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# School desegregation has worked well in Buffalo, New York,

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Manager
Joined: 01 Aug 2011
Posts: 81
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Finance
GPA: 3.4
School desegregation has worked well in Buffalo, New York, [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2012, 10:31
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

72% (02:12) correct 28% (01:15) wrong based on 53 sessions

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School desegregation has worked well in Buffalo, New York, in part because parents and teachers were given major roles in designing the city’s magnet schools, because extra federal funds were allocated to make each school unique, and because the federal judge enforced desegregation orders.
(A) because extra federal funds were allocated to make each school unique
(B) because of the allocation of extra federal funds that make each school unique
(C) because each school is made unique by allocating it extra federal funds
(D) extra federal funds were allocated in order to make each school unique
(E) extra federal funds were allocated for making each school unique

why is choice c incorrect
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: School desegregation in Buffalo [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2012, 12:19
Not sure if this underlining is correct. Please post it in the future.

School desegregation has worked well in Buffalo, New York, in part because parents and teachers were given major roles in designing the city’s magnet schools, because extra federal funds were allocated to make each school unique, and because the federal judge enforced desegregation orders.

(A) because extra federal funds were allocated to make each school unique
(B) because of the allocation of extra federal funds that make each school unique
(C) because each school is made unique by allocating it extra federal funds
(D) extra federal funds were allocated in order to make each school unique
(E) extra federal funds were allocated for making each school unique

A is the obvious answer here after skimming the choices. Eliminate D & E because they break with the structure of the sentence. Eliminate B & C as they're simply poorly worded. To answer your specific question, I think we can eliminate C for three reasons: changes the tense, passive when there is a better active choice, and the usage of "by" here is confusing.
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Re: School desegregation in Buffalo [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2012, 13:15
1
KUDOS
A and C are the only answers that are parallel. B might seem to be parallel, but in fact the because in B is followed by a noun phrase, while the two earlier becauses are followed by clauses.

So what's wrong with C? (1) It changes the meaning slightly. According to the original, the purpose of the extra funds was to make each school unique (whatever their actual affect), while according to C the extra funds did make each school unique (whatever they were intended for). (2) It is awkward. In particular, the usual direct object of the verb allocate is the stuff being allocated rather than person/agency/whatever receiving the stuff. But In C, the direct object of allocate is it (whose antecedent is each school) rather than the more standard funds.

Since vandygrad11 mentioned active/passive voice, I should point out a few thing:
-Answer A, the OA, is also in the passive voice, so voice doesn't seem to be the problem here.
-Standard Written English allows parallel clauses to have different voices, and in fact that's inevitable here, since the first of the parallel clauses (parents and teachers were given major roles) is passive, while the third (the federal judge enforced desegregation orders) is active. Neither of those is underlined, so neither of those will change, so were stuck with different voices.
-Different voices actually make sense here, since neither the parents nor the funds are agents in their clauses, while the judge is the agent in his.
-It's true that active is usually better than passive, but there are plenty of exceptions.
-It's true that consistent voice is better, but there are exceptions.
-Voice is not usually dispositive anyway. When passive is wrong, it's usually because the passive voice creates a distinct error. For instance, Thirsty after a long day of yard work, I drank the whole pitcher of lemonade. is better than Thirsty after a long day of yard work, the whole pitcher of lemonade was drunk by me. because according to the first I was thirsty, while according to the second, the pitcher of lemonade was thirsty.
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Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Jan 2012
Posts: 307
Weight: 170lbs
GMAT 1: 740 Q48 V42
GMAT 2: 760 Q50 V42
WE: Analyst (Other)
Re: School desegregation in Buffalo [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2012, 13:19
Yeah, that's a good point. I went back and noticed that. Rushed through the problem, I think.

I'm curious if you've seen many instances of passive/active voice being tested on the GMAT. I would like to get a V51 if possible!
Manager
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Re: School desegregation in Buffalo [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2012, 22:15
Is option a in passive voice because federal fund is the object of the verb allocation but it is acting as a subject

what if i write option c as because each school is made unique by allocating extra federal funds to the school , would there still be object error
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Re: School desegregation in Buffalo [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2012, 08:53
MichaelS wrote:
A and C are the only answers that are parallel. B might seem to be parallel, but in fact the because in B is followed by a noun phrase, while the two earlier becauses are followed by clauses.

So what's wrong with C? (1) It changes the meaning slightly. According to the original, the purpose of the extra funds was to make each school unique (whatever their actual affect), while according to C the extra funds did make each school unique (whatever they were intended for). (2) It is awkward. In particular, the usual direct object of the verb allocate is the stuff being allocated rather than person/agency/whatever receiving the stuff. But In C, the direct object of allocate is it (whose antecedent is each school) rather than the more standard funds.

Since vandygrad11 mentioned active/passive voice, I should point out a few thing:
-Answer A, the OA, is also in the passive voice, so voice doesn't seem to be the problem here.
-Standard Written English allows parallel clauses to have different voices, and in fact that's inevitable here, since the first of the parallel clauses (parents and teachers were given major roles) is passive, while the third (the federal judge enforced desegregation orders) is active. Neither of those is underlined, so neither of those will change, so were stuck with different voices.
-Different voices actually make sense here, since neither the parents nor the funds are agents in their clauses, while the judge is the agent in his.
-It's true that active is usually better than passive, but there are plenty of exceptions.
-It's true that consistent voice is better, but there are exceptions.
-Voice is not usually dispositive anyway. When passive is wrong, it's usually because the passive voice creates a distinct error. For instance, Thirsty after a long day of yard work, I drank the whole pitcher of lemonade. is better than Thirsty after a long day of yard work, the whole pitcher of lemonade was drunk by me. because according to the first I was thirsty, while according to the second, the pitcher of lemonade was thirsty.

Between A and C can we also say that use of "is" in C also contributes in making it incorrect as the main sentence uses "were"
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Re: School desegregation in Buffalo   [#permalink] 12 Jun 2012, 08:53
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