Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 23 May 2017, 04:54

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind

Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 11 Jan 2014
Posts: 95
Concentration: Finance, Statistics
GMAT Date: 03-04-2014
GPA: 3.77
WE: Analyst (Retail Banking)
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 57 [2] , given: 11

Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind [#permalink]

Show Tags

16 Feb 2014, 10:54
2
KUDOS
9
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

72% (02:25) correct 28% (01:21) wrong based on 912 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind from birth, and who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.

A) who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.
B) who thus never saw anyone gesturing, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequent and in virtually the same way as sighted people did, and that they will gesture
C) who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless made hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people, do, as well as gesturing
D) thus never having seen anyone gesture, nevertheless made hand motions when speaking just as frequent and in virtually the same way as sighted people did, as well as gesturing
E) thus never having seen anyone gesture, nevertheless to make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and to gesture
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
New!
Intern
Joined: 14 Sep 2013
Posts: 1
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 3 [3] , given: 1

Re: Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind [#permalink]

Show Tags

17 Feb 2014, 08:08
3
KUDOS
Abdul29 wrote:
Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind from birth, and who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.

A) who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.
B) who thus never saw anyone gesturing, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequent and in virtually the same way as sighted people did, and that they will gesture
C) who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless made hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people, do, as well as gesturing
D) thus never having seen anyone gesture, nevertheless made hand motions when speaking just as frequent and in virtually the same way as sighted people did, as well as gesturing
E) thus never having seen anyone gesture, nevertheless to make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and to gesture

This one gave me a headache.

This is why I think all the other options are wrong:
In B, "just as frequent" is wrong, and so is "sighted people did"
In C, "nevertheless made" hand motions is wrong because they haven't stopped making these hand motions, so we need the present tense - make
In D, "nevertheless made" is wrong again, and so is "just as frequent" because it should be "just as frequently"
In E, "nevertheless to make hand motions" is all kinds of wrong.
Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 3830
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Followers: 816

Kudos [?]: 6298 [2] , given: 324

Re: Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind [#permalink]

Show Tags

18 Feb 2014, 09:32
2
KUDOS
This is essentially a question of maintaining //ism

A) who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.----Correct choice maintaining//ism and tense form

B) who thus never saw anyone gesturing, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequent and in virtually the same way as sighted people did, and that they will gesture --- use of past tense ‘saw’ breaks //ism

C) who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless made hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people, do, as well as gesturing -------Use of past tense ‘made’ breaks //ism

D) thus never having seen anyone gesture, nevertheless made hand motions when speaking just as frequent and in virtually the same way as sighted people did, as well as gesturing –never having seen breaks //ism

E) thus never having seen anyone gesture, nevertheless to make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and to gesture--- same as D Plus a faulty construction.
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb.
9884544509

Intern
Joined: 19 Apr 2012
Posts: 15
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GMAT Date: 06-26-2014
GPA: 4
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 30

Re: Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind [#permalink]

Show Tags

18 Apr 2014, 00:04
daagh wrote:
This is essentially a question of maintaining //ism

A) who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.----Correct choice maintaining//ism and tense form

B) who thus never saw anyone gesturing, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequent and in virtually the same way as sighted people did, and that they will gesture --- use of past tense ‘saw’ breaks //ism

C) who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless made hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people, do, as well as gesturing -------Use of past tense ‘made’ breaks //ism

D) thus never having seen anyone gesture, nevertheless made hand motions when speaking just as frequent and in virtually the same way as sighted people did, as well as gesturing –never having seen breaks //ism

E) thus never having seen anyone gesture, nevertheless to make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and to gesture--- same as D Plus a faulty construction.

In Option A, "and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person". what does that refer too??
Senior Manager
Joined: 01 Nov 2013
Posts: 348
GMAT 1: 690 Q45 V39
WE: General Management (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 187 [0], given: 403

Re: Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind [#permalink]

Show Tags

18 Apr 2014, 01:09
nityamskhurana wrote:
daagh wrote:
This is essentially a question of maintaining //ism

A) who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.----Correct choice maintaining//ism and tense form

B) who thus never saw anyone gesturing, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequent and in virtually the same way as sighted people did, and that they will gesture --- use of past tense ‘saw’ breaks //ism

C) who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless made hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people, do, as well as gesturing -------Use of past tense ‘made’ breaks //ism

D) thus never having seen anyone gesture, nevertheless made hand motions when speaking just as frequent and in virtually the same way as sighted people did, as well as gesturing –never having seen breaks //ism

E) thus never having seen anyone gesture, nevertheless to make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and to gesture--- same as D Plus a faulty construction.

In Option A, "and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person". what does that refer too??

That refers to The research have found that .....this that is the second that for the second part of that research
_________________

Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is always to try just one more time.

I hated every minute of training, but I said, 'Don't quit. Suffer now and live the rest of your life as a champion.-Mohammad Ali

Intern
Joined: 19 Apr 2012
Posts: 15
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GMAT Date: 06-26-2014
GPA: 4
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 30

Re: Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind [#permalink]

Show Tags

18 Apr 2014, 02:19
samichange wrote:
nityamskhurana wrote:
daagh wrote:
This is essentially a question of maintaining //ism

A) who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.----Correct choice maintaining//ism and tense form

B) who thus never saw anyone gesturing, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequent and in virtually the same way as sighted people did, and that they will gesture --- use of past tense ‘saw’ breaks //ism

C) who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless made hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people, do, as well as gesturing -------Use of past tense ‘made’ breaks //ism

D) thus never having seen anyone gesture, nevertheless made hand motions when speaking just as frequent and in virtually the same way as sighted people did, as well as gesturing –never having seen breaks //ism

E) thus never having seen anyone gesture, nevertheless to make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and to gesture--- same as D Plus a faulty construction.

In Option A, "and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person". what does that refer too??

That refers to The research have found that .....this that is the second that for the second part of that research

Thanks!!! not sure how i missed that....that
Manager
Status: suffer now and live forever as a champion!!!
Joined: 01 Sep 2013
Posts: 148
Location: India
GPA: 3.5
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 60 [0], given: 75

Re: Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind [#permalink]

Show Tags

30 Apr 2014, 06:10
"who" and "that" after "and" are used to maintain parallelism.
Manager
Joined: 01 Jan 2013
Posts: 64
Location: India
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 28 [0], given: 131

Re: Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind [#permalink]

Show Tags

18 May 2014, 09:46
Abdul29 wrote:
Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind from birth, and who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.

A) who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.
B) who thus never saw anyone gesturing, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequent and in virtually the same way as sighted people did, and that they will gesture
C) who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless made hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people, do, as well as gesturing
D) thus never having seen anyone gesture, nevertheless made hand motions when speaking just as frequent and in virtually the same way as sighted people did, as well as gesturing
E) thus never having seen anyone gesture, nevertheless to make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and to gesture

This one gave me a headache.

I am not able to understand the structure of this question.
As fas as I know Comma + and has two usage : when there is an independent clause or when there are 2 or more item in the list.
so in the sentence ,and who thus have never been .. is neither and independent clause nor an item in the list.
So what is the exact usage over here and please explain the entire grammatical strucutre in individual clauses and list.
Intern
Joined: 18 May 2014
Posts: 29
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 72 [2] , given: 2

Re: Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind [#permalink]

Show Tags

18 May 2014, 21:35
2
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
abid1986 wrote:
Abdul29 wrote:
Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind from birth, and who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.

A) who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.
B) who thus never saw anyone gesturing, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequent and in virtually the same way as sighted people did, and that they will gesture
C) who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless made hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people, do, as well as gesturing
D) thus never having seen anyone gesture, nevertheless made hand motions when speaking just as frequent and in virtually the same way as sighted people did, as well as gesturing
E) thus never having seen anyone gesture, nevertheless to make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and to gesture

This one gave me a headache.

I am not able to understand the structure of this question.
As fas as I know Comma + and has two usage : when there is an independent clause or when there are 2 or more item in the list.
so in the sentence ,and who thus have never been .. is neither and independent clause nor an item in the list.
So what is the exact usage over here and please explain the entire grammatical strucutre in individual clauses and list.

Hi abid1986,

You have correctly mentioned the two usage of ‘comma + and’. I think the problem you faced here is in breaking the sentence into clauses and that’s the reason you could not identify the function of ‘comma + and’ in this sentence.

Following is the grammatical structure of the sentence. You can find the subjects in the green and verbs in the blue.

Researchers have found (C-1)
o that
individuals (C-2)
o who have been blind from birth, (C-3)
o and who thus have never seen anyone gesture, (C-4)
• nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as (C-2 continued...)
sighted people do, (C-5)
o and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person. (C-6)

PARALLEL LIST- I

This list is of a certain things that the researchers have found:
1. Individuals make hand motions when speaking
2. And they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.

This list of items is connected using ‘comma + and’.

PARALLEL LIST- II

This list is of some specific individuals about whom the researchers have found the above things:
1. Who have been blind from birth.
2. Who have never seen anyone gesture.

I think this one answers your first question. These are the two items in the list that are connected using ‘comma + and’.

COMPARISON

o Individuals make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do.

The two clauses ‘individuals make hand motions’ and ‘sighted people do’ are compared using ‘as…..as’.

Hope this helps!
Manyu
Manager
Joined: 15 Jan 2014
Posts: 64
GMAT 1: 720 Q51 V38
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 12

Re: Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind [#permalink]

Show Tags

19 May 2014, 00:12
abid1986 wrote:
As fas as I know Comma + and has two usage : when there is an independent clause or when there are 2 or more item in the list.

Actually I thought that "more than 2 items" are required in a list, for he comma + and. Is this not true?

Is there an article that you can direct me towards.
Intern
Joined: 18 May 2014
Posts: 29
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 72 [0], given: 2

Re: Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind [#permalink]

Show Tags

22 May 2014, 06:55
VerbalHow wrote:
abid1986 wrote:
As fas as I know Comma + and has two usage : when there is an independent clause or when there are 2 or more item in the list.

Actually I thought that "more than 2 items" are required in a list, for he comma + and. Is this not true?

Is there an article that you can direct me towards.

Hi VerbalHow,

I haven’t encountered any article on the usage of ‘and’, but I think we can learn more from the official sentences than from articles, which by the way are not official.

We can look for two official examples, in which there are only two elements in a list and these elements are connected using a ‘comma + and’.

EXAMPLE I

• Researchers have found

o that individuals who have been blind from birth, and who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do,
o and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.

Here, the two items of the list connected with a ‘comma + and’ are the two dependent clauses:

1. that individuals…..
2. that they will gesture…..

EXAMPLE II

• Researchers have found
• that individuals

o who have been blind from birth,
o and who thus have never seen anyone gesture,

• nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.

Here, the two items of the list connected with a ‘comma + and’ are again two dependent clauses:

1. who have been blind from birth
2. who thus have never seen anyone gesture

Considering above two examples, we can say that ‘comma + and’ can be used to connect a list which has two or more items.

Hope this helps!
Manyu

Last edited by manyu2409 on 17 Jul 2014, 00:09, edited 1 time in total.
Manager
Joined: 24 Oct 2013
Posts: 175
Schools: LBS '18
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V38
WE: Design (Transportation)
Followers: 9

Kudos [?]: 39 [0], given: 83

Re: Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind [#permalink]

Show Tags

17 Jun 2014, 21:16
What does 'they' refer to in the end? It could refer to researchers and individuals both logically and grammatically. Should have a pronoun reference error?
e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2022
Followers: 2210

Kudos [?]: 7738 [0], given: 291

Re: Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind [#permalink]

Show Tags

18 Jun 2014, 03:55
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
gauravkaushik8591 wrote:
What does 'they' refer to in the end? It could refer to researchers and individuals both logically and grammatically. Should have a pronoun reference error?

Hi gauravkaushik8591,

When a sentence has two parallel clauses and the subject of the second clause is a pronoun then this pronoun refers to the subject of the first clause.
Let us take a look at the sentence structure for this question:

• Researchers have found
o that individuals who have been blind from birth, and who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do,
o and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.

Now, in the above sentence there are two parallel clauses starting with ‘that’, and the subject of the second clause is a pronoun. So, grammatically it refers to the subject of the first parallel clause i.e. individuals.

Also, logically ‘researchers’ cannot be the antecedent of the pronoun ‘they’. Let’s try to understand the meaning of the last clause of the sentence:
• They will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.

The phrase ‘another blind person’ indicates that the people who are gesturing are also blind. Now, who is blind- the researchers or the individuals?
As mentioned in the sentence, the individuals are blind, not the researchers. So, the logical antecedent to the pronoun ‘they’ is ‘individuals’.

Hope this helps!
Deepak
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Manager
Joined: 15 Jan 2014
Posts: 64
GMAT 1: 720 Q51 V38
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 12

Re: Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind [#permalink]

Show Tags

18 Jun 2014, 05:34
manyu2409 wrote:
Considering above two examples, we can say that ‘comma + and’ can be used to connect a list which has two or more items.

What I mean by "list" was elements "other than clauses".

He is a person who likes to play football, and who likes to watch television: comma before "and", because "and" joins two clauses.

He is a person who likes to play football and watch television: no comma before "and", because "and" joins two elements.

He is a person who likes to play football, watch television, and enjoy movies: comma before "and", because "and" joins more than two elements.

Can you let me know if you have seen any official example that violates this?
Manager
Joined: 23 May 2014
Posts: 105
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 32 [1] , given: 6

Re: Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind [#permalink]

Show Tags

18 Jun 2014, 07:57
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Researches have found
-- that individuals
who have been blind from birth
and
who thus have never seen anyone gesture
nevertheless make hand motions when speaking
just as frequently and in virtually the same way
as sighted people do
--and that they (individuals) will gesture even when conversing with another blind person

A) who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person. - Correct
B) who thus never saw anyone gesturing, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequent and in virtually the same way as sighted people did, and that they will gesture – Incorrect. Tense issue.
C) who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless made hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people, do, as well as gesturingIncorrect. Tense error.Parallelism error.
D) thus never having seen anyone gesture, nevertheless made hand motions when speaking just as frequent and in virtually the same way as sighted people did, as well as gesturingIncorrect. Tense error .Parallelism error.
E) thus never having seen anyone gesture, nevertheless to make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do, and to gestureIncorrect. Verb missing. Parallelism error.
Intern
Joined: 03 Jun 2014
Posts: 2
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 9

Re: Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind [#permalink]

Show Tags

24 Jun 2014, 21:28
Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind from birth, and who thus have never seen anyone
gesture, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same wayas
sighted people do, and that they will gesture
even when conversing with another blind person.
A. who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently
and in virtually the same way as sighted people do,and that they will gesture
B. who thus never saw anyone gesturing, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequent andin
virtually the same way as sighted people did, and that they will gesture
C. who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless made hand motions when speaking just as frequently
and in virtually the same way as sighted people do,as well as gesturing
D. thus never having seen anyone gesture, neverthelessmade hand motions when speaking just as frequent and in
virtually the same way as sighted people did, as well as gesturing
E. thus never having seen anyone gesture, neverthelessto make hand motions when speaking just as frequently
and in virtually the same way as sighted people do,and to gesture

Moderator
Status: It always seems impossible until it's done!!
Joined: 29 Aug 2012
Posts: 738
Location: India
GMAT 1: 680 Q49 V34
Followers: 67

Kudos [?]: 1168 [0], given: 236

Re: Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind [#permalink]

Show Tags

24 Jun 2014, 21:43
bikramnitj wrote:
Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind from birth, and who thus have never seen anyone
gesture, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same wayas
sighted people do, and that they will gesture
even when conversing with another blind person.
A. who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently
and in virtually the same way as sighted people do,and that they will gesture
B. who thus never saw anyone gesturing, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequent andin
virtually the same way as sighted people did, and that they will gesture
C. who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless made hand motions when speaking just as frequently
and in virtually the same way as sighted people do,as well as gesturing
D. thus never having seen anyone gesture, neverthelessmade hand motions when speaking just as frequent and in
virtually the same way as sighted people did, as well as gesturing
E. thus never having seen anyone gesture, neverthelessto make hand motions when speaking just as frequently
and in virtually the same way as sighted people do,and to gesture

Merging Similar Topics.

_________________
Director
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 639
Location: Bangalore, India
Followers: 37

Kudos [?]: 242 [0], given: 10

Re: Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind [#permalink]

Show Tags

24 Jun 2014, 22:15
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
bikramnitj wrote:

Two levels of parallelism can be immediately spotted:

Researchers have found

1) that individuals

1a) who have been blind from birth, and
1b) who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do,

and

2) that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person

So, on a larger level, the parallelism is: Researchers have found that X...and that...Y (because these are the two broad findings of the researchers)

Within X, we have another level of parallelism: individuals who X1 and who X2 (because both of these are the characteristics of those individuals)

Hope it is clear now.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish (GMAT Faculty @ EducationAisle)
http://www.EducationAisle.com

Sentence Correction Nirvana available at Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Intern
Joined: 05 Nov 2013
Posts: 16
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 4

Re: Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind [#permalink]

Show Tags

16 May 2015, 16:11
egmat wrote:
gauravkaushik8591 wrote:
What does 'they' refer to in the end? It could refer to researchers and individuals both logically and grammatically. Should have a pronoun reference error?

Hi gauravkaushik8591,

When a sentence has two parallel clauses and the subject of the second clause is a pronoun then this pronoun refers to the subject of the first clause.
Let us take a look at the sentence structure for this question:

• Researchers have found
o that individuals who have been blind from birth, and who thus have never seen anyone gesture, nevertheless make hand motions when speaking just as frequently and in virtually the same way as sighted people do,
o and that they will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.

Now, in the above sentence there are two parallel clauses starting with ‘that’, and the subject of the second clause is a pronoun. So, grammatically it refers to the subject of the first parallel clause i.e. individuals.

Also, logically ‘researchers’ cannot be the antecedent of the pronoun ‘they’. Let’s try to understand the meaning of the last clause of the sentence:
• They will gesture even when conversing with another blind person.

The phrase ‘another blind person’ indicates that the people who are gesturing are also blind. Now, who is blind- the researchers or the individuals?
As mentioned in the sentence, the individuals are blind, not the researchers. So, the logical antecedent to the pronoun ‘they’ is ‘individuals’.

Hope this helps!
Deepak

Hi, I am an E-GMAT student currently.

Quick question - in the last phrase, the use of "will gesture" isn't that incorrect as just as the individuals already "make" hand motions when speaking, they already "gesture" while conversing with another blind individual. It's not like this will start post the research, right?

Please correct me if my understanding is incorrect. Would really appreciate a response. Thank you.

Regards,
Neha
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10367
Followers: 996

Kudos [?]: 223 [0], given: 0

Re: Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind [#permalink]

Show Tags

22 Jun 2016, 11:11
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: Researchers have found that individuals who have been blind   [#permalink] 22 Jun 2016, 11:11
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
13 Psychological studies have found that children who are afflicted with 6 03 Nov 2016, 02:47
5 Researchers have found that if toddlers engaged in social 5 10 Aug 2012, 22:20
2 Several studies have found that the coronary patients who 9 16 Feb 2014, 02:19
20 Research has shown that when speaking, individuals who have 13 12 May 2016, 20:54
3 Marketing researchers have found that, because many 20 18 Aug 2016, 06:09
Display posts from previous: Sort by