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# Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the-OG10#138

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Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the-OG10#138 [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2004, 11:51
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81% (00:53) correct 19% (01:04) wrong based on 719 sessions

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Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the people in this country now report that they know someone who is unemployed.

Sharon: But a normal, moderate level of unemployment is 5 percent, with 1 out of 20 workers unemployed. So at any given time if a person knows approximately 50 workers, 1 or more will very likely be unemployed.

Sharon's argument is structured to lead to which of the following as a conclusion?

(A) The fact that 90% of the people know someone who is unemployed is not an indication that unemployment is abnormally high.
(B) The current level of unemployment is not moderate.
(C) If at least 5% of workers are unemployed, the result of questioning a representative group of people cannot be the percentage Roland cites.
(D) It is unlikely that the people whose statements Roland cites are giving accurate reports.
(E) If an unemployment figure is given as a certain percent, the actual percentage of those without jobs is even higher.

Please explain your answer choice. Also, can anyone explain the conversation. i dont understand Sharon's reply.
thanks.

Note: There is another question (assumption question) which is based upon the same argument. For reading and further discussion on that question, please use the following link:
roland-the-alarming-fact-is-that-90-percent-of-the-og10-9618.html
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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28 Jul 2004, 12:12
Between A and C I choose A.

Sharon's statement starts with "But....." from which we should infer that she is feeling that 90% is the unemployment rate, and then goes to give her justification.

why I feel C is not an answer because even if the statement about atleast 5% is correct even then the percentage which Roland gives is possible because few unempolyed will be known by many. This is not reflected in Sharon's argument.

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Re: CR - from OG [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2004, 21:23
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let see if I understood it correctly.

5% unemployed = 5 out of 100
if a person knows 50 people, then probability is that 2.5 are unemployed (5%of 50).
thus, if we have a group of 10000 people(90%public who knows + workes)--> 500 are likely to be unemployed. 500 of 10000 is not big of an unemployment.

Sharon accepts the fact that 90% know someone who is unemployed, but that effect if nullified by 5% unemployement.

A it is.

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Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the people [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2012, 22:46
Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the people in this country now report that they know someone who is unemployed.

Sharon: But a normal, moderate level of unemployment is 5 percent, with 1 out of 20 workers unemployed. So at any given time if a person knows approximately 50 workers, 1 or more will very likely be unemployed.

Sharon's argument is structured to lead to which of the following as a conclusion?

(A) The fact that 90% of the people know someone who is unemployed is not an indication that unemployment is abnormally high.
(B) The current level of unemployment is not moderate.
(C) If at least 5% of workers are unemployed, the result of questioning a representative group of people cannot be the percentage Roland cites.
(D) It is unlikely that the people whose statements Roland cites are giving accurate reports.
(E) If an unemployment figure is given as a certain percent, the actual percentage of those without jobs is even higher.

Note : I have found explanation of question with same paragraph but with different question stem. Therefore, request experts to provide their answers with explanations
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Re: GMAT Prep Pack 1 -7580 [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2012, 00:16
greatps24 wrote:
Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the people in this country now report that they know someone who is unemployed.

Sharon: But a normal, moderate level of unemployment is 5 percent, with 1 out of 20 workers unemployed. So at any given time if a person knows approximately 50 workers, 1 or more will very likely be unemployed.

Sharon's argument is structured to lead to which of the following as a conclusion?

(A) The fact that 90% of the people know someone who is unemployed is not an indication that unemployment is abnormally high.
(B) The current level of unemployment is not moderate.
(C) If at least 5% of workers are unemployed, the result of questioning a representative group of people cannot be the percentage Roland cites.
(D) It is unlikely that the people whose statements Roland cites are giving accurate reports.
(E) If an unemployment figure is given as a certain percent, the actual percentage of those without jobs is even higher.

Note : I have found explanation of question with same paragraph but with different question stem. Therefore, request experts to provide their answers with explanations

Here the "BUT" in Sharon's argument is the key.
It implies that Sharon accepts the stats presented by Roland but somehow doesn't agrees to the conclusion.
This can be clearly stated by A.
C is too extreme.
D provides some assurance of some other fact, which we can't predict.
B is irrelevant.
E- concludes something that is far from the fact stated. We can't predict about those "without jobs".

+1A

Please always name the topic with the starting words of the question .
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Re: Roland: The alarming fact [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2012, 01:19
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greatps24 wrote:
Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the people in this country now report that they know someone who is unemployed.

Sharon: But a normal, moderate level of unemployment is 5 percent, with 1 out of 20 workers unemployed. So at any given time if a person knows approximately 50 workers, 1 or more will very likely be unemployed.

Sharon's argument is structured to lead to which of the following as a conclusion?

(A) The fact that 90% of the people know someone who is unemployed is not an indication that unemployment is abnormally high.
(B) The current level of unemployment is not moderate.
(C) If at least 5% of workers are unemployed, the result of questioning a representative group of people cannot be the percentage Roland cites.
(D) It is unlikely that the people whose statements Roland cites are giving accurate reports.
(E) If an unemployment figure is given as a certain percent, the actual percentage of those without jobs is even higher.

Note : I have found explanation of question with same paragraph but with different question stem. Therefore, request experts to provide their answers with explanations

Hi,

Let's first understand the argument at hand:

Roland says that "The alarming fact is that a fact".

'A Fact' stands for the information that 90 percent of the people in this country now report that they know someone who is unemployed.

Now, there are two parts of Roland's statement. One (latter part) is a fact and the other ("The alarming fact") is a judgement.

Sharon's argument starts with a "But". It means she is either going to counter the judgment or the fact.

In this case, the statement of Sharon clearly does not counter the Roland's fact. It says that at a moderate level of employment, it is likely for people to know at least one person who is employed. So, basically, she counters the judgement of Roland which says that the fact presents some alarming information.

This is what is stated by Option A, which says that the fact doesn't imply that the unemployment is abnormally high (or alarmingly high).

Therefore, the correct choice is option A.

Let's look at other options:

Option C and D can be eliminated on the basis of our discussion. Sharon does not counter the fact cited by Roland.

Option B goes against the Sharon's statement while option E is completely irrelevant.

Critical Reasoning questions are also asked in the new IR section of GMAT. Click on the below image to access a critical reasoning IR question with detailed approach to such questions.

Hope this helps

Thanks,
Chiranjeev
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Re: Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the people [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2012, 03:48
it took me more than five minutes to affirm my choice - A. The question asks for a conclusion led by Sharon's argument. From the word 'but', we can say Sharon dosen't aggree with Roland's ' alarming facts'. Means Sharon doesn't think the fact is alarming.

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Re: Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the people [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2013, 02:28
Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the people in this country now report that they know someone who is unemployed.

Sharon: But a normal, moderate level of unemployment is 5 percent, with 1 out of 20 workers unemployed. So at any given time if a person knows approximately 50 workers, 1 or more will very likely be unemployed.

Sharon's argument is structured to lead to which of the following as a conclusion?

(A) The fact that 90% of the people know someone who is unemployed is not an indication that unemployment is abnormally high. Within the scope
(B) The current level of unemployment is not moderate. very generic statement
(C) If at least 5% of workers are unemployed, the result of questioning a representative group of people cannot be the percentage Roland cites. OFS
(D) It is unlikely that the people whose statements Roland cites are giving accurate reports. If Passage is true than what might be true (conclusion). So, we can't question the validity of premise
(E) If an unemployment figure is given as a certain percent, the actual percentage of those without jobs is even higher.
Passage do not mention about any figure
My 2nd attempt with PoE
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Re: Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the-OG10#138 [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2013, 01:43
All duplicate threads on this topic have been merged.

Please check and follow the Guidelines for Posting in Verbal GMAT forum before posting anything.

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Re: Roland: The alarming fact [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2013, 14:23
egmat wrote:
greatps24 wrote:
Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the people in this country now report that they know someone who is unemployed.

Sharon: But a normal, moderate level of unemployment is 5 percent, with 1 out of 20 workers unemployed. So at any given time if a person knows approximately 50 workers, 1 or more will very likely be unemployed.

Sharon's argument is structured to lead to which of the following as a conclusion?

(A) The fact that 90% of the people know someone who is unemployed is not an indication that unemployment is abnormally high.
(B) The current level of unemployment is not moderate.
(C) If at least 5% of workers are unemployed, the result of questioning a representative group of people cannot be the percentage Roland cites.
(D) It is unlikely that the people whose statements Roland cites are giving accurate reports.
(E) If an unemployment figure is given as a certain percent, the actual percentage of those without jobs is even higher.

Note : I have found explanation of question with same paragraph but with different question stem. Therefore, request experts to provide their answers with explanations

Hi,

Let's first understand the argument at hand:

Roland says that "The alarming fact is that a fact".

'A Fact' stands for the information that 90 percent of the people in this country now report that they know someone who is unemployed.

Now, there are two parts of Roland's statement. One (latter part) is a fact and the other ("The alarming fact") is a judgement.

Sharon's argument starts with a "But". It means she is either going to counter the judgment or the fact.

In this case, the statement of Sharon clearly does not counter the Roland's fact. It says that at a moderate level of employment, it is likely for people to know at least one person who is employed. So, basically, she counters the judgement of Roland which says that the fact presents some alarming information.

This is what is stated by Option A, which says that the fact doesn't imply that the unemployment is abnormally high (or alarmingly high).

Therefore, the correct choice is option A.

Let's look at other options:

Option C and D can be eliminated on the basis of our discussion. Sharon does not counter the fact cited by Roland.

Option B goes against the Sharon's statement while option E is completely irrelevant.

Critical Reasoning questions are also asked in the new IR section of GMAT. Click on the below image to access a critical reasoning IR question with detailed approach to such questions.

Hope this helps

Thanks,
Chiranjeev

Hi Chiranjeev,

Can you please explain what kind of question of this question (assumption, evaluation..)? I have no clue when reading the question so I can not approach such question in detail.

Thanks

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Re: Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the-OG10#138 [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2015, 11:32
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Re: Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the-OG10#138   [#permalink] 10 Oct 2015, 11:32
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