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SC - could someone explain?

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SC - could someone explain? [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2005, 11:48
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Hi, first time poster, but I've been hovering around.
I was wondering if anyone could help me with SC1000 #24 explanation...

24. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

I eliminated A and B because of "had". I actually chose C, which I know is wrong because of idiom "elected to ~". D is wrong because of unparallel tense of verbs "to retire" and "facing". So that makes E the only choice. However, I don't understand why it's not "to retire" and "to face". Could someone please help out? Thank you!
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New post 01 Nov 2005, 12:15
I would have thought the answer was D.

First "elected to" makes it between D and E. and then "facing" to match with rising.
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New post 01 Nov 2005, 13:38
On analysis, I agree with the OA - facing should not parallel rising since the sentence says face A and B where B has the rising costs. And in order to keep the tense correct, it should be "face". Also "doctors" plural must use "have" and not "had".

Mea culpa as they say.
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New post 01 Nov 2005, 14:23
it is E

you are dealing with have elected to retire early is parallel with face.

not facing. so C and D is out.
this is a present perfect tense so A and B with had is out......
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New post 01 Nov 2005, 22:47
A and B are incorrect, since the entire sentance should be in simple present or present perfect tense.

C is incorrect since "have elected retiring early" is wordy and awkward. D is incorrect since "rather than" is a conjuction that requires to following form "rather than + clause." For this option to be correct, we require a preposition, i.e. "instead of + noun (facing)"

Therefore the best answer is E.
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Re: SC - could someone explain? [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2005, 02:54
I would choose E. To keep the sentence in the present perfect we would require have. So this eliminates A & B.
C - Wordy and hence out.
D - "elected to" and "facing" is wrong. There is no need for a gerund here.
E is correct "have elected " "and face" hence E is the answer.
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Re: SC - could someone explain? [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2005, 08:17
24. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

E should be the correct answer for a variety of reasons:

1. active voice over passive voice- nix A and B
2. within the past few years hints at the present perfect verb tense (ongoing)
3. ETS favors rather than over instead of idiomatic constructions- out goes C
4. parallel infinitive verb tense- eliminate D

That leaves E, besides it is the most concise
Re: SC - could someone explain?   [#permalink] 02 Nov 2005, 08:17
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