Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 23 May 2017, 20:16

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

SC-2: Keeping Cognitive Capacities

Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 09 May 2008
Posts: 99
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 0

Show Tags

05 Jun 2008, 18:36
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

67% (01:10) correct 33% (01:25) wrong based on 21 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

2.certain gerontologists have reported that the more the older people continue to challenge thier brains with reading, writing, and other thought provoking exercises, their cognitive functions are less likely to diminish.

a.their cognitive functions are less likely to diminish
b.the less likely are their cognitive functions to be diminished
c.the less are they likely to have diminished cognitive function
d.the less likely their cognitive functions will diminish
e.they are less likely to have diminished cognitive function
If you have any questions
New!
Manager
Joined: 04 Apr 2007
Posts: 130
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 15 [0], given: 0

Re: SC-2: Keeping Cognitive Capacities [#permalink]

Show Tags

05 Jun 2008, 20:06
aviator83 wrote:

2.certain gerontologists have reported that the more the older people continue to challenge thier brains with reading, writing, and other thought provoking exercises, their cognitive functions are less likely to diminish.

a.their cognitive functions are less likely to diminish
b.the less likely are their cognitive functions to be diminished
c.the less are they likely to have diminished cognitive function
d.the less likely their cognitive functions will diminish
e.they are less likely to have diminished cognitive function

D for me.

The parallelism "the more X ...the less Y" should pop out at you. That quickly eliminates A and E.

C. "the less are they likely to" is wordy and not necessary
B. "the less likely" is good. However, "are their cognitive functions to be diminished" is wordy/awkward. "to be diminished" is especially wordy - should be "to diminish".
D. Clean/concise. "their" refers back to older people. Correct.
Manager
Joined: 21 Mar 2008
Posts: 240
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 30 [0], given: 0

Re: SC-2: Keeping Cognitive Capacities [#permalink]

Show Tags

05 Jun 2008, 20:14
aviator83 wrote:

2.certain gerontologists have reported that the more the older people continue to challenge thier brains with reading, writing, and other thought provoking exercises, their cognitive functions are less likely to diminish.

a.their cognitive functions are less likely to diminish
b.the less likely are their cognitive functions to be diminished
c.the less are they likely to have diminished cognitive function
d.the less likely their cognitive functions will diminish
e.they are less likely to have diminished cognitive function

The more the.X...............................the less/more Y

A and E out
B --- Use of to be...likely to be wrong on GMAT and "are" breaks the parallelism.
C. "Are" breaks the ||ism. Also use of infinitive "to have"

Will go with D.
Manager
Joined: 09 May 2008
Posts: 99
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 0

Re: SC-2: Keeping Cognitive Capacities [#permalink]

Show Tags

07 Jun 2008, 00:12
OA is (D).

How does "are" in (B) break parallelism and why is the use of "to be.." wrong on GMAT in this case ??
Manager
Joined: 01 May 2008
Posts: 111
Location: São Paulo
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 0

Re: SC-2: Keeping Cognitive Capacities [#permalink]

Show Tags

08 Jun 2008, 16:04
Isn't there a lack of parallelism at the answer in D?

The phrase says "that the more the older people continue to challenge thier brains", wich is in the present, and answer (D) says "the less likely their cognitive functions will diminish", wich is in the future. Is that correct?
Intern
Status: the final crusade is on
Joined: 18 Mar 2012
Posts: 32
Location: India
GMAT 1: 570 Q45 V23
GMAT 2: 590 Q44 V27
GMAT 3: 680 Q47 V37
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 38 [0], given: 19

Re: SC-2: Keeping Cognitive Capacities [#permalink]

Show Tags

27 Jul 2012, 00:19
bump - can anyone clear the last query by idpedroso
_________________

Let Difficulties know that you too are difficult

if you want the rainbow,you gotta put up with the rain

Manager
Joined: 02 Jun 2011
Posts: 110
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 50 [0], given: 5

Re: SC-2: Keeping Cognitive Capacities [#permalink]

Show Tags

27 Jul 2012, 03:31
paras123 wrote:
bump - can anyone clear the last query by idpedroso

From the given choices we have to find out which is the best.

'D' shows parallelism
Intern
Status: the final crusade is on
Joined: 18 Mar 2012
Posts: 32
Location: India
GMAT 1: 570 Q45 V23
GMAT 2: 590 Q44 V27
GMAT 3: 680 Q47 V37
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 38 [0], given: 19

Re: SC-2: Keeping Cognitive Capacities [#permalink]

Show Tags

27 Jul 2012, 03:47
jitgoel wrote:
paras123 wrote:
bump - can anyone clear the last query by idpedroso

From the given choices we have to find out which is the best.

'D' shows parallelism

you doesn't get the query.

the query is regarding the shift in the tense. the non underlined part has used simple present while the OA underlined portion is using the future tense "will".
the question is whether the two tenses should be consistent as they are in the same time frame
_________________

Let Difficulties know that you too are difficult

if you want the rainbow,you gotta put up with the rain

Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Apr 2011
Posts: 279
Schools: Booth,NUS,St.Gallon
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 310 [0], given: 51

Re: SC-2: Keeping Cognitive Capacities [#permalink]

Show Tags

27 Jul 2012, 03:54
Raconteur explained it well .
The final options are only between B and D.
But because of the passive element 'be' in option B ,it is eliminated.
And regarding the tense change in the two parallel elements ,it is allowed in gmat .
The structure the more ....the less is important here .
_________________

+1 if you like my explanation .Thanks

Manager
Joined: 02 Jun 2011
Posts: 110
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 50 [0], given: 5

Re: SC-2: Keeping Cognitive Capacities [#permalink]

Show Tags

27 Jul 2012, 06:40
paras123 wrote:
jitgoel wrote:
paras123 wrote:
bump - can anyone clear the last query by idpedroso

From the given choices we have to find out which is the best.

'D' shows parallelism

you doesn't get the query.

the query is regarding the shift in the tense. the non underlined part has used simple present while the OA underlined portion is using the future tense "will".
the question is whether the two tenses should be consistent as they are in the same time frame

According to MGMAT guide on the verbal, present and future tense can be in parallel during parallel comparison.
Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 3830
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Followers: 816

Kudos [?]: 6301 [1] , given: 324

Re: SC-2: Keeping Cognitive Capacities [#permalink]

Show Tags

27 Jul 2012, 08:49
1
KUDOS
@ldpedroso

Quote:
d.the less likely their cognitive functions will diminish

There is a subtle conditionality involved in the text. It actually means that if the older people continue to challenge their brains with reading, writing, and other thought provoking exercises more , then the less likely that they will diminish their cognitive functions.

in a conditional sentence, the if sentence will be always in present tense, while the then sentence can be in either present tense or future tense. Therefore it is acceptable. D is okay IMO.
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb.
9884544509

Intern
Status: the final crusade is on
Joined: 18 Mar 2012
Posts: 32
Location: India
GMAT 1: 570 Q45 V23
GMAT 2: 590 Q44 V27
GMAT 3: 680 Q47 V37
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 38 [0], given: 19

Re: SC-2: Keeping Cognitive Capacities [#permalink]

Show Tags

27 Jul 2012, 23:32
daagh wrote:
@ldpedroso

Quote:
d.the less likely their cognitive functions will diminish

There is a subtle conditionality involved in the text. It actually means that if the older people continue to challenge their brains with reading, writing, and other thought provoking exercises more , then the less likely that they will diminish their cognitive functions.

in a conditional sentence, the if sentence will be always in present tense, while the then sentence can be in either present tense or future tense. Therefore it is acceptable. D is okay IMO.

now this is making some sense.
thanks for clearing the air daagh.
here the kudos goes for u
_________________

Let Difficulties know that you too are difficult

if you want the rainbow,you gotta put up with the rain

Director
Status: Final Countdown
Joined: 17 Mar 2010
Posts: 541
Location: India
GPA: 3.82
WE: Account Management (Retail Banking)
Followers: 17

Kudos [?]: 302 [0], given: 75

Re: SC-2: Keeping Cognitive Capacities [#permalink]

Show Tags

28 Jul 2012, 05:11
_________________

" Make more efforts "
Press Kudos if you liked my post

Re: SC-2: Keeping Cognitive Capacities   [#permalink] 28 Jul 2012, 05:11
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
3 Contemporary cognitive scientists 10 11 Aug 2016, 13:02
3 With an explosive capacity that can devastate life 3 02 Feb 2015, 03:10
16 Contemporary cognitive scientists maintain that emotions 10 16 May 2017, 11:32
1 Gmat prep SC2 2 03 Aug 2016, 22:44
SC_2 5 07 Jun 2012, 08:21
Display posts from previous: Sort by