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# Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the

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Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2003, 07:52
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Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the publication of "Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 was an instant hit, helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(A) Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the publication of "Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 was an instant hit, helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(B) The publication in 1899 of "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: in six months they sold several hundred thousand copies and it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(C) Helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer was the publication of"Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899, which was an instant hit: it sold several hundred thousand copies in six months.

(D) "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtimecomposer, published in 1899 and selling several hundred thousand copies in six months.

(E) Published in 1899, "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit, selling several hundred thousand copies in six months: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

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03 Jul 2003, 20:09
B,C and D make no sense..

A) is wrong because it is not clear if it was the selling of the copies or the publication what helped the guy establish as a bla bla..

So E must be the answer...

Still.. I have a question:

The usual use of the colon ":" is for providing an example, explanation or qutation. In answer E, what's said after the colon is neither an explanation nor an example of what's said before. Instead it is more like a consequence... is that acceptable ?

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14 Sep 2007, 02:54
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nobody will ever read this message since hahah but i believe the correct answer is E

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Re: SC: MAPPLE LEAF RAG [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2007, 10:22
Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the publication of "Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 was an instant hit, helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(A) Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the publication of "Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 was an instant hit, helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer. (selling modifies the publication => wrong)
(B) The publication in 1899 of "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: in six months they sold several hundred thousand copies and it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer. (they has no referent)
(C) Helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer was the publication of"Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899, which was an instant hit: it sold several hundred thousand copies in six months. (modifier problem => 1899 was not an instant hit as I suppose)
(D) "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtimecomposer, published in 1899 and selling several hundred thousand copies in six months.
(E) Published in 1899, "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit, selling several hundred thousand copies in six months: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer. (here, I suppose, selling shows the result of the whole preceeding clause => OK)

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Re: SC: MAPPLE LEAF RAG [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2007, 22:05
stolyar wrote:
Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the publication of "Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 was an instant hit, helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(A) Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the publication of "Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 was an instant hit, helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(B) The publication in 1899 of "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: in six months they sold several hundred thousand copies and it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(C) Helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer was the publication of"Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899, which was an instant hit: it sold several hundred thousand copies in six months.

(D) "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtimecomposer, published in 1899 and selling several hundred thousand copies in six months.

(E) Published in 1899, "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit, selling several hundred thousand copies in six months: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

Nice one. I say E.

A: misplaced modifier. Selling several hundred thousand... the publication? it wasnt the publication that sould several hundred thousand.

B. they has no referent.

C. seems to have passive voice. also incorrect use of which.

D. this one has many errors. incorrect use of colon :. only one side of the sentence can stand alone. (the left side). The other side must be dependent on the left side. Wordy and modifier is placed incorrectly. D is a very awkward sentence.

E. "Published in 1899, "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit, selling several hundred thousand copies in six months:" Perfect, this side of the sentence is clear, Maple Leaf Rag, is correctly modified by published and it is clear what was sold for several hundred thousand copies

it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer

This side of the sentence cannot stand alone. it has no clear referent so the colon correctly connects this part of the setence to the main independent sentence.

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Re: Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2013, 05:53
stolyar wrote:
Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the publication of "Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 was an instant hit, helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(A) Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the publication of "Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 was an instant hit, helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(B) The publication in 1899 of "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: in six months they sold several hundred thousand copies and it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(C) Helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer was the publication of"Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899, which was an instant hit: it sold several hundred thousand copies in six months.

(D) "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtimecomposer, published in 1899 and selling several hundred thousand copies in six months.

(E) Published in 1899, "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit, selling several hundred thousand copies in six months: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

Hey all, do we have an OA for this one? I will go with E, but between A and E it is really a tough call. Is it because the publication can't to the selling? Do we have a confirmation for this?

Cheers
J

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Re: Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2013, 20:48
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Hey guys - The OA appears to be E on this one. I believe this question is from the 1000 SC series. See 1000 SC blog below. This question has been posted several times in this forum and on several other forums. The consensus is that the OA E. Search this forum for discussion of question or visit the following other forums below.

http://www.urch.com/forums/gmat-sentence-correction/64890-maple-leaf-rag.html

http://www.beatthegmat.com/632-t15129.html

http://thousandsc.blogspot.com/2006/05/qn-632.html

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Re: Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2013, 07:44
jlgdr wrote:
stolyar wrote:
Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the publication of "Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 was an instant hit, helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(A) Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the publication of "Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 was an instant hit, helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(B) The publication in 1899 of "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: in six months they sold several hundred thousand copies and it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(C) Helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer was the publication of"Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899, which was an instant hit: it sold several hundred thousand copies in six months.

(D) "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtimecomposer, published in 1899 and selling several hundred thousand copies in six months.

(E) Published in 1899, "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit, selling several hundred thousand copies in six months: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

Hey all, do we have an OA for this one? I will go with E, but between A and E it is really a tough call. Is it because the publication can't to the selling? Do we have a confirmation for this?

Cheers
J

I have a problem with the ":" in E....
It looks not logical to me, because it indicates that the following is an elaboration to what was written before...
No?

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Re: Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2013, 14:21
stolyar wrote:
Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the publication of "Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 was an instant hit, helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(A) Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the publication of "Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 was an instant hit, helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(B) The publication in 1899 of "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: in six months they sold several hundred thousand copies and it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(C) Helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer was the publication of"Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899, which was an instant hit: it sold several hundred thousand copies in six months.

(D) "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtimecomposer, published in 1899 and selling several hundred thousand copies in six months.

(E) Published in 1899, "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit, selling several hundred thousand copies in six months: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

Definately E.

(A) Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the publication of "Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 was an instant hit, helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer. -- Selling modifies publication "of" makes maple leaf rage a prepositional phrase. Wrong

(B) The publication in 1899 of "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: in six months they sold several hundred thousand copies and it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer. "They" has no antecedent. Wrong

(C) Helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer was the publication of"Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899, which was an instant hit: it sold several hundred thousand copies in six months. "was the publication of"Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899, which was an instant hit" Totally wrong

(D) "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer, published in 1899 and selling several hundred thousand copies in six months. " preeminent ragtime composer, published in 1899" published modifies ragtime composer. Wrong

(E) Published in 1899, "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit, selling several hundred thousand copies in six months: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer. After PoE E is the only contender left with no errors as such.

Cheers

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Re: Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2013, 14:27
akkiii wrote:
stolyar wrote:
Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the publication of "Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 was an instant hit, helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(A) Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the publication of "Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 was an instant hit, helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(B) The publication in 1899 of "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: in six months they sold several hundred thousand copies and it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(C) Helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer was the publication of"Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899, which was an instant hit: it sold several hundred thousand copies in six months.

(D) "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtimecomposer, published in 1899 and selling several hundred thousand copies in six months.

(E) Published in 1899, "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit, selling several hundred thousand copies in six months: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

Definately E.

(A) Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the publication of "Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 was an instant hit, helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer. -- Selling modifies publication "of" makes maple leaf rage a prepositional phrase. Wrong

(B) The publication in 1899 of "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: in six months they sold several hundred thousand copies and it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer. "They" has no antecedent. Wrong

(C) Helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer was the publication of"Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899, which was an instant hit: it sold several hundred thousand copies in six months. "was the publication of"Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899, which was an instant hit" Totally wrong

(D) "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer, published in 1899 and selling several hundred thousand copies in six months. " preeminent ragtime composer, published in 1899" published modifies ragtime composer. Wrong

(E) Published in 1899, "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit, selling several hundred thousand copies in six months: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer. After PoE E is the only contender left with no errors as such.

Cheers

Excuse me but what do you mean when you say that in A makes maple leaf "rage" a prepositional phrase. I actually thought that between A and E, E was better because:

1) I wasn't 100% sure that the publications could actually do the act of selling
2) I though that there were two many commas and probably a run on (As opposed to E where we have this nice ; to clearly separate both ideas

Thanks a lot
Cheers
J

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Re: Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2014, 07:28
Bumping for further discussion in last post

Cheers!
J

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Re: Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2014, 07:45
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+1 for E
Simple enough I guess..I see no issue in the use of "of" in A
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Re: Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2014, 10:04
Yes, jlgdr. In A, "selling" should modify the magazine, not its publication. But the sentence is not a run-on sentence.

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Re: Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2014, 03:00
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Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the publication of "Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 was an instant hit, helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(A) Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the publication of "Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 was an instant hit, helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer. --- ing modifier is modifying the publication (the public release of "Maple..." not correct.

(B) The publication in 1899 of "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: in six months they sold several hundred thousand copies and it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer. Pronoun ambiguity

(C) Helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer was the publication of"Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899, which was an instant hit: it sold several hundred thousand copies in six months. Pronoun ambiguity.

the publication of"Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 was helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer (looks grammatically correct)

(D) "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer, published in 1899 and selling several hundred thousand copies in six months. -- modifier placement error.

(E) Published in 1899, "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit, selling several hundred thousand copies in six months: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer. -- Subject can not perform the action to become instant hit by selling several thousand copies... use of -ing modifier use is not correct here.

I am not satisfied with any answer choice, I would prefer C to other choices.
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Re: Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2014, 11:28
I can help!

jlgdr wrote:
stolyar wrote:
Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the publication of "Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 was an instant hit, helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(A) Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the publication of "Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 was an instant hit, helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(B) The publication in 1899 of "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: in six months they sold several hundred thousand copies and it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

(C) Helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer was the publication of"Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899, which was an instant hit: it sold several hundred thousand copies in six months.

(D) "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer, published in 1899 and selling several hundred thousand copies in six months.

(E) Published in 1899, "Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit, selling several hundred thousand copies in six months: it helped establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer.

Hey all, do we have an OA for this one? I will go with E, but between A and E it is really a tough call. Is it because the publication can't to the selling? Do we have a confirmation for this?

Cheers
J

J, you are correct here. We have to toss out (A) because of the modification error. A "publication" can't "sell" something. A "publication" is something that is sold, but it can't actually sell itself. We need a person or a company to do that.

Between all the choices here, (E) is the best that we have.

@ PiyushK: You thought that (C) might be better but think about how awkward and cumbersome the beginning of the sentence is:

"Helping to establish Scott Joplin as the preeminent ragtime composer was the publication of"Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899"

This is a really bad way to phrase this idea. There is a long gerund phrase in the subject position of the sentence, and the verb in the sentence is not active at all. We have the very bland and boring "was." You would want to reject this sentence.

@JusTLucK04: You are correct that there is no issue with "of" in answer choice (A). We have to throw out (A) for other reasons.

@ronr34: You bring up a good point, but the use of colon is this way is acceptable. What follows the colon is logically related to what came before it. Typically, a colon proves, explains, defines, describes, or lists elements of what preceded it. In this case it shows a result of what preceded, and although it is not typical, it is acceptable.

I hope that I have been able to shed some light on some of your questions.
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Re: Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2014, 11:55
1
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Hi Kevin,

I think -ing modifier is not appropriate in option E; the way it is trying to modify the preceding clause and its subject is not acceptable in correct GMAT answer.

"Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit, selling several hundred thousand copies in six months.

Following is the snippet from one of the incorrect official sentence.
at some time in the past our ancestors suffered an event, greatly reducing their numbers and thus our genetic variation.

use of -ing modifier is considered incorrect though a proper subject ancestor is present, but ancestor can't reduce their own numbers. Similarly, in option E "Maple Leaf Rag" can't even qualify as a subject that can sell anything. Thus, IMO it is not appropriate to use -ing modifier in option E.

This question is from 1000SC, not a reliable source.

Is it possible to see such type of use of -ing modifier in real GMAT in correct answer ?
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Re: Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2014, 15:18

PiyushK wrote:
Hi Kevin,

I think -ing modifier is not appropriate in option E; the way it is trying to modify the preceding clause and its subject is not acceptable in correct GMAT answer.

"Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit, selling several hundred thousand copies in six months.

Following is the snippet from one of the incorrect official sentence.

at some time in the past our ancestors suffered an event, greatly reducing their numbers and thus our genetic variation.

use of -ing modifier is considered incorrect though a proper subject ancestor is present, but ancestor can't reduce their own numbers. Similarly, in option E "Maple Leaf Rag" can't even qualify as a subject that can sell anything. Thus, IMO it is not appropriate to use -ing modifier in option E.

This question is from 1000SC, not a reliable source.

Is it possible to see such type of use of -ing modifier in real GMAT in correct answer ?

First, I didn't realize this was a question from 1000SC. That is definitely troubling, and possibly a reason why there is so much discussion around this question. It is so so so important to use quality resources for your preparation.

When I first analyzed the answer choices, I was looking at why the other answer choices were wrong and confirming that each one was in fact wrong. I didn't even notice the issue that you pointed out!

So there is definitely a modification error here. You are correct that a book can sell. Only people and companies can do that. This is the same reason we had to throw out answer choice (A).

With that establish as an actual ambiguity and modification error, I think we are left with (C) as the best answer. Some people have mentioned that (C) is wrong because of the use of "which" but this is actually acceptable. When an essential phrase is placed between the modifying phrase and the thing being modified, there is no error. The date of publication is one such essential phrase. So the "which" phrase does properly modify "Maple Leaf Rag."

But again, (C) is quite an awkward formulation as I mentioned before. That was my initial hesitation. It almost looks like passive voice, but it is not. Since it doesn't contain any grammar errors, we would have to choose (C) as the best answer. But I don't like it one bit. This is a troublesome choice, and considering the source of the question, we should probably throw it out and not use it for our GMAT prep.

I think that all the confusion in this thread and in other threads shows us that this is a problematic question!

Thank you for your astute analysis, PiyushK!
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Re: Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the [#permalink]

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01 May 2014, 00:53
KevinRocci wrote:

PiyushK wrote:
Hi Kevin,

I think -ing modifier is not appropriate in option E; the way it is trying to modify the preceding clause and its subject is not acceptable in correct GMAT answer.

"Maple Leaf Rag" was an instant hit, selling several hundred thousand copies in six months.

Following is the snippet from one of the incorrect official sentence.

at some time in the past our ancestors suffered an event, greatly reducing their numbers and thus our genetic variation.

use of -ing modifier is considered incorrect though a proper subject ancestor is present, but ancestor can't reduce their own numbers. Similarly, in option E "Maple Leaf Rag" can't even qualify as a subject that can sell anything. Thus, IMO it is not appropriate to use -ing modifier in option E.

This question is from 1000SC, not a reliable source.

Is it possible to see such type of use of -ing modifier in real GMAT in correct answer ?

First, I didn't realize this was a question from 1000SC. That is definitely troubling, and possibly a reason why there is so much discussion around this question. It is so so so important to use quality resources for your preparation.

When I first analyzed the answer choices, I was looking at why the other answer choices were wrong and confirming that each one was in fact wrong. I didn't even notice the issue that you pointed out!

So there is definitely a modification error here. You are correct that a book can sell. Only people and companies can do that. This is the same reason we had to throw out answer choice (A).

With that establish as an actual ambiguity and modification error, I think we are left with (C) as the best answer. Some people have mentioned that (C) is wrong because of the use of "which" but this is actually acceptable. When an essential phrase is placed between the modifying phrase and the thing being modified, there is no error. The date of publication is one such essential phrase. So the "which" phrase does properly modify "Maple Leaf Rag."

But again, (C) is quite an awkward formulation as I mentioned before. That was my initial hesitation. It almost looks like passive voice, but it is not. Since it doesn't contain any grammar errors, we would have to choose (C) as the best answer. But I don't like it one bit. This is a troublesome choice, and considering the source of the question, we should probably throw it out and not use it for our GMAT prep.

I think that all the confusion in this thread and in other threads shows us that this is a problematic question!

Thank you for your astute analysis, PiyushK!

Thanks Mike..thanks for the Kudos.
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Re: Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the [#permalink]

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01 May 2014, 12:48
But Kevin here in C the which is modifying the year 1980..in 1980 is clearly avoidable and can be moved ahead of the name of the book to clear any ambiguity

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Re: Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the [#permalink]

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01 May 2014, 13:26
JusTLucK04 wrote:
But Kevin here in C the which is modifying the year 1980..in 1980 is clearly avoidable and can be moved ahead of the name of the book to clear any ambiguity

Thanks for the question!

First, let me say again that this question is subpar and not a good tool for your prep. We've mentioned a lot or problems with the answer choices, and I think it is safe to say that this is not a question that you should use for your prep. That means, no one should waste their mental energy trying to understand the question.

With that being said, JusTLucK04, I'll try to address your question best I can.

Usually, you would be correct. For modification, we have to obey the touch rule. But as with most rules of English grammar, exceptions exist. For modification, we don't always have to obey the touch rule. If the thing being modified and the modifier are separated by an essential phrase, then there is no error. By essential phrase, I mean a collection of words that are essential to identifying something. Without the essential phrase, the meaning will change.

In this case, the phrase "in 1899" is an essential phrase describing "Maple Leaf Rag." Now we don't have a lot of context here, and again it is important to remember that this is very, very bad question, but ultimately, the prepositional phrase is essential to knowing what "Maple Leaf Rag" the author is talking about. If we remove the date, then we don't know what "Maple Leaf Rag" is under discussion.

Does that make sense?

For more info on the exception to the modification rule, our GMAT guru, Mike McGarry, wrote an article on this concept. He refers to them as Vital modifiers and discusses the exception to the touch rule:

http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-gramm ... modifiers/

Also, Manhattan Prep has a nice article on Appositives and Modification. Not perfectly applicable to this poor question, but a good rule to know about:

http://www.manhattangmat.com/articles/g ... itives.cfm

I hope that this helps clarify your question. And remember, there are many issues with this question, and we shouldn't spend time dwelling on its issues.

Happy studying!
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Re: Selling several hundred thousand copies in six months, the   [#permalink] 01 May 2014, 13:26

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