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Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec

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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2015, 21:59
i think this question is easy because it test structure not meaning relation. understand structure well is ok to do this. we can learn from oa a new pattern

as much because .... as because

is the new pattern not mentioned in grammar book but can be learned from the oa in section. this learning situation is normal. we learn the pattern from the text we are reading not only from grammar book.
this simple thinking is important for use to see grammar in text with the help of grammar books. our thinking is not that we learn patterns in grammar books only
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2015, 22:09
Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much because of their sales of a year
earlier being so bad as that
shoppers were getting a head start on buying their holiday gifts.

A. of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that :as much because.....as that.... NOT PARALLEL. Also 'being' is suspect here
B. of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as becauseas much because of their.......as because shoppers. NOT PARALLEL. Also 'Having been' is awkward
C. of their sales a year earlier being as bad as becauseas bad as.....should be followed by a noun. So Incorrect. Also 'being' a suspect.
D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as becauseas much because their sales.......as because shoppers.. PARALLEL. CORRECT !
E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as thatas much because ........as that...Not Parallel.

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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2015, 19:41
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much because of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that shoppers were getting a head start on buying their holiday gifts.

1) We're looking for the structure as much because...as because...2) "because of + noun/-ing verb or because + noun + verb is correct. "their sales of a year earlier being bad" is a very awkward phrase that functions like a noun but should be stated better (with because + subject + verb). Eliminate A, B, C.

D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because
E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that past perfect (had been, not were) is needed to describe an action in the past that happened prior to another action in the past. First the sales were bad and then it was reported.

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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2015, 07:02
+1 D
"because of" should be followed by a noun, here there is a clause.
Clause + Because + Clause
Clause + Because of + Noun/Noun Phrase

So D is the correct answer.

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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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This questions tests a very popular structure that the Gmat loves to test - Because and Because of.
Notice here that there is a split of 3:2 between because and because of in the answer choices.

Usage of "Because"
Jack came late to office because he was working till late last night.

Because X , Y - here X is a dependent clause and Y is the independent clause.

There are two main uses of Because
1) Because -> Modifies a clause.
2) Because -> Takes a clause.

Difference between "Because of" and "Due to"

Delay in the match was due to heavy rain

So the construction of "Due to"
1) Due to modifies noun or noun phrase (here Delay)
2) Due to takes noun or noun phrase

Match was delayed because of heavy rain

So the construction of "Because of"
1) "Because of" modifies Clause
2) "Because of" takes noun or noun phrase

Lets come back to the answer choices now

A. of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that
- Because of should take a noun or noun phrase but here Because of is taking a clause hence incorrect.

B. of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as because
- Because of should take a noun or noun phrase but here Because of is taking a clause hence incorrect.

C. of their sales a year earlier being as bad as because
- Because of should take a noun or noun phrase but here Because of is taking a clause hence incorrect.

D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because
- Because takes a clause and here that is correct.
Also here the parallel structure Because X ... as Because Y is there hence this seems a correct choice.

E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that
- Because is taking a clause correctly but the structure - Because X ... as that Y is not correct hence this is the incorrect answer choice.
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2015, 07:16
akhil911 wrote:
This questions tests a very popular structure that the Gmat loves to test - Because and Because of.
Notice here that there is a split of 3:2 between because and because of in the answer choices.

Usage of "Because"
Jack came late to office because he was working till late last night.

Because X , Y - here X is a dependent clause and Y is the independent clause.

There are two main uses of Because
1) Because -> Modifies a clause.
2) Because -> Takes a clause.

Difference between "Because of" and "Due to"

Delay in the match was due to heavy rain

So the construction of "Due to"
1) Due to modifies noun or noun phrase (here Delay)
2) Due to takes noun or noun phrase

Match was delayed because of heavy rain

So the construction of "Because of"
1) "Because of" modifies Clause
2) "Because of" takes noun or noun phrase

Lets come back to the answer choices now

A. of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that
- Because of should take a noun or noun phrase but here Because of is taking a clause hence incorrect.

B. of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as because
- Because of should take a noun or noun phrase but here Because of is taking a clause hence incorrect.

C. of their sales a year earlier being as bad as because
- Because of should take a noun or noun phrase but here Because of is taking a clause hence incorrect.

D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because
- Because takes a clause and here that is correct.
Also here the parallel structure Because X ... as Because Y is there hence this seems a correct choice.

E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that
- Because is taking a clause correctly but the structure - Because X ... as that Y is not correct hence this is the incorrect answer choice.


That's a very good explanation.
However I try to remember it in a very short way:

Clause + Because + Clause
Clause + Because of + Noun Phrase
Noun Phrase + Due to + Noun Phrase

Hope this helps!! :)

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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2015, 08:49
You are making it far too complicated. Let's recheck it.

Retailers reported (past tense)
...moderate gains in their November sales, as much because of their sales of a year earlier (a year before that past event)
...being so bad as that shoppers were getting a head start on buying their holiday gifts.

Hmmm... seems like a textbook case for the use of the past perfect, don't you think?

A. of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that

Wrong. No past perfect. Contains being. Bad use of "because of."

B. of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as because

Wrong. No past perfect. Bad use of "because of."

C. of their sales a year earlier being as bad as because

Wrong. No past perfect. Bad use of "because of."

D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because

Past perfect detected. Because followed by a clause. Leading candidate.

E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that

Wrong. Uses simple past rather than past perfect.
---------------------
D must be the credited response.

Why delve into which idiom is correct or incorrect when a simple tense error is staring one in the face?
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2015, 13:45
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2016, 19:13
I choose D because of "had".As,this action happened earlier.Then,next action in past happeneding gifts.(head-starting for buying gifts) ---35 sec.
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much because of their sales of a year
earlier being so bad as that
shoppers were getting a head start on buying their holiday gifts.

A. of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that -- Parallelism issue -- as much because .. as that and usage of being , Sales of a year is wrong
B. of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as because -- As bad as -- the comparison element is missing , having been is awkward
C. of their sales a year earlier being as bad as because -- As bad as -- the comparison element is missing , also usage of being
D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because -- Correct
E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that -- Parallelism issue -- as much because .. as that , Sales of a year is wrong ,

Answer D
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2016, 01:54
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2016, 05:51
mostly because of is wrong on gmat

i marked D here which is better than E.

i didn't find A,B and C concise

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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2016, 22:13
i believe identifying the As X as Y clause is the key here.

Clarity on usage of "had" :-

2 actions at different time frames are mentioned;
1st- Sales were bad last year;
2nd -Reported moderate gains this november;

Since Sales were reportedly less last year therefore the expected moderate gains in November sales were reported;
Therefore the 2 actions are co-relatable and using "had" to denote the earluer of the 2 sentences makes sense;

Now by rules of parallel structure, when 2 clauses are being compared they should start of with identical words, hence one can easily eleminate A and E; On the basis of usage of "had" we are left with only D

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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2016, 13:28
Concepts Tested :
i) as much x as y ( x n y parallell) ==> as much because…..as because
ii) "because of" is followed by noun or noun phrase

A. of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that --> wrong usage of "because of"
B. of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as because --> wrong usage of "because of"
C. of their sales a year earlier being as bad as because --> wrong usage of "because of"
D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because --> Correct both errors : "as much because X as because Y"
E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that --> "Incorrect structure - as much because X as that Y"

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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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New post 24 Feb 2017, 06:21
Dear Mod
Is there any other way apart from as much because...as because to find out the correct option. i Was stuck between D and E

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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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kannu44 wrote:
Dear Mod
Is there any other way apart from as much because...as because to find out the correct option. i Was stuck between D and E



In D "a year earlier" is an adverb (adverbial phrase) referring to the verb "had been": The sales had been bad a year earlier.
In E, an adverb cannot be used - a noun is required since here the usage is as an object of preposition:
OF + noun/ noun phrase... correct
OF + adverb/ adverbial phrase... wrong.
Thus "of an year earlier" is wrong - should be "of the earlier year": "the earlier year" is a noun phrase, but "an year earlier" is an adverbial phrase.

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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2017, 21:32
D: "had been so bad" - should it not be "was so bad"?

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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2017, 03:00
Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much because of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that shoppers were getting a head start on buying their holiday gifts.

A. of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that
B. of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as because
C. of their sales a year earlier being as bad as because
D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because
E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that

answer is D
A and C are out usage of being
their sales of a year is awkward E is out

In B we have present been present perfect continuous which is not correct
as something as already happened in past past perfect makes complete sense here
D is the best answer

Note:- Always look for time markers in the sentence ex- By the end of the year after ,before and so on

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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec   [#permalink] 13 Apr 2017, 03:00

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