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# Scientists typically do their most creative work before the

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Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 11:46
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Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

57% (02:49) correct 43% (01:51) wrong based on 205 sessions

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Scientists typically do their most creative work before the age of forty. It is commonly thought that this happens
because aging by itself brings about a loss of creative capacity. However, studies show that of scientists who
produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty, a disproportionately large number entered
their field at an older age than is usual
. Since by the age of forty the large majority of scientists have been
working in their field for at least fifteen years, the studies' finding strongly suggests that the real reason why
scientists over forty rarely produce highly creative work is not that they have aged but rather that scientists
over forty have generally spent too long in their field.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface playwhich of the following roles?

(A) The first is a claim, the accuracy of which is at issue in the argument; the second is a conclusion drawn on
the basis of that claim.

(B) The first is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument; the second is
that position.

(C) The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges; the
second is that explanation.

(D) The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges; the
second is a competing explanation that the argument favors.

(E) The first provides evidence to support an explanation that the argument favors; the second is that
explanation.

This is a OG question. Pls give your explanations for the Ans.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work... [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 13:44
The argument begins with the generalized idea that Scientists do their creative work before age of 40, but their creativity declines with their age. The argument then seeks to establish the explanation of this phenomenon for this by providing additional evidences and then concludes that Scientist over 40 spent too long in the field.

(A) The first is a claim, the accuracy of which is at issue in the argument; the second is a conclusion drawn on the basis of that claim.
-- The accuracy of the first bold part is not at issue, in fact the argument is basing its validating on its claim.
(B) The first is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument; the second is that position.
-- The first bold face is NOT an objection raised against the position/conclusion, rather the argument favors this evidence.
(C) The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is that explanation.
-- The word "challenges' flips the meaning. This choice specifies that the first bold face challenges the explanation and second bold face and hence is not true.
(D) The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a competing explanation that the argument favors.
-- Does the same error as choice (C)
(E) The first provides evidence to support an explanation that the argument favors; the second is that explanation.
-- This is correct! The first bold face does support the explanation/conclusion and second bold face is the explanation why certain phenomenon could be true.
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work... [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2013, 13:12
The wordiness really throws me off. Is there a way to combat this?
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work... [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2013, 13:31
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bugzor wrote:
The wordiness really throws me off. Is there a way to combat this?

If you mean the wordiness of the answer choices then you should use splits, just like for sentence correction.

For example if you know the first bold cannot be a claim ignore any choice that says the first part is a claim and so on.
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work... [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2013, 21:03
Here is how I did this problem (50 seconds on the timer).

Quote:
(A) The first is a claim...

I stopped reading (A) since the first portion is not a claim.

Quote:
(B) The first is an objection...

I stopped reading (B) since the first portion is not an objection.

Quote:
(C) The first is evidence ...

Quote:
...that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges...

I stopped reading (C) since I felt that the first portion supported what the argument wanted to say.

Quote:
(D) The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges...

I noticed that (D) looks very similar to (C), so I just skipped it. It only took me a second or two.

Here I prepared to read (E) completely and to make sure that it is 100% correct. I also mentally prepared to go back and reconsider the previous choices, just in case I had made a mistake.

Quote:
(E) The first provides evidence to support an explanation that the argument favors; the second is that
explanation.

It took a few seconds to let it sink in and then concluded that it was the right choice. Of course, on real test I would have spent another 30 seconds or another minute to double-check myself.
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2014, 00:34
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the   [#permalink] 23 Jan 2014, 00:34
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