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Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old

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Joined: 20 Dec 2014
Posts: 67

Kudos [?]: 152 [0], given: 7

Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old [#permalink]

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14 May 2015, 21:07
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Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears from what it appears was
an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who
systematically
hunted big game much earlier than believed.

A. it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human
ancestors who
B. it appears had been an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and stunning evidence that human
ancestors
C. appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and is stunning evidence that human
ancestors
D. appears to be an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence that human ancestors
E. appears that it is an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence of human
ancestors who
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Kudos [?]: 152 [0], given: 7

Manager
Joined: 14 Apr 2015
Posts: 80

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 48

Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old [#permalink]

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22 May 2015, 11:25
sannidhya wrote:
Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears from what it appears was
an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who
systematically
hunted big game much earlier than believed.

A. it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human
ancestors who
B. it appears had been an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and stunning evidence that human
ancestors
C. appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and is stunning evidence that human
ancestors
D. appears to be an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence that human ancestors
E. appears that it is an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence of human
ancestors who

STRUCTURE: Researchers in Germany have unearthed X from Y (noun/noun ph), modifier of X.

Y = WHAT it appears to be (appear idiom - appear as, appear to be, appear to have been).
So only choice is D.

Modifier error with A, B, C.
A - They unearthed X from Y as Z!
B - They unearthed X from Y AND Z!
C - They unearthed X from Y AND IS Z! (They unearthed X from Y,Z is correct)

I am not sure the modifier is for spears (X) or hunting grounds (Y).

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 48

Manager
Status: I am not a product of my circumstances. I am a product of my decisions
Joined: 20 Jan 2013
Posts: 131

Kudos [?]: 121 [0], given: 68

Location: India
Concentration: Operations, General Management
GPA: 3.92
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Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old [#permalink]

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22 May 2015, 22:35
Apourv wrote:
sannidhya wrote:
Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears from what it appears was
an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who
systematically
hunted big game much earlier than believed.

A. it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human
ancestors who
B. it appears had been an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and stunning evidence that human
ancestors
C. appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and is stunning evidence that human
ancestors
D. appears to be an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence that human ancestors
E. appears that it is an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence of human
ancestors who

STRUCTURE: Researchers in Germany have unearthed X from Y (noun/noun ph), modifier of X.

Y = WHAT it appears to be (appear idiom - appear as, appear to be, appear to have been).
So only choice is D.

Modifier error with A, B, C.
A - They unearthed X from Y as Z!
B - They unearthed X from Y AND Z!
C - They unearthed X from Y AND IS Z! (They unearthed X from Y,Z is correct)

I am not sure the modifier is for spears (X) or hunting grounds (Y).

The modifier is modifying the entire preceding clause + it also provides the result of the preceding clause.

Kudos [?]: 121 [0], given: 68

Manager
Joined: 06 Aug 2013
Posts: 91

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Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old [#permalink]

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29 May 2015, 00:18
in option (d), is stunning a verb-ing word?? because i knew stunning was always an adjective.

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Manhattan Prep Instructor
Joined: 30 Apr 2012
Posts: 798

Kudos [?]: 833 [1], given: 5

Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old [#permalink]

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29 May 2015, 06:31
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
arnabs wrote:
in option (d), is stunning a verb-ing word?? because i knew stunning was always an adjective.

You are correct, stunning is an adjective for evidence in choice D. It doesn't always have to be an adjective, however.

"The waiter threw the food at the customers, stunning everyone in the restaurant."

Here, stunning is not an adjective.

KW
_________________

Kyle Widdison | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | Utah

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile

Kudos [?]: 833 [1], given: 5

Manager
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Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old [#permalink]

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30 May 2015, 12:45
KyleWiddison wrote:
arnabs wrote:
in option (d), is stunning a verb-ing word?? because i knew stunning was always an adjective.

You are correct, stunning is an adjective for evidence in choice D. It doesn't always have to be an adjective, however.

"The waiter threw the food at the customers, stunning everyone in the restaurant."

Here, stunning is not an adjective.

KW

appreciate the clarification Kyle, thanks!!!

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 17

Manager
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Kudos [?]: 47 [0], given: 260

Location: United States
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41
Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2015, 14:41
sannidhya wrote:
Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears from what it appears was
an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who
systematically
hunted big game much earlier than believed.

A. it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human
ancestors who
B. it appears had been an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and stunning evidence that human
ancestors
C. appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and is stunning evidence that human
ancestors
D. appears to be an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence that human ancestors
E. appears that it is an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence of human
ancestors who

After 'what' we do not need words such as 'it' here. The verb can come immediately: what appears

The meaning given in last part of A seems inappropriate: 'evidence of human ancestors who hunted ...'
It seems that this evidence is about some special kind of human ancestors, those who hunted ...,

Also, 'as evidence ..' even if correct, is so far from the 'wooden spears.

In sentences like this, an absolute phrase can be properly used to explain some earlier part of the sentence.

A. it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human
ancestors who
B. it appears had been an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and stunning evidence that human ancestors
'stunning' incorrectly explains the 'hunting ground', rather than 'wooden spears'

C. appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and is stunning evidence that human
ancestors

'is stunning' again incorrectly explains the 'hunting ground', rather than the 'wooden spears'

D. appears to be an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence that human ancestors
Correct!
'stunning evidence that ...' is an absolute phrase which shows what this discovery or these spears have suggested

E. appears that it is an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence of human
ancestors who

'that it is' is wordy
'evidence of human ancestors who ...' changes the meaning

Kudos [?]: 47 [0], given: 260

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Posts: 10106

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Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2017, 05:31
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old   [#permalink] 06 Oct 2017, 05:31
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