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Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000

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VP
Joined: 07 Nov 2005
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13 Sep 2006, 01:47
Should be B.
Corrects the Modifier problem and also "eliptical path that brings" is correct.
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Updated on: 23 Oct 2006, 08:10
I agree that B seems the most understandable, but i'm a bit confused with the verb tense. It should be "orbits" and not "is orbiting".. isn't it ?

Originally posted by Insider on 23 Oct 2006, 08:03.
Last edited by Insider on 23 Oct 2006, 08:10, edited 1 time in total.
Manager
Joined: 31 Aug 2006
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23 Oct 2006, 08:16
(E) for me ..
I beleive (B) changes the meaning by saying that "once a year on an elliptical path..and there may be others although not in an elliptical path"

What is the OA ?
Intern
Joined: 11 Dec 2006
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Re: SC - A good question  [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2007, 06:54
Should be B

After "Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an hour," there should be a verb. Eliminate C and D.
A -> 'that' is refering to what ? elliptical path or Asteroid.
E --> 'and' before that is awkword gramatically.

B wins. Please share OA.
Manager
Joined: 29 Nov 2006
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Updated on: 29 Jan 2007, 07:11
Once you take out the middlemen you see that only B makes sense

Originally posted by adub35 on 28 Jan 2007, 08:57.
Last edited by adub35 on 29 Jan 2007, 07:11, edited 1 time in total.
Senior Manager
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28 Jan 2007, 12:03
B is the only one that has correct modifiers. and the relative pronoun phrase "that regularly brings it back toward Earth" correctly refers to the immediately preceeding noun "path"
Director
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28 Jan 2007, 18:49
Scientists calculated that the asteroid is orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path that regularly brings it back toward Earth.

Do we have a clear referent for 'it'?
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29 Jan 2007, 08:00
asaf wrote:
Scientists calculated that the asteroid is orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path that regularly brings it back toward Earth.

Do we have a clear referent for 'it'?

all the answer choices have "it". So we have to place "it" as close to its referrent, "path", as possible (but not before). B does that best.
VP
Joined: 22 Oct 2006
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31 Jan 2007, 00:26
B

correct modifiers

is orbiting the sun (asteroid)
regular brings it back to earth (in reference to the ellpitical path bringing back asteroid)
VP
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11 Apr 2007, 21:39
Easy B.
Correctly mentions that it is the path that brings the asteroid back towards Earth.

(A) hour, is on an elliptical path that orbits the Sun once a year and regularly brings it. Is it the path that orbits
(B) hour, is orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path that regularly brings it.
(C) hour, once a year orbits the Sun, regularly bringing it on an elliptical path
(D) hour and orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path, regularly bringing it
(E) hour, orbits the Sun on an elliptical path once a year and that regularly brings it
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12 Apr 2007, 00:29
what's wrong in D ??? i had narrowed it down to B vs D & selected D. But here i see everyone is going for B

B) hour, is orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path that regularly brings it.

D) hour and orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path, regularly bringing it

Resons for chosing D -
1. first part of the stament has "traveling at 46,000 miles an hour"... so should'nt it be followed by "orbiting" cauz both refer to asteroid & they would be in parallel.

what is OA ??
Manager
Joined: 30 May 2007
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Re: SC - asteroid  [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2007, 22:17
vineetgupta wrote:
Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an hour, is on an elliptical path that orbits the Sun once a year and regularly brings it back toward Earth.
(A) hour, is on an elliptical path that orbits the Sun once a year and regularly brings it
(B) hour, is orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path that regularly brings it
(C) hour, once a year orbits the Sun, regularly bringing it on an elliptical path
(D) hour and orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path, regularly bringing it
(E) hour, orbits the Sun on an elliptical path once a year and that regularly brings it

Isn't 'it' ambiguous in A and B...it can refer to 'sun' or 'asteroid'...Am I missing something here??

in A it is ambiguous
in B missing and
in C and D incomplete sentence
so for me it is E
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Re: SC - asteroid  [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2007, 22:45
vineetgupta wrote:
Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an hour, is on an elliptical path that orbits the Sun once a year and regularly brings it back toward Earth.
(A) hour, is on an elliptical path that orbits the Sun once a year and regularly brings it
(B) hour, is orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path that regularly brings it
(C) hour, once a year orbits the Sun, regularly bringing it on an elliptical path
(D) hour and orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path, regularly bringing it
(E) hour, orbits the Sun on an elliptical path once a year and that regularly brings it

Isn't 'it' ambiguous in A and B...it can refer to 'sun' or 'asteroid'...Am I missing something here??

The answer should be B. Reasoning : ||`lism

A : wrong : It seems elliptical path orbits round the sun.
B :
C : Wrong : It means asteroid brings the Sun on an elliptical path.
D : Wrong : Same reason.. "regularly bringing it" ..means asteroid is bringing the Sun on an elliptical path.
E : Is bit awkward..

B : Correct : the statement is clear when it says "asteroid is orbiting round the sun in an elliptical path that ....." this clearly means that the elliptical path is bringing it back to the earth.

As far as your question of 'it' being ambiguous goes, I do not have a grammatical explanation.. but if you look at the ans choices only C does not has 'it'. But C is incorrect for the reason explained above..

Hope this helps...
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Joined: 21 Jan 2007
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Re: SC - asteroid  [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2007, 13:52
1
i felt this question was fairly easy if you knew how to parse the sentence structure (which is why i always ask structure questions every now and then)

Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an hour, is orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path that regularly brings it back toward Earth.

Scientists calculated that the asteroid is orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path that regularly brings it back toward Earth.

vineetgupta wrote:
Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an hour, is on an elliptical path that orbits the Sun once a year and regularly brings it back toward Earth.

(A) hour, is on an elliptical path that orbits the Sun once a year and regularly brings it
AND is the key. it has no referent.

Scientists calculated that the asteroid
is on an elliptical path that orbits the Sun once a year
and
regularly brings it back toward Earth.

(B) hour, is orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path that regularly brings it

(C) hour, once a year orbits the Sun, regularly bringing it on an elliptical path
does not connect to main clause.

(D) hour and orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path, regularly bringing it
no verb in the main clause.

(E) hour, orbits the Sun on an elliptical path once a year and that regularly brings it

Manager
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04 Aug 2007, 15:47
Well...I picked B.

BMW..Even if you ignore appositive phrase, the pronoun "IT" might possibly refer to the nearest Noun (Sun) or Asteroid because the pronoun always refer to the nearest Noun.

Is it that here its understood that "IT" refers to "Subject" - Asteroid instead of nearby noun (Sun)
VP
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Re: SC - asteroid  [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2007, 16:25
vineetgupta wrote:
Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an hour, is on an elliptical path that orbits the Sun once a year and regularly brings it back toward Earth.
(A) hour, is on an elliptical path that orbits the Sun once a year and regularly brings it
Looks like the elliptical path orbits the sun

(B) hour, is orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path that regularly brings it
(C) hour, once a year orbits the Sun, regularly bringing it on an elliptical path

Looks like it is bringing sun back on track

(D) hour and orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path, regularly bringing it

On similr lines as C
(E) hour, orbits the Sun on an elliptical path once a year and that regularly brings it
"that" in RED has antecendet problems

Isn't 'it' ambiguous in A and B...it can refer to 'sun' or 'asteroid'...Am I missing something here??

I hate to pull in B as the answer 'cos it is also not clear.
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Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000  [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2010, 10:42
Nobody is going to help?
Could anybody explain the meaning?
What is bringing what to the Earth?
What is the antecedent of "it" in B?
Whats wrong with E?

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Intern
Joined: 30 Sep 2010
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09 Nov 2010, 00:40
msingh wrote:
what's wrong in D ??? i had narrowed it down to B vs D & selected D. But here i see everyone is going for B

B) hour, is orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path that regularly brings it.

D) hour and orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path, regularly bringing it

Resons for chosing D -
1. first part of the stament has "traveling at 46,000 miles an hour"... so should'nt it be followed by "orbiting" cauz both refer to asteroid & they would be in parallel.

what is OA ??

First, "traveing...and orbiting......." No Verb
Second, "traveing...and orbiting......., regularly bringing it..." Traving and Orbiting Can't Bringing it back
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11 Nov 2010, 15:25
+1 E

Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an hour, is on an elliptical path that orbits the Sun once a year and regularly brings it back toward Earth.
(A) hour, is on an elliptical path that orbits the Sun once a year and regularly brings it --> (Meaning) elliptical path does not orbit
(B) hour, is orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path that regularly brings it --> (meaning) elliptical path brings closer to earth + orbits is preferable than " is orbiting"
(C) hour, once a year orbits the Sun, regularly bringing it on an elliptical path --> Wordy and wrong construction
(D) hour and orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path, regularly bringing it --> Wrong construction and error in meaning
(E) hour, orbits the Sun on an elliptical path once a year and that regularly brings it --> Parallel ( that the asteroid orbits the sun... and that regularly BRINGS it ...) + IT clearly refers to asteroid
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18 Jan 2011, 03:39
noboru wrote:
Nobody is going to help?
Could anybody explain the meaning?
What is bringing what to the Earth?

The elliptical path brings the asteroid back toward earth.

Quote:
What is the antecedent of "it" in B?

Good question. The antecedent is "the asteroid." If you're wondering why the "it" can't refer to "the Sun" or the "elliptical path", the answer is more logical than grammatical. The only thing moving in the sentence is the asteroid, both the sun and the orbit are stationary, so we are left to assume the asteroid is what will move "back toward earth."
"it" is not perfect, but it's better than....

Quote:
Whats wrong with E?

E makes a big mistake by misplacing the modifier "once a year." This description should be placed after "orbits the Sun" to describe how often the asteroid goes around the Sun. Instead, "once a year" is placed after "on an elliptical path;" this makes the sentence incorrectly state that the asteroid is only on the path once a year, when in fact the asteroid is on that path all the time.

As alway, the "correct" answer isn't perfect, but it avoids the modifier mistakes of the other answers. Try to keep in mind what the question is testing. If the question starts with a modifier mistake, you need to make extra sure that your answer has no modifier mistakes -- that becomes a priority for that question.
Re: Sc-Scientists &nbs [#permalink] 18 Jan 2011, 03:39

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