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# Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales,

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Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2008, 13:36
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Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (01:00) correct 42% (01:10) wrong based on 940 sessions

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Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much because of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that shoppers were getting a head start on buying their holiday gifts.

A. of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that
B. of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as because
C. of their sales a year earlier being as bad as because
D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because
E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2008, 13:44
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Looks a bit confusing !!!

I can eliminate B, C & D as use of two 'because' doesn't make sense to me.

Out of A & E, I would go for E as I feel there is no necessity of a matching 'as' for the initial 'as much'.

My choice - E
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2008, 14:06
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Nihit wrote:
Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much because of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that shoppers were getting a head start on buying their holiday gifts.

A. of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that
B. of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as because
C. of their sales a year earlier being as bad as because
D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because
E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that

Yes. Confusing (what is the source Nihit ?)

I am not able to think. Either this is too confusing or sleep is taking its toll on me. Its 2:30 A.M. in my part of the world.
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2008, 15:05
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D for me A and E are out ... they dont have the parallel "because"

and B and C have "of"
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2008, 19:32
Man...this is soooo confusing....D for me...
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2008, 22:56
It should be E. D should have So bad that
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2008, 23:12
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Nihit wrote:
Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much because of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that shoppers were getting a head start on buying their holiday gifts.

A. of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that
B. of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as because
C. of their sales a year earlier being as bad as because
D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because
E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that

because of is wrong so A), B) and C) are out

Between D) and E), D) is better
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2008, 01:52
IMO D because it should be "as much because....as because...."
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2008, 14:02
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Nihit wrote:
Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much because of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that shoppers were getting a head start on buying their holiday gifts.

A. of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that
B. of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as because
C. of their sales a year earlier being as bad as because
D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because
E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that

A & C out for being

If you look at first part of the sentence it says Retailers reported (past tense). We are talking about an event an year before. So we clearly need a past perfect. So B & E out. D remains

Also look at E, their sales of a year is different from their sales a year earlier. their sales of a year counts the total earnings of the year. The intent is to compare the current sales to an year earlier not to the entire year earlier. E can be taken out.

Another reason why E possibly is wrong. IMO, 3 as's in one sentence is almost always wrong. one as balances out the other as. What is the dangling as referring to??
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2008, 11:44
OA is D . I have no idea how ! as because ??????
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2008, 18:58
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Nihit wrote:
OA is D . I have no idea how ! as because ??????

Just make it as simple as possible. It is // structure question. As much ~ as...since as much because is used upfront, we need to have "as because" in place later. Simple it is...^*
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2008, 12:02
Nihit wrote:
OA is D . I have no idea how ! as because ??????

D as it is parallel and uses the "as much as" idiom correctly. Here is the correct output:

Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much because their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because shoppers were getting a head start on buying their holiday gifts.
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2008, 19:34
incognito1 wrote:
Nihit wrote:
OA is D . I have no idea how ! as because ??????

D as it is parallel and uses the "as much as" idiom correctly. Here is the correct output:

Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much because their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because shoppers were getting a head start on buying their holiday gifts.

D wins because of ||sm ,X is sees gain as much because of M as because of N

as much as is the idiom and because is used on both parts to make them ||
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2011, 06:16
D is right!
Tests the use of:
1) because X..because Y
2) "as much...as"
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2013, 10:41
IDIOM: AS...AS < MGMAT SC
He wins frequently, AS MUCH because he plays SO hard AS because he cheats.
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2013, 02:51
Oh man!!! Imagine this sentence poppin up on D Day. Phew got it right... Sales of a year earlier jus didn't seem to ring a bell.
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, [#permalink]

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26 May 2015, 19:41
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, [#permalink]

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28 May 2015, 21:39
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Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, as much because of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that shoppers were getting a head start on buying their holiday gifts.

1) We're looking for the structure as much because...as because...2) "because of + noun/-ing verb or because + noun + verb is correct. "their sales of a year earlier being bad" is a very awkward phrase that functions like a noun but should be stated better (with because + subject + verb). Eliminate A, B, C.

D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because
E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that past perfect (had been, not were) is needed to describe an action in the past that happened prior to another action in the past. First the sales were bad and then it was reported.
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Re: Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2015, 07:02
+1 D
"because of" should be followed by a noun, here there is a clause.
Clause + Because + Clause
Clause + Because of + Noun/Noun Phrase

So D is the correct answer.
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Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales, [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2015, 12:43
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This questions tests a very popular structure that the Gmat loves to test - Because and Because of.
Notice here that there is a split of 3:2 between because and because of in the answer choices.

Usage of "Because"
Jack came late to office because he was working till late last night.

Because X , Y - here X is a dependent clause and Y is the independent clause.

There are two main uses of Because
1) Because -> Modifies a clause.
2) Because -> Takes a clause.

Difference between "Because of" and "Due to"

Delay in the match was due to heavy rain

So the construction of "Due to"
1) Due to modifies noun or noun phrase (here Delay)
2) Due to takes noun or noun phrase

Match was delayed because of heavy rain

So the construction of "Because of"
1) "Because of" modifies Clause
2) "Because of" takes noun or noun phrase

Lets come back to the answer choices now

A. of their sales of a year earlier being so bad as that
- Because of should take a noun or noun phrase but here Because of is taking a clause hence incorrect.

B. of their sales a year earlier having been as bad as because
- Because of should take a noun or noun phrase but here Because of is taking a clause hence incorrect.

C. of their sales a year earlier being as bad as because
- Because of should take a noun or noun phrase but here Because of is taking a clause hence incorrect.

D. their sales a year earlier had been so bad as because
- Because takes a clause and here that is correct.
Also here the parallel structure Because X ... as Because Y is there hence this seems a correct choice.

E. their sales of a year earlier were as bad as that
- Because is taking a clause correctly but the structure - Because X ... as that Y is not correct hence this is the incorrect answer choice.
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Retailers reported moderate gains in their November sales,   [#permalink] 01 Jul 2015, 12:43

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