It is currently 21 Feb 2018, 17:19

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 09 Apr 2013
Posts: 148
Location: India
WE: Supply Chain Management (Consulting)
Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Nov 2013, 11:30
I feel "it" used in choice B is redundant.

the army of terra-cotta warriors took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it.
the army of terra-cotta warriors took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

It is not correct to say "the project took 100 days to complete it". What did the project complete?
Rather using "the project took 100 days to complete" is right as it implies the project itself took 100 days for completion.

Correct me if I am wrong.
_________________

+1 KUDOS is the best way to say thanks

"Pay attention to every detail"

Manager
Joined: 12 Jan 2013
Posts: 216
Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jan 2014, 01:16
solidcolor wrote:
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

A. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them
B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it
C. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete
D. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete
E. to complete them took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years

"the army... is.... and..." that's what you should focus on.

Pronouns at the end are erroneous and redundant, we already know that we're talking about the army, so B gone (also it's a bit ambigous as to what "it" refers to). A is gone right off the bat because it uses plural form.

D has meanings error, the artisants didnt "take" years, it took them x years to complete the army. So D is gone

E has wrong pronoun, erroneously uses "to", and has other problems.

C is clear, concise, to the point and CORRECT!
Senior Manager
Status: Student
Joined: 26 Aug 2013
Posts: 250
Location: France
Concentration: Finance, General Management
Schools: EMLYON FT'16
GMAT 1: 650 Q47 V32
GPA: 3.44
Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Jan 2014, 14:04
Hi,

Look at the sentence in B: the army of terra-cotta warriors took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it ==> the army of terra-cotta warriors .. This does not make sense! Put them together if you are not convinced: the army of terra-cotta warriors took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete the army of terra-cotta warriors

In C, you avoid such a problem!

hope it helps!
_________________

Think outside the box

Manager
Joined: 16 Jan 2013
Posts: 176
Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Jan 2014, 23:53
hello2gmat wrote:
May I know why the option D is incorrect?

In questions that are laden with prepositional phrases, parenthetical elements and modifiers, you need to identify the main subject and verb pair.

To do so, you can ignore, the prep. phrases and modifiers.

Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2000 years old and took 700k artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

(C) took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete
The verb phrases are perfectly parallel and so, this is the correct option.
(D) 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete
The verb phrase is not parallel to the clause.
_________________

What are modifiers ??

Manager
Joined: 20 Oct 2013
Posts: 75
Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, Real Estate
Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Apr 2014, 02:34
the army is the main subject: it took ... to complete. The uses of "it" or "them" after "complete" are all wrong -> eliminate A and B
In contrast, D should have "it" at the end to be correct -> D is out
E has a weird structure that is very likely to be wrong.

Choose C
Manager
Joined: 07 Mar 2012
Posts: 51
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Nonprofit
GMAT Date: 09-13-2013
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Jun 2014, 08:47
C Correct. The opening phrase correctly modifies the subject, the army of terra-cotta warriors; the placement of
modifiers and predicates in the main clause makes the meaning of the sentence clear.
_________________

Remember that potential unused turns into pain. So dedicate yourself to expressing your best.

Director
Status: Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 17 Apr 2013
Posts: 589
Location: India
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V36
GMAT 2: 750 Q51 V41
GMAT 3: 790 Q51 V49
GPA: 3.3
Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Nov 2014, 23:27
The question IS WRONGLY TYPED, only magossh Video has The correct version. I just checked and confirmed from the OG13.

The correct version of the question is:

Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang,
China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete
.

(A) the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000
artisans more than 36 years to complete
(B) Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, was protected in his afterlife by an army of terracotta warriors that was created more than 2,000 years ago by 700,000 artisans who took
more than 36 years to complete it
(C) it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors more than 2,000 years ago that would protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife
(D) more than 2,000 years ago, 700,000 artisans worked more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife
(E) more than 36 years were needed to complete the army of terra-cotta warriors that 700,000 artisans created 2,000 years ago to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife

Moderators, please type the correct question at the top. Thanks!
_________________

Like my post Send me a Kudos It is a Good manner.
My Debrief: http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-score-750-and-750-i-moved-from-710-to-189016.html

Manager
Joined: 21 Jul 2014
Posts: 70
Location: United States
WE: Project Management (Non-Profit and Government)
Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Nov 2014, 07:50
Dear E-gmat team,
I have followed the process & the steps involved are as below: Please correct anything where I am missing.

Meaning Analysis;

As per the sentence, there is something which is rivalling the pyramids / ..... as an achievement. That something is creation of army of terra cota warriors to protect in his afterlife of the Chinese emperor & it is this creation that has taken 7 lakhs artisans & more than 36 years to complete. Also this army is 2000 years old.

Error Analysis:

This sentence has only one clause which is

Rivalling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang. China's first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2000 years old and took 700.000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

1. Sub Verb Pairs Matches in number.

2. Verb Tense: The sub the army has two verbs : is & took the fact that happened in past is presented using "is " which is incorrect as the army still exists or not is not clear.

Also two tenses presenting actions in past ( more than 2000 yrs old & took 36 years to complete doesn't need a past perfect as they are not related events)

3. Pronous : There is no pronoun error.

4. Modifier: The opening modifier is a verb-ing modifier succeeded by a comma & thus can refer to the subject of the succeeding clause/ subject of the clause. However, as the subject of clause doesn't make any sense here it is referring to the action of the succeeding clause & that action is creation of army that took 7 lakhs artisans & more than 36 years to complete.
The modifiers are placed incorrectly as the opening modifier is referring to the succeeding clause & not the subject of the clause.

5. Meaning Error: Here there is no meaning error as a fact about the past is presented using a present tense combined with a past tense verb.

It is as good as saying " My sword is 2000 years old & it took 3 years to forge." I feel this sentence is equally correct.

PoE:

a. Incorrect due to above reasons

b. Incorrect placement of modifier & implying that the emperor did something which was rivalling. This doesnt makes any sense.
c. that would protect in afterlife is incorrect as it is belief & no element of uncertainty is involved in this.

d. It distorts the meaning as whether the same 7 lak workers created the army is nowhere implied in the sentence.

e. Is the correct sentence, as the opening modifier rightly modifies the succeeding clause of creation of the army & further description of the army's function.
Manager
Joined: 02 Sep 2014
Posts: 77
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V37
GMAT 2: 700 Q47 V40
GMAT 3: 720 Q48 V41
GPA: 3.26
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Nov 2014, 13:05
souvik101990 wrote:
New Project - Reviving the hardest questions on GMAT Club. Kudos for every reply with an explanation in the first 24 hours!

Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

A. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them The sentence does not need a pronoun.
B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it The sentence does not need a pronoun.
C. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete Correct
D. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete This sentence does not have parallelism. "is more... 700,000 artisans"
E. to complete them took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years
The infinitive form (to complete) is incorrect. Has to be parallel with "is".

This question can be broken down into "the army of terra-cotta warriors... is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete."
Intern
Joined: 24 Jun 2014
Posts: 44
Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Nov 2014, 23:24
For me its C
The army ...is... and...took ( need a verb here)
A, B use it and them that created ambiguity.
Current Student
Joined: 03 Feb 2013
Posts: 943
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
GMAT 1: 760 Q49 V44
GPA: 3.88
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Nov 2014, 23:43
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

A. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them -> The army
B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it -> it is not required. The X took Y to complete. Took is acting as a modifier about X.
C. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete -> Correct
D. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete -> X is Y and Z took sometime to complete. What? As "Z took sometime to complete" is acting as Independent clause, we need a object to properly convey the meaning.

The bat used by the great Sachin and crafted by workers of the willow factory. -> Make sense
The bat used by the great Sachin and workers of the willow factory crafted-> Forged what?

E. to complete them took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years . Them -> cannot refer to the army.
_________________

Thanks,
Kinjal

My Application Experience : http://gmatclub.com/forum/hardwork-never-gets-unrewarded-for-ever-189267-40.html#p1516961

Manager
Status: Manager
Affiliations: Manager
Joined: 06 Nov 2012
Posts: 169
Location: India
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Sustainability
Schools: Boston U '19 (D)
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V29
GMAT 2: 680 Q49 V33
GPA: 3
WE: Supply Chain Management (Energy and Utilities)
Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Nov 2014, 06:22
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

Rivaling A or B,
The army of terra-cotta warriors (created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife)
is more than 2,000 years old
And
took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

A. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them - It seems that 'Army' took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years. Pronoun must be It or in even not required in active sentence.
B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it - Same as A.
C. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete - Same as A
D. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete - Seems correct.
E. to complete them took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years - Wordy construction. Them is wrong. It is not clear What took 700,000 artisans.

_________________

Hard-work, Perseverance and Commitment.....

Manager
Status: Manager
Affiliations: Manager
Joined: 06 Nov 2012
Posts: 169
Location: India
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Sustainability
Schools: Boston U '19 (D)
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V29
GMAT 2: 680 Q49 V33
GPA: 3
WE: Supply Chain Management (Energy and Utilities)
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Nov 2014, 06:37
dinesh86 wrote:
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

Rivaling A or B,
The army of terra-cotta warriors (created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife)
is more than 2,000 years old
And
took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

A. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them - It seems that 'Army' took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years. Pronoun must be It or in even not required in active sentence.
B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it - Same as A.
C. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete - Same as A
D. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete - Seems correct.
E. to complete them took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years - Wordy construction. Them is wrong. It is not clear What took 700,000 artisans.

I correct my IMO...It must be C to maintain parallelism.....
Army IS.........And TOOK.......to complete...
_________________

Hard-work, Perseverance and Commitment.....

Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10321
Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Dec 2014, 14:18
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Intern
Joined: 20 Dec 2014
Posts: 19
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Jan 2015, 08:44
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

We need took so D and E are out. In A and B, them and it is not clearly referenced. C is very clear.

Best Choice: C

solidcolor wrote:
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

A. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them
B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it
C. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete
D. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete
E. to complete them took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years
Manager
Joined: 25 Mar 2014
Posts: 167
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Finance
GMAT Date: 05-10-2015
GPA: 3.51
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Mar 2015, 20:56
This question tests the parallel structure construction.
Subject of the parallel structure is "the army of TC warriors" (singular).
A is wrong because uses wrong pronoun "them". D and E are wrong because it breaks the parallelism.
B is an interesting one. It says that "the army of TC warriors" took .... to complete it. First error that "it" is not correct objective form. Secondly, this option has a meaning error; it seems that the army is creating itself, and this is not the intended meaning.
_________________

Please give Kudos to the post if you liked.

Manager
Joined: 11 Sep 2013
Posts: 158
Concentration: Finance, Finance
Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Apr 2015, 00:36
q10nik wrote:
Let's strip the sentence down a little:

The army... is <something>... and took <some people> more than 36 years to complete... (it?)

The army took <some people> more than 36 years to complete.
The army took <some people> more than 36 years to complete it.

What does "it" refer to - what was being completed? The army. So the second sentence reads:
The army took some people more than 36 years to complete the army.

Did the army take a certain amount of time to complete itself? No. The army took some time to complete. So we don't want to mention the army again at the end of the sentence.

When you copy paste another expert's post, please mention it. You have just copied sentences from Stacey Koprince.

http://www.beatthegmat.com/pyramids-of- ... 15-15.html
Manager
Joined: 03 May 2015
Posts: 106
Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Aug 2015, 17:50
Request you not to write your queries/answers/opinions in question window. It prevents ppl from analysing the question. The whole purpose of GMAT Club forum goes wasted by doing so.
Director
Joined: 26 Oct 2016
Posts: 682
Location: United States
Schools: HBS '19
GMAT 1: 770 Q51 V44
GPA: 4
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Aug 2017, 05:42
This sentence states two main facts about the construction of the army of terra-cotta warriors. It also describes the army of terra-cotta warriors.

WHAT ARE THE ERRORS IN THE ORIGINAL SENTENCE?

Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

1) This sentence has one clause as shown. The sentence begins with a modifier “rivaling the pyramids…”.
2) This modifier modifies the subject “army of terra-cotta warriors”. The subject is then followed by another modifier “created to protect…”.
3) This subject has two verbs in parallel construction as shown. These two verbs indicate two facts about the “army of terra-cotta warriors”.
4) In this sentence, the use of pronoun “them” is unnecessary.
5) Furthermore, it does not agree in number with its antecedent. ”Them” refers to the subject of the sentence – “the army”. Since “army” is a collective noun, it is singular and hence the pronoun referring to it should also be singular.
6) Furthermore, the use is redundant as explained below.
7) Lets consider the sentence with only verb 2 and with the pronoun replaced by the noun it refers to:

The army of terra-cotta warriors took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete the army of terra-cotta warriors.
As you can see the noun – army of terra-cotta warriors is unnecessarily repeated. Lets consider a simpler sentence to understand this better.

Process of elimination :-

Choice A: Pronoun redundancy error – "them"
Choice B: Pronoun redundancy error as in Choice A.
Choice C: No Errors
Choice D: Punctuation Error: The structure of this sentence is such that the subject for verb 2 in the original sentence is no longer “the army of terra-cotta warriors”. The subject is “700,000 artisans”. Hence this sentence now has two independent clauses but these are not connected using comma + and. These are connecting using only “and”. This is incorrect.
Choice E: Pronoun error as in Choice A. This choice is similar to choice A. The placement of verb modifier “to complete them” has been changed. Thus, Choice C is the correct answer.
_________________

Thanks & Regards,
Anaira Mitch

Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 19 Mar 2014
Posts: 992
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.5
Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Sep 2017, 08:53
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

A. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them
B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it
C. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete
D. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete
E. to complete them took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years

A, D & E - Can be easily eliminated

Between B and C - "it" in B is redundant

Hence C
_________________

"Nothing in this world can take the place of persistence. Talent will not: nothing is more common than unsuccessful men with talent. Genius will not; unrewarded genius is almost a proverb. Education will not: the world is full of educated derelicts. Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent."

Best AWA Template: https://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-get-6-0-awa-my-guide-64327.html#p470475

Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of   [#permalink] 10 Sep 2017, 08:53

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   4    Next  [ 64 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by