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# Sales manager: Last year the total number of meals sold in

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Manager
Joined: 10 Nov 2010
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Location: India
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Sales manager: Last year the total number of meals sold in  [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2012, 03:29
1
8
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

72% (02:46) correct 28% (02:55) wrong based on 245 sessions

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Sales manager: Last year the total number of meals
sold in our company's restaurants was much
higher than it was the year be{bre. Obviously
consumers find our meals desirable.

Accountant: Ifyou look at individual restaurants,
however, you find that the number of meals
sold actually decreased substantially at every
one of our restaurants that was in operation
both last year and the year before, The
desirability of our meals to consumers has
clearly decreased, given that this group of
restaurants-the only ones for which we have
sales figures that permit a comparison between
last year and the year before-demonstrates a
trend toward ferver sales.

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously
calls into question the accountant's argument?
a) The company's restaurants last year dropped
from their menus most of the new dishes that
had been introduced the year before.
b) Prior to last year there was an overall
downward trend in the company's sales.
c) Those of the company's restaurants that did
increase their sales last year did not offer large
discounts on prices to attract customers.
d) Sales of the company's most expensive meal
contributed little to the overall two-year sales
increase.
e) Most of the company's restaurants that were in
operation throughout both last year and the
year before are located in areas where
residents experienced a severe overall decline
in income last year,

I want to discuss the pattern of this question type.
to weaken we generally we find alternate reason for the conclusion.but here right answer is based on the alternate reason for the premise- decrease in sales-

Pls explain

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Manager
Status: May The Force Be With Me (D-DAY 15 May 2012)
Joined: 06 Jan 2012
Posts: 198
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship

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20 Feb 2012, 03:40
Hi,

Can someone explain this reasoning?

I cant understand how the premise is weakened if the restaraunts were located in a area where the income of the people declined.

Understandable that the no of meals would go down as disposable income would not be available to those residents but you could have an increase in out of town / area people who balance this decrease in number of meals served or generate even higher sales.
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Manager
Joined: 10 Nov 2010
Posts: 168
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Operations
GMAT 1: 520 Q42 V19
GMAT 2: 540 Q44 V21
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)

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20 Feb 2012, 05:47
1
boomtangboy wrote:
Hi,

Can someone explain this reasoning?

I cant understand how the premise is weakened if the restaraunts were located in a area where the income of the people declined.

Understandable that the no of meals would go down as disposable income would not be available to those residents but you could have an increase in out of town / area people who balance this decrease in number of meals served or generate even higher sales.

people out of town will be out of scope.
Conclusion : no of meals will decrease
Premise : decrease in sales.
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Manager
Status: May The Force Be With Me (D-DAY 15 May 2012)
Joined: 06 Jan 2012
Posts: 198
Location: India
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20 Feb 2012, 09:21
GMATD11 wrote:
boomtangboy wrote:
Hi,

Can someone explain this reasoning?

I cant understand how the premise is weakened if the restaraunts were located in a area where the income of the people declined.

Understandable that the no of meals would go down as disposable income would not be available to those residents but you could have an increase in out of town / area people who balance this decrease in number of meals served or generate even higher sales.

people out of town will be out of scope.
Conclusion : no of meals will decrease
Premise : decrease in sales.

Hi,

Thanks !!! Ya I kinda rushed through the question & forgot the out of scope clause the GMAT throws in. Nice question
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20 Feb 2012, 21:02
3
The answer should be E. Here is how.

The conclusion to the argument by the Sales Manager is that "Desirability of meals has increased".
Accountant concludes that "Desirability has decreased" because the number of meals sold at certain restaurants has decreased.

Now you have to see that the accountant is referring to a "particular" group of restaurants, he is not talking about the overall sales.
He is only talking about restaurants that have been open for two years. The cumulative "number of meals" from all restaurants (including the ones that just opened or opened last year are higher, we already know that from the Sales Manager's contribution to the argument). Now the accountant says that desirability has decreased based on numbers from restaurants that have been open for at-least 2 years. So in order to override his argument we need to find a reason to establish that the low sales in these restaurants are not attributed to "desirability" but "something else is responsible for the low sales (for this particular group of restaurants)".

E. Most of the company's restaurants that were in
operation throughout both last year and the
year before are located in areas where
residents experienced a severe overall decline
in income last year
.

Option E does just this, it takes the blame off of desirability and puts it on the lack of disposable income.
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Re: Sales manager: Last year the total number of meals sold in  [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2017, 20:48
this question is interesting because it is a mix question of weaken and logic-responding question.
the argument structure can still be found.
the shift of scope is "the year and the year before" from "restaurants whose sales decreased."
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Re: Sales manager: Last year the total number of meals sold in  [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2017, 23:32
1
Imo

E is correct because even though the incomes of customers was down, they opted to go to restaurants. Obviously their desire to go there, may be because of the quality, taste,etc.. has driven the restaurants to be in business.

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Re: Sales manager: Last year the total number of meals sold in  [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2017, 11:42
omerrauf wrote:
The answer should be E. Here is how.

The conclusion to the argument by the Sales Manager is that "Desirability of meals has increased".
Accountant concludes that "Desirability has decreased" because the number of meals sold at certain restaurants has decreased.

Now you have to see that the accountant is referring to a "particular" group of restaurants, he is not talking about the overall sales.
He is only talking about restaurants that have been open for two years. The cumulative "number of meals" from all restaurants (including the ones that just opened or opened last year are higher, we already know that from the Sales Manager's contribution to the argument). Now the accountant says that desirability has decreased based on numbers from restaurants that have been open for at-least 2 years. So in order to override his argument we need to find a reason to establish that the low sales in these restaurants are not attributed to "desirability" but "something else is responsible for the low sales (for this particular group of restaurants)".

E. Most of the company's restaurants that were in
operation throughout both last year and the
year before are located in areas where
residents experienced a severe overall decline
in income last year
.

Option E does just this, it takes the blame off of desirability and puts it on the lack of disposable income.

All of what you said is correct, I want to add more something.
First, the question is quite long and it has many confusing details, and so do options.
Secondly, B,C,D are out of scope. => A is wrong b/c A only talks about last year, and new dishes have nothing to do with desirable meals.
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Re: Sales manager: Last year the total number of meals sold in  [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2017, 17:29
Once you summarise the conclusion of a CR question, especially for weaken/strenghten or assumption questions, they find the correct answer is made relatively easy.

In this one, the conclusion is that the desirability of meals has decreased because sales have decreased. Cause and effect. To weaken this, we need to find another reason why sales have decreased. Answer E provides this.
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Re: Sales manager: Last year the total number of meals sold in  [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2019, 22:03
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Re: Sales manager: Last year the total number of meals sold in   [#permalink] 26 Feb 2019, 22:03
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