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# Section 13(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

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Director
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Section 13(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2005, 15:13
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628. Section 13(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 requires anyone who buys more than 5 percent of a companyâ€™s stock make a public disclosure of the purchase.
(A) make
(B) will also make
(C) to make
(D) must make
(E) must then make

Is it a case of subnjunctive?
S
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16 Feb 2005, 15:49
I choose (C). Since I believe "who buys" is a future action, I believe a parallel action in "to make" must occur.
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16 Feb 2005, 18:30
C it is

correct idiom I believe is "require... to".... we need "to" in the statement!
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16 Feb 2005, 19:09
the OA is mentioned as C but I am not sure about the accuracy- I intend to take as jpv. Will wait for gurus to respond. Paul or anandnk kind of folks.
S
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16 Feb 2005, 19:30
surya_s:
I got it.. (C) may be correct...

All subjunctive mood questions have two clauses. for ex:
If I were u, I would not go there.

Check question no 227. OG.

Judicial rules in many states require that the identities of all prosecution witnesses are made known to defendants so they can attempt to rebut the testimony, but the Constitution explicitly requires only that the
defendant have the opportunity to confront an accuser in court.

(A) that the identities of all prosecution witnesses are made known to defendants so they can attempt to rebut
(B) that the identities of all prosecution witnesses be made known to defendants so that they can attempt to rebut
(C) that the defendants should know the identities of all prosecution witnesses so they can attempt a rebuttal of
(D) the identities of all prosecution witnesses should be made known to defendants so they can attempt rebutting
(E) making known to defendants the identities of all prosecution witnesses so that they can attempt to rebut

In OG question, a dependent cluase has been introduced using "that". That is why it is subjunctive mood.

Our question does not have such construction. So, it can be (C).

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16 Feb 2005, 20:00
guys

idiom is require.....blah blah blah..to

In your OG question, you can eliminate all, but A and B, since law requires witness name be made known....B is the right answer!
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16 Feb 2005, 20:05
"Require X to ..." or "Require that X + infinitive stem" are the right idioms
The second is the subjunctive mood by introducing a command "that". Since the original question does not have "that", first idiom takes precedence. Idioms are those things that you have to just recognize, it is indeed more difficult for non-natives.
jpv, I agree with the fact that subj. mood introduces two clauses. There are different subj. mood forms but all of them do introduce clauses. The catch here was to know that the non-underlined part did not have "that" to introduce the subjunctive mood or second idiom form.
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16 Feb 2005, 20:19
Paul wrote:
"Require X to ..." or "Require that X + infinitive stem" are the right idioms
The second is the subjunctive mood by introducing a command "that". Since the original question does not have "that", first idiom takes precedence. Idioms are those things that you have to just recognize, it is indeed more difficult for non-natives.
jpv, I agree with the fact that subj. mood introduces two clauses. There are different subj. mood forms but all of them do introduce clauses. The catch here was to know that the non-underlined part did not have "that" to introduce the subjunctive mood or second idiom form.

Thanks Paul
'infinitive stem' by this do you mean the infinitive form of verb lacking to?
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16 Feb 2005, 20:22
it's infinitive form without "to"
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16 Feb 2005, 20:26
Thanks a ton Paul and jpv for clearing the structure of subjunctive- namely two clauses introduced by that. plz correct me if I have got it wrong.
S
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16 Feb 2005, 20:33
surya_s
it is not necessary that the clauses in SM will be joined with "that". It will be of independent/dependent clause type pattern. See the same example (without "that")..
If I were u, I would not go there.

I, myself, learnt this concept today.
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26 Feb 2005, 22:12
jpv/Paul:

I still have a doubt about the subjunctive mood. In your explanation you have mentioned about a infnitive stem without "to" . Does this mean when a sentence has "that" then we should nt be using "to"? Please explain.

What is the variety "that" provides to the sentence that was originally asked by in OG 227 which jpv was asking.

Are idioms to be used in conjunction with the usage of the subjunctive mood?

Thanks
26 Feb 2005, 22:12
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