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# Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec

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Senior Manager
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 471

Kudos [?]: 223 [0], given: 179

Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2017, 10:27
daagh wrote:
Just one step forward. The idiom should be 'as much because,,,,,, as because'; Choice 4 is the only one that flaunts it. All others use unparallel and unidiomatic expressions.

Hi @daagh, Hope you're well. I've a query about D (4). As far we know that pronoun ambiguity is not tested in GMAT. So, my question is how ''their'' is sometimes used for ''retailers'' and sometimes used for ''shoppers''. Isn't it pronoun ambiguity? Also, May i know the source of this question, expert? thanks...
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“The heights by great men reached and kept were not attained in sudden flight but, they while their companions slept, they were toiling upwards in the night.”

Kudos [?]: 223 [0], given: 179

Senior Manager
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 471

Kudos [?]: 223 [0], given: 179

Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2017, 09:10
Nihit wrote:
Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much because of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that shoppers were getting a head start on buying their holiday gifts.

(A) of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that
(B) of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as because
(C) of their sales a year earlier being as bad as because
(D) their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because
(E) their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that

Hi GMATNinja, sayantanc2k, RonPurewal, Hope you're well. I've a query about D. As far we know that pronoun ambiguity is not tested in GMAT. So, my question is how ''their'' is sometimes used for ''retailers'' and sometimes used for ''shoppers''. Isn't it pronoun ambiguity? thanks...
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“The heights by great men reached and kept were not attained in sudden flight but, they while their companions slept, they were toiling upwards in the night.”

Kudos [?]: 223 [0], given: 179

Manager
Joined: 12 Feb 2015
Posts: 70

Kudos [?]: 21 [0], given: 6

Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Operations
GMAT 1: 530 Q48 V17
GPA: 3.83
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2017, 10:24
Nihit wrote:
Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much because of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that shoppers were getting a head start on buying their holiday gifts.

(A) of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that
(B) of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as because
(C) of their sales a year earlier being as bad as because
(D) their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because
(E) their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that

D is the only correct option here. This question tests verb tense, idiom and parallelism. "As much as" should be a correct idiom here. Also, 2 events are being discussed here so the earlier event has to be in past perfect.

(A) of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that ---being makes no sense here.
(B) of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as because --- we cannot have As much ... as ... as .
(C) of their sales a year earlier being as bad as because ------ we cannot have As much ... as ... as .
(D) their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because
(E) their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that[/quote] --- we cannot have As much ... as ... as .

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Kudos [?]: 21 [0], given: 6

Manager
Joined: 12 Feb 2015
Posts: 70

Kudos [?]: 21 [1], given: 6

Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Operations
GMAT 1: 530 Q48 V17
GPA: 3.83
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2017, 10:29
1
KUDOS
iMyself wrote:
Nihit wrote:
Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much because of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that shoppers were getting a head start on buying their holiday gifts.

(A) of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that
(B) of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as because
(C) of their sales a year earlier being as bad as because
(D) their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because
(E) their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that

Hi GMATNinja, sayantanc2k, RonPurewal, Hope you're well. I've a query about D. As far we know that pronoun ambiguity is not tested in GMAT. So, my question is how ''their'' is sometimes used for ''retailers'' and sometimes used for ''shoppers''. Isn't it pronoun ambiguity? thanks...

We have two "their" in this sentence. And each of them is used for a different antecedent. It is perfectly conveying the right meaning by pointing individual their to the correct antecedent. Moreover, you should better find errors in the non-underlined part of sentence, rather that questioning the actual argument.

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GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
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Kudos [?]: 2032 [0], given: 462

Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: 340 Q170 V170
Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2017, 10:37
iMyself wrote:
As far we know that pronoun ambiguity is not tested in GMAT. So, my question is how ''their'' is sometimes used for ''retailers'' and sometimes used for ''shoppers''. Isn't it pronoun ambiguity? thanks...

Sorry, bad news: pronoun ambiguity IS tested on the GMAT. It's just that it's not an absolute rule: something that looks like pronoun ambiguity can definitely be OK, depending on the exact circumstances. Here, check out this YouTube video for more on the nuances of pronouns, and particularly pronoun ambiguity: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IhN_KU1bSKU. (Disclaimer: all of these videos were recorded live, so please don't expect polished perfection!)

And mrinal0308 is absolutely correct that there are far more important issues in this particular question, and the pronoun isn't a significant problem here.

I hope this helps!
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Kudos [?]: 2032 [0], given: 462

Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much bec   [#permalink] 07 Nov 2017, 10:37

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