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SC - new questions - 700 - 800 level

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Re: SC - new questions - 700 - 800 level [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2013, 02:57
GetThisDone wrote:
Discouraged by new data that show increases in toxic emissions from domestic factories, searches for alternative
investment opportunities are being conducted by shareholders of the nation’s leading manufacturing companies
.
• searches for alternative investment opportunities are being conducted by shareholders of the nation’s leading
manufacturing companies
• searches are being conducted by shareholders of the nation’s leading manufacturing companies who are looking
for alternative investment opportunities
• shareholders of the nation’s leading manufacturing companies had begun searching for investment opportunities
outside of the manufacturing industry
• the nation’s leading manufacturing companies are searching for alternative investment opportunities for its
shareholders
• shareholders of the nation’s leading manufacturing companies are searching for alternative investment opportunities

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


• shareholders of the nation’s leading manufacturing companies are searching for alternative investment opportunities
It looks correct to me.
Explanation:
shareholders are discouraged not the searches or companies. So, A B D eliminated.
In C, it is using 'had' which is incorrect.
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Re: SC - new questions - 700 - 800 level [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2014, 10:26
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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SC - new questions - 700 - 800 level [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2014, 10:47
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In any question like this, the trick is to simplify, by separating the subject part of the sentence from the verb part.

Let's look at this example:

Every workday at dawn, the patriarch of one of the city’s five richest families leaves his mansion and walks to city
hall.
A) richest families leaves his mansion and walks
B) richest families leave his mansion and walk
C) richest families leaves his mansion and walk
D) richer families leave his mansion and walks
E) richer families leaves his mansion and walks.

The subject (the thing or person taking the action) is 'the patriarch' (and NOT 'families' – that word is placed there to confuse you :wink: ). The verbs are 'to leave' and 'to walk'.

Here they are again, separated:

Every workday at dawn, the patriarch ...
A) ... leaves his mansion and walks
B) ... leave his mansion and walk
C) ... leaves his mansion and / walk
D) ... leave his mansion and / walks
E) ... leaves his mansion and / walks.

In both A and E, the singular subject 'the patriarch' agrees with both verbs 'leaves' and 'walks'.

Having deduced that, we've then just got to choose the correct adjective: is it 'one of the ... richest families' or 'one of the richer families'?

Well, richer is a comparative adjective, but no comparison is offered here. In other words, for 'richer' to be acceptable, the sentence would need to say whom or what his family is richer than. As the sentence doesn't give us that information, 'richest' is the only adjective that works. Hence answer A is the only one that will work.

So whenever you have to answer a question like this, make sure you break the sentence down into its component parts. It may feel like a waste of time, but it will actually save you time overall. It will also reduce your chance of falling into the traps that are laid for you. :)
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Re: SC - new questions - 700 - 800 level [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2014, 02:16
Since the mid-1990s, the central government of Botswana has been forcibly removing native Bushmen from the
Central Kalahari Game Reserve; the government justifies their actions by stating that it is too costly to provide such
basic services like medical care and schooling to such a remote area.

Analysis : 'Government' : is a singular noun , requires a singular verb justifies is correct . C, D are out .
: Their is incorrect should be 'its' so , A, B are out .

E is a clear winner

• justifies their actions by stating that it is too costly to provide such basic services like
• justifies their actions by stating it is too costly and expensive to provide such basic services as
• justify their actions by stating that it is too costly to provide basic services like
• justify its actions by stating that it is too costly and expensive to provide such a basic service as
• justifies its actions by stating that it is too costly to provide such basic services as
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Re: SC - new questions - 700 - 800 level [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2014, 02:23
Since the mid-1990s, the central government of Botswana has been forcibly removing native Bushmen from the
Central Kalahari Game Reserve; the government justifies their actions by stating that it is too costly to provide such
basic services like medical care and schooling to such a remote area.

Analysis : 'Government' : is a singular noun , requires a singular verb justifies is correct . C, D are out .
: Their is incorrect should be 'its' so , A, B are out .

E is a clear winner

• justifies their actions by stating that it is too costly to provide such basic services like
• justifies their actions by stating it is too costly and expensive to provide such basic services as
• justify their actions by stating that it is too costly to provide basic services like
• justify its actions by stating that it is too costly and expensive to provide such a basic service as
• justifies its actions by stating that it is too costly to provide such basic services as
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Re: SC - new questions - 700 - 800 level [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2014, 14:57
Allow me to share my opinion here.. I must say they must be on 400-500 level... Hey no offence... They seems too basic testing just S-V aggrement and too short sentences... No way they will be even in 600-700 level...
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Re: SC - new questions - 700 - 800 level [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jan 2015, 10:04
deepaknayak01 wrote:
GetThisDone wrote:
Discouraged by new data that show increases in toxic emissions from domestic factories, searches for alternative
investment opportunities are being conducted by shareholders of the nation’s leading manufacturing companies
.
• searches for alternative investment opportunities are being conducted by shareholders of the nation’s leading
manufacturing companies
• searches are being conducted by shareholders of the nation’s leading manufacturing companies who are looking
for alternative investment opportunities
• shareholders of the nation’s leading manufacturing companies had begun searching for investment opportunities
outside of the manufacturing industry
• the nation’s leading manufacturing companies are searching for alternative investment opportunities for its
shareholders
• shareholders of the nation’s leading manufacturing companies are searching for alternative investment opportunities

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


• shareholders of the nation’s leading manufacturing companies are searching for alternative investment opportunities
It looks correct to me.
Explanation:
shareholders are discouraged not the searches or companies. So, A B D eliminated.
In C, it is using 'had' which is incorrect.



Here, Discouraged is a verb-ed modifier and it must modify the subject of clause (i.e who got discouraged, shareholders certainly). but in Option it is modifying Searches, which is not logical.
same reasoning applied to A,B,D.

now we are left with C & E.
Option C has tense error. Had should not be used as non underlined portion is in present tense.

Correct option E.
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Re: SC - new questions - 700 - 800 level [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2016, 08:00
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: SC - new questions - 700 - 800 level [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2016, 10:58
GetThisDone wrote:
Since the mid-1990s, the central government of Botswana has been forcibly removing native Bushmen from the
Central Kalahari Game Reserve; the government justifies their actions by stating that it is too costly to provide such
basic services like
medical care and schooling to such a remote area.
• justifies their actions by stating that it is too costly to provide such basic services like
• justifies their actions by stating it is too costly and expensive to provide such basic services as
• justify their actions by stating that it is too costly to provide basic services like
• justify its actions by stating that it is too costly and expensive to provide such a basic service as
• justifies its actions by stating that it is too costly to provide such basic services as

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

I know that the answer is E but I have a doubt about B.

Since the mid-1990s, the central government of Botswana has been forcibly removing native Bushmen from the Central Kalahari Game Reserve; the government justifies their actions by stating it is too costly and expensive to provide such basic services as medical care and schooling to such a remote area.

My doubt - Is it necessary to put "that" between "stating" and "it"?
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Re: SC - new questions - 700 - 800 level [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2016, 20:57
No reason in Perfect at all, so A,B,D out. E provides ambiguous "their"

C remains
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Re: SC - new questions - 700 - 800 level [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2017, 12:35
I chose option e. Why is it "the outlook" and not "their outlook"? Thank you.
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Re: SC - new questions - 700 - 800 level [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2017, 10:20
pchakraborty wrote:
I chose option e. Why is it "the outlook" and not "their outlook"? Thank you.


"Management" is singular. Hence the pronoun "their" is wrong.
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SC - new questions - 700 - 800 level [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2017, 01:39
Link for the below question-
https://gmatclub.com/forum/sc-new-quest ... l#p1076091

Although covered in about 11 inches of snow, aviation officials said that conditions on the runway at the time of the
emergency landing was acceptable.
• aviation officials said that conditions on the runway at the time of the emergency landing was acceptable
• the runway conditions during the emergency landing were acceptable according to aviation officials
• according to aviation officials, the runway was in acceptable condition during the time of the emergency landing
• the runway was in acceptable condition during the emergency landing, according to aviation officials
• aviation officials said that conditions on the runway at the time of the emergency landing were acceptable

Why Choice C is incorrect ? " according to aviation officials" is non-essential modifier, so if we remove this, the choice C and D are same.

Placing the phrase " according to aviation officials" before or after the main clause does not make any difference as per my understanding.

As per my understanding, placing the phrase " according to aviation officials" before or after the main clause does not make any difference.

Rather between the above two sentences, the second one should be preferred. Please help !
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Re: SC - new questions - 700 - 800 level [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2017, 03:47
AR15J wrote:
Link for the below question-
https://gmatclub.com/forum/sc-new-quest ... l#p1076091

Although covered in about 11 inches of snow, aviation officials said that conditions on the runway at the time of the
emergency landing was acceptable.
• aviation officials said that conditions on the runway at the time of the emergency landing was acceptable
• the runway conditions during the emergency landing were acceptable according to aviation officials
• according to aviation officials, the runway was in acceptable condition during the time of the emergency landing
• the runway was in acceptable condition during the emergency landing, according to aviation officials
• aviation officials said that conditions on the runway at the time of the emergency landing were acceptable

Why Choice C is incorrect ? " according to aviation officials" is non-essential modifier, so if we remove this, the choice C and D are same.

Placing the phrase " according to aviation officials" before or after the main clause does not make any difference as per my understanding.

As per my understanding, placing the phrase " according to aviation officials" before or after the main clause does not make any difference.

Rather between the above two sentences, the second one should be preferred. Please help !


Option C deviates from the modifier touch rule - "covered in about 11 inches of snow" should ideally touch "runway".
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Re: SC - new questions - 700 - 800 level [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2017, 05:40
GetThisDone wrote:
Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that man is good only when in “the state of nature” but is corrupted by society,
that
compels man to compare himself to others.
• man is good only when in “the state of nature” but is corrupted by society, that
• only man is good when in “the state of nature” but is corrupted by society, that
• man is good when in “the state of nature” but is corrupted only by society, that
• only man is good when in “the state of nature” but is corrupted by society, which
• man is good only when in “the state of nature” but is corrupted by society, which

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E



What's the difference between A and E?
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Re: SC - new questions - 700 - 800 level [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2017, 08:08
warriorguy wrote:
GetThisDone wrote:
Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that man is good only when in “the state of nature” but is corrupted by society,
that
compels man to compare himself to others.
• man is good only when in “the state of nature” but is corrupted by society, that
• only man is good when in “the state of nature” but is corrupted by society, that
• man is good when in “the state of nature” but is corrupted only by society, that
• only man is good when in “the state of nature” but is corrupted by society, which
• man is good only when in “the state of nature” but is corrupted by society, which

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E



What's the difference between A and E?


A has an essential modifier(that), which is not required in this case, while E has a non-essential modifier (which).
Re: SC - new questions - 700 - 800 level   [#permalink] 25 Feb 2017, 08:08

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