GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 17 Aug 2018, 02:59

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Director
Joined: 14 Dec 2012
Posts: 806
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GPA: 3.6
Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Oct 2013, 01:12
agourav wrote:
I think, as far as parallelism is concerned, both "that" should have the same function. But here, first "that" is referring to the asteroid and the second "that" is a relative pronoun that starts a clause.

second THAT is used because of parallelism but this is also refering to ASTEROID.
_________________

When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe ...then you will be successfull....

GIVE VALUE TO OFFICIAL QUESTIONS...

learn AWA writing techniques while watching video : http://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-analytical-writing-assessment

SVP
Joined: 06 Sep 2013
Posts: 1851
Concentration: Finance
Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Jan 2014, 09:17
ritula wrote:

I'm going with C on this one for parallelism with THAT and conciseness and clarity.

Would anybody confirm the OA is C please?:

Rgds
J
Board of Directors
Joined: 17 Jul 2014
Posts: 2717
Location: United States (IL)
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.92
WE: General Management (Transportation)
Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 May 2015, 13:21
souvik101990 wrote:
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half a mile wide and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but probably not cause planetwide destruction.

for hypothetical actions, second conditional is needed.
"that" is needed after and, to avoid the parallelism error.

A. and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but

B. and, if it would strike Earth, part of the planet could experience a tremendous amount of damage but it would
would after if - incorrect

C. and that, if it were to strike Earth, could do tremendous damage to part of the planet but would
I believe the correct one
if it were to strike, it could do but would.. correct use of second conditional.

D. and that, if Earth is struck by it, can do part of the planet tremendous damage, but it would

E. and that, if it strikes Earth, it could experience a tremendous amount of damage but
Director
Joined: 05 Nov 2012
Posts: 500
Concentration: Technology, Other
Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 May 2015, 05:51
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that
---is about half a mile wide and
---, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet

-----but probably not cause planetwide destruction.

||sm we need to lookout for in the given choices.
Scientists have identified an asteroid that
1: is about half a mile wide and
2: can can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but probably not cause planetwide destruction.

A. and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but
B. and, if it would strike Earth, part of the planet could experience a tremendous amount of damage but it would
C. and that, if it were to strike Earth, could do tremendous damage to part of the planet but would
D. and that, if Earth is struck by it, can do part of the planet tremendous damage, but it would
E. and that, if it strikes Earth, it could experience a tremendous amount of damage but
_________________

--------------------------------------------------------
Regards

VP
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1153
Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Oct 2015, 05:53
one of topic gmat test us many time is paralelism.

in a long sentence there are many clause, the end part "and +clause" is important to us because is can be paralel to any previous clause.

whenever we see "and+clause" we have to justify which previous clause should this clause paralel to. this is logic and meaning analysis.
_________________

visit my facebook to help me.
on facebook, my name is: thang thang thang

Intern
Joined: 30 Oct 2016
Posts: 6
Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Dec 2016, 07:15
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half a mile wide and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but probably not cause planetwide destruction.
underlined part is in present ,we use can
could is used with past tense
Intern
Joined: 30 Oct 2016
Posts: 6
Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Dec 2016, 07:16
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half a mile wide and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but probably not cause planetwide destruction.
underlined part is in present ,therefore we use can
could is used with past tense
Manager
Joined: 23 Jan 2016
Posts: 211
Location: India
GPA: 3.2
Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Dec 2016, 07:26
I would go with C. Correct use of conditional tense in were, could, would.

Sent from my SM-G920I using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
Manager
Joined: 22 Feb 2016
Posts: 97
Location: India
Concentration: Economics, Healthcare
GMAT 1: 690 Q42 V47
GMAT 2: 710 Q47 V39
GPA: 3.57
Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Dec 2016, 21:40
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half a mile wide and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but probably not cause planet-wide destruction.

A. and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but
B. and, if it would strike Earth, part of the planet could experience a tremendous amount of damage but it would
C. and that, if it were to strike Earth, could do tremendous damage to part of the planet but would
D. and that, if Earth is struck by it, can do part of the planet tremendous damage, but it would
E. and that, if it strikes Earth, it could experience a tremendous amount of damage but

The red part in the original sentence shows that it is a parallel structure case and we have to have that in the second part of the parallel structure. Eliminate A and B.
Now C/D?E

C looks fine keep it.
D it pronoun confusion plus the sentence looks awkward.
E it pronoun problem.

Go with C.

I agree it can take people off tangent during the exam
Manager
Joined: 23 Jan 2016
Posts: 211
Location: India
GPA: 3.2
Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Jan 2017, 11:38
Sayantan, Im confused. Isnt there redundancy in C because both 'would' and 'probably' are used?

From what I knew, in doubtful mood, modals are used. However, recently I came across a question in which the right answer (B) did not use the modal 'will' because the word 'probably' was already used hence linking verb 'will' was used instead; you helped me understand this concept. Following is that question -

Due to the fact that Jordan wrecked Bono's station wagon during a road trip last summer, she has not been and probably never would be allowed to drive her father's car.

(A) has not been and probably never would be allowed to drive
(B) has not been allowed to drive and probably never will be allowed to drive
(C) has not and probably never would be allowed to drive
(D) has not and probably will never be allowed to drive
(E) has not and probably never will be allowed to drive

Can you help with this paradox?
Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3188
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jan 2017, 02:21
OreoShake wrote:
Sayantan, Im confused. Isnt there redundancy in C because both 'would' and 'probably' are used?

From what I knew, in doubtful mood, modals are used. However, recently I came across a question in which the right answer (B) did not use the modal 'will' because the word 'probably' was already used hence linking verb 'will' was used instead; you helped me understand this concept. Following is that question -

Due to the fact that Jordan wrecked Bono's station wagon during a road trip last summer, she has not been and probably never would be allowed to drive her father's car.

(A) has not been and probably never would be allowed to drive
(B) has not been allowed to drive and probably never will be allowed to drive
(C) has not and probably never would be allowed to drive
(D) has not and probably will never be allowed to drive
(E) has not and probably never will be allowed to drive

Can you help with this paradox?

First recollect the IF... THEN .. structure for the following cases:

1. IF simple present THEN simple future.
2. IF hypothetical subjunctive THEN conditional (would / could etc.).

Now consider a sentence in the first structure:
If it strikes Earth, it will probably not cause planet-wide destruction.

How would you convert this sentence to a future event not likely to happen (i.e., the second structure):
If it struck Earth (OR if it were to strike Earth), it would probably not cause planet-wide destruction.

Note that "would" in the THEN clause is a grammatical requirement to match the IF clause. Therefore in this case "would probably" is not considered redundant.

In the previous example, there is no IF.. THEN.. structure to justify the use of "would". In such standard cases, "will probably" is correct.
Manager
Joined: 23 Jan 2016
Posts: 211
Location: India
GPA: 3.2
Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jan 2017, 13:20
sayantanc2k wrote:
OreoShake wrote:
Sayantan, Im confused. Isnt there redundancy in C because both 'would' and 'probably' are used?

From what I knew, in doubtful mood, modals are used. However, recently I came across a question in which the right answer (B) did not use the modal 'will' because the word 'probably' was already used hence linking verb 'will' was used instead; you helped me understand this concept. Following is that question -

Due to the fact that Jordan wrecked Bono's station wagon during a road trip last summer, she has not been and probably never would be allowed to drive her father's car.

(A) has not been and probably never would be allowed to drive
(B) has not been allowed to drive and probably never will be allowed to drive
(C) has not and probably never would be allowed to drive
(D) has not and probably will never be allowed to drive
(E) has not and probably never will be allowed to drive

Can you help with this paradox?

First recollect the IF... THEN .. structure for the following cases:

1. IF simple present THEN simple future.
2. IF hypothetical subjunctive THEN conditional (would / could etc.).

Now consider a sentence in the first structure:
If it strikes Earth, it will probably not cause planet-wide destruction.

How would you convert this sentence to a future event not likely to happen (i.e., the second structure):
If it struck Earth (OR if it were to strike Earth), it would probably not cause planet-wide destruction.

Note that "would" in the THEN clause is a grammatical requirement to match the IF clause. Therefore in this case "would probably" is not considered redundant.

In the previous example, there is no IF.. THEN.. structure to justify the use of "would". In such standard cases, "will probably" is correct.

Thanks a TON Sayantan, this was REALLY helpful. I hope I come across more such questions that test usage/non usage of hypothetical subjunctive and conditional tense. Cheers man!
Manager
Joined: 14 Jul 2016
Posts: 56
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Marketing
Schools: AGSM '20 (A)
GMAT 1: 650 Q48 V31
GPA: 3.5
WE: Analyst (Computer Software)
Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Feb 2017, 10:17
ritula wrote:
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half a mile wide and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but probably not cause planet-wide destruction.

A. and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but
B. and, if it would strike Earth, part of the planet could experience a tremendous amount of damage but it would
C. and that, if it were to strike Earth, could do tremendous damage to part of the planet but would
D. and that, if Earth is struck by it, can do part of the planet tremendous damage, but it would
E. and that, if it strikes Earth, it could experience a tremendous amount of damage but

Attachment:
asteroid.JPG

In C, if it were to strike Earth.. Isn't the usage of 'were' incorrect?
Board of Directors
Status: Stepping into my 10 years long dream
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 3692
Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Mar 2017, 02:02
dnalost wrote:
ritula wrote:
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half a mile wide and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but probably not cause planet-wide destruction.

A. and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but
B. and, if it would strike Earth, part of the planet could experience a tremendous amount of damage but it would
C. and that, if it were to strike Earth, could do tremendous damage to part of the planet but would
D. and that, if Earth is struck by it, can do part of the planet tremendous damage, but it would
E. and that, if it strikes Earth, it could experience a tremendous amount of damage but

Attachment:
asteroid.JPG

In C, if it were to strike Earth.. Isn't the usage of 'were' incorrect?

No, that is the correct usage of hypothetical subjunctive.

If I were, Would have..
_________________

My GMAT Story: From V21 to V40
My MBA Journey: My 10 years long MBA Dream
My Secret Hacks: Best way to use GMATClub | Importance of an Error Log!
Verbal Resources: All SC Resources at one place | All CR Resources at one place

GMAT Club Inbuilt Error Log Functionality - View More.
New Visa Forum - Ask all your Visa Related Questions - here.

Find a bug in the new email templates and get rewarded with 2 weeks of GMATClub Tests for free

Manager
Joined: 06 Jun 2013
Posts: 176
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Economics
Schools: Tuck
GMAT 1: 640 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.6
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Aug 2017, 23:46
C is the correct answer and it is parallel as well.

key here is 'that'.

Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half a mile wide
and that, if it were to strike Earth, could do tremendous damage to part of the planet but would..

and since it is not real, we need to use 'it were' .

that is about... that could do...
VP
Status: Learning
Joined: 20 Dec 2015
Posts: 1219
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GMAT 1: 670 Q48 V36
GRE 1: Q157 V157
GPA: 3.4
WE: Engineering (Manufacturing)
Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Aug 2017, 22:04
ritula wrote:
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half a mile wide and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but probably not cause planet-wide destruction.

(A) and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but
(B) and, if it would strike Earth, part of the planet could experience a tremendous amount of damage but it would
(C) and that, if it were to strike Earth, could do tremendous damage to part of the planet but would
(D) and that, if Earth is struck by it, can do part of the planet tremendous damage, but it would
(E) and that, if it strikes Earth, it could experience a tremendous amount of damage but

Attachment:
asteroid.JPG

There is a hypothetical situation so we have to use subjunctive
Hence C is correct also it maintains correct parallelism .
_________________

Manager
Joined: 27 Mar 2014
Posts: 101
Schools: ISB '19, IIMA , IIMB
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V30
Re: Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Aug 2017, 07:52
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half a mile wide and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but probably not cause planet-wide destruction.

(A) and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but
correct structure That X ,and That Y - parallelism issue : Incorrect

(B) and, if it would strike Earth, part of the planet could experience a tremendous amount of damage but it would
same as A : Incorrect
(C) and that, if it were to strike Earth, could do tremendous damage to part of the planet but would
Correct structure 'That X ,and That Y' & use of 'were' for hypothetical situation is correct.
(D) and that, if Earth is struck by it, can do part of the planet tremendous damage, but it would
use of simple present in If.. clause for hypothetical situation is wrong : Incorrect
(E) and that, if it strikes Earth, it could experience a tremendous amount of damage but
'It' has antecedent issue . Asteroid or earth ; use of simple present in If.. clause for hypothetical situation is wrong : Incorrect

Experts pls. comment
Intern
Joined: 14 Jul 2014
Posts: 20
Location: India
Concentration: Social Entrepreneurship, Strategy
GMAT Date: 04-18-2015
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 May 2018, 06:20
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half a mile wide and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but probably not cause planet-wide destruction.

"and" in the underlined portion of the sentence creates a parallel marker "X and Y" hence we identify X = that is about half a mile wide, then Y also need to start with "that" hence we eliminate "a and b"

A. and, if it strikes Earth, it can do tremendous damage to part of the planet but
B. and, if it would strike Earth, part of the planet could experience a tremendous amount of damage but it would

C. and that, if it were to strike Earth, could do tremendous damage to part of the planet but would Correct Option
1. The if...hypothetical subjunctive ...then... would/could (conditional)" is followed.
2. The past coming into future hence use of would is justified.
D. and that, if Earth is struck by it, can do part of the planet tremendous damage, but it would
the antecedent of "it" in "but it would" isn't clear, also the sentence looks awkward. Slightly changes the meaning of the sentence. As in it sounds "if earth is struck by it, can do part of the planet tremendous damage" that earth is going to do something and what earth is going to do also sounds awkward.
E. and that, if it strikes Earth, it could experience a tremendous amount of damage but
if structure "if...hypothetical subjunctive then...would/could", antecedent of "it" in "it could experience tremendous damage" is not clear.
Scientists have identified an asteroid, 2000 BF19, that is about half &nbs [#permalink] 12 May 2018, 06:20

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 38 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by

# Events & Promotions

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.