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Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in

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Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 06 Nov 2019, 07:47
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Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.


(A) when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead

(B) when not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads

(C) when they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead

(D) if not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads

(E) if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead

The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 11th Edition, 2005

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 8
Page: 639


https://www.nytimes.com/1989/03/16/business/inventories-and-sales-up-in-january.html

Rising inventories, if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth. But recent growth in inventories generally has been accompanied by rising sales; autos are an exception.

I am wondering that Rising inventories is plural or singular? Could u pls explain to me? In the first place, I understand that Rising inventories is singular sub. Later, I get that N + N so the later noun is more important so it should be plural sub. But, now I read Sub-Verb agreement in Manhattan, it said that all subject phrases are singular. Foe example, Having good friends is a wonderful thing. Also, Reading books gives us knowledge and pleasure. Why two examples are singular sub?? How they differ from Rising inventories??

Pls explain to me. I got confused so much. Thanks a lot!

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Originally posted by greenka on 22 Jul 2010, 20:34.
Last edited by Bunuel on 06 Nov 2019, 07:47, edited 10 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2014, 02:54
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b2bt wrote:
@egmat
While considering option B, I was able to identify that rising inventories needs a plural verb but as said by WaterFlowsUp is the use of "when" nonsensical?

(B) Rising inventories, when not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

According to me, in the above sentence, when refers to a situation (noun event) which is correct.
"possibly leads" is incorrect as "rising inventories" needs a plural verb.

Please explain,with the context of above question, the difference between "if" and "when", if any.



Hi b2bt,
Thank you for the post. :)

You have correctly said that “in the above sentence, when refers to a situation”. However there is a change in meaning if ‘when’ is replaced by ‘if’.
Let’s take two simple examples to understand:
When Joey comes to India, Rahul will meet him.
If Joey comes to India, Rahul will meet him.


Is there a difference in the meaning of the above sentences?
Yes, there is. The first sentence tells us about a certain event in the future, while the second one poses a condition. From the first sentence we know that the event of Joey coming to India is certain. So, Rahul will get to meet Joey. However, there is no such certainty in the second sentence.

Now, let’s look at option B:
• Rising inventories, when not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

This sentence conveys the meaning that we are talking about some specific cases in which the rising inventories are not accompanied by something. However, from the context it seems that a condition and its result is presented by the sentence.
Also, there is one more error in option B as pointed out by you. So, the correct answer is option E.


Hope this helps! :)
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New post 20 Jan 2011, 17:31
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I've summarized the concepts that the question tests.

1. when is a pronoun for time and there's no reference of time in the sentence. eliminate A,B,C.
2. corresponding is an adjective, whereas correspondingly is an adverb. We need an adjective to modify the noun sales. eliminate A,D.
3. 'rising inventories ... possibly leads'. eliminate B,D.

you're left with E, the correct answer. HTH
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2011, 13:44
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Rising inventories is plural because inventories is plural. In this sentence, rising acts as adjective. It just describes the noun - inventories.

This usage is different from the following usage

eating healthy foods is good.
Here eating represents an action. This action is performed on the thing - healthy foods.
This complete expression constitutes a phrase which now is singular.
Also note that the complete subject is "eating healthy foods", where "eating" is an action performed on "healthy foods"

On the other hand, when you say rising inventories lead to..., the subject of the sentence is inventories. Now "rising" only describes these inventories.

Hope this helps.

Thanks,

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New post 07 Mar 2012, 20:54
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The answer is E for this question:

A. Upon reading this answer choice in the sentence, I found it very confusing and awkward. First, I noticed that the word "when" is used. Usually "when" modifies a time or date, but it in this case, it is modifying the noun "inventories." Since I wasn't sure if this was correct or not, I kept looking for other mistakes. I noticed that "correspondingly" is used as an adverb, but what word is it modifying? This seemed ambiguous to me. Finally, the use of unaccompanied did not sound right. Therefore, I ruled out this answer choice.

B. The subject "rising inventories" does not agree with the singular verb "leads."

C. The use of "were" suggests that this event or statement took place in the past and is no longer valid in the current time frame. This cannot be true since the main verb of the sentence is "can lead" suggesting that it is a general statement that continues into the present.

D. There is a problem with subject verb agreement here.

E. This answer seemed to be the correct choice. The sentence has changed the adverb "correspondingly" into an adjective "corresponding." The use of the adjective here makes more sense. There is no subject verb agreement error and no tense issues.
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New post 01 Aug 2011, 01:32
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Rising inventories, blah blah, can lead to blah blah.

We can re-write this sentence as 'Inventories that are rising blah blah can lead to ...
Hence, inventories is the subject and rising is an adjective.

Having good friends is a wonderful thing.

We cannot re-write this as, 'Friends that we have are wonderful things'. This sentence has a different meaning.
Here, the subject is not friends. The subject is 'having good friends'.
Hence, it is a noun phrase. And 'Rising inventories' is not.
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New post 16 May 2011, 22:29
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first of S.V.AG.
inventories ..... can lead( plural needs plural verb)
b,D out Left with A,C,E
unaccompanied is awkward.( not accompanied is correct usage)
left with E.
in when and if case.
use when in modifying events,time .if is used subjunctive hypothetical .and we have 5 common pattern ,in which we use if
1-if present ,then (can be omitted)present
2-if present ,then may present(not certain)
3-if present,then future
4-if past simple,then past conditional(in this question)
5-if past perfect,then conditional +present perfect
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New post 04 Nov 2016, 02:05
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Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.


A)When unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead
B)When not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads
C)When they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead
D)If not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads
E) If not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead

lat part split is 'lead' and 'leads'

Subject is 'Rising inventories', so 'leads' is out.
B and D are out
In C, Rising inventories, when they (they is used unnecessarily)...out


In A, Rising inventories, when..........., can lead 'Vs' In E, Rising inventories, if..........., can lead

Lets look at some of the constructions used to to describe a condition and an outcome

1. If you work hard, you get a good score (fact)
2. If you work hard, you will get a good score.(prediction)
3. If you work hard, you may/can get a good score(probability/possibility)

In these construction, 'if' can be replaced by 'when' only when outcome is a fact

Let look at outcome in these options

In the options, outcome has can, it shows a possibility
therefore in this case we cannot have when in the condition
Therefore A is wrong
E is correct
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2010, 00:48
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SnehaC wrote:
Rising Inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

(A) when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead
(B) when not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads
(C) when they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead
(D) if not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads
(E) if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead


Okay, so I narrowed by answers down to A, C, or E because the correct form is "can lead". C is incorrect because of the word "were", which I can understand, but I got confused between A and E. I don't understand why A is wrong... the OG says that "unaccompanied correspondingly" is awkward and ambigious but it doesn't seem that way to me.... any comments?

The solution lies in understanding what meaning the sentence is trying to communicate.
The sentence means that
IF INVENTORIES RISE,then sales should INCREASE by the SAME quantity.
If Inventories increase by a huge proportion, then sales should increase by a huge proportion too (not small proportion) else there will be cutbacks in production.
so we are trying to modify the "increase in sales" not sales not unaccompanied but the "increase in sales"
so E
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New post 26 Apr 2012, 06:23
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My Answer is E and here is why

(A) when unaccompanied {Awkward }correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead
(B) when not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads { plural need singular}
(C) when they were {plural }unaccompanied {Awkward }by corresponding sales increases, can lead
(D) if not accompanied by correspondingly {unnecesssary }increased sales, possibly leads
(E) if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead




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New post 20 Sep 2012, 21:59
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Choice A: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks.
To determine whether the modifier "correspondingly" is placed appropriately or not, read the sentence and ask yourself, what should correspondingly modify.

Thought process: Inventories are rising...the sentence indicates that if these rising inventories are not accompanied by increases in sales, then something happens...So rising inventories-corresponding increases in sales. Thus, corresponding should modify the increases in sales.

Now, lets check what "correspondingly" modifies - it seems to modify the verb - unaccompanied and hence the placement is not correct.

Choice D: Rising inventories, is not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads to production cutbacks.
In this sentence, correspondingly modifies increased sales. However, notice that in the original sentence, the author is talking about trends - rising inventories and increases in sales. Choice D, on the other hand, talks about trend in inventories but a specific value of sales - INCREASED sales. Thus, it does not communicate the intended meaning of the original sentence. And hence is incorrect.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2013, 22:35
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In this problem, you can just pass through D and E(saves at least 20-30 seconds if not more), because I was under the impression that "when" for GMAT is best used to modify a location or time period. In this case, when is modifying "rising inventories".

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New post 15 Jul 2013, 07:42
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WaterFlowsUp wrote:
see, here they are referring to a situation in which , it is more like a situation if X can lead to Y. whereas, when refers to a timeframe not a aparticular situation.
So A,B, C goes off...
now D & E left
In D , "increased Sales" more or less means a sale increase which has taken a place lead to a situation, which is not true. here it is an ongoing process.
So only E is left.
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Hi,
more to add.

how to determine whether the phrase like RISING INVENTORIES is singular or plural...

It depends on which of the two words is actually forming the subject.

For example,

Growing children need extra energy.
Planting trees is a good idea.
Slashing the deficit is essential.
Stunning shots were played.

And yes, not accompanied is a better way of expressing the negation.

take a look at this:

Removing inefficiencies is important (you CAN remove inefficiencies).
Having good friends is a wonderful thing. (your example, you CAN have friends)
Reading books gives us knowledge and pleasure. (your example, you CAN read books)

and now,

Rising inventories leads to... (you CANNOT rise inventories... the correct word is raise)
Rising inventories lead to...

And yes, not accompanied is a better way of expressing the negation.
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New post 08 Apr 2019, 00:20
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Cheryn wrote:
here in choice E, if + past tense(not accompanied) , then present tense ( can lead)

Hi Cheryn, in choice E, accompanied is not used as a verb but as a past participle.

The sentence could be interpreted as follows:

If (Rising inventories are) not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.
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New post 10 May 2019, 19:29
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santorasantu wrote:
I have a question regarding the usage of increases (singular). Why is increases used in the correct answer choice E?

Rising inventories, if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.


should'nt it be increase in sales? I'm not able to understand the usage of singular form. please help!
Increases is singular only if we use it as a verb.

1 This strategy increases the company's debt significantly. ← This is fine. Strategy is a singular noun, and it takes a singular verb (increases).
2 These strategies increase the company's debt significantly. ← If we switch to a plural subject (strategies), we'll need a plural verb (increase).

However, when used as a noun, increases is plural.

3 The increase in the company's debt is a sign of... ← Here the subject is increase (singular noun), and it needs a singular verb like is.
4 The increases in the company's debt are a sign of... ← Here the subject is increases (plural noun), and it needs a plural verb like are.
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New post 15 Jul 2013, 07:34
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see, here they are referring to a situation in which , it is more like a situation if X can lead to Y. whereas, when refers to a timeframe not a aparticular situation.
So A,B, C goes off...
now D & E left
In D , "increased Sales" more or less means a sale increase which has taken a place lead to a situation, which is not true. here it is an ongoing process.
So only E is left.
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New post 13 Nov 2013, 14:21
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Answer C is incorrect because it uses the past simple form "were" in the first clause whereas the second part of the sentence is in the present simple ("can"). The two parts of the sentence speak about the same period of time - the present and thus both clauses need to be in the present tense.
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New post 21 Nov 2013, 02:24
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The topic was discussed rising-inventories-when-unaccompanied-correspondingly-by-97784.html

Please DO NOT create duplicate posts on the same topic.
This is my third reminder to you.

ankit41 wrote:
Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly bv increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

(A) when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead
(B) when not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads
(C) when they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead
(D) if not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads
(E)if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead

The answer to this question is choice E

The sentence can be broken down into following clauses:

C:Rising inventories can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth:IC
C:when unaccompanied correspondingly bv increases in sales: Noun Modifier modifying Rising inventries.

we can reject choice A as in the noun modifier 'when unaccompanied correspondingly bv increases in sales' correspondingly shoul modify increase but in choice A it is modifying unaccompained.
Choice B and D can rejected on the basis of subject verb disagreement.
Now there is a confusion between choice C and E.
I got the answer E but couldnot eliminate C for any right reasons.

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New post 12 Oct 2016, 04:45
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In stripped down form

Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.
Inventories lead to cutbacks that would hamper growth.
Inventories - plural, lead - plural. Rising is acting as an adjective to inventories

A)When unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead
- When used for time, if is preferable. Correspondingly is an adjective, should modify a noun
B)When not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads
- When used for time, if is preferable. leads is singular, inventories is plural
C)When they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead
- When used for time, if is preferable. Were is past tense, other verbs in sentence are in possibility/future. Sequence of actions does not mandate a past tense verb. Increase in sales is preferred
D)If not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads
- Leads is singular, inventories is plural
E) If not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead
- correct

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New post 09 Jan 2018, 09:23
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sdlife wrote:
Hi Experts, OG says that the use of 'correspondingly' in the original sentence is incorrect and ambiguous. My understanding is that 'correspondingly'(adverb) is modifying the adjective 'unaccompanied'. Adverb can modify adjective, but here the meaning that comes out because of that modification is absurd. Is my reasoning correct? In some posts, unaccompanied is called a "verb". I don't think that is correct.

Also, what is the role of "if" here? Is it an adverb or a conjunction? I've seen that usually if is followed by a clause, but here it's followed by a past participle.

Please advise. Thanks!


1. Yes, your reasoning is correct. For proper meaning, the word "corresponding" has to refer to "increase".
2. Yes, you are right. "Unaccompanied" is a past participle (used as an adjective) referring to "inventories".
3. Conjunctions such as "if", although" etc. are ideally used to join a dependent clause to an indepedent clause, but I remember seeing examples in GMAT, in which they are used to join a phrase (in this case past participle modifier) to the main clause.
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