GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 22 Nov 2019, 13:04

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Senator: Between 1950 and present, the number of women diagnosed with

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 59266
Senator: Between 1950 and present, the number of women diagnosed with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Aug 2018, 03:58
14
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  85% (hard)

Question Stats:

47% (01:52) correct 53% (02:08) wrong based on 434 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Senator: Between 1950 and present, the number of women diagnosed with postpartum depression each year in the country of Heranita has increased by a factor of ten. We must improve our systems for supporting women after childbirth to stem this increase in the number of new mothers experiencing postpartum depression.

Which of the following, if true, would most call the argument above into question?


A. The amount of spending on women’s health has increased since 1950.

B. Rates of postpartum depression are not included in official government statistics.

C. The minimum threshold of symptoms women experience before they can be diagnosed has increased since 1950.

D. Until 1970, most doctors were not specific in their diagnoses but instead grouped all types of depression together.

E. It is likely that cases of postpartum depression are underreported in Heranita.

_________________
Most Helpful Community Reply
Intern
Intern
avatar
S
Joined: 03 Apr 2017
Posts: 46
Re: Senator: Between 1950 and present, the number of women diagnosed with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Aug 2018, 10:19
5
In my opinion it can't be D. Say till 1960 all kinds of depression were deemed postpartum depression/depression. So say the number prior to 1960 was 10. Now that 10 included other depressions too, so the number of actual postpartum depression cases could be at max 10, and atleast 0. Now today, postpartum depression is not clubbed with other depressions, yet the number is 10 times of the previous number i.e. 100. So in any case the number of cases today (Considering cases of depression are segregated) for postpartum depression is greater than the number of cases that used to happen, this strengthens the argument.
General Discussion
BSchool Moderator
avatar
P
Joined: 11 Feb 2018
Posts: 310
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Finance
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V37
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V36
GMAT 3: 750 Q50 V42
Re: Senator: Between 1950 and present, the number of women diagnosed with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Aug 2018, 09:01
2
C is good.Saying that number increased because of a reason other than people actually falling sick.

I thought D was correct for a moment but 1970 was the dampner
Orion Director of Academics
User avatar
S
Joined: 19 Jul 2018
Posts: 98
Re: Senator: Between 1950 and present, the number of women diagnosed with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Aug 2018, 16:35
2
The stimulus here is that there are ten times as many people being diagnosed with postpartum depression now than there were in 1950. Since we're looking at a weaken question, we're looking for the gap in logic that's going to mean that the argument could be wrong.

The obvious ones are going to be things like 1) what if the category didn't exist in 1950? 2) Can an improvement in the systems for supporting women here even help?

A. can be thrown out. It doesn't address the gap - just because funding has increased doesn't mean that systems have gotten better or that more or fewer women should be expected to be diagnosed.

B. can also be thrown out since it shouldn't matter where the stats are coming from.

C. is tricky, but if C were true it would actually strengthen the conclusion rather than weaken it. Think about it this way: if the threshold of symptoms for something goes up, then you would expect that fewer people would be diagnosed with the illness, not more.

D. works -- Say there are 100 cases of postpartum depression in 1950 - 5 of which were actually diagnosed as postpartum depression and 95 of which were diagnosed under the banner of depression. Then starting from 1970 to present the diagnosis categories change. If 50 people have a listed diagnosis as postpartum depression and 10 people are diagnosed under the banner of depression but in fact have postpartum depression, then even though the total number of people with the symptoms of postpartum depression has gone down (100 --> 55), the number of diagnoses has gone up by a factor of 10.

E. Doesn't really give us information one way or the other.
_________________
Laura
Academics Aficionado | ORION
GMAT self-study has never been more personalized or more fun. Try ORION Free!
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 23 Jun 2015
Posts: 26
Re: Senator: Between 1950 and present, the number of women diagnosed with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Aug 2018, 00:04
1
1
Bunuel wrote:
Senator: Between 1950 and present, the number of women diagnosed with postpartum depression each year in the country of Heranita has increased by a factor of ten. We must improve our systems for supporting women after childbirth to stem this increase in the number of new mothers experiencing postpartum depression.

Which of the following, if true, would most call the argument above into question?


A. The amount of spending on women’s health has increased since 1950.

B. Rates of postpartum depression are not included in official government statistics.

C. The minimum threshold of symptoms women experience before they can be diagnosed has increased since 1950.

D. Until 1970, most doctors were not specific in their diagnoses but instead grouped all types of depression together.

E. It is likely that cases of postpartum depression are underreported in Heranita.



Dear Bunuel ..
I think option D is supporting the argument , instead calling the argument into question .
Please provide the explanation if I am wrong . Thanks in advance !!
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 18 Apr 2018
Posts: 93
Senator: Between 1950 and present, the number of women diagnosed with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Aug 2018, 01:14
1
I have a question with this stimulus, the question says "1950 and present" Am I to assume that 'present', on a GMAT CR question, refers to the date any test taker is reading the question especially since its the Senator talking... It doesn't seem definite From the stimulus if 'present'refers to before 1970 or today. That's why I dropped option D.
Am I to expect this level of ambiguity on CR questions?

Dear Bunuel, pls shed more light

Posted from my mobile device
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 59266
Re: Senator: Between 1950 and present, the number of women diagnosed with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Aug 2018, 03:02
1
Bunuel wrote:
Senator: Between 1950 and present, the number of women diagnosed with postpartum depression each year in the country of Heranita has increased by a factor of ten. We must improve our systems for supporting women after childbirth to stem this increase in the number of new mothers experiencing postpartum depression.

Which of the following, if true, would most call the argument above into question?


A. The amount of spending on women’s health has increased since 1950.

B. Rates of postpartum depression are not included in official government statistics.

C. The minimum threshold of symptoms women experience before they can be diagnosed has increased since 1950.

D. Until 1970, most doctors were not specific in their diagnoses but instead grouped all types of depression together.

E. It is likely that cases of postpartum depression are underreported in Heranita.


VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



Whenever you are asked for an answer choice that will weaken a given argument or conclusion, remember that you should first seek to understand the argument and then you should look to find the gap between the premises of the argument and its conclusion.

You are told here that since 1950 the number of women diagnosed with postpartum depression in Heranita has increased. Because of this, the advocate suggests that the country improve the women's health care system so that women do not have to experience the symptoms of postpartum depression. Already you should see that there are a few gaps here - what if women have symptoms but aren't diagnosed? What differentiates postpartum depression from regular depression?

Only (D) addresses one of those gaps. If cases of postpartum depression were once described under the general umbrella of "depression", then it is impossible to know if postpartum depression is in fact on the rise.

Among the other answers, (A) can be eliminated since just because women's health has increased, there is no telling whether spending to prevent postpartum depression has increased. (B) can be eliminated since another agency outside the government might keep track of rates of postpartum depression so this doesn't affect the argument. (C) can be eliminated since just because the minimum severity of symptoms required for diagnosis has increased doesn't mean that the rate has not increased. (E) can be eliminated because it would in fact strengthen the argument posed.
_________________
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 17 Apr 2017
Posts: 10
Location: India
Schools: NTU '20 (S)
GMAT 1: 720 Q48 V40
WE: Analyst (Consulting)
Senator: Between 1950 and present, the number of women diagnosed with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Aug 2018, 08:12
1
IMO it should be D.
If all types of depression are incorrectly attributed to Post Partum depression, it calls into question that the rates have increased by a factor of 10 or have increased at all
Current Student
avatar
S
Joined: 15 Aug 2016
Posts: 186
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Operations
GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V35
GPA: 3.84
WE: Operations (Consulting)
Re: Senator: Between 1950 and present, the number of women diagnosed with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Aug 2018, 05:46
1970 in D kills that option. Until 1970 fine. What about 2018? Now that postpartum depression is segregated from depression, it is still on the rise. 20 years data(1950-70) is more important than 48 years of another data(1970-2018)?
IMO C
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Status: IF YOU CAN DREAM IT, YOU CAN DO IT
Joined: 03 Jul 2017
Posts: 186
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, International Business
Re: Senator: Between 1950 and present, the number of women diagnosed with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Aug 2018, 01:04
mikemcgarry can you please help us understand why option C is incorrect.
Also option D is suggesting time period after 1970 but the premise is saying that it is from 1950 to the present .
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 23 Aug 2018
Posts: 1
Re: Senator: Between 1950 and present, the number of women diagnosed with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Aug 2018, 15:45
C can't be correct as it would lead to a decrease in the number of women being diagnosed with postpartum depression. If the minimum threshold of symptoms women experience before they can be diagnosed has increased since 1950, people who previously would have been diagnosed with it now won't be diagnosed with postpartum depression as they don't meet the new minimum threshold. Option D has a time period after 1970 which fits within the time period from 1950 to the present.
Director
Director
User avatar
P
Joined: 20 Sep 2016
Posts: 640
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Operations
GPA: 3.92
WE: Operations (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User CAT Tests
Re: Senator: Between 1950 and present, the number of women diagnosed with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Aug 2018, 01:06
This is quite similar to an official question " the classical music "

The conclusion includes the key word "must" implying that without the implementation of plan the increment in the Post depression will not stop.
Now challenge the argument saying " is it a must?"

You'll see that D option actually says that the entire basis of the author's conclusion is based on faulty evidence.

P.S. search the phrase "classical music" in gmatclub,you'll find a similar argument . And a decent explanation by GMATNinja

Posted from my mobile device
Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 6870
Re: Senator: Between 1950 and present, the number of women diagnosed with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Sep 2019, 02:05
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Senator: Between 1950 and present, the number of women diagnosed with   [#permalink] 24 Sep 2019, 02:05
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Senator: Between 1950 and present, the number of women diagnosed with

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne