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# Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that

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Senior Manager
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20 Aug 2008, 05:46
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633. Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers should retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.

(A) that employers should retain all older workers
(B) that all older workers be retained by employers
(C) the retaining by employers of all older workers
(D) employers’ retention of all older workers
(E) employers to retain all older workers

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20 Aug 2008, 06:11
vksunder wrote:
633. Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers should retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.

(A) that employers should retain all older workers
(B) that all older workers be retained by employers
(C) the retaining by employers of all older workers
(D) employers’ retention of all older workers
(E) employers to retain all older workers

e.

a sounds wrong..unable to pin point why.
b passive voice.
c grammar is wrong. retaining is form of verb. retention might have made more sense
d retention is noun form. the alternative "or show" is verb. mismatch

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20 Aug 2008, 06:35
Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers should retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.

(A) that employers should retain all older workers
(B) that all older workers be retained by employers
(C) the retaining by employers of all older workers
(D) employers’ retention of all older workers
(E) employers to retain all older workers

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20 Aug 2008, 06:43
the correct form would be "require + subject + infinitive".

A is wrong because of "should".

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20 Aug 2008, 09:40
OA = E. Could you please explain as to why B is incorrect?

I picked B due to subjuntive rule. However, the subjunctive strucutre does not seem to be valid in this particular situation. Is it due to the fact that the verbs 'to retain' and 'show' requires parallelism?

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20 Aug 2008, 09:53
E is correct for 2 main reasons:

"require to" should be followed by subjunctive mood.
"to retain" and "(to) show" should be parallel.

Rest all of them seem to be missing these elements.
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26 Jun 2010, 22:25
I still have doubt why E is correct and not B. As per the subjunctive definition it should have that +infinitive form of verb without to .

This clearly is satisfied by choice B , any comments ??

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27 Jun 2010, 00:52
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boros2203 wrote:
I still have doubt why E is correct and not B. As per the subjunctive definition it should have that +infinitive form of verb without to .

This clearly is satisfied by choice B , any comments ??

the reason B is wrong is because the tense is shifted to passive (i.e. be retained BY employers) and will not match the second part ([to] show just cause for dismissal), which is an active phrase.
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30 Jun 2010, 09:28
vksunder wrote:
633. Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers should retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.

(A) that employers should retain all older workers
(B) that all older workers be retained by employers
(C) the retaining by employers of all older workers
(D) employers’ retention of all older workers
(E) employers to retain all older workers

E it is.
requiring employees to retain or (to) show.
Passive voice in choice B.

Would be really good if you can underline the portion that has to be corrected.

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29 Jan 2015, 04:34
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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28 Aug 2017, 11:21
I am not able to reject B here , Is is rejected just for being a passing voice . what happened to subjunctive rule.
Thanks mod for your time and help.

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28 Aug 2017, 20:57
1. The incorrect part is not underlined.
2. There is no OA posted.

Can somebody please post the OA?

Confused between B and E.

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29 Aug 2017, 04:56
vksunder wrote:
633. Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers should retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.

(A) that employers should retain all older workers
(B) that all older workers be retained by employers
(C) the retaining by employers of all older workers
(D) employers’ retention of all older workers
(E) employers to retain all older workers

In GMAT should is used for moral obligation
Here Laws are mandatory so we have to use infinitive of purpose .
The non underlined part of the sentence is in direct voice so we have to maintain the structure
So E is the best answer
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29 Aug 2017, 22:38
E is the best fit,,

in option B, the first part is passive and second part is active..
hence not parallel..

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30 Aug 2017, 03:20
arvind910619, we don't have to worry about moral obligation here. All the wrong answers are wrong for clear grammatical reasons! Also, we don't need to restrict "should" to moral cases. Consider these: "Anyone who lives in the area should know where the stadium is." "One should expect some side effects during the first week of treatment." "A good theory should create testable predictions."

Anyway . . .

Answer A is wrong because we can't mix "require" with "should." We can't require that someone should do something. We can only require that they actually do it!

B fixed the problem above, correctly applying the command subjunctive ("require that X be done"). However, it creates a huge meaning problem. We're requiring that older workers "be retained . . . or show just cause." It's not the workers who have to show just cause. Yes, there's a shift here from passive to active, but that can be okay if the meaning makes sense. ("He will either leave the room voluntarily or be escorted out by guards.") However, since the meaning is off (the employees must be retained unless the employers can show just cause), this is out. A simple way to sum this up is that we've put our verb with the wrong subject.

C is not parallel at all. It matches a noun with a verb: "requires the retaining . . . or show just cause." This is no good, even if we accept the odd "requires the retaining" at the beginning.

D has the same problem: it tries to make "the retention" parallel to "show."

E finally has good structure. The legislation requires employers to "retain . . . or show."
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Re: Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that   [#permalink] 30 Aug 2017, 03:20
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