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Researcher: A number of studies have suggested that,on average,clients

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Researcher: A number of studies have suggested that,on average,clients  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2017, 07:38
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Researcher: A number of studies have suggested that,on average,clients in short-term psychotherapy show similar levels of improvement regardless of the kind of psychotherapy they receive.So any client improvement in short-term psychotherapy must be the result of some aspect or aspects of therapy that are common to all psychotherapies—for example,the presence of someone who listens and gives attention to the client. Which one of the following,if true,would most weaken the researcher’s argument?

(A) The methods by which the studies measured whether clients improved primarily concerned immediate symptom relief and failed to address other important kinds of improvement.
(B) On average,clients improve more dramatically when they receive long-term psychotherapy,a year or longer in duration,than when clients receive short-term psychotherapy.
(C) The studies found that psychotherapy by a trained counselor does not result in any greater improvement,on average,among clients than does simple counseling by an untrained layperson.
(D) The specific techniques and interventions used by therapists practicing different kinds of psychotherapy differ dramatically.
(E) More-experienced therapists tend to use a wider range of techniques and interventions in psychotherapy than do inexperienced therapists.
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Re: Researcher: A number of studies have suggested that,on average,clients  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2017, 10:05
Not sure why A is correct.

Even if the effects/improvements are short term/a specific kind of improvements only, it still does not invalidate the argument that whatever these effects are, they are brought on by the commonalities of all short term psychotherapy.
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Re: Researcher: A number of studies have suggested that,on average,clients  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2017, 10:11
It's A, as new premise ( additional fact) is added conclusions falls through

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Researcher: A number of studies have suggested that,on average,clients  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2017, 10:29
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Researcher: A number of studies have suggested that,on average,clients in short-term psychotherapy show similar levels of improvement regardless of the kind of psychotherapy they receive.So any client improvement in short-term psychotherapy must be the result of some aspect or aspects of therapy that are common to all psychotherapies—for example,the presence of someone who listens and gives attention to the client. Which one of the following,if true,would most weaken the researcher’s argument?

(A) The methods by which the studies measured whether clients improved primarily concerned immediate symptom relief and failed to address other important kinds of improvement.
It shows that the conducted study did not include measure of some important kinds of improvement and thus casts enough doubt that the study may not be accurate.

(B) On average,clients improve more dramatically when they receive long-term psychotherapy,a year or longer in duration,than when clients receive short-term psychotherapy.
There is no point mentioning the time period for short term or long term psychotherapy

(C) The studies found that psychotherapy by a trained counselor does not result in any greater improvement,on average,among clients than does simple counseling by an untrained layperson.
This is actually a strengthener.

(D) The specific techniques and interventions used by therapists practicing different kinds of psychotherapy differ dramatically.
If techniques and interventions differ, there may be some other aspect which is common and which influences improvement

(E) More-experienced therapists tend to use a wider range of techniques and interventions in psychotherapy than do inexperienced therapists.
No mention about experience of therapist
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Researcher: A number of studies have suggested that,on average,clients &nbs [#permalink] 05 Apr 2017, 10:29
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Researcher: A number of studies have suggested that,on average,clients

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