Restrictive V/s Non Restrictive clause : GMAT Verbal Section
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Restrictive V/s Non Restrictive clause

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Director
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Restrictive V/s Non Restrictive clause [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2013, 11:51
10. Carnivorous mammals can endure what would
otherwise be lethal levels of body heat because they
have a heat-exchange network which kept the brain
from getting too hot.
(A) which kept
(B) that keeps
(C) which has kept
(D) that has been keeping
(E) having kept
Verb form; Rhetorical construction
Th e use of the past tense (kept) is incorrect
because a current situation is discussed; the
present tense (keeps) is consistent with the other
verbs in the sentence. In (A) and (C), which
introduces a restrictive clause. Some writers
follow the convention that which can only be used
for nonrestrictive clauses, but insistence on this
rule is controversial, and both (A) and (C) can be
rejected on other grounds.

Can anyone explain the reasoning behind OG as it states that.

WHICH can only be used for nonrestrictive clauses, this RULE is controversial.

Can anyone give examples on that?

Rgds,
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Re: Restrictive V/s Non Restrictive clause [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2013, 16:01
Hi TGC,
We answered the same question you presented to our other students on this blog post:
http://www.gmatpill.com/practice-questi ... ommentary/

WHICH is generally non-restrictive as you mentioned. It's not a strict rule due to its casual usage (mixing its usage with "that")...but on the gmat it is "preferred" to be non-restrictive whereas "that" is preferred to be used in restrictive cases.
Director
Joined: 03 Aug 2012
Posts: 916
Concentration: General Management, General Management
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GMAT 2: 680 Q50 V32
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
Followers: 23

Kudos [?]: 718 [0], given: 322

Re: Restrictive V/s Non Restrictive clause [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2013, 20:16
GMATPill wrote:
Hi TGC,
We answered the same question you presented to our other students on this blog post:
http://www.gmatpill.com/practice-questi ... ommentary/

WHICH is generally non-restrictive as you mentioned. It's not a strict rule due to its casual usage (mixing its usage with "that")...but on the gmat it is "preferred" to be non-restrictive whereas "that" is preferred to be used in restrictive cases.

I understood the errors and the POE. However , I asked the doubt pertaining to the RULE for USAGE of which,
and OG says that insistence on this RULE is controversial.Need explanation on the same.

Rgds,
TGC!
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Re: Restrictive V/s Non Restrictive clause [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2013, 22:28
Remember, in clause, WHICH without Comma is not good.

If you have "X of Y, which..." then:

1. If Y works as the antecedent of "which", then "which" should stand for Y.
2. If Y doesn't work as the antecedent, but "X of Y" DOES work, then "which" can stand for "X of Y".

I believe the same rule is used in the OG12 q26. In this question, in correct choice E, WHICH refers to Letters not Dickinson.
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Director
Joined: 03 Aug 2012
Posts: 916
Concentration: General Management, General Management
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GMAT 2: 680 Q50 V32
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
Followers: 23

Kudos [?]: 718 [0], given: 322

Re: Restrictive V/s Non Restrictive clause [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2013, 00:13
willigetmylifeback wrote:
Remember, in clause, WHICH without Comma is not good.

If you have "X of Y, which..." then:

1. If Y works as the antecedent of "which", then "which" should stand for Y.
2. If Y doesn't work as the antecedent, but "X of Y" DOES work, then "which" can stand for "X of Y".

I believe the same rule is used in the OG12 q26. In this question, in correct choice E, WHICH refers to Letters not Dickinson.

Hi Folk,

Can you give examples for both of the instances which you have mentioned?

Rgds,
TGC!
_________________

Rgds,
TGC!
_____________________________________________________________________
I Assisted You => KUDOS Please
_____________________________________________________________________________

Re: Restrictive V/s Non Restrictive clause   [#permalink] 28 Aug 2013, 00:13
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