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Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of

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Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

A. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them
B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it
C. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete
D. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete
E. to complete them took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by pqhai on 25 Aug 2013, 10:27, edited 1 time in total.
OA edited

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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Taken from another forum:

Summary:
The terra cotta army is an archaeological find, like a pyramid. The confusion stems from the fact that "soldiers" are what make up the monument. Try treating the entire army as a pyramid and the soldiers as the steps, it will be clearerCorrect response is C.

... army ... is more than 2,000 years old and took ... more than 36 years to complete.

Choice B is wrong because of the superfluous "it." Examples

Gould's most recent book, "The Structure of Evolutionary Theory" (2002), is a 1433-page opus that took him more than 20 years to complete.

Susanna Clarke admits that her first novel took her more than 10 years to write.

The letter, of just 250 or so Chinese characters, took her more than two hours to compose.

Link:
http://www.urch.com/forums/gmat-sentenc ... -sets.html

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Re: SC - 700,000 artisans in 36 years [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2009, 07:10
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I agree with C


bla bla... and (Subject) took ... to complete

= bla bla and it took ... to complete

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2010, 07:29
I'd go with C here as well. I think 'it' is unnecessary as the phrase is already referring back to the subject of the sentence, the army of warriors.

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2010, 07:30
The answer to this should definitely be 'B'. In case someone is confused by the explanation given by tarek99, here is a simple funda.

Though it could be wrong, but I found answer through this only.

The word just before underlining starts is and, which means the sentence after and is in continuation. Now just read a few words nefore and:

is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

If the sentence after 'and' is in continuation, it should be in sync with is, so should be to complete it.

And regarding whether it is required at the end or not, just read the sentence without it in its simple form and see if it makes sense or not:

[Without it] The army is more than 2000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

[With it] The army is more than 2000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it.

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2010, 08:16
I think it makes more sense without 'it' :) . I feel like it's more concise that way. Breaking it down even more: "The army took more than 36 years to complete it."

"It" refers to what was being completed. In this case, "it" is the army. So the sentence reads:
The army took more than 36 years to complete the army.


Doesn't seem like 'it' is necessary in the truncated sentence. My grammar could be totally wrong though.

Last edited by perseverance on 20 Jan 2010, 13:02, edited 2 times in total.

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2010, 08:25
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we can cleary eliminate the choices which has them in it sin ce both army and china's first emperor or singular

so choice A and E are out and I eliminated D as it seemed awkward.

so between B and C I went for Choice C since in the choice B "it" has no clear referent

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2010, 09:46
110% C
the 'it' in B is redundant. Cut out the fluff and you get:

The terra-cotta army is 2000 years old and took artisans 36 years to complete it.

...sorry I just threw up on my keyboard. anyway--the 'it' is no bueno.

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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GMAT Review 12th Edition..Sentence Correction ..Question no. 61.

answer is ( C ) .

Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2010, 10:46
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Hey All,

I got asked by PM to answer this. Looks like everybody has gotten to the answer on their own, but I'll weigh in anyway (why not?).

Q> Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

A. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them
PROBLEM: This is a parallel question, which we can tell from the conjunction "and". The subject is "the army of terra-cotta- warriors". The first verb is "is" (more than 2000...), and the second is "took" (700,000 artisans). If we remove the first item in the list, the sentence would read "The army...took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them." Obviously, we don't want the "them" part.

B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it
PROBLEM: "The army...took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it." Again, we don't want "it".

C. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete
ANSWER: Looks good.

D. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete
PROBLEM: We need the verb "took" after the "and", or the parallel goes all wrong.

E. to complete them took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years
PROBLEM: Definitely don't want an infinitive after the "and", because there's no other infinitive in the sentence.

Hope that helps!

-t
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Re: the pyramids of Egypt [#permalink]

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B : took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it ------> "it" is pronoun misuse. You don;t need it. Plus if you say "it" should refer to army. However "it" can also refer to Egypt, emperor etc. Choice A has the same problem of pronoun ambiguity. "them" can refer to pyramids (plural)

the army is 2000 years old and took 700000 artisans to complete ---> this is the crux. The rest are just modifiers.

C is correct.

noboru wrote:
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya
as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin
Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old
and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

A. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them
B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it
C. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete
D. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete
E. to complete them took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years

OA is C.
Could anybody explain why "it" at the end of B is not needed?
Thanks.

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Re: the pyramids of Egypt [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2010, 18:32
noboru wrote:
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya
as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin
Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old
and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

A. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them
B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it
C. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete
D. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete
E. to complete them took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years

OA is C.
Could anybody explain why "it" at the end of B is not needed?
Thanks.


.....the army of of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin
Shi Huang ... is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

IMO the pronoun 'it' at the end is redundant.

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Re: the pyramids of Egypt [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2010, 21:06
This is a really ambiguous question.. Did you see this question on the paper based SETS question..
My teacher and I had lot of discussion on the choices and we just couldn't come down to a single choice..

While I was in favor of C choice, she suggested B as the answer to this.

However, there is a question very much similar to this on the OG12.. In fact, the question on OG12 is framed correctly..
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Re: SC - 700,000 artisans in 36 years [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2010, 21:32
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This is a really ambiguous question.. Did you see this question on the paper based SETS question..
My teacher and I had lot of discussion on the choices and we just couldn't come down to a single choice..

While I was in favor of C choice, she suggested B as the answer to this.

However, there is a question very much similar to this on the OG12.. In fact, the question on OG12 is framed correctly..
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2010, 13:46
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey All,


Q> Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.



B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it
PROBLEM: "The army...took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it." Again, we don't want "it".



Hope that helps!

-t


Why you dont want "it"?
"it" is the pronoun for Qin Shi Huang, so "The army...took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete Qin Shi Huang" seems to be OK, doesnt it?

Thanks Tommy.
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2010, 11:10
Hey Noburu,

Think of the logic. He's not the one who got completed, he's the Japanese guy who built the warriors. It's the warriors that were completed, and they're plural.

-t
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Re: SC - 700,000 artisans in 36 years [#permalink]

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Let's strip the sentence down a little:

The army... is <something>... and took <some people> more than 36 years to complete... (it?)

The army took <some people> more than 36 years to complete.
The army took <some people> more than 36 years to complete it.

What does "it" refer to - what was being completed? The army. So the second sentence reads:
The army took some people more than 36 years to complete the army.

Did the army take a certain amount of time to complete itself? No. The army took some time to complete. So we don't want to mention the army again at the end of the sentence.
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Re: SC - 700,000 artisans in 36 years [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2010, 15:11
noboru wrote:
the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor..

What did the army create and complete?


The sentence is in passive voice. The army was created to protect Qin Shi Huang.... ....

The army was created and it doesn't create or complete anything.
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Re: SC - 700,000 artisans in 36 years [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2010, 21:50
This question is actually from the Official Guide, and not a crappy "set" as many of you have put it. Here's an explanation:

Quote:
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement,[u] the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them[u]

A: the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them

B: Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, was protected in his afterlife by an army of terra-cotta warriors that was created more than 2,000 years ago by 700,000 artisans who took more than 36 years to complete it

C: it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors more than 2,000 years ago that would protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife

D: more than 2,000 years ago, 700,000 artisans worked more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife

E: more than 36 years were needed to complete the army of terra-cotta warriors that 700,000 artisans created 2,000 years ago to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife


The sentence is correct as written except for the "them" at the end, and that should be replaced with an "it"

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Re: SC - 700,000 artisans in 36 years [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2010, 01:46
maddy2u wrote:
noboru wrote:
the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor..

What did the army create and complete?


The sentence is in passive voice. The army was created to protect Qin Shi Huang.... ....

The army was created and it doesn't create or complete anything.


And why is "was" missing? The sentence says: the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang NO the army of terra-cotta warriors WAS created to protect Qin Shi Huang

It seems tot passive voice but simple past.
Please clarify.
Thanks.
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Re: SC - 700,000 artisans in 36 years   [#permalink] 27 Dec 2010, 01:46

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