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Scientists have found new evidence of people initially

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Director
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Joined: 26 Oct 2016
Posts: 691

Kudos [?]: 181 [0], given: 855

Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, International Business
Schools: HBS '19
GMAT 1: 770 Q51 V44
GPA: 4
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Scientists have found new evidence of people initially [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 01:04
The phrase ‘same as’ is a comparison marker, meaning that the two entities it compares should be both logically and grammatically similar. These are the two elements compared in the original sentence:

• “People initially registering emotions like sadness or anger” in much the same way as “heartburn.”

Now, ‘people initially registering emotions like sadness or anger’ is in no way parallel to ‘heartburn’. ‘Heartburn’ can be parallel to ‘emotions like sadness or anger’, since both are noun entities. However, this comparison is clearly not intended by the sentence. The phrase ‘in much the same way’ tells us that the author obviously wants to refer to a WAY in which something happens. In other words, the author wants to convey an ACTION. ‘Heartburn’ is not an action; it’s a thing. Clearly, there are some elements missing in the way the comparison has been structured.

“Of” is a preposition, and prepositions are always followed by nouns. In this case the noun is “registering,” plus a whole lot of modifiers.
“That, “ on the other hand, introduces a subordinate clause. The subject of that subordinate clause is “people” and the verb is “register.”

Option A: INCORRECT due to comparison issue.

Option B: INCORRECT due to comparison issue.

Option C: CORRECT.

Comparison: The clause “people initially register emotions such as sadness or anger” is perfectly parallel to the clause “as they experience heartburn.” This also takes care of the pronoun issue. Since “they” is clearly parallel to “people” in this option, it must refer to “people”. There is no other possible logical antecedent for this pronoun. Correct idiomatic usage “Evidence that”.

'Person' (singular) does not agree with 'their'(plural). Option D and option E are out and C Wins.
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Thanks & Regards,
Anaira Mitch

Kudos [?]: 181 [0], given: 855

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Joined: 27 Mar 2014
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Schools: ISB '19, IIMA , IIMB
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Re: Scientists have found new evidence of people initially [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 11:09
Scientists have found new evidence of people initially registering emotions like sadness or anger in much the same way as heartburn—by monitoring what’s going on within their bodies.

A. of people initially registering emotions like sadness or anger in much the same way as
Use of like for examples is incorrect
B. of people initially registering emotions such as sadness or anger much the same way as experiencing
Evidence of people is incorrect here because although 'evidence of' is followed by noun(people) , The existence of entity(people) is not explained by evidence.
C. that people initially register emotions such as sadness or anger in much the same way as they experience
D. that a person initially registers emotions such as sadness or anger much the same way as experiencing
'Their' in the non underlined part has no logical antecedent. : Incorrect
E. that a person initially registers emotions like sadness or anger much the same as
same as A

Experts pls. help with the comparison issue in option B & option D

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Re: Scientists have found new evidence of people initially [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2017, 05:56
marcodonzelli wrote:
Scientists have found new evidence of people initially registering emotions like sadness or anger in much the same way as heartburn—by monitoring what’s going on within their bodies.

A. of people initially registering emotions like sadness or anger in much the same way as
B. of people initially registering emotions such as sadness or anger much the same way as experiencing
C. that people initially register emotions such as sadness or anger in much the same way as they experience
D. that a person initially registers emotions such as sadness or anger much the same way as experiencing
E. that a person initially registers emotions like sadness or anger much the same as






WHY CAN'T "They" in option C refer to Emotions or people or Scientists??

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Re: Scientists have found new evidence of people initially   [#permalink] 21 Sep 2017, 05:56

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Scientists have found new evidence of people initially

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