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Roughly three times farther away than Pluto

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Joined: 01 Sep 2016
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Roughly three times farther away than Pluto [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2017, 12:23
5
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

68% (01:21) correct 32% (02:10) wrong based on 138 sessions

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Roughly three times farther away than Pluto, the new planet is the most distant known object in the solar system, near-infrared spectra show signs of methane ice on the planet's surface, indicating that the planet has not been warmed significantly since the birth of the solar system some 4.5 billion years ago.

A) Roughly three times farther away than Pluto, the new planet is the most distant known object in the solar system, near-infrared spectra show signs of methane ice on the planet's surface, indicating that the planet has not been warmed significantly since the birth of the solar system some 4.5 billion years ago.

B) Roughly three times farther away than Pluto, the new planet is the most distant known object in the solar system, and near-infrared spectra show signs of methane ice on the planet's surface, which indicates that the planet has not been warmed significantly since the birth of the solar system some 4.5 billion years ago.

C) Roughly three times farther away than Pluto, the new planet is the most distant known object in the solar system, and near-infrared spectra show signs of methane ice on the planet's surface, indicating that the planet has not been warmed significantly since the birth of the solar system some 4.5 billion years ago.

D) Roughly three times farther away than Pluto, the new planet, the most distant known object in the solar system, and near-infrared spectra show signs of methane ice on the planet's surface, indicating that the planet had not been warmed significantly since the birth of the solar system some 4.5 billion years ago.

E) Roughly three times farther away than Pluto, the new planet is the most distant known object in the solar system, near-infrared spectra show signs of methane ice on the planet's surface, indicating that the planet had not been warmed significantly since the birth of the solar system some 4.5 billion years ago.

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Re: Roughly three times farther away than Pluto [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2017, 21:21
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Roughly three times farther away than Pluto, the new planet is the most distant known object in the solar system, near-infrared spectra show signs of methane ice on the planet's surface, indicating that the planet has not been warmed significantly since the birth of the solar system some 4.5 billion years ago.

1st split I used is "Planet has not been warmed" vs "Planet had not been warmed". "Has not been warmed"is the right usage and hence Option D and E can be eliminated.

In the option A, "Near-Infrared spectra" (an independent clause) starts immediately after the comma which is wrong and hence a conjunction is needed there. Hence option A is eliminated.

Between B and C, it is "Which indicates" vs "indicating". Which points to planet's surface rather than the methane ice. Hence option B can be eliminated which leaves Option C as the answer.
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Re: Roughly three times farther away than Pluto [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2018, 02:30
A) Two independent clauses cannot be connected using just a comma. Incorrect
B) "Which" can only be used to refer to the (closest preceding) noun and not to an entire clause/action. Incorrect
C) This answer choice solves both problems mentioned above using "and" to connect the two independent clauses and "indicating" instead of "which" to modify the preceding clause. Present perfect is also the correct tense in this context CORRECT
D) The use of the past perfect tense is incorrect here since there is no need to reference an event that happened before an other event. Incorrect
E) Two independent clauses cannot be connected using just a comma and the use of the past perfect tense is incorrect here since there is no need to reference an event that happened before an other event. Incorrect
Re: Roughly three times farther away than Pluto   [#permalink] 17 Apr 2018, 02:30
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Roughly three times farther away than Pluto

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