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# Samples from a ceramic vase found at a tomb in Sicily prove that the

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Samples from a ceramic vase found at a tomb in Sicily prove that the  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 20 Aug 2019, 03:47
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74% (01:54) correct 26% (02:00) wrong based on 684 sessions

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Samples from a ceramic vase found at a tomb in Sicily prove that the vase was manufactured in Greece. Since the occupant of the tomb died during the reign of a Sicilian ruler who lived 2,700 years ago, the location of the vase indicates that there was trade between Sicily and Greece 2,700 years ago.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) Sicilian potters who lived during the reign of the ruler did not produce work of the same level of quality as did Greek potters.

(B) Sicilian clay that was used in the manufacture of pottery during the ruler's reign bore little resemblance to Greek clay used to manufacture pottery at that time.

(C) At the time that the occupant of the tomb was alive, there were ships capable of transporting large quantities of manufactured goods between Sicily and Greece.

(D) The vase that was found at the Sicilian tomb was not placed there many generations later by descendants of the occupant of the tomb.

(E) The occupant of the tomb was not a member of the royal family to which the Sicilian ruler belonged.

Originally posted by vivek123 on 15 Mar 2006, 18:57.
Last edited by Bunuel on 20 Aug 2019, 03:47, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Samples from a ceramic vase found at a tomb in Sicily prove that the  [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2006, 19:07
1
(D) The vase that was found at the Sicilian tomb was not placed there many generations later by descendants of the occupant of the tomb.
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Re: Samples from a ceramic vase found at a tomb in Sicily prove that the  [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2006, 19:55
1
Premise:
1) Ceramic vase found in Sicilian tomb
2) Vase manufactured in Greece
3) Occupant of tomb died during reign of Sicilian ruler some 2700 years ago

Conclusion:
4) There is trade between Sicily and Greece 2700 years ago.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) Can't really tie in with the conclusion

(B) Same problem as A

(C) Doesn't mean there's trade between Greece and Sicily

(D) The vase that was found at the Sicilian tomb was not placed there many generations later by descendants of the occupant of the tomb.

(E) Irrelevant

I'll go with D. If the vase was not placed there generations later, then it must have come from Greece 2700 years back.
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Re: Samples from a ceramic vase found at a tomb in Sicily prove that the  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2015, 03:04
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Was solving this question yesterday, and got stuck between C and D.

I feel that the reason why C is not correct is because it just limits the mode of transport to “ships” and “large quantities of manufactured goods”. So, even if we negate C (which means that ships were “not” available to transport “large quantities of manufactured goods”), still conclusion is intact (trade between Sicily and Greece is possible through, say, ships that are capable of even transporting “small quantities of manufactured goods”; after all, there is not much of a “heavy transport” required to transport few ceramic vases).

So, C was this, then I believe it could have been correct: At the time that the occupant of the tomb was alive, there was some way of transporting goods between Sicily and Greece.

On the other hand, if we negate D, then we cannot reach the conclusion at all.
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Re: Samples from a ceramic vase found at a tomb in Sicily prove that the  [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2006, 14:09
To draw the conclusion we must have to assume that there are no other mean through which vase has reached to sisly.

D is the perfect example of this. So answer is D
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Re: Samples from a ceramic vase found at a tomb in Sicily prove that the  [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2016, 11:31
1
Basically, the main point to think for this question is similar to a crime scene situation, as follows,

if we found any evidence for a crime at the crime scene after some days of the crime, suppose, so the correct assumption should be that the evidence was NOT planted afterwards when the crime had already occured.

This same strategy is used in the Question above.
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File comment: Similar concept tested on this question as well.

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Re: Samples from a ceramic vase found at a tomb in Sicily prove that the  [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2018, 11:55
vnigam21 wrote:
Basically, the main point to think for this question is similar to a crime scene situation, as follows,

if we found any evidence for a crime at the crime scene after some days of the crime, suppose, so the correct assumption should be that the evidence was NOT planted afterwards when the crime had already occured.

This same strategy is used in the Question above.

so, the answer for your question from Veritas is A?

Also, I think moderators here do not like a question in a topic for another question.
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Re: Samples from a ceramic vase found at a tomb in Sicily prove that the  [#permalink]

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24 May 2019, 04:45
vivek123 wrote:
Samples from a ceramic vase found at a tomb in Sicily prove that the vase was manufactured in Greece. Since the occupant of the tomb died during the reign of a Sicilian ruler who lived 2,700 years ago, the location of the vase indicates that there was trade between Sicily and Greece 2,700 years ago.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) Sicilian potters who lived during the reign of the ruler did not produce work of the same level of quality as did Greek potters.

(B) Sicilian clay that was used in the manufacture of pottery during the ruler's reign bore little resemblance to Greek clay used to manufacture pottery at that time.

(C) At the time that the occupant of the tomb was alive, there were ships capable of transporting large quantities of manufactured goods between Sicily and Greece.

(D) The vase that was found at the Sicilian tomb was not placed there many generations later by descendants of the occupant of the tomb.

(E) The occupant of the tomb was not a member of the royal family to which the Sicilian ruler belonged.

The conclusion is :- Since the occupant of the tomb died during the reign of a Sicilian ruler who lived 2,700 years ago, the location of the vase indicates that there was trade between Sicily and Greece 2,700 years ago.

Negate option C ,
At the time that the occupant of the tomb was alive, there were NO ship capable of transporting large quantities of manufactured goods between Sicily and Greece.

Still the conclusion follows because even though there were NO ship capable of transporting large quantities of goods , still there can be ships capable of transporting small quantities of goods such as vase.
So the conclusion follows that there was trade between Sicily and Greece.
Conclusion follows after negating statement.
C ant be the assumption.

Negate option D,
The vase that was found at the Sicilian tomb was placed there many generations later by descendants of the occupant of the tomb.
Then the conclusion can not follow. Then the vase can t be the indicator that there was trade between Sicily and Greece .
2700 years ago.

The conclusion cant follow after negating the statement.
D is the assumption.

Please give me kudo s if you liked my explanation.
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Re: Samples from a ceramic vase found at a tomb in Sicily prove that the  [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2019, 10:02
vivek123 wrote:
Samples from a ceramic vase found at a tomb in Sicily prove that the vase was manufactured in Greece. Since the occupant of the tomb died during the reign of a Sicilian ruler who lived 2,700 years ago, the location of the vase indicates that there was trade between Sicily and Greece 2,700 years ago.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) Sicilian potters who lived during the reign of the ruler did not produce work of the same level of quality as did Greek potters.

(B) Sicilian clay that was used in the manufacture of pottery during the ruler's reign bore little resemblance to Greek clay used to manufacture pottery at that time.

(C) At the time that the occupant of the tomb was alive, there were ships capable of transporting large quantities of manufactured goods between Sicily and Greece.

(D) The vase that was found at the Sicilian tomb was not placed there many generations later by descendants of the occupant of the tomb.

(E) The occupant of the tomb was not a member of the royal family to which the Sicilian ruler belonged.

Answer choice D, if negated, would say something like.. Meteors strike in certain places more often than other places in the world. This negation completely destroys the conclusion because it offers an alternative explanation to why craters are clumped together.
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Re: Samples from a ceramic vase found at a tomb in Sicily prove that the  [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2019, 12:33
vaibhavjethi wrote:
vivek123 wrote:
Samples from a ceramic vase found at a tomb in Sicily prove that the vase was manufactured in Greece. Since the occupant of the tomb died during the reign of a Sicilian ruler who lived 2,700 years ago, the location of the vase indicates that there was trade between Sicily and Greece 2,700 years ago.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) Sicilian potters who lived during the reign of the ruler did not produce work of the same level of quality as did Greek potters.

(B) Sicilian clay that was used in the manufacture of pottery during the ruler's reign bore little resemblance to Greek clay used to manufacture pottery at that time.

(C) At the time that the occupant of the tomb was alive, there were ships capable of transporting large quantities of manufactured goods between Sicily and Greece.

(D) The vase that was found at the Sicilian tomb was not placed there many generations later by descendants of the occupant of the tomb.

(E) The occupant of the tomb was not a member of the royal family to which the Sicilian ruler belonged.

Answer choice D, if negated, would say something like.. Meteors strike in certain places more often than other places in the world. This negation completely destroys the conclusion because it offers an alternative explanation to why craters are clumped together.

Very very true !!!!

IMHO, this is a perfect example of a Passive assumption which eGMAT teaches...
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Re: Samples from a ceramic vase found at a tomb in Sicily prove that the  [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2019, 15:54
The argument is that the vase was manufactured in Greece, not Sicily.
This is based on evidence that the occupant of the tomb died during the reign of the Sicilian ruler who lived 2700 years ago; thus, the timing of the death and location of the trade indicate that there was a trade between Sicily and Greece 2700 years ago.

We are asked to identify an assumption upon which the argument depends - a statement that must be true in order for the argument to be true.
A is incorrect because for all we know there were no potters and all vases were imported. This does not need to be assumed to make the argument.
B is incorrect because even if the clay resembles Greece's it still doesn't negate the fact some Vases were imported from Greece during Italian-Greek trade times.
C is incorrect - for all we know transport could have been by land.
D is correct - this needs to be true. If someone placed the vase in the tomb generations after then obviously we cannot conclude that the vase was the product of Italian- Greek trade.
E is incorrect because even if he was a member this does not impact the argument that deals with the source of the vase.
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Re: Samples from a ceramic vase found at a tomb in Sicily prove that the  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2019, 03:37
Greece vase found in Sicily
2700 years ago died occupant of the tomb
Assumption
Conclusion: There was trade

Assumptions: someone painted it ot someone put it there later
Choice (A) DID NOT Produce - Wrong
So, correct answer - (D)
Re: Samples from a ceramic vase found at a tomb in Sicily prove that the   [#permalink] 20 Aug 2019, 03:37
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# Samples from a ceramic vase found at a tomb in Sicily prove that the

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