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# Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that

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Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2010, 15:58
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Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.

A) that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows in cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from

B) that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of

C) living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from

D) that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of

E)living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than

can some one explain?

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Re: new species of sparrow [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2010, 03:42
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ugimba wrote:
Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.

A) that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows in cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from

B) that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of

C) living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from

D) that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of

E)living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than

can some one explain?

My ans is B.
To make comparison parallel (coloring VS all other sparrows' coloring)--> require "that of"--> eliminate A,C,E
In D, almost wholly dependent on.. , could modify the cypress grove.--> which is not the intended meaning.
Plus, B maintains //ism--> 1. lives,2. is almost wholly independent, and 3. has coloring
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Re: new species of sparrow [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2010, 07:36
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My take is B as well. That lives..., is..., and has... makes everything comma separated parallel. All other answer options have one or the other extra issue such as tense matching or improper pronoun referencing.
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Re: new species of sparrow [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2010, 07:45
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BarneyStinson wrote:
My take is B as well. That lives..., is..., and has... makes everything comma separated parallel. All other answer options have one or the other extra issue such as tense matching or improper pronoun referencing.

can you please explain a bit more on why B is correct?

I couldn't understand the comma before is (,is almost wholly) .. it didn't make sense to me but looks like this option is correct since you all picked this choice.

if you can, please break down the option B to explain the independent clause(s), lists ..
( the 'is' connected to which subject?)

thanks.

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Re: new species of sparrow [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2010, 08:27
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ugimba wrote:
can you please explain a bit more on why B is correct?

I couldn't understand the comma before is (,is almost wholly) .. it didn't make sense to me but looks like this option is correct since you all picked this choice.

if you can, please break down the option B to explain the independent clause(s), lists ..
( the 'is' connected to which subject?)

thanks.

You, my friend, have impressed me with your thirst for knowledge. As your best-friend from now on, I'll tell you the secret, which many a wise men have devised over generations, that, which is the soul of the world's most popular language, that, which when known will help you speak like me. Of course, I am stooping low with my vocabs right now so you could comprehend me easily. Anyways, the secret is that I always break the sentence into logical parts to sound sensible.

Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow | that lives only in cypress groves, | is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, | and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.

So as you read, we are still discussing about the new species of sparrow in each clause after every comma, which is the subject of the entire sentence. All parts of the sentence when put together should make a complete sense, the intent should be crisp, clear and convincingly conveyable.

How about that awesome thing you just learnt - hi five!!!!!
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Re: new species of sparrow [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2010, 08:51
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BarneyStinson wrote:
ugimba wrote:
can you please explain a bit more on why B is correct?

I couldn't understand the comma before is (,is almost wholly) .. it didn't make sense to me but looks like this option is correct since you all picked this choice.

if you can, please break down the option B to explain the independent clause(s), lists ..
( the 'is' connected to which subject?)

thanks.

You, my friend, have impressed me with your thirst for knowledge. As your best-friend from now on, I'll tell you the secret, which many a wise men have devised over generations, that, which is the soul of the world's most popular language, that, which when known will help you speak like me. Of course, I am stooping low with my vocabs right now so you could comprehend me easily. Anyways, the secret is that I always break the sentence into logical parts to sound sensible.

Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow | that lives only in cypress groves, | is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, | and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.

So as you read, we are still discussing about the new species of sparrow in each clause after every comma, which is the subject of the entire sentence. All parts of the sentence when put together should make a complete sense, the intent should be crisp, clear and convincingly conveyable.

How about that awesome thing you just learnt - hi five!!!!!

Hey Thanks for the explanation. I got it now ...

usually I see sentences "THAT" repeating so probably that made me to not see the list.

Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, that is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and that has coloring completely different from that of

this is the structure I see for lists that involve 'that' ... anyways, I got it now.

and thanks for considering me your friend I watch "How I met your mother " on CBS every monday!

so I can learn a thing or two from your play book!

+1 kudos to ya.

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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2012, 09:43
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This was a tough one for me too. I didn't pick up on the fact that it was trying to build up parallelism with the different verbs.
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2013, 14:38
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ugimba wrote:
Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.

A) that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows in cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from

B) that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of

C) living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from

D) that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of

E)living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than

can some one explain?

HERE IS OE

The original sentence intends to identify a sparrow by the fact that it lives in cypress groves, eats certain berries, and has certain coloring. All these facts about the sparrow must be presented in parallel form. However, in the original sentence, these facts are presented in different forms. We need to find a choice that presents them all in parallel fashion. Moreover, "whose coloring is different from all other sparrows" is incorrect. The sparrow's coloring is different from the coloring of other sparrows, not from the sparrows themselves. We need to find a choice that makes this clear.

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) CORRECT. This choice remedies the parallelism issue: "lives only in...., is almost wholly... and has coloring..." The comparison issue is also remedied: "has coloring different from that of all other sparrows." The comparison is now logically drawn between the coloring of the new species and the coloring ("that") of other species.

(C) This answer choice remedies neither the parallelism issue ("living..., is almost..., and whose coloring") nor the illogical comparison (coloring and sparrows).

(D) While this answer choice remedies the comparison, the parallelism issue persists from the original sentence.

(E) This parallelism issue has been remedied in this answer choice, but the illogical comparison has not. In addition, the correct idiomatic expression is "different from," not "different than."
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2014, 08:31
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2014, 10:31
This is an MGMAT question. The Answer choice is given as B. But I dont understand how the answer is justified.

The Original choice can mean that the phrase "almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees " is acting as a modifier that describes how the sparrow survives/lives in the cypress trees... That phrases can logically act as a modifier and since it is given in the original sentence, we cannot say that this is not the intended meaning.

Then how can we simply say that the intended meaning of the author was to preserve parallelism among the three items: 'lives', 'is almost', and 'whose colouring'... May be the author meant the phrase starting with 'almost' to be used as a modifier and he wants parallelism only between the items 'lives' and 'whose coloring'. IT also makes sense logically. I think D should be the answer.

Yet nobody seems to have stressed on this point....

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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2015, 01:00
The original sentence intends to identify a sparrow by the fact that it lives in cypress groves, eats certain berries, and has certain coloring. All these facts about the sparrow must be presented in parallel form. However, in the original sentence, these facts are presented in different forms. We need to find a choice that presents them all in parallel fashion. Moreover, "whose coloring is different from all other sparrows" is incorrect. The sparrow's coloring is different from the coloring of other sparrows, not from the sparrows themselves. We need to find a choice that makes this clear.

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) CORRECT. This choice remedies the parallelism issue: "lives only in...., is almost wholly... and has coloring..." The comparison issue is also remedied: "has coloring different from that of all other sparrows." The comparison is now logically drawn between the coloring of the new species and the coloring ("that") of other species.

(C) This answer choice remedies neither the parallelism issue ("living..., is almost..., and whose coloring") nor the illogical comparison (coloring and sparrows).

(D) While this answer choice remedies the comparison, the parallelism issue persists from the original sentence.

(E) This parallelism issue has been remedied in this answer choice, but the illogical comparison has not. In addition, the correct idiomatic expression is "different from," not "different than."
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2015, 05:38
(B) CORRECT. This choice remedies the parallelism issue: "lives only in...., is almost wholly... and has coloring..." The comparison issue is also remedied: "has coloring different from that of all other sparrows." The comparison is now logically drawn between the coloring of the new species and the coloring ("that") of other species.

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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2016, 06:25
Whats wrong with option D ?? i dont seem to get the parallel issue in D !

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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2016, 08:12
anuj11 wrote:
Whats wrong with option D ?? i dont seem to get the parallel issue in D !

There are 3 modifiers for "a new species of sparrow":
1. "that lives only in cypress groves": relative clause
2. "almost wholly dependent ........... on cypress trees": phrase
3. "whose coloring is completely different...": relative clause

The second modifier is not a relative clause, but an adjective phrase... hence not parallel.

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Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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22 May 2017, 04:59
sayantanc2k wrote:
anuj11 wrote:
Whats wrong with option D ?? i dont seem to get the parallel issue in D !

There are 3 modifiers for "a new species of sparrow":
1. "that lives only in cypress groves": relative clause
2. "almost wholly dependent ........... on cypress trees": phrase
3. "whose coloring is completely different...": relative clause

The second modifier is not a relative clause, but an adjective phrase... hence not parallel.

Hi,

I was of the view that when relative clauses are parallel, they should always start with the same relative pronoun. Eg that X, that Y, and that Z. And this was another reason for me to reject Option D.

However, can we draw a parallel with different relative pronouns? Eg - that X, that Y, and whose Z [say in option D we had- "a new species of sparrow that lives..., that is almost..., and whose color..."]

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