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Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half

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Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2013, 01:12
agourav wrote:
I think, as far as parallelism is concerned, both "that" should have the same function. But here, first "that" is referring to the asteroid and the second "that" is a relative pronoun that starts a clause.


second THAT is used because of parallelism but this is also refering to ASTEROID.
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Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2014, 09:17
ritula wrote:
pls explain the answer


I'm going with C on this one for parallelism with THAT and conciseness and clarity.

Would anybody confirm the OA is C please?:

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Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2015, 13:21
souvik101990 wrote:
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half a mile wide and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but probably not cause planetwide destruction.


for hypothetical actions, second conditional is needed.
"that" is needed after and, to avoid the parallelism error.

A. and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but

B. and, if it would strike Earth, part of the planet could experience a tremendous amount of damage but it would
would after if - incorrect

C. and that, if it were to strike Earth, could do tremendous damage to part of the planet but would
I believe the correct one
if it were to strike, it could do but would.. correct use of second conditional.

D. and that, if Earth is struck by it, can do part of the planet tremendous damage, but it would

E. and that, if it strikes Earth, it could experience a tremendous amount of damage but
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Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2015, 05:51
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that
---is about half a mile wide and
---, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet

-----but probably not cause planetwide destruction.

||sm we need to lookout for in the given choices.
Scientists have identified an asteroid that
1: is about half a mile wide and
2: can can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but probably not cause planetwide destruction.

A. and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but
B. and, if it would strike Earth, part of the planet could experience a tremendous amount of damage but it would
C. and that, if it were to strike Earth, could do tremendous damage to part of the planet but would
D. and that, if Earth is struck by it, can do part of the planet tremendous damage, but it would
E. and that, if it strikes Earth, it could experience a tremendous amount of damage but
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Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2015, 05:53
one of topic gmat test us many time is paralelism.

in a long sentence there are many clause, the end part "and +clause" is important to us because is can be paralel to any previous clause.

whenever we see "and+clause" we have to justify which previous clause should this clause paralel to. this is logic and meaning analysis.
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Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2016, 07:15
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half a mile wide and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but probably not cause planetwide destruction.
underlined part is in present ,we use can
could is used with past tense
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Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2016, 07:16
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half a mile wide and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but probably not cause planetwide destruction.
underlined part is in present ,therefore we use can
could is used with past tense
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Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2016, 07:26
I would go with C. Correct use of conditional tense in were, could, would.

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Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2016, 21:40
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half a mile wide and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but probably not cause planet-wide destruction.

A. and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but
B. and, if it would strike Earth, part of the planet could experience a tremendous amount of damage but it would
C. and that, if it were to strike Earth, could do tremendous damage to part of the planet but would
D. and that, if Earth is struck by it, can do part of the planet tremendous damage, but it would
E. and that, if it strikes Earth, it could experience a tremendous amount of damage but

The red part in the original sentence shows that it is a parallel structure case and we have to have that in the second part of the parallel structure. Eliminate A and B.
Now C/D?E

C looks fine keep it.
D it pronoun confusion plus the sentence looks awkward.
E it pronoun problem.

Go with C.

I agree it can take people off tangent during the exam
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Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2017, 11:38
Sayantan, Im confused. Isnt there redundancy in C because both 'would' and 'probably' are used?

From what I knew, in doubtful mood, modals are used. However, recently I came across a question in which the right answer (B) did not use the modal 'will' because the word 'probably' was already used hence linking verb 'will' was used instead; you helped me understand this concept. Following is that question -

Due to the fact that Jordan wrecked Bono's station wagon during a road trip last summer, she has not been and probably never would be allowed to drive her father's car.

(A) has not been and probably never would be allowed to drive
(B) has not been allowed to drive and probably never will be allowed to drive
(C) has not and probably never would be allowed to drive
(D) has not and probably will never be allowed to drive
(E) has not and probably never will be allowed to drive

Can you help with this paradox?
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Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2017, 02:21
OreoShake wrote:
Sayantan, Im confused. Isnt there redundancy in C because both 'would' and 'probably' are used?

From what I knew, in doubtful mood, modals are used. However, recently I came across a question in which the right answer (B) did not use the modal 'will' because the word 'probably' was already used hence linking verb 'will' was used instead; you helped me understand this concept. Following is that question -

Due to the fact that Jordan wrecked Bono's station wagon during a road trip last summer, she has not been and probably never would be allowed to drive her father's car.

(A) has not been and probably never would be allowed to drive
(B) has not been allowed to drive and probably never will be allowed to drive
(C) has not and probably never would be allowed to drive
(D) has not and probably will never be allowed to drive
(E) has not and probably never will be allowed to drive

Can you help with this paradox?


First recollect the IF... THEN .. structure for the following cases:

1. IF simple present THEN simple future.
2. IF hypothetical subjunctive THEN conditional (would / could etc.).


Now consider a sentence in the first structure:
If it strikes Earth, it will probably not cause planet-wide destruction.

How would you convert this sentence to a future event not likely to happen (i.e., the second structure):
If it struck Earth (OR if it were to strike Earth), it would probably not cause planet-wide destruction.

Note that "would" in the THEN clause is a grammatical requirement to match the IF clause. Therefore in this case "would probably" is not considered redundant.

In the previous example, there is no IF.. THEN.. structure to justify the use of "would". In such standard cases, "will probably" is correct.
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Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2017, 13:20
sayantanc2k wrote:
OreoShake wrote:
Sayantan, Im confused. Isnt there redundancy in C because both 'would' and 'probably' are used?

From what I knew, in doubtful mood, modals are used. However, recently I came across a question in which the right answer (B) did not use the modal 'will' because the word 'probably' was already used hence linking verb 'will' was used instead; you helped me understand this concept. Following is that question -

Due to the fact that Jordan wrecked Bono's station wagon during a road trip last summer, she has not been and probably never would be allowed to drive her father's car.

(A) has not been and probably never would be allowed to drive
(B) has not been allowed to drive and probably never will be allowed to drive
(C) has not and probably never would be allowed to drive
(D) has not and probably will never be allowed to drive
(E) has not and probably never will be allowed to drive

Can you help with this paradox?


First recollect the IF... THEN .. structure for the following cases:

1. IF simple present THEN simple future.
2. IF hypothetical subjunctive THEN conditional (would / could etc.).


Now consider a sentence in the first structure:
If it strikes Earth, it will probably not cause planet-wide destruction.

How would you convert this sentence to a future event not likely to happen (i.e., the second structure):
If it struck Earth (OR if it were to strike Earth), it would probably not cause planet-wide destruction.

Note that "would" in the THEN clause is a grammatical requirement to match the IF clause. Therefore in this case "would probably" is not considered redundant.

In the previous example, there is no IF.. THEN.. structure to justify the use of "would". In such standard cases, "will probably" is correct.


Thanks a TON Sayantan, this was REALLY helpful. :thumbup: :-D I hope I come across more such questions that test usage/non usage of hypothetical subjunctive and conditional tense. Cheers man!
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Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2017, 10:17
ritula wrote:
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half a mile wide and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but probably not cause planet-wide destruction.

A. and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but
B. and, if it would strike Earth, part of the planet could experience a tremendous amount of damage but it would
C. and that, if it were to strike Earth, could do tremendous damage to part of the planet but would
D. and that, if Earth is struck by it, can do part of the planet tremendous damage, but it would
E. and that, if it strikes Earth, it could experience a tremendous amount of damage but

Attachment:
asteroid.JPG

In C, if it were to strike Earth.. Isn't the usage of 'were' incorrect?
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Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2017, 02:02
dnalost wrote:
ritula wrote:
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half a mile wide and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but probably not cause planet-wide destruction.

A. and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but
B. and, if it would strike Earth, part of the planet could experience a tremendous amount of damage but it would
C. and that, if it were to strike Earth, could do tremendous damage to part of the planet but would
D. and that, if Earth is struck by it, can do part of the planet tremendous damage, but it would
E. and that, if it strikes Earth, it could experience a tremendous amount of damage but

Attachment:
asteroid.JPG

In C, if it were to strike Earth.. Isn't the usage of 'were' incorrect?


No, that is the correct usage of hypothetical subjunctive.

If I were, Would have..
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Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 23:46
C is the correct answer and it is parallel as well.

key here is 'that'.

Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half a mile wide
and that, if it were to strike Earth, could do tremendous damage to part of the planet but would..

and since it is not real, we need to use 'it were' .

that is about... that could do...
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Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 22:04
ritula wrote:
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half a mile wide and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but probably not cause planet-wide destruction.

(A) and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but
(B) and, if it would strike Earth, part of the planet could experience a tremendous amount of damage but it would
(C) and that, if it were to strike Earth, could do tremendous damage to part of the planet but would
(D) and that, if Earth is struck by it, can do part of the planet tremendous damage, but it would
(E) and that, if it strikes Earth, it could experience a tremendous amount of damage but

Attachment:
asteroid.JPG


There is a hypothetical situation so we have to use subjunctive
Hence C is correct also it maintains correct parallelism .
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Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2017, 07:52
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half a mile wide and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but probably not cause planet-wide destruction.

(A) and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but
correct structure That X ,and That Y - parallelism issue : Incorrect

(B) and, if it would strike Earth, part of the planet could experience a tremendous amount of damage but it would
same as A : Incorrect
(C) and that, if it were to strike Earth, could do tremendous damage to part of the planet but would
Correct structure 'That X ,and That Y' & use of 'were' for hypothetical situation is correct.
(D) and that, if Earth is struck by it, can do part of the planet tremendous damage, but it would
use of simple present in If.. clause for hypothetical situation is wrong : Incorrect
(E) and that, if it strikes Earth, it could experience a tremendous amount of damage but
'It' has antecedent issue . Asteroid or earth ; use of simple present in If.. clause for hypothetical situation is wrong : Incorrect


Experts pls. comment
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Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2018, 06:20
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half a mile wide and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but probably not cause planet-wide destruction.

"and" in the underlined portion of the sentence creates a parallel marker "X and Y" hence we identify X = that is about half a mile wide, then Y also need to start with "that" hence we eliminate "a and b"

A. and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but
B. and, if it would strike Earth, part of the planet could experience a tremendous amount of damage but it would

C. and that, if it were to strike Earth, could do tremendous damage to part of the planet but would Correct Option
1. The if...hypothetical subjunctive ...then... would/could (conditional)" is followed.
2. The past coming into future hence use of would is justified.
D. and that, if Earth is struck by it, can do part of the planet tremendous damage, but it would
the antecedent of "it" in "but it would" isn't clear, also the sentence looks awkward. Slightly changes the meaning of the sentence. As in it sounds "if earth is struck by it, can do part of the planet tremendous damage" that earth is going to do something and what earth is going to do also sounds awkward.
E. and that, if it strikes Earth, it could experience a tremendous amount of damage but
if structure "if...hypothetical subjunctive then...would/could", antecedent of "it" in "it could experience tremendous damage" is not clear.
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half &nbs [#permalink] 12 May 2018, 06:20

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