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# [#3] SC Challenge: Wall Street

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CEO
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[#3] SC Challenge: Wall Street [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2004, 21:17
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

100% (01:19) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 2 sessions

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Rules

1. Time yourself
2. Try not to guess the answer. if you can tell why you are right, it will only help you. if you are not, you will learn from others

if you know the answer to this, please let others try first for the sake of discussion.

According to some analysts, whatever its merits, the proposal to tax away all capital gains on short-term investments would, if enacted, have a disastrous effect on Wall Street trading and employment.

(A) its merits, the proposal to tax
(B) its merits may be, the proposal of taxing
(C) its merits as a proposal, taxing
(D) the proposal's merits, to tax
(E) the proposal's merits are, taxing

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Senior Manager
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10 Mar 2004, 21:25
D.
In A,B&C pronoun comes before the noun.

took 1 min

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Senior Manager
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11 Mar 2004, 00:40
My Ans: B

More than 2 mins

Dharmin

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11 Mar 2004, 03:45
I go for "B"

Using B -
According to some analysts, whatever its merits may be, the proposal of taxing away all capital gains on short-term investments would, if enacted, have a disastrous effect on Wall Street trading and employment.
---------------------
Note that if "whatever its merits may be" (the words between the commas ie the subordinate sentence) is dropped, the sentence would still make sence and sound like "According to some analysts the proposal of taxing away all capital gains on short-term investments would, if enacted, have a disastrous effect on Wall Street trading and employment"

Using D -
According to some analysts, whatever the proposal's merits, to tax away all capital gains on short-term investments would, if enacted, have a disastrous effect on Wall Street trading and employment.
---------------------
Try skipping the subordinate sentence here. "According to some analysts to tax away all capital gains on short-term investments would, if enacted, have a disastrous effect on Wall Street trading and employment." If you observe the words "if enacted" dont make sense unless the word "proposal" appears in the main sentence.

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11 Mar 2004, 03:53
Dharmin wrote:

I am, myself, unaware of theoretical grammar and its rules per se. I usually use logic (like in the last post) rather than grammatic rules in SC. Is it allright to do so?

Now that we are on this topic, I would also like to know whats wrong with a pronoun to follow noun?

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Re: [#3] SC Challenge: Wall Street [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2004, 05:32
praetorian123 wrote:
Rules

1. Time yourself
2. Try not to guess the answer. if you can tell why you are right, it will only help you. if you are not, you will learn from others
if you know the answer to this, please let others try first for the sake of discussion.
According to some analysts, whatever its merits, the proposal to tax away all capital gains on short-term investments would, if enacted, have a disastrous effect on Wall Street trading and employment.

(A) its merits, the proposal to tax
(B) its merits may be, the proposal of taxing
(C) its merits as a proposal, taxing
(D) the proposal's merits, to tax
(E) the proposal's merits are, taxing

A is best.

This is one of those SC's that requires careful reading. Let me try to explain this.

Notice the word "if enacted" [in bold above] ...obviously there should be a "proposal" in the same clause [before "if enacted"]. I would directly rule out C,D and E for that simple fact. see it yet?

That leaves us with A and B. Now we come to usage issues. Since the action [ the proposal] is yet to take place, use of an "-ing" form is incorrect. An infinitive is more appropriate.

Thus, A is best.

For more about the "-ing" form, read more about tenses and come back with questions. I will see if i can write a lesson on this.

Try to write an explanation for your answer. it might help others.

Good luck. More to come.
Regards
Praetorian

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Re: [#3] SC Challenge: Wall Street [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2004, 05:45
praetorian123 wrote:
praetorian123 wrote:
Rules
According to some analysts, whatever its merits, the proposal to tax away all capital gains on short-term investments would, if enacted, have a disastrous effect on Wall Street trading and employment.

I would directly rule out C,D and E for that simple fact. see it yet?

Sir, I agree from your explaination that C, D and E are completely ruled out.

However with regards to A and B, isnt there the verb form of "to be" ie either "are" / "may be" missing from the choice A ie it would have sounded more correct if it were "According to some analysts, whatever its merits are, the proposal to tax away all capital gains on short-term investments would, if enacted, have a disastrous effect on Wall Street trading and employment.

"may be" was the reason I chose B over A

Request you to please explain. Thanx

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Re: [#3] SC Challenge: Wall Street [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2004, 06:10
hariom wrote:
praetorian123 wrote:
praetorian123 wrote:
Rules
According to some analysts, whatever its merits, the proposal to tax away all capital gains on short-term investments would, if enacted, have a disastrous effect on Wall Street trading and employment.

I would directly rule out C,D and E for that simple fact. see it yet?

Sir, I agree from your explaination that C, D and E are completely ruled out.

However with regards to A and B, isnt there the verb form of "to be" ie either "are" / "may be" missing from the choice A ie it would have sounded more correct if it were "According to some analysts, whatever its merits are, the proposal to tax away all capital gains on short-term investments would, if enacted, have a disastrous effect on Wall Street trading and employment.

"may be" was the reason I chose B over A
Request you to please explain. Thanx

"may be" is unnecessary. and the biggest error is the use of "-ing" to represent a future event.

Look for Major errors in sentences, if you cant find those, then dive deep.

whatever its merits == it does not matter what the merits are
[thanks,Erin ]

does that make it clear now.

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Re: [#3] SC Challenge: Wall Street [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2004, 06:34
Quote:
and the biggest error is the use of "-ing" to represent a future event.

Got it .... Ill make sure i remember that in mind ...

I now understand that B is wrong because of the above error

But u have mentioned

Quote:
"may be" is unnecessary.

I dont understand this ...

Quote:
whatever its merits == it does not matter what the merits are

I would say
(whatever) (its merits) == (it does not matter what) (its merits)

Note: i have only substitued 'whatever' with 'it does not matter what'
I fail to understand why have u added the 'are' ... and how is the 'are' (or for that matter 'may be') implied in 'whatever'?

This brings us to another question - wht would you chose as better answer only from the following two options?

1.
According to some analysts, whatever its merits, the proposal to tax away all capital gains on short-term investments would, if enacted, have a disastrous effect on Wall Street trading and employment.

2.
According to some analysts, whatever its merits may be, the proposal to tax away all capital gains on short-term investments would, if enacted, have a disastrous effect on Wall Street trading and employment.

Thanx

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Re: [#3] SC Challenge: Wall Street   [#permalink] 11 Mar 2004, 06:34
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