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# Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the people in this cou

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Joined: 31 Dec 2003
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Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the people in this cou  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 10 Oct 2018, 01:09
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83% (01:22) correct 17% (01:54) wrong based on 896 sessions

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Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the people in this country now report that they know someone who is unemployed.

Sharon: But a normal, moderate level of unemployment is 5 percent, with 1 out of 20 workers unemployed. So at any given time if a person knows approximately 50 workers, 1 or more will very likely be unemployed.

Sharon's argument is structured to lead to which of the following as a conclusion?

(A) The fact that 90% of the people know someone who is unemployed is not an indication that unemployment is abnormally high.

(B) The current level of unemployment is not moderate.

(C) If at least 5% of workers are unemployed, the result of questioning a representative group of people cannot be the percentage Roland cites.

(D) It is unlikely that the people whose statements Roland cites are giving accurate reports.

(E) If an unemployment figure is given as a certain percent, the actual percentage of those without jobs is even higher.

The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: CR 138
Page: 534

"Roland" Assumption Question

Originally posted by anuramm on 28 Jul 2004, 11:51.
Last edited by Bunuel on 10 Oct 2018, 01:09, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the people in this cou  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2012, 01:19
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2
greatps24 wrote:
Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the people in this country now report that they know someone who is unemployed.

Sharon: But a normal, moderate level of unemployment is 5 percent, with 1 out of 20 workers unemployed. So at any given time if a person knows approximately 50 workers, 1 or more will very likely be unemployed.

Sharon's argument is structured to lead to which of the following as a conclusion?

(A) The fact that 90% of the people know someone who is unemployed is not an indication that unemployment is abnormally high.
(B) The current level of unemployment is not moderate.
(C) If at least 5% of workers are unemployed, the result of questioning a representative group of people cannot be the percentage Roland cites.
(D) It is unlikely that the people whose statements Roland cites are giving accurate reports.
(E) If an unemployment figure is given as a certain percent, the actual percentage of those without jobs is even higher.

Note : I have found explanation of question with same paragraph but with different question stem. Therefore, request experts to provide their answers with explanations

Hi,

Let's first understand the argument at hand:

Roland says that "The alarming fact is that a fact".

'A Fact' stands for the information that 90 percent of the people in this country now report that they know someone who is unemployed.

Now, there are two parts of Roland's statement. One (latter part) is a fact and the other ("The alarming fact") is a judgement.

Sharon's argument starts with a "But". It means she is either going to counter the judgment or the fact.

In this case, the statement of Sharon clearly does not counter the Roland's fact. It says that at a moderate level of employment, it is likely for people to know at least one person who is employed. So, basically, she counters the judgement of Roland which says that the fact presents some alarming information.

This is what is stated by Option A, which says that the fact doesn't imply that the unemployment is abnormally high (or alarmingly high).

Therefore, the correct choice is option A.

Let's look at other options:

Option C and D can be eliminated on the basis of our discussion. Sharon does not counter the fact cited by Roland.

Option B goes against the Sharon's statement while option E is completely irrelevant.

Critical Reasoning questions are also asked in the new IR section of GMAT. Click on the below image to access a critical reasoning IR question with detailed approach to such questions.

Hope this helps

Thanks,
Chiranjeev
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Re: Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the people in this cou  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2004, 21:23
1
let see if I understood it correctly.

5% unemployed = 5 out of 100
if a person knows 50 people, then probability is that 2.5 are unemployed (5%of 50).
thus, if we have a group of 10000 people(90%public who knows + workes)--> 500 are likely to be unemployed. 500 of 10000 is not big of an unemployment.

Sharon accepts the fact that 90% know someone who is unemployed, but that effect if nullified by 5% unemployement.

A it is.
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Re: Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the people in this cou  [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2013, 02:28
Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the people in this country now report that they know someone who is unemployed.

Sharon: But a normal, moderate level of unemployment is 5 percent, with 1 out of 20 workers unemployed. So at any given time if a person knows approximately 50 workers, 1 or more will very likely be unemployed.

Sharon's argument is structured to lead to which of the following as a conclusion?

(A) The fact that 90% of the people know someone who is unemployed is not an indication that unemployment is abnormally high. Within the scope
(B) The current level of unemployment is not moderate. very generic statement
(C) If at least 5% of workers are unemployed, the result of questioning a representative group of people cannot be the percentage Roland cites. OFS
(D) It is unlikely that the people whose statements Roland cites are giving accurate reports. If Passage is true than what might be true (conclusion). So, we can't question the validity of premise
(E) If an unemployment figure is given as a certain percent, the actual percentage of those without jobs is even higher.
Passage do not mention about any figure
My 2nd attempt with PoE
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Re: Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the people in this cou  [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2019, 02:11
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Re: Roland: The alarming fact is that 90 percent of the people in this cou   [#permalink] 22 Nov 2019, 02:11
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