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# Shostakovich’s Fourth Symphony had not hardly entered rehearsals wh

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26 Oct 2011, 01:14
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey You Guys,

This is an interesting question, so I thought I'd weigh in. The correct answer is actually C, not D. This is a parallelism issue, which we can recognize by finding the word "and". Whenever you see conjunctions like "and" or "or", ask yourself what elements need to be parallel. In this case, we can use the second element more effectively.

The word "made" comes after the "and", this means that we must be paralleling verbs. The other verb is "turned". We cannot change the subject of both of these verbs: "the political climate". So did the political climate make "him..." or "his..."? It wouldn't make any sense for the political climate to make him do something. That would imply that Shostakovich had to DO something. But what the climate did was make the performance of his symphony impossible. This can be reworded as "made his having the piece performed impossible".

This is an example of a verb phrase acting as a noun, like "Having good friends is a great thing". In this case, the action of "having good friends" is serving as a noun in the sentence. Likewise "having the piece performed" is a noun, the object of the verb "make" (which you can even think of as "make impossible" to simplify things in your head). Just to round this out, "his" is a possessive pronoun modifying the action "having the piece performed". "Him" is an object pronoun, and illogical here.

Hope that helps. Great question!

Tommy Wallach
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Fallen for D but great explanation:).
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29 Oct 2011, 01:34
SudiptoGmat wrote:

+1 for C.

Among C,D and E- we need to have "his".
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25 Mar 2012, 02:46
great question and great answer by TommyWallach. +1

thanks
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26 Mar 2012, 12:10
C seems right. nice explanation by Tommy
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27 Mar 2012, 10:53
Got this one right! C!

I looked at the his having vs. him having and crossed out the him having choices as it was a parallelism issue.

Idiomatically, "had hardly" is the better way to explain the situation than "had not hardly"
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09 Jun 2012, 09:36
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey You Guys,

This is an interesting question, so I thought I'd weigh in. The correct answer is actually C, not D. This is a parallelism issue, which we can recognize by finding the word "and". Whenever you see conjunctions like "and" or "or", ask yourself what elements need to be parallel. In this case, we can use the second element more effectively.

The word "made" comes after the "and", this means that we must be paralleling verbs. The other verb is "turned". We cannot change the subject of both of these verbs: "the political climate". So did the political climate make "him..." or "his..."? It wouldn't make any sense for the political climate to make him do something. That would imply that Shostakovich had to DO something. But what the climate did was make the performance of his symphony impossible. This can be reworded as "made his having the piece performed impossible".

This is an example of a verb phrase acting as a noun, like "Having good friends is a great thing". In this case, the action of "having good friends" is serving as a noun in the sentence. Likewise "having the piece performed" is a noun, the object of the verb "make" (which you can even think of as "make impossible" to simplify things in your head). Just to round this out, "his" is a possessive pronoun modifying the action "having the piece performed". "Him" is an object pronoun, and illogical here.

Hope that helps. Great question!

Tommy Wallach
ManhattanGMAT

a great question must have a great explanation. that is the beauty of gmat. i also trapped in D. now its clear why C is correct
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22 Aug 2012, 12:51
Nice explanation Tommy.
I will really appreciate had it been this way.
John Simmons hardly entered the theatre when his teammates turned against him and made him having the ball perform.
If this is correct, then I guess the keywords in the original sentence are "John's Fourth Symphony" in addition to "and" and "political climate".
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02 Jan 2014, 07:07
C it must be.

"his" correctly refers back to the possessive noun earlier mentioned in the sentence.

Hope that helps.
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05 Mar 2014, 05:02
Technically::
Only possessive pronouns can refer back to person mentioned in possessive noun, thus him or himself are not right pronouns to refer back to the poet.
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15 Mar 2015, 04:02
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29 Jun 2016, 10:25
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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16 Oct 2016, 08:55
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey You Guys,

This is an interesting question, so I thought I'd weigh in. The correct answer is actually C, not D. This is a parallelism issue, which we can recognize by finding the word "and". Whenever you see conjunctions like "and" or "or", ask yourself what elements need to be parallel. In this case, we can use the second element more effectively.

The word "made" comes after the "and", this means that we must be paralleling verbs. The other verb is "turned". We cannot change the subject of both of these verbs: "the political climate". So did the political climate make "him..." or "his..."? It wouldn't make any sense for the political climate to make him do something. That would imply that Shostakovich had to DO something. But what the climate did was make the performance of his symphony impossible. This can be reworded as "made his having the piece performed impossible".

This is an example of a verb phrase acting as a noun, like "Having good friends is a great thing". In this case, the action of "having good friends" is serving as a noun in the sentence. Likewise "having the piece performed" is a noun, the object of the verb "make" (which you can even think of as "make impossible" to simplify things in your head). Just to round this out, "his" is a possessive pronoun modifying the action "having the piece performed". "Him" is an object pronoun, and illogical here.

Hope that helps. Great question!

Tommy Wallach
ManhattanGMAT

So great explanation!!! Very clear and easy to understand! Thanks
Re: Shostakovich’s Fourth Symphony had not hardly entered rehearsals wh   [#permalink] 16 Oct 2016, 08:55

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