sentence correction +700 level : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# sentence correction +700 level

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Manager
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06 Dec 2010, 10:45
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Try this question ... it will be very good for your health ...

The regents of the University of California system have recently acted on plans to add two new universities, which increases to ten the number of U.C. schools.

(A) universities, which increases to ten the number
(B) universities which increase the number to ten
(C) universities, increasing to ten the number
(D) universities, a plan which will have increased to ten the number
(E) universities to increase to ten the number

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
New!
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Re: sentence correction +700 level [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2010, 11:19
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I've seen this exact same setup before just with different subject-matter/context, so I'd presume that this is a replica of an official question from one of the Official Guides.

I'll let everyone try their hand at it before I throw down the correct answer, but let me give one pretty strong hint: they're testing the concept of the relative pronoun modifier "which". The word "which", when used to begin a modifier, must accurately replace/describe the word immediately adjacent to it, and if that's not the case you can eliminate that answer choice.
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Save $100 on live Veritas Prep GMAT Courses and Admissions Consulting Enroll now. Pay later. Take advantage of Veritas Prep's flexible payment plan options. Veritas Prep Reviews Retired Moderator Status: 2000 posts! I don't know whether I should feel great or sad about it! LOL Joined: 04 Oct 2009 Posts: 1713 Location: Peru Schools: Harvard, Stanford, Wharton, MIT & HKS (Government) WE 1: Economic research WE 2: Banking WE 3: Government: Foreign Trade and SMEs Followers: 101 Kudos [?]: 940 [0], given: 109 Re: sentence correction +700 level [#permalink] ### Show Tags 06 Dec 2010, 11:33 +1 C _________________ "Life’s battle doesn’t always go to stronger or faster men; but sooner or later the man who wins is the one who thinks he can." My Integrated Reasoning Logbook / Diary: http://gmatclub.com/forum/my-ir-logbook-diary-133264.html GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings Manager Joined: 07 Oct 2010 Posts: 180 Followers: 6 Kudos [?]: 164 [0], given: 10 Re: sentence correction +700 level [#permalink] ### Show Tags 06 Dec 2010, 20:54 VeritasPrepBrian wrote: I've seen this exact same setup before just with different subject-matter/context, so I'd presume that this is a replica of an official question from one of the Official Guides. I'll let everyone try their hand at it before I throw down the correct answer, but let me give one pretty strong hint: they're testing the concept of the relative pronoun modifier "which". The word "which", when used to begin a modifier, must accurately replace/describe the word immediately adjacent to it, and if that's not the case you can eliminate that answer choice. Brian ...you are right about "WHICH" modifier, .. but thats relatively an easy task... most difficult is to choose between C and E Manager Joined: 17 Sep 2010 Posts: 216 Concentration: General Management, Finance GPA: 3.59 WE: Corporate Finance (Entertainment and Sports) Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 33 Re: sentence correction +700 level [#permalink] ### Show Tags 06 Dec 2010, 21:54 Had it down to C and E because of which, since it refers to University of California System and not Universities. Picked C because present continuous sounded best. vyassaptarashi wrote: VeritasPrepBrian wrote: I've seen this exact same setup before just with different subject-matter/context, so I'd presume that this is a replica of an official question from one of the Official Guides. I'll let everyone try their hand at it before I throw down the correct answer, but let me give one pretty strong hint: they're testing the concept of the relative pronoun modifier "which". The word "which", when used to begin a modifier, must accurately replace/describe the word immediately adjacent to it, and if that's not the case you can eliminate that answer choice. Brian ...you are right about "WHICH" modifier, .. but thats relatively an easy task... most difficult is to choose between C and E Intern Joined: 15 Jan 2010 Posts: 8 Schools: Rotman,LSB Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 2 Re: sentence correction +700 level [#permalink] ### Show Tags 06 Dec 2010, 22:55 The regents of the University of California system have recently acted on plans to add two new universities, which increases to ten the number of U.C. schools. (A) universities, which increases to ten the number - which is modifying universities but that is not causing the increase (B) universities which increase the number to ten - same as above A (C) universities, increasing to ten the number - this is followed from cause and effect rule with 'ing' form is used to express effect after cause and correct option(D) universities, a plan which will have increased to ten the number - run on sentence (E) universities to increase to ten the number - need to use cause and effect rule to use 'ing'form but not infinitive Senior Manager Joined: 30 Nov 2010 Posts: 263 Schools: UC Berkley, UCLA Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 97 [0], given: 66 Re: sentence correction +700 level [#permalink] ### Show Tags 07 Dec 2010, 07:11 VeritasPrepBrian wrote: I've seen this exact same setup before just with different subject-matter/context, so I'd presume that this is a replica of an official question from one of the Official Guides. I'll let everyone try their hand at it before I throw down the correct answer, but let me give one pretty strong hint: they're testing the concept of the relative pronoun modifier "which". The word "which", when used to begin a modifier, must accurately replace/describe the word immediately adjacent to it, and if that's not the case you can eliminate that answer choice. This is a very helpful post, Thanks! But what about the relative pronoun that. How should it be used? And if the sentence were constructed like this - ...., a plan that increases to ten the number... - Would the construction be correct? _________________ Thank you for your kudoses Everyone!!! "It always seems impossible until its done." -Nelson Mandela Joined: 31 Dec 1969 Location: Russian Federation Concentration: Technology, Entrepreneurship GMAT 1: 710 Q49 V0 GMAT 2: 700 Q V GMAT 3: 740 Q40 V50 GMAT 4: 700 Q48 V38 GMAT 5: 710 Q45 V41 GMAT 6: 680 Q47 V36 GMAT 7: Q42 V44 GMAT 8: Q42 V44 GMAT 9: 740 Q49 V42 GMAT 10: 740 Q V GMAT 11: 500 Q47 V33 GMAT 12: 670 Q V GMAT 13: 680 Q V WE: Supply Chain Management (Energy and Utilities) Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 208 [0], given: 103089 Re: sentence correction +700 level [#permalink] ### Show Tags 07 Dec 2010, 09:47 vyassaptarashi wrote: VeritasPrepBrian wrote: I've seen this exact same setup before just with different subject-matter/context, so I'd presume that this is a replica of an official question from one of the Official Guides. I'll let everyone try their hand at it before I throw down the correct answer, but let me give one pretty strong hint: they're testing the concept of the relative pronoun modifier "which". The word "which", when used to begin a modifier, must accurately replace/describe the word immediately adjacent to it, and if that's not the case you can eliminate that answer choice. Brian ...you are right about "WHICH" modifier, .. but thats relatively an easy task... most difficult is to choose between C and E This is true. These were my last 2 choices. But since E modifies the meaning of the sentence, I chose C. Manager Joined: 19 Sep 2010 Posts: 182 Followers: 2 Kudos [?]: 90 [0], given: 18 Re: sentence correction +700 level [#permalink] ### Show Tags 07 Dec 2010, 10:48 IMO...its C. A . As Brian has mentioned , "Which" here refers to "universities" and universities does not increase to ten , its the plan which increases it. B. Same reason as A , although they have modified "increases" to "increase". C. Here , the participial phrase "increasing to ten the number" is modifying the first sentence . Specifying the consequence of the plan. D. I first fell for this option . But cudn't find any strong reason to discard it as well. E. This option suggests that the purpose of the plan was to increase the number of schools to ten which is not really the case here. Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 26 Jul 2010 Posts: 243 Followers: 218 Kudos [?]: 494 [1] , given: 29 Re: sentence correction +700 level [#permalink] ### Show Tags 07 Dec 2010, 14:18 1 This post received KUDOS Great explanation, Raths - E does change the meaning to make it look like the intent of the regents was to simply increase the number, so C is the correct choice. Great work here, everyone - and, yes, I know I ducked out for a little bit...the teacher in me is reluctant to just dive in with the correct answer right away sometimes...I like seeing the debate among the group on questions like these! _________________ Brian Save$100 on live Veritas Prep GMAT Courses and Admissions Consulting

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Re: sentence correction +700 level [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2010, 20:33
+c - ING Modifier require cause it modifying Clause.
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Re: sentence correction +700 level [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2010, 18:07
Thanks for the 'which' tip brian!
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15 Dec 2010, 18:37
Its 'C'

We can eliminate A / B due to 'Which' . As per grammar 'which' should modify 'Universities' as it is placed next to it. But the clause is modifying the 'Plan'.
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Re: sentence correction +700 level [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2011, 03:58
vyassaptarashi wrote:
VeritasPrepBrian wrote:
I've seen this exact same setup before just with different subject-matter/context, so I'd presume that this is a replica of an official question from one of the Official Guides.

I'll let everyone try their hand at it before I throw down the correct answer, but let me give one pretty strong hint: they're testing the concept of the relative pronoun modifier "which". The word "which", when used to begin a modifier, must accurately replace/describe the word immediately adjacent to it, and if that's not the case you can eliminate that answer choice.

Brian ...you are right about "WHICH" modifier, .. but thats relatively an easy task... most difficult is to choose between C and E

is that MOST difficult task :D , i think it is fairly easy to pick C as the answer, E has an altered meaning because of the usage of 'to....'

is this a 700 level q ?
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Re: sentence correction +700 level [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2011, 05:48
Brian
Reopening the pandora box.
D looks like the resumptive modifier setup. How did you avoid the trap? I fell for it.

VeritasPrepBrian wrote:
Great explanation, Raths - E does change the meaning to make it look like the intent of the regents was to simply increase the number, so C is the correct choice.

Great work here, everyone - and, yes, I know I ducked out for a little bit...the teacher in me is reluctant to just dive in with the correct answer right away sometimes...I like seeing the debate among the group on questions like these!
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Re: sentence correction +700 level [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2011, 09:05
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Hey gmat1220,

Even if that modifier in D is okay (and just knowing the GMAT I'd pick the more-clear modifier from C every time if that were my last decision point), the verb tense in choice D doesn't work.

The only time you'd really get away with using that combination of tense ("will have increased...") is if you're clearly putting a time limit in there to mark that point in the future at which you're using the past progressive. So you could say:

By the time the new laws take place, the amount of pollution will have already doubled.

But you can't say:

The new law ensures that the amount of pollution will have doubled.

So in the case of D, without that designated future point at which we use the past progressive ("have increased"), the verb tense doesn't work.
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Save $100 on live Veritas Prep GMAT Courses and Admissions Consulting Enroll now. Pay later. Take advantage of Veritas Prep's flexible payment plan options. Veritas Prep Reviews Director Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing. Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business Joined: 03 Feb 2011 Posts: 920 Followers: 14 Kudos [?]: 346 [0], given: 123 Re: sentence correction +700 level [#permalink] ### Show Tags 08 Mar 2011, 09:33 Thanks !!! I got it. Brian, "a plan....." is next to "universities". Hence we need "ing" modifier to modify the previous clause. Am I correct? thanks VeritasPrepBrian wrote: Hey gmat1220, Even if that modifier in D is okay (and just knowing the GMAT I'd pick the more-clear modifier from C every time if that were my last decision point), the verb tense in choice D doesn't work. The only time you'd really get away with using that combination of tense ("will have increased...") is if you're clearly putting a time limit in there to mark that point in the future at which you're using the past progressive. So you could say: By the time the new laws take place, the amount of pollution will have already doubled. But you can't say: The new law ensures that the amount of pollution will have doubled. So in the case of D, without that designated future point at which we use the past progressive ("have increased"), the verb tense doesn't work. Director Status: No dream is too large, no dreamer is too small Joined: 14 Jul 2010 Posts: 651 Followers: 42 Kudos [?]: 891 [0], given: 39 Re: sentence correction +700 level [#permalink] ### Show Tags 08 Mar 2011, 13:43 Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 26 Jul 2010 Posts: 243 Followers: 218 Kudos [?]: 494 [0], given: 29 Re: sentence correction +700 level [#permalink] ### Show Tags 08 Mar 2011, 16:11 Hey gmat1220 - you know, I don't want to guarantee that we NEED that -ing modifier, but: -As Baten80 mentioned, the singular modifier "a plan" doesn't really work with "acted on plans (plural)" -The -ing modifier is definitely correct in this case, as it modifies the entire preceding clause and isn't limited just to the word or phrase immediately adjacent to the comma. Because of that, I mentioned before that I'd tend toward that modifier if I were at all unclear about the validity of the "resumptive modifier" you mentioned and whether it would apply. So it's not that the situation can only call for exactly one type of modifier...I just know that the modifier in C is clearly allowable, and that D introduces a few doubts (at best) and contains a fatal verb tense flaw. And since one fatal flaw dooms an answer, and I found one in D and can't find any in C, there are a few reasons to make that choice. I hope that helps - I'd be careful about limiting yourself to exactly one type of phrasing that you think you NEED...Sentence Correction is much more about eliminating flaws. _________________ Brian Save$100 on live Veritas Prep GMAT Courses and Admissions Consulting

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Re: sentence correction +700 level [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2014, 23:22
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