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# Scientists have recently discovered what could be the

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Scientists have recently discovered what could be the [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2003, 16:29
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Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Why is extending and spawned parallel participial phrases?
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Re: 210. OG 10th Ed. - Scientists have recently discovered.. [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2010, 11:44
What is your doubt ? 'extending' is presenting participle and is correctly used in the original question. It is in parallel with the participle 'spwaned'.
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06 Apr 2010, 05:45
Why B is wrong?

Can't it be "a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms ... and extends..."?
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06 Apr 2010, 06:20
can someone please explain why (E) is wrong...."is extending"
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08 Apr 2010, 11:31
this is a question from Official guide 12th edition. You can look there for an official explanation.
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08 Apr 2010, 15:37
thanku can some one post the explanation OG12. i dont have the book

Last edited by RaviChandra on 19 May 2010, 22:10, edited 1 time in total.
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19 Apr 2010, 21:15
Cant relate to the example but it is A
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14 May 2010, 13:52
I eliminated B, C, and D...but I picked E because I thought the parallelism occurred between:

"...that is an interwoven..."

&

"...and (that) is extending..."

I guess the parallelism the test-writers were looking for was between "spawned" (past) and "extending" (present+future).
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15 May 2010, 04:17

Just try to separate the sentence into two logical parts
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15 May 2010, 15:23
A must be the answer as "spawned " is is the participle and it matches only with another participle " extending"
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18 May 2010, 22:47
calvinhobbes wrote:
Why B is wrong?

Can't it be "a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms ... and extends..."?

I thought about this too, but I'm not sure. Perhaps, someone else could shed some light on this issue...
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19 May 2010, 03:49
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RaviChandra wrote:
thanku can some one post the explanation OG12. i dont have that book

I'm not sure this is legal in this forum. Otherwise I apologize to the moderators and won't do it again.

Full explanation from OG12:

The original sentence is correctly written. The giant fungus is described as an interwoven filigree spawned ... some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres. The present participle extending parallels the past participle spawned.

A Correct. This sentence has the participles spawned and extending in a correct parallel construction. Spawned refers to something that happened in the past, while extending refers to something that continues into the present.
B Extends is a present tense verb, not the participle needed for parallel structure; the ostensible parallel between extends and the distant verb is is superficial and would result in an awkward and unclear sentence.
C Extended looks parallel to spawned, but this phrase would mean that the fungus extended on in the past when the fungus clearly lives on in the present.
D It extended is not parallel to spawned and indicates an event completed in the past.
E Is extending is the progressive form of the present tense verb, not the participle required for parallelism.
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19 May 2010, 04:52
Subject + verb + direct object
Scientists discovered the organism.
Most of the sentence describes this organism: largest, oldest, LIVING, etc. Many of you made the parallelism between "is" and "extends". But if we make "living" parallel with "extending"? Think about it. For me, what helped the most was the structure of the sentence. If you think of verbs inside the big modifier, then you get lost and confused with "is", "spawned", "extending", etc.
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Scientists have recently discovered what... [#permalink]

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29 May 2010, 14:02
Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(0) it extended
(E) is extending

Thanks
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Re: Scientists have recently discovered what... [#permalink]

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29 May 2010, 14:48
The key to understand this sentence is parallelism in this case.

Reading the parts separately : Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth,
a giant fungus spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago
AND
a giant fungus extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

The structure is parallel with two participles (spawned and extending).
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19 Jul 2010, 18:45
Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest liviing organism on earth , a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a singly fertilized spore some 10000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

a)extending
b)extends
c)extended
d)it extended
e)is extending

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19 Jul 2010, 20:31
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both "spawned" and "extending" are used here as adjectives to modify fungus [ignore the relative clause "that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles" which also modifies fungus]:

spawned (past participle)
extending (present participle)

you can make any form of adjectives parallel.
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19 Jul 2010, 22:39
Hi,

I got your point of option A.
But what is the reason of not using C.

Also, may it sounds little stupid, but some times i confuse in figuring out whether the word is used as an adjective or verb or noun. Can you please help me in that.
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20 Jul 2010, 08:01
saurabhgoel wrote:
Hi,

I got your point of option A.
But what is the reason of not using C.

Also, may it sounds little stupid, but some times i confuse in figuring out whether the word is used as an adjective or verb or noun. Can you please help me in that.

good question.

the reason why spawned (past participle) is used is because fungus here is used as an object.
fungus spawned... (the fungus doesn't do the spawning, IT WAS spawned)

as oppose to
fungus extending (here fungus is the subject doing the extending, so a present participle is used)

so another example:
speaking people (people speaks) -- note active voice.
vs
spoken words (words are spoken) -- note passive voice.
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Re: Scientists have recently discovered what... [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2010, 07:37
This is a tricky question with a hybrid-parallel approach:

A first look at this question may compel us to select C "Spawned vs. extended". But the Meaning of this question should give you a better idea of ||ism.

The word "extended" would have meant that it extended in the past. The meaning of the sentence tells us that it is still showing signs of extension so "extending" is the right.

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23 Sep 2010, 05:18
I still don't get this one.. The reference to extending is a little unclear to me...
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Re: Olding Living Organism   [#permalink] 23 Sep 2010, 05:18

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