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# Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that

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CEO
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
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Updated on: 27 Jan 2018, 19:15
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 138
Page: 674

Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers should retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.

(A) that employers should retain all older worker

(B) that all older workers be retained by employers

(C) the retaining by employers of all older workers

(D) employers’ retention of all older workers

(E) employers to retain all older workers

Originally posted by bmwhype2 on 15 Jul 2007, 12:32.
Last edited by hazelnut on 27 Jan 2018, 19:15, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
Director
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15 Jul 2007, 12:35
bmwhype2 wrote:
633. Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers should retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.
(A) that employers should retain all older workers
(B) that all older workers be retained by employers
(C) the retaining by employers of all older workers
(D) employers’ retention of all older workers
(E) employers to retain all older workers

This question has been dscussed before. However I did not agree with the answer. Please explain your reasoning.

E for "requires to"

A is wrong for a subjunctive case.
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23 Jul 2007, 20:50
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bmwhype2 wrote:
bmwhype2 wrote:
633. Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers should retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.
(A) that employers should retain all older workers

(B) that all older workers be retained by employers

(C) the retaining by employers of all older workers

(D) employers’ retention of all older workers

(E) employers to retain all older workers

Why E over B?

Ok, Let's try to complete the sentence using B:

Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that all older workers be retained by employers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.

Who has to show the cause for dismisssal??
It's employers. But in above sentence , the clause "show just cause for dismissal" is missing noun.

Now let's try with E.

Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring employers to retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.

It's clear that who has to show the cause for dismissal.

Hence E should be the answer.

Regards,
Brajesh
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23 Jul 2007, 21:41
b14kumar wrote:
bmwhype2 wrote:
bmwhype2 wrote:
633. Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers should retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.
(A) that employers should retain all older workers

(B) that all older workers be retained by employers

(C) the retaining by employers of all older workers

(D) employers’ retention of all older workers

(E) employers to retain all older workers

Why E over B?

Ok, Let's try to complete the sentence using B:

Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that all older workers be retained by employers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.

Who has to show the cause for dismisssal??
It's employers. But in above sentence , the clause "show just cause for dismissal" is missing noun.

Now let's try with E.

Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring employers to retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.

It's clear that who has to show the cause for dismissal.

Hence E should be the answer.

Regards,
Brajesh

ok, seeing who does the actions, i realize the second clause is referring incorrectly to the workers rather than the employers.
b. Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that all older workers be retained by employers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.
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24 Jul 2007, 07:32
bmwhype2 wrote:
633. Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers should retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.
(A) that employers should retain all older workers
(B) that all older workers be retained by employers
(C) the retaining by employers of all older workers
(D) employers’ retention of all older workers
(E) employers to retain all older workers

(A) that employers retain all older workers
This way A) would be correct.
(B) that all older workers be retained by employers
I do not see anything wrong, just the passive voice
(E) employers to retain all older workers
No problem, the verb require asks for infinitive (suggest would aks for gerund), the more concise, thus the correct one.
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24 Jul 2007, 07:52
That is not pointing nowhere, and use of verb tense differs in B. E is correct.
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20 Aug 2008, 06:11
vksunder wrote:
633. Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers should retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.

(A) that employers should retain all older workers
(B) that all older workers be retained by employers
(C) the retaining by employers of all older workers
(D) employers’ retention of all older workers
(E) employers to retain all older workers

e.

a sounds wrong..unable to pin point why.
b passive voice.
c grammar is wrong. retaining is form of verb. retention might have made more sense
d retention is noun form. the alternative "or show" is verb. mismatch
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20 Aug 2008, 06:43
the correct form would be "require + subject + infinitive".

A is wrong because of "should".

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20 Aug 2008, 09:40
OA = E. Could you please explain as to why B is incorrect?

I picked B due to subjuntive rule. However, the subjunctive strucutre does not seem to be valid in this particular situation. Is it due to the fact that the verbs 'to retain' and 'show' requires parallelism?
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20 Aug 2008, 09:53
E is correct for 2 main reasons:

"require to" should be followed by subjunctive mood.
"to retain" and "(to) show" should be parallel.

Rest all of them seem to be missing these elements.
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26 Jun 2010, 22:25
I still have doubt why E is correct and not B. As per the subjunctive definition it should have that +infinitive form of verb without to .

This clearly is satisfied by choice B , any comments ??
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27 Jun 2010, 00:52
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boros2203 wrote:
I still have doubt why E is correct and not B. As per the subjunctive definition it should have that +infinitive form of verb without to .

This clearly is satisfied by choice B , any comments ??

the reason B is wrong is because the tense is shifted to passive (i.e. be retained BY employers) and will not match the second part ([to] show just cause for dismissal), which is an active phrase.
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30 Jun 2010, 09:28
vksunder wrote:
633. Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers should retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.

(A) that employers should retain all older workers
(B) that all older workers be retained by employers
(C) the retaining by employers of all older workers
(D) employers’ retention of all older workers
(E) employers to retain all older workers

E it is.
requiring employees to retain or (to) show.
Passive voice in choice B.

Would be really good if you can underline the portion that has to be corrected.
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19 Aug 2011, 09:06
The SC is checking the correct uses of idiom.
Correct idiom relating to require are:
1. requiring to x to y, and
2. requiring that xy
(E) employers to retain all older workers
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19 Aug 2011, 09:13
+1 E

E is more concise than B too.
Active voice is better in this case.
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26 May 2015, 16:08
633. Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers should retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.
(A) that employers should retain all older workers
(B) that all older workers be retained by employers
(C) the retaining by employers of all older workers
(D) employers’ retention of all older workers
(E) employers to retain all older workers

Here the non underlined portion contains requiring which is a Verb-ing modifier.
of the format
Clause Verb-ing.
here Verb-ing modifies the closest noun which has to be employers.
hence options DE
D: -ion makes it wakward and wordy
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28 Aug 2017, 11:21
I am not able to reject B here , Is is rejected just for being a passing voice . what happened to subjunctive rule.
Thanks mod for your time and help.
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28 Aug 2017, 20:57
1. The incorrect part is not underlined.
2. There is no OA posted.

Can somebody please post the OA?

Confused between B and E.
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29 Aug 2017, 04:56
vksunder wrote:
633. Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers should retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.

(A) that employers should retain all older workers
(B) that all older workers be retained by employers
(C) the retaining by employers of all older workers
(D) employers’ retention of all older workers
(E) employers to retain all older workers

In GMAT should is used for moral obligation
Here Laws are mandatory so we have to use infinitive of purpose .
The non underlined part of the sentence is in direct voice so we have to maintain the structure
So E is the best answer
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29 Aug 2017, 22:38
E is the best fit,,

in option B, the first part is passive and second part is active..
hence not parallel..
Re: Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that   [#permalink] 29 Aug 2017, 22:38

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