlook can trick the brain in to believing otherwise.
Incorrect: Out Of Scope
Although the author does state that a positive outlook helps perform better in the face of an obstacle/challenge, there is no mention of how the same is achieved- whether by tricking the brain our changing the way we perceive the challenge is not discussed. However, given the contents of the passage, it is most likely in the latter way.
C.One of the most important ways of boosting employee performance is encouraging them to accept some level of stress as a part of the job.
Incorrect: Out Of Scope
The author does consider it an important way but there is no information given on whether it is one of the “most important” ways.
D.Developing common habits with coworkers can help reduce stress significantly.
Incorrect: Out Of Scope
Habits and interactions with co-workers are listed as two separate aspects and the author does not build or indicate towards a combination of the two.
E.When happiness is triggered by success, it is anything but everlasting.
Correct
This statement states the same thing as the following statement made by the author in the first paragraph:
but, because success is a moving target, the happiness that results from success is fleeting.

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Re: Research shows that when people work  [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2018, 05:04
Can you give the source of this also the explanation to question 2?
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Re: Research shows that when people work  [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2018, 21:20
Skywalker18 abhimahna GMATNinja GMATninja2 carcass

1. Which of the following statements would the author NOT agree with?

A. Two people with the same genetic make-up and environment can have different happiness quotients.
B. For happiness to result from success, the latter needs to be a stationary target.
C. Increment in remuneration is not the only important factor responsible for improving the performance of employees.
D. Some factors beyond that we have little control over impact how happy we are.
E. The order in which success and happiness occur is not necessarily fixed.

I am stuck between B and D.

For B, the author at any point never agrees with the fact that for happiness to result from success, the latter needs to be a stationary target.
Then why B is not correct.

Option D says that Some factors beyond that we have little control over impact how happy we are. "Over Impact" is not mentioned anywhere in the argument so this is correct.

OA says D but can you help me in finding a reason to eliminate B.
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Re: Research shows that when people work  [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2018, 21:34
Can any one please explain me the answer to the 1st question. I am stuck between B and D
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Re: Research shows that when people work  [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2018, 06:03
"Habits such as taking short breaks and constantly having a positive engagement with coworkers not only reduce stress substantially but also enhance our productivity and thus better our prospects of professional success."

As per this statement answer of question number 3 should be D.
I am not able to understand why OA is E.
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Re: Research shows that when people work  [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2018, 23:55
Skywalker18 : OA for question 1 is D, but in explanations it says OA is B. Please confirm which one is correct.

Akshdeep
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Re: Research shows that when people work  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2018, 00:03
AkshdeepS wrote:
Skywalker18 : OA for question 1 is D, but in explanations it says OA is B. Please confirm which one is correct.

Akshdeep

warrior1991 wrote:
Skywalker18 abhimahna GMATNinja GMATninja2 carcass

1. Which of the following statements would the author NOT agree with?

A. Two people with the same genetic make-up and environment can have different happiness quotients.
B. For happiness to result from success, the latter needs to be a stationary target.
C. Increment in remuneration is not the only important factor responsible for improving the performance of employees.
D. Some factors beyond that we have little control over impact how happy we are.
E. The order in which success and happiness occur is not necessarily fixed.

I am stuck between B and D.

For B, the author at any point never agrees with the fact that for happiness to result from success, the latter needs to be a stationary target.
Then why B is not correct.

Option D says that Some factors beyond that we have little control over impact how happy we are. "Over Impact" is not mentioned anywhere in the argument so this is correct.

OA says D but can you help me in finding a reason to eliminate B.

warrior1991 , shweta234 , AkshdeepS -- OA corrected now
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When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
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Re: Research shows that when people work &nbs [#permalink] 11 Jul 2018, 00:03
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# Research shows that when people work

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