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Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by

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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2014, 02:54
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b2bt wrote:
@egmat
While considering option B, I was able to identify that rising inventories needs a plural verb but as said by WaterFlowsUp is the use of "when" nonsensical?

(B) Rising inventories, when not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

According to me, in the above sentence, when refers to a situation (noun event) which is correct.
"possibly leads" is incorrect as "rising inventories" needs a plural verb.

Please explain,with the context of above question, the difference between "if" and "when", if any.



Hi b2bt,
Thank you for the post. :)

You have correctly said that “in the above sentence, when refers to a situation”. However there is a change in meaning if ‘when’ is replaced by ‘if’.
Let’s take two simple examples to understand:
When Joey comes to India, Rahul will meet him.
If Joey comes to India, Rahul will meet him.


Is there a difference in the meaning of the above sentences?
Yes, there is. The first sentence tells us about a certain event in the future, while the second one poses a condition. From the first sentence we know that the event of Joey coming to India is certain. So, Rahul will get to meet Joey. However, there is no such certainty in the second sentence.

Now, let’s look at option B:
• Rising inventories, when not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

This sentence conveys the meaning that we are talking about some specific cases in which the rising inventories are not accompanied by something. However, from the context it seems that a condition and its result is presented by the sentence.
Also, there is one more error in option B as pointed out by you. So, the correct answer is option E.


Hope this helps! :)
Deepak
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Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2014, 02:33
@e-gmat - Would need some help with Option A and E

A- Why in A the use of 'Correspondingly' said to be ambiguous.'Correspondingly' modify "unaccompanied" in A, which is a verb- What is the ambiguity here ?

D Apart from SVA error (Inventories/leads),Why is used of Correspondingly wrong here ?
I think correspondingly modify 'increased' in D, which is a adj...

So my question is why an adv(correspondingly) modify a verb(unaccompanied in choice A) and an adj(increased in choice D) wrong???
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New post 28 Feb 2015, 23:53
It must be correspoinding increases.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2016, 12:09
greenka wrote:
Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.



A)When unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead
B)When not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads
C)When they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead
D)If not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads
E) If not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2016, 04:30
Here, in the first clause, "Rising Inventories" of the words the first must be noun, as
the second is an object, and object is associated with the subject, moreover, Rising can't
be an object, so it must be Noun.

Now, it is very elusive to debunk if Rising used here is Singular Noun or Plural Noun.Since, Rising is associated
with more than one inventory, each of them must be rising, hence, it will be comfortable to assume it as plural.

But i am not wholeheartedly convinced with my own explanation.

I believe here "Rising" should be Noun, so the verb lead should agree with singular
noun Rising, which entails the verb lead should take the singular form which is leads.
OA is E, but i am confused for D.

Someone, explained that, when lead is preceded by can, it takes plural form, but i am not convinced.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2016, 05:01
While reading the sentence, we understand that "Rising inventories" is plural, hence we need a plural verb.
Eliminate B and D

When refers to a specific point in time, not a situation. As is happening here.
Eliminate A and C.

Correct Option: E
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In stripped down form

Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.
Inventories lead to cutbacks that would hamper growth.
Inventories - plural, lead - plural. Rising is acting as an adjective to inventories

A)When unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead
- When used for time, if is preferable. Correspondingly is an adjective, should modify a noun
B)When not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads
- When used for time, if is preferable. leads is singular, inventories is plural
C)When they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead
- When used for time, if is preferable. Were is past tense, other verbs in sentence are in possibility/future. Sequence of actions does not mandate a past tense verb. Increase in sales is preferred
D)If not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads
- Leads is singular, inventories is plural
E) If not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead
- correct

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New post 04 Nov 2016, 02:05
Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.


A)When unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead
B)When not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads
C)When they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead
D)If not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads
E) If not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead

lat part split is 'lead' and 'leads'

Subject is 'Rising inventories', so 'leads' is out.
B and D are out
In C, Rising inventories, when they (they is used unnecessarily)...out


In A, Rising inventories, when..........., can lead 'Vs' In E, Rising inventories, if..........., can lead

Lets look at some of the constructions used to to describe a condition and an outcome

1. If you work hard, you get a good score (fact)
2. If you work hard, you will get a good score.(prediction)
3. If you work hard, you may/can get a good score(probability/possibility)

In these construction, 'if' can be replaced by 'when' only when outcome is a fact

Let look at outcome in these options

In the options, outcome has can, it shows a possibility
therefore in this case we cannot have when in the condition
Therefore A is wrong
E is correct
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2017, 09:35
greenka wrote:
Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.


A)When unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead
B)When not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads
C)When they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead
D)If not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads
E) If not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead

I am wondering that Rising inventories is plural or singular? Could u pls explain to me? In the first place, I understand that Rising inventories is singular sub. Later, I get that N + N so the later noun is more important so it should be plural sub. But, now I read Sub-Verb agreement in Manhattan, it said that all subject phrases are singular. Foe example, Having good friends is a wonderful thing. Also, Reading books gives us knowledge and pleasure. Why two examples are singular sub?? How they differ from Rising inventories??

Pls explain to me. I got confused so much. Thanks a lot!


Analysis:

Subject of the sentence: "Inventories" (with adjective "rising")

1) Usage of when is incorrect as it is used to modify 1) Event Nouns or 2) Time ("Inventories" being neither). - Eliminates A, B and C
2) Another issue at play here is S-V agreement. - Eliminates B and D

(E) is the correct answer

I have highlighted the issues below:

A) When unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead

B) When not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads

C) When they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead
- The non-underlined part of the sentence is in infinitive form, so "were" is incorrectly used here.

D) If not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads

E) If not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead
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Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2017, 07:20
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There are various kinds of nouns that act as subjects. To start with, you may have a single- word proper noun or a pronoun that may start a sentence, acting as the subject.
Ex: Tom, Dick or Harry, Jack and Jill, New York, the United States, he, she, it, they, I, we, and so on.

Then, there may be simple noun phrases that are modified by an adjective before them: Ex; Rising inventories, increased pressure, Oil price, share market, tall structures, etc, etc. Some of the adjectives are nouns by themselves though acting as adjectives. In this construction, the verb is always decided by the attributes of the true noun that follows the adjective.

There is one more kind of noun known as the substantive noun; this involves a phrase with a long series of words that may comprise a participle, a gerund, an infinitive, a relative subordinate clause or some such similar thing. For sure, these substantive noun phrases that act as singular subjects will always be followed by a singular verb.
Ex:
Consuming one full pint of alcohol a day is sure to land one in the hospital bed one day.
Swimming against the tide of a river gives enormous strength to body muscles.
Being branded as a national champion is a dream of many.
To be branded as a national champion is a dream of many.
That they have been selected to play for their country in the Championship Trophy is a great honor to them
That they won the one- day World Cup match was the beginning of Sri Lanka's rise to stardom in Cricket.

You might see many of these substantive nouns may comprise plural words, but still, the noun is usually only singular
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by   [#permalink] 14 May 2017, 12:54

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