It is currently 22 Nov 2017, 19:33

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

VP
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1393

Kudos [?]: 168 [0], given: 916

Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Apr 2015, 21:59
i think this question is easy because it test structure not meaning relation. understand structure well is ok to do this. we can learn from oa a new pattern

as much because .... as because

is the new pattern not mentioned in grammar book but can be learned from the oa in section. this learning situation is normal. we learn the pattern from the text we are reading not only from grammar book.
this simple thinking is important for use to see grammar in text with the help of grammar books. our thinking is not that we learn patterns in grammar books only
_________________

visit my facebook to help me.
on facebook, my name is: thang thang thang

Kudos [?]: 168 [0], given: 916

Current Student
Joined: 07 Jan 2015
Posts: 68

Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 41

Location: India
Concentration: Operations
GMAT 1: 710 Q49 V36
Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Apr 2015, 22:09
Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much because of their sales of a year
earlier being so bad as that

A. of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that :as much because.....as that.... NOT PARALLEL. Also 'being' is suspect here
B. of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as becauseas much because of their.......as because shoppers. NOT PARALLEL. Also 'Having been' is awkward
C. of their sales a year earlier being as bad as becauseas bad as.....should be followed by a noun. So Incorrect. Also 'being' a suspect.
D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as becauseas much because their sales.......as because shoppers.. PARALLEL. CORRECT !
E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as thatas much because ........as that...Not Parallel.

Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 41

Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10130

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 May 2015, 19:41
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

SVP
Joined: 06 Nov 2014
Posts: 1905

Kudos [?]: 542 [1], given: 23

Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 May 2015, 21:39
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much because of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that shoppers were getting a head start on buying their holiday gifts.

1) We're looking for the structure as much because...as because...2) "because of + noun/-ing verb or because + noun + verb is correct. "their sales of a year earlier being bad" is a very awkward phrase that functions like a noun but should be stated better (with because + subject + verb). Eliminate A, B, C.

D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because
E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that past perfect (had been, not were) is needed to describe an action in the past that happened prior to another action in the past. First the sales were bad and then it was reported.

Kudos [?]: 542 [1], given: 23

Intern
Status: Do or Die!!
Joined: 29 Jul 2013
Posts: 24

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 30

Location: India
Concentration: Technology
GMAT 1: 630 Q49 V27
GPA: 3.86
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Jul 2015, 07:02
+1 D
"because of" should be followed by a noun, here there is a clause.
Clause + Because + Clause
Clause + Because of + Noun/Noun Phrase

So D is the correct answer.

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 30

Manager
Joined: 11 Aug 2011
Posts: 194

Kudos [?]: 401 [8], given: 886

Location: United States
Concentration: Economics, Finance
GMAT Date: 10-16-2013
GPA: 3
WE: Analyst (Computer Software)
Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Jul 2015, 12:43
8
KUDOS
5
This post was
BOOKMARKED
This questions tests a very popular structure that the Gmat loves to test - Because and Because of.
Notice here that there is a split of 3:2 between because and because of in the answer choices.

Usage of "Because"
Jack came late to office because he was working till late last night.

Because X , Y - here X is a dependent clause and Y is the independent clause.

There are two main uses of Because
1) Because -> Modifies a clause.
2) Because -> Takes a clause.

Difference between "Because of" and "Due to"

Delay in the match was due to heavy rain

So the construction of "Due to"
1) Due to modifies noun or noun phrase (here Delay)
2) Due to takes noun or noun phrase

Match was delayed because of heavy rain

So the construction of "Because of"
1) "Because of" modifies Clause
2) "Because of" takes noun or noun phrase

Lets come back to the answer choices now

A. of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that
- Because of should take a noun or noun phrase but here Because of is taking a clause hence incorrect.

B. of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as because
- Because of should take a noun or noun phrase but here Because of is taking a clause hence incorrect.

C. of their sales a year earlier being as bad as because
- Because of should take a noun or noun phrase but here Because of is taking a clause hence incorrect.

D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because
- Because takes a clause and here that is correct.
Also here the parallel structure Because X ... as Because Y is there hence this seems a correct choice.

E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that
- Because is taking a clause correctly but the structure - Because X ... as that Y is not correct hence this is the incorrect answer choice.
_________________

Kudos me if you like my post !!!!

Kudos [?]: 401 [8], given: 886

Intern
Status: Do or Die!!
Joined: 29 Jul 2013
Posts: 24

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 30

Location: India
Concentration: Technology
GMAT 1: 630 Q49 V27
GPA: 3.86
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Jul 2015, 07:16
akhil911 wrote:
This questions tests a very popular structure that the Gmat loves to test - Because and Because of.
Notice here that there is a split of 3:2 between because and because of in the answer choices.

Usage of "Because"
Jack came late to office because he was working till late last night.

Because X , Y - here X is a dependent clause and Y is the independent clause.

There are two main uses of Because
1) Because -> Modifies a clause.
2) Because -> Takes a clause.

Difference between "Because of" and "Due to"

Delay in the match was due to heavy rain

So the construction of "Due to"
1) Due to modifies noun or noun phrase (here Delay)
2) Due to takes noun or noun phrase

Match was delayed because of heavy rain

So the construction of "Because of"
1) "Because of" modifies Clause
2) "Because of" takes noun or noun phrase

Lets come back to the answer choices now

A. of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that
- Because of should take a noun or noun phrase but here Because of is taking a clause hence incorrect.

B. of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as because
- Because of should take a noun or noun phrase but here Because of is taking a clause hence incorrect.

C. of their sales a year earlier being as bad as because
- Because of should take a noun or noun phrase but here Because of is taking a clause hence incorrect.

D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because
- Because takes a clause and here that is correct.
Also here the parallel structure Because X ... as Because Y is there hence this seems a correct choice.

E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that
- Because is taking a clause correctly but the structure - Because X ... as that Y is not correct hence this is the incorrect answer choice.

That's a very good explanation.
However I try to remember it in a very short way:

Clause + Because + Clause
Clause + Because of + Noun Phrase
Noun Phrase + Due to + Noun Phrase

Hope this helps!!

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 30

Intern
Joined: 27 Nov 2013
Posts: 23

Kudos [?]: 24 [0], given: 2

Location: Peru
GMAT 1: 770 Q49 V47
GPA: 3.99
Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Jul 2015, 08:49
You are making it far too complicated. Let's recheck it.

Retailers reported (past tense)
...moderate gains in their November sales, as much because of their sales of a year earlier (a year before that past event)

Hmmm... seems like a textbook case for the use of the past perfect, don't you think?

A. of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that

Wrong. No past perfect. Contains being. Bad use of "because of."

B. of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as because

Wrong. No past perfect. Bad use of "because of."

C. of their sales a year earlier being as bad as because

Wrong. No past perfect. Bad use of "because of."

D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because

Past perfect detected. Because followed by a clause. Leading candidate.

E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that

Wrong. Uses simple past rather than past perfect.
---------------------
D must be the credited response.

Why delve into which idiom is correct or incorrect when a simple tense error is staring one in the face?
_________________

GMAT Instructor
ApexGMAT
http://www.apexgmat.com/

Kudos [?]: 24 [0], given: 2

Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10130

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Oct 2015, 13:45
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Manager
Status: Build your own dreams,Otherwise some one else will hire you to build there's.
Joined: 30 Apr 2015
Posts: 96

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 30

Location: India
Concentration: Finance
Schools: BYU-Marriott'18
GMAT 1: 590 Q45 V26
GMAT 2: 660 Q47 V34
GPA: 3.68
Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Feb 2016, 19:13
_________________

-Dori Roberts

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 30

Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10130

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 May 2016, 06:47
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Verbal Forum Moderator
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 1609

Kudos [?]: 1012 [0], given: 81

Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Jun 2016, 11:35
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much because of their sales of a year
earlier being so bad as that

A. of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that -- Parallelism issue -- as much because .. as that and usage of being , Sales of a year is wrong
B. of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as because -- As bad as -- the comparison element is missing , having been is awkward
C. of their sales a year earlier being as bad as because -- As bad as -- the comparison element is missing , also usage of being
D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because -- Correct
E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that -- Parallelism issue -- as much because .. as that , Sales of a year is wrong ,

_________________

When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful

Kudos [?]: 1012 [0], given: 81

Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10130

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jul 2016, 01:54
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Mar 2012
Posts: 360

Kudos [?]: 91 [0], given: 4

Schools: Schulich '16
Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jul 2016, 05:51
mostly because of is wrong on gmat

i marked D here which is better than E.

i didn't find A,B and C concise

Kudos [?]: 91 [0], given: 4

Intern
Joined: 14 Mar 2016
Posts: 18

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 349

Location: India
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V35
GPA: 3.5
Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Sep 2016, 22:13
i believe identifying the As X as Y clause is the key here.

Clarity on usage of "had" :-

2 actions at different time frames are mentioned;
1st- Sales were bad last year;
2nd -Reported moderate gains this november;

Since Sales were reportedly less last year therefore the expected moderate gains in November sales were reported;
Therefore the 2 actions are co-relatable and using "had" to denote the earluer of the 2 sentences makes sense;

Now by rules of parallel structure, when 2 clauses are being compared they should start of with identical words, hence one can easily eleminate A and E; On the basis of usage of "had" we are left with only D

Kudos- in case u liked the explanation :D

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 349

Intern
Joined: 01 Jul 2014
Posts: 30

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 97

Location: India
GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V34
GPA: 3.2
Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Sep 2016, 13:28
Concepts Tested :
i) as much x as y ( x n y parallell) ==> as much because…..as because
ii) "because of" is followed by noun or noun phrase

A. of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that --> wrong usage of "because of"
B. of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as because --> wrong usage of "because of"
C. of their sales a year earlier being as bad as because --> wrong usage of "because of"
D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because --> Correct both errors : "as much because X as because Y"
E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that --> "Incorrect structure - as much because X as that Y"

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 97

Manager
Joined: 17 Aug 2012
Posts: 175

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 143

Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Copenhagen, ESMT"19
GPA: 3.75
WE: Consulting (Energy and Utilities)
Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Feb 2017, 06:21
Dear Mod
Is there any other way apart from as much because...as because to find out the correct option. i Was stuck between D and E

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 143

Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3200

Kudos [?]: 3519 [1], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Feb 2017, 05:23
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
kannu44 wrote:
Dear Mod
Is there any other way apart from as much because...as because to find out the correct option. i Was stuck between D and E

In E, an adverb cannot be used - a noun is required since here the usage is as an object of preposition:
OF + noun/ noun phrase... correct
Thus "of an year earlier" is wrong - should be "of the earlier year": "the earlier year" is a noun phrase, but "an year earlier" is an adverbial phrase.

Kudos [?]: 3519 [1], given: 22

Manager
Joined: 29 Dec 2014
Posts: 81

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 997

Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Apr 2017, 21:32

Thanks

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 997

Manager
Status: active
Joined: 25 Jan 2016
Posts: 166

Kudos [?]: 34 [0], given: 10

Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 4
WE: Web Development (Computer Software)
Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Apr 2017, 03:00
Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much because of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that shoppers were getting a head start on buying their holiday gifts.

A. of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that
B. of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as because
C. of their sales a year earlier being as bad as because
D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because
E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that

A and C are out usage of being
their sales of a year is awkward E is out

In B we have present been present perfect continuous which is not correct
as something as already happened in past past perfect makes complete sense here

Note:- Always look for time markers in the sentence ex- By the end of the year after ,before and so on

Kudos please if you feel its informative

Kudos [?]: 34 [0], given: 10

Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec   [#permalink] 13 Apr 2017, 03:00

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   4    Next  [ 65 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by