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# SC question from Veritas Prep SC 1

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SC question from Veritas Prep SC 1 [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2012, 19:04
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100% (01:53) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 50 sessions

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Folks,

Need your help on this question:

1. Modern pesticides provide a valuable service to farmers by inhibiting the reproduction or exterminating many insects.
a. inhibiting the reproduction or exterminating
b. the extermination or the inhibiting the growth of
c. the extermination of or the inhibition of the growth of
d. exterminated or inhibited reproduction of
e. exterminating or inhibiting the reproduction of many insects.

ans (e).
I have a confusion b/w options c and e. It's a question on 'X or Y' where X and Y need to be parallel and X as well Y should independently fit grammatically with the remainder of the sentence. This logic weeds out option a, b and d.
Now, according to Veritas, 'use of two "Noun+Preposition"s is awkward and the change to inhibition from more active inhibiting slightly changes the meaning of the sentence'.

According to me, option e significantly changes the meaning of the sentence:
The original sentence implies that modern pesticides exterminate many insects or inhibit the reproduction of many insects.
Option e implies that modern pesticides exterminate the reproduction of many insects or inhibit the reproduction of many insects.

Hence, c should be the correct option. Request you to let me know your thoughts.

Cheers,
Yash
If you have any questions
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Re: SC question from Veritas Prep SC 1 [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2012, 19:34
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C also has an unacceptable deviation from original intent. The original says ‘inhibiting the reproduction of’ while C says ‘inhibition of the growth of”

Empathizing with Veritas, this is how I see option E:

E. exterminating (many insects) or inhibiting the reproduction of (many insects)

A which comes close to this will not be as complete

inhibiting the reproduction(many insects) or exterminating (many insects)
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Re: SC question from Veritas Prep SC 1 [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2012, 00:36
Modern pesticides provide a valuable service to farmers by inhibiting the reproduction or exterminating many insects.

c. the extermination of or the inhibition of the growth of

e. exterminating or inhibiting the reproduction of

a/b/d--> parallelism /meaning issue

E is correct usage and construction.

we say
X help Y by doing Z.
We cant say
X help Y by the work of something.

we can say

A was helped by the termination of Z

better say

"the termination of" suggests somewhat passive mode and is better used to suggests some action that is completed not ongoing.
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Re: SC question from Veritas Prep SC 1 [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2012, 03:51
Option E "exterminating or inhibiting the reproduction of many insects." is right
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Re: SC question from Veritas Prep SC 1 [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2012, 03:28
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Re: SC question from Veritas Prep SC 1 [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2012, 01:10
E seems right.
C changes from the intended meaning. Inhibition of growth IE smaller insects are probably not what the speaker is talking about.
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Re: SC question from Veritas Prep SC 1 [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2012, 10:51
Doesn’t “E” sound ambiguous?
It could also mean - exterminating (the reproduction of many insects) or inhibiting (the reproduction of many insects). - which is incorrect.
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Re: SC question from Veritas Prep SC 1 [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2012, 11:36
I don't find problem with A.

a. inhibiting the reproduction or exterminating >> as per me , it is correct as it mentions two possibilities. 1. by inhibiting the reproduction, 2. by exterminating many insects.

b. the extermination or the inhibiting the growth of >> parallelism problem
c. the extermination of or the inhibition of the growth of >> wordy
d. exterminated or inhibited reproduction of >> Wrong modifiers
e. exterminating or inhibiting the reproduction of many insects. >> Changing the meaning of original sentence.
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Re: SC question from Veritas Prep SC 1 [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2012, 12:53
I choose E as it follows a logical order of magnitude of impact of using the pesticides..
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Re: SC question from Veritas Prep SC 1 [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2012, 14:24
Modern pesticides provide a valuable service to farmers by inhibiting the reproduction or exterminating many insects.
a. inhibiting the reproduction (OF is missing) or exterminating
b. the extermination or the inhibiting the growth of ('the inhibiting...' is awkward and wordy).
c. the extermination of or the inhibition of the growth of (This is wordy, and changes the meaning by swapping 'reproduction' for 'growth.')
d. exterminated or inhibited reproduction of (The verb form should be 'by Verb-ing)
e. exterminating or inhibiting the reproduction of many insects. ('exterminating' is in the correct form and 'inhibiting...of' is idiomatically correct and preserves the original meaning).
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Re: SC question from Veritas Prep SC 1 [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2012, 17:36
IMHO choice E. I dont believe that Choice E changes the meaning as yash has stated. If I apply sentence structure then choice e reads:

Modern pesticides provide a valuable service to farmers by
1. exterminating many insects
2. inhibiting the reproduction of many insects.

This is what choice A is trying to communicate as well.
My 2 cents!!
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Re: SC question from Veritas Prep SC 1 [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2012, 17:49
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You are asking why E, not C. I think the simple answer is a participle (inhibiting) is a better fit than a noun (inhibition). In general, a verb is better than a adjective better than a noun. This is an advanced topic covered by Manhattan in chapter 11 of their SC guide.

Also, make a simple sentence yourself. For example, I caught the mistake by the examination of my own work or I caught the mistake by examining my own work. Which one sounds better?
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Re: SC question from Veritas Prep SC 1 [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2012, 03:02
C is a wordy choice to consider. Moreover, E give the sentence a proper meaning by using -ing forms clearly.
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Re: SC question from Veritas Prep SC 1 [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2015, 19:40
main clause +by doing
is idiom
in which by doing show the method used by subject to do action in main clause.
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Re: SC question from Veritas Prep SC 1   [#permalink] 03 Sep 2015, 19:40
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