Researchers have found that if toddlers engaged in social : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Researchers have found that if toddlers engaged in social

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Researchers have found that if toddlers engaged in social [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2012, 13:15
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Researchers have found that if toddlers engaged in social sports or learning groups, they will develop social skills and learn conversational conventions more quickly than do those who do not attend such events.

A engaged in social sports or learning groups, they will develop social skills and learn conversational conventions more quickly than do
B engaged in social sports or learning groups, they develop social skills and learn conversational conventions quicker than
C engage in social sports or learning groups, they will develop social skills and learn conversational conventions quicker than do
D engage in social sports or learning groups, they have developed social skills and learn conversational conventions more quickly than do
E engage in social sports or learning groups, they develop social skills and learn conversational conventions more quickly than
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Re: SC - Parallelism, Verb [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2012, 17:44
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agdimple333 wrote:
Researchers have found that if toddlers engaged in social sports or learning groups, they will develop social skills and learn conversational conventions more quickly than do those who do not attend such events.

A engaged in social sports or learning groups, they will develop social skills and learn conversational conventions more quickly than do
B engaged in social sports or learning groups, they develop social skills and learn conversational conventions quicker than
C engage in social sports or learning groups, they will develop social skills and learn conversational conventions quicker than do
D engage in social sports or learning groups, they have developed social skills and learn conversational conventions more quickly than do
E engage in social sports or learning groups, they develop social skills and learn conversational conventions more quickly than

Several issues on display here. First let's look at the end of the sentence where you have a nice split between "than" and "than do". This is a comparison issue as you are comparing the "sporty/social" toddlers with the "anti-social" toddlers. As such, including the word "do" incorrectly compares the "social" toddlers with an action. Eliminates A/C/D.

You also see an issue around the verb tense related to the "if clause". You need a tense pairing that makes sense for an "if clause" - past/past, present/present or present/future.
A - past/future (wrong)
B - past/present (wrong)
C - present/future (fine)
D - present/present perfect (wrong)
E - present/present (fine)

There is also a nice adverb/adjective split here - more quickly/quicker. Here we need the adverb "more quickly" to modify the verb "develop", not the adjective "quicker", which we would use to modify a noun. Eliminates B/C.

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Re: Toddlers engaged in social sports or learning groups [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2012, 19:53
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agdimple333 wrote:
Researchers have found that if toddlers engaged in social sports or learning groups, they will develop social skills and learn conversational conventions more quickly than do those who do not attend such events.

A engaged in social sports or learning groups, they will develop social skills and learn conversational conventions more quickly than do
B engaged in social sports or learning groups, they develop social skills and learn conversational conventions quicker than
C engage in social sports or learning groups, they will develop social skills and learn conversational conventions quicker than do
D engage in social sports or learning groups, they have developed social skills and learn conversational conventions more quickly than do
E engage in social sports or learning groups, they develop social skills and learn conversational conventions more quickly than

The sentence relates to the IF - Clause and Modifier. In IF clause rule, choice C and E are fine. However, in the meaning, choice C using QUICKER that is adjective and modifies wrongly the clause before it, while choice E using MORE QUICKLY that is adverb and correctly modifies the developing... and learning...

So, choice E is the final answer choice.
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Re: Researchers have found that if toddlers engaged in social [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2012, 05:20
Hi KyleWiddison or any1 else,can you please explain the If clause (whats should one keep in mind when if is used)
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Re: Researchers have found that if toddlers engaged in social [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2012, 20:37
The 'if' clause isn't commonly tested on the GMAT, so you shouldn't worry about it too much. In short, the 'if' clause presents an 'if' condition with a 'then' outcome. Example: If I go to sleep late, I will be tired tomorrow. There are lots of ways to create the if clause correctly (present/present, present/future, past perfect/conditional perfect...). Here is an example with past perfect/conditional perfect: If I had gone to sleep late, I would have been tired in the morning.

One thing to note, the GMAT won't use helping verbs "would" or "should" in the 'if' portion of the clause. WRONG: If I WOULD go to sleep late, I will be tired.

Hope that helps!
KW
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Re: Researchers have found that if toddlers engaged in social [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2012, 21:20
A very good practice question.
"If " brings a subtle cause-effect in the sentence,so (C),(E) seems to be the right choice.
"More quickly" is the right choice over "Quicker than" .

(E) wins
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Re: Researchers have found that if toddlers engaged in social   [#permalink] 10 Aug 2012, 21:20
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