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Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that

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Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that [#permalink]

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Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that it is strange that the public should generally show more sympathy for the rich than for the middle class, and have recommended that we allot the bulk of our sympathy for those who make a fraction of the amount made by a millionaire, since those who make millions have enough money to ease most of the real difficulties in life. I agree with these commentators, and will be glad to receive the public’s sympathy for my troubles getting a license for my new yacht, since I only make 7/8 of what a millionaire makes per year.

Which of the following best describes a flaw in Rodrigo’s reasoning?

He makes an inappropriate generalization when referring to a group.
The commentators he cites have not set a minimum and a maximum fractional value at which one can receive sympathy.
He is not a millionaire, so he cannot own a yacht.
He illicitly exploits a second incompatible meaning of a term.
He accepts a claim based on its source, not its merits.
Source: Veritas Prep
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that [#permalink]

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fnumiamisburg wrote:
Why not B ?

commentator has not made it clear what minimum or maximum fraction of the amount made by a millionaire will make a person of middle class.


Rodrigo's point is that since commentators said "Millionaires" shouldn't receive sympathy and since he is 1/8th short of a million, he should get sympathy.
Notice how they mention a yacht, to point out that he is rich, just not technically a 'millionaire".
D says : He illicitly exploits a second incompatible meaning of a term (term= millionaire). Bang on !

Whereas, B says: The commentators he cites have not set a minimum and a maximum fractional value at which one can receive sympathy.
It doesn't matter what max and min value are. Acc to Rodrigo's reasoning, as long as he's some amount short of a millionaire, he's good to go the sympathy route .

See how D makes wayyyy more sense? :idea:
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Re: Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that [#permalink]

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surbhi87 wrote:
fnumiamisburg wrote:
Why not B ?

commentator has not made it clear what minimum or maximum fraction of the amount made by a millionaire will make a person of middle class.


Rodrigo's point is that since commentators said "Millionaires" shouldn't receive sympathy and since he is 1/8th short of a million, he should get sympathy.
Notice how they mention a yacht, to point out that he is rich, just not technically a 'millionaire".
D says : He illicitly exploits a second incompatible meaning of a term (term= millionaire). Bang on !

Whereas, B says: The commentators he cites have not set a minimum and a maximum fractional value at which one can receive sympathy.
It doesn't matter what max and min value are. Acc to Rodrigo's reasoning, as long as he's some amount short of a millionaire, he's good to go the sympathy route .

See how D makes wayyyy more sense? :idea:


I agree with 'D' answer. However, I disagree with which the illicitily exploited term is.
According to Oxford Dictionary,the definition of "fraction" in English is the following:
fraction (noun)
1. A numerical quantity that is not a whole number (e.g. 1/ 2, 0.5).
2. A small or tiny part, amount, or proportion of something: he hesitated for a fraction of a second her eyes widened a fraction

Rodrigo exploits the first meaning, whereas the comentator is using the second one (IMO).
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Re: Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that [#permalink]

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Beautiful question... Absolutely lovely question for student of syllogism and those who love fallacies
I never liked a question better in CR than a pure fallacy based question.

ANSWER IS D
EXPLAINATION :- This argument commits the fallacy of ambiguity. There are two types of ambiguity fallacy:-

1)Amphiboly:- In amphiboly, the error in reasoning results from wrong interpretation of the sentence.
Example :- Professor Richard is going to deliver a lecture on heart attacks in seminar hall therefore many people must have suffered heart attacks while they are in seminar halls. Here what the argument means is that Prof. Richard is going to deliver a lecture on heart attacks and the venue/location for the lecture is seminar hall. But the listener mistakenly think that the the lecture is about "Heart attack in Seminar Hall"

2)Equivocation:- In equivocation, the error in reasoning is caused because one word has more than one meaning and the listener uses the unintended wrong meaning to reach a conclusion
Example:- The words "Obtuse" means Not transparent, it also means stupid, dim witted, retard. Obtuse also means a triangle that has angle greater than 90 degree. If the listener uses the wrong meaning of obtuse then his argument will become wrong. For example:-
Some triangle are obtuse therefore some triangle are stupid.

NOW COMING TO THE QUESTION:- IT COMMITS THE FALLACY OF EQUIVOCATION. THE ARGUMENT SAYS:- "We allot the bulk of our sympathy for those who make a FRACTION of the amount made by a millionaire."

FRACTION has 2 meaning :- \(\frac{numerator}{denominator}\) and the second meaning is a small amount when compared to a bigger amount, a small part of something big.
Rodriguez uses the word FRACTION in mathematical terms and says I only make \(\frac{7}{8}\) of what a millionaire makes per year. So give me sympathy.

D) He illicitly exploits a second incompatible meaning of a term.
CORRECT ANSWER IS D


Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that it is strange that the public should generally show more sympathy for the rich than for the middle class, and have recommended that we allot the bulk of our sympathy for those who make a fraction of the amount made by a millionaire, since those who make millions have enough money to ease most of the real difficulties in life. I agree with these commentators, and will be glad to receive the public’s sympathy for my troubles getting a license for my new yacht, since I only make 7/8 of what a millionaire makes per year.

Which of the following best describes a flaw in Rodrigo’s reasoning?

A) He makes an inappropriate generalization when referring to a group.
B) The commentators he cites have not set a minimum and a maximum fractional value at which one can receive sympathy.
C) He is not a millionaire, so he cannot own a yacht.
D) He illicitly exploits a second incompatible meaning of a term.
E) He accepts a claim based on its source, not its merits.
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Re: Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that [#permalink]

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TGC wrote:
Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that it is strange that the public should generally show more sympathy for the rich than for the middle class, and have recommended that we allot the bulk of our sympathy for those who make a fraction of the amount made by a millionaire, since those who make millions have enough money to ease most of the real difficulties in life. I agree with these commentators, and will be glad to receive the public’s sympathy for my troubles getting a license for my new yacht, since I only make 7/8 of what a millionaire makes per year.

Which of the following best describes a flaw in Rodrigo’s reasoning?

A. He makes an inappropriate generalization when referring to a group.
B. The commentators he cites have not set a minimum and a maximum fractional value at which one can receive sympathy.
C. He is not a millionaire, so he cannot own a yacht.
D. He illicitly exploits a second incompatible meaning of a term.
E. He accepts a claim based on its source, not its merits.
Source: Veritas Prep


Official solution from Veritas Prep.

Solution: D

The difficulty in many Method of Reasoning questions is not in answering the question in your own words, but in translating your common sense answer into the pompous jargon favored in GMAT answer choices and reluctantly approximated here. Obviously the issue is that Rodrigo takes “a fraction” to mean “any fraction” when it more properly means “a small amount of” – remember that “a fraction” taken in the literal sense of “a numerical fraction” could mean ANY amount, including 100% of the original number – so look for an answer choice that stresses disingenuous manipulation of a term. In this case (D) fits the bill, as it has both the pieces we want: someone exploiting a double meaning. The unusual use of “illicit” is just there to confuse and frustrate you, but stick to your guns.
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Re: Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2013, 07:52
Why not B ?

commentator has not made it clear what minimum or maximum fraction of the amount made by a millionaire will make a person of middle class.
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Re: Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2013, 14:32
thanks surbhi... D makes sense now..
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Re: Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2015, 01:22
TGC wrote:
Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that it is strange that the public should generally show more sympathy for the rich than for the middle class, and have recommended that we allot the bulk of our sympathy for those who make a fraction of the amount made by a millionaire, since those who make millions have enough money to ease most of the real difficulties in life. I agree with these commentators, and will be glad to receive the public’s sympathy for my troubles getting a license for my new yacht, since I only make 7/8 of what a millionaire makes per year.

Which of the following best describes a flaw in Rodrigo’s reasoning?

He makes an inappropriate generalization when referring to a group.
The commentators he cites have not set a minimum and a maximum fractional value at which one can receive sympathy.
He is not a millionaire, so he cannot own a yacht.
He illicitly exploits a second incompatible meaning of a term.
He accepts a claim based on its source, not its merits.
Source: Veritas Prep



Took a while to solve, but dont you guys feel a question like this is unlikely on the GMAT ?
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Re: Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that [#permalink]

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Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2017, 13:01
What is the meaning of 'second incompatible meaning of a term' in this context?
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Re: Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2017, 08:16
One more reason to choose D over B is that the questions asks for a flaw in R's reasoning.

B states that --> The commentators he cites have not set a minimum and a maximum fractional value at which one can receive sympathy.

That is not R's reasoning.
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Re: Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2017, 00:22
arunavamunshi1988 wrote:
What is the meaning of 'second incompatible meaning of a term' in this context?

The term fraction is used in two different meanings. term - fraction.
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Re: Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2017, 03:50
arunavamunshi1988 wrote:
What is the meaning of 'second incompatible meaning of a term' in this context?


Cerious El Diagio Earns a FRACTION of what Planke D Luffy earns . Means that Mr Diagio ears very little of what Luffy earns.

in the 1st sequence he implies the above analogy But In the question author imples 7/8 is also a FRACTION as is 1/8 . :) .
Re: Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that   [#permalink] 15 May 2017, 03:50
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