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# Scientists typically do their most creative work before the

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Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2009, 11:53
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Scientists typically do their most creative work before the age of forty. It is commonly thought that this happens because aging by itself brings about a loss of creative capacity. However, studies show that of scientists who produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty, a disproportionately large number entered their field at an older age than is usual. Since by the age of forty the large majority of scientists have been working in their field for at least fifteen years, the studies’ finding strongly suggests that the real reason why scientists over forty rarely produce highly creative work is not that they have aged but rather that scientists over forty have generally spent too long in their field.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a claim, the accuracy of which is at issue in the argument; the second is a conclusion drawn on the basis of that claim.

(B) The first is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument; the second is that position.

(C) The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is that explanation.

(D) The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a competing explanation that the argument favors.

(E) The first provides evidence to support an explanation that the argument favors; the second is that explanation.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Engr2012 on 02 Aug 2015, 12:17, edited 3 times in total.
Actual OG question is provided
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2009, 13:01
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I would go with [D].

A. The first is the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument.[The second is not an objection against a position but an observation in support of the position]
B. The first is a claim that has been advanced in support of a position that the argument opposes[This is not true]; the second is a finding that has been used in support of that position.
C. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding that has been used in support of that explanation[Second finding doesn't support the first explanation, it provides an alternate explanation].
D. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding on which that challenge is based.[Correct Answer]
E. The first is an explanation that the argument defends[Author doesnt defend this explanation]; the second is a finding that has been used to challenge that explanation.
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2009, 01:01
thanks for the expln badgerboy.. very well explained! the OA is D..
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2011, 05:12
It is C. it is not D.

Look, Assumption: aging brings loss of creativity
Challenges: However, creative breakthrough by scientist over forty enter field late and within a dozen years working.
Conclusion; So not creative work is not because of aging but because those scientist spent too long in their field

So the two boldface should (1) challenges conclusion(argument). (2) is evidence support of argument.
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2011, 11:09
It seems to be D..Whats the final OA??Please confirm..
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2011, 11:53
It should be D only.
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2011, 22:03
+1 D

C is impossible.
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2011, 10:11
D...
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2011, 13:46
I picked D....it took me 1:40mins.
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2011, 22:44

D it is ..
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2011, 07:42
How can it be D? There's no competing explanation. If anything, I see a link between the first and second.
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2011, 02:10
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IMO E.

From the structure of the argument, it is clear that 1st boldface is an evidence and 2nd boldface is a conclusion.
With this information we are left with two choices, C & E.
The 1st boldface implies that, if number of scientists concerned who produced quality work is high, then fewer scientists entered field at an above normal age.
It simply means, there is no relation btw creative scientists abv age of 40 and age.
if a scientist enters their field late and yet produce quality work, then aging does not hamper creativity(as stated by 2nd premise) but they can do so because they have been in their field for long time (the conclusion is the explanation).

Only E fits this logic.
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2013, 04:38
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Izvos wrote:
IMO E.

From the structure of the argument, it is clear that 1st boldface is an evidence and 2nd boldface is a conclusion.
With this information we are left with two choices, C & E.
The 1st boldface implies that, if number of scientists concerned who produced quality work is high, then fewer scientists entered field at an above normal age.
It simply means, there is no relation btw creative scientists abv age of 40 and age.
if a scientist enters their field late and yet produce quality work, then aging does not hamper creativity(as stated by 2nd premise) but they can do so because they have been in their field for long time (the conclusion is the explanation).

Only E fits this logic.

You have just copied this answer from another website and posted here, without event bothering that the original answer was for a different question.

Below is the original link from where you have copied

http://www.beatthegmat.com/scientists-t ... 60644.html
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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07 May 2013, 18:35
my answer was D as the argument challenges the 1st boldface....

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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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08 May 2013, 04:58
abhi758 wrote:
Scientists typically do their most creative work before the age of forty. It is commonly thought that this happens because aging by itself brings about a loss of creative capacity. However, studies show that a disproportionately large number of the scientists who produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty entered their field at an older age than is usual. Since by the age of forty the large majority of scientists have been working in their field for at least fifteen years, the studies’ finding strongly suggests that the real reason why scientists over forty rarely produce highly creative work is not that they have simply aged but rather that they generally have spent
too long in a given field.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A. The first is the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument.
B. The first is a claim that has been advanced in support of a position that the argument opposes; the second is a finding that has been used in support of that position.
C. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding that has been used in support of that explanation.
D. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding on which that challenge is based.
E. The first is an explanation that the argument defends; the second is a finding that has been used to challenge that explanation.

Boldface questions require you to understand the structure of the argument. Let's try to do that:
First boldface: A position/explanation/claim that the argument opposes.
Second boldface: A finding/evidence that supports the position that the argument defends.
The position that the argument defends: the real reason why scientists over forty rarely produce creative work is not that they have simply aged but rather that they generally have spent too long in their field.

Let’s look at the first halves of the options:
Option E is out because the first boldface is not defended by the argument.

Now let’s look at the second halves of the remaining choices:
Option A is out because the second boldface is not an objection raised against the position that the argument defends.
In B, ‘that position’ refers to the position mentioned in the first half of the choice, which is the position that the argument opposes. But the second boldface opposes and not supports this position. So B is also out.
In C, the second boldface is not a finding used to support ‘that’ explanation (that ageing is the reason for loss of creative capacity). C can also be eliminated.
Thus, D is the right answer. According to D, the first is an explanation the argument challenges (ageing is the reason for loss of creative capacity) and the second is a finding on which this challenge is based (a disproportionately large number of the
scientists who produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty entered their field at an older age than usual).

Hope this is clear now.
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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08 May 2013, 16:36
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GowriNK wrote:
abhi758 wrote:
Scientists typically do their most creative work before the age of forty. It is commonly thought that this happens because aging by itself brings about a loss of creative capacity. However, studies show that a disproportionately large number of the scientists who produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty entered their field at an older age than is usual. Since by the age of forty the large majority of scientists have been working in their field for at least fifteen years, the studies’ finding strongly suggests that the real reason why scientists over forty rarely produce highly creative work is not that they have simply aged but rather that they generally have spent
too long in a given field.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A. The first is the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument.
B. The first is a claim that has been advanced in support of a position that the argument opposes; the second is a finding that has been used in support of that position.
C. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding that has been used in support of that explanation.
D. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding on which that challenge is based.
E. The first is an explanation that the argument defends; the second is a finding that has been used to challenge that explanation.

Boldface questions require you to understand the structure of the argument. Let's try to do that:
First boldface: A position/explanation/claim that the argument opposes.
Second boldface: A finding/evidence that supports the position that the argument defends.
The position that the argument defends: the real reason why scientists over forty rarely produce creative work is not that they have simply aged but rather that they generally have spent too long in their field.

Let’s look at the first halves of the options:
Option E is out because the first boldface is not defended by the argument.

Now let’s look at the second halves of the remaining choices:
Option A is out because the second boldface is not an objection raised against the position that the argument defends.
In B, ‘that position’ refers to the position mentioned in the first half of the choice, which is the position that the argument opposes. But the second boldface opposes and not supports this position. So B is also out.
In C, the second boldface is not a finding used to support ‘that’ explanation (that ageing is the reason for loss of creative capacity). C can also be eliminated.
Thus, D is the right answer. According to D, the first is an explanation the argument challenges (ageing is the reason for loss of creative capacity) and the second is a finding on which this challenge is based (a disproportionately large number of the
scientists who produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty entered their field at an older age than usual).

Hope this is clear now.

Yup it's clear. Thanks...... But then why OA says E?
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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09 May 2013, 01:40
The OA is D, not E.

abhi758 - where did you get the OA from?
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2013, 05:47
Here, we have a controversial situation.
Clearly, the conclusion of the argument is that the loss of creativity is because scientists have been too long in a given field. This is strictly again the BF1. So answer choice E is quickly removed.
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2014, 06:00
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Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2014, 09:02
abhi758 wrote:
Scientists typically do their most creative work before the age of forty. It is commonly thought that this happens because aging by itself brings about a loss of creative capacity. However, studies show that of scientists who produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty, a disproportionately large number entered their field at an older age than is usual. Since by the age of forty the large majority of scientists have been working in their field for at least fifteen years, the studies’ finding strongly suggests that the real reason why scientists over forty rarely produce highly creative work is not that they have aged but rather that scientists over forty have generally spent too long in their field.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a claim, the accuracy of which is at issue in the argument; the second is a conclusion drawn on
the basis of that claim.
(B) The first is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument; the second is
that position.
(C) The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges; the
second is that explanation.
(D) The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges; the
second is a competing explanation that the argument favors.
(E) The first provides evidence to support an explanation that the argument favors; the second is that
explanation.

Can someone post an explanation; explaining how all wrong answers were eliminated?
Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the   [#permalink] 11 Oct 2014, 09:02

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