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# In 2002 lack of resources reduced the agricultural production of the

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In 2002 lack of resources reduced the agricultural production of the [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2015, 23:08
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In 2002 lack of resources reduced the agricultural production of the country of Zabaria to about 20 million tons, nearly 40 percent less than those of the 2001 harvest.

A. nearly 40 percent less than those of the 2001
B. nearly 40 percent less than the 2001
C. nearly 40 percent
D. nearly 40 percent fewer than the 2001
E. nearly 40 percent less than that of the 2001
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Abhishek009 on 04 Jun 2017, 11:24, edited 2 times in total.
Underlined

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Re: In 2002 lack of resources reduced the agricultural production of the [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2015, 23:39
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What was less than what? It was the agricultural production that turned forty percent less in 2002 from that of 2001.

The second point is ‘production’ is a collective noun that is singular. So now we have to use ‘less than’.

Thirdly, the production has to be compared with another production and not a year.

A. nearly 40 percent less than those of the 2001 ---- ‘those of’ – production is singular; hence it should be ‘that of’
B. nearly 40 percent less than the 2001 --- production compared with a year; wrong
C. nearly 40 percent –means that the overall production was only 40 percent rather than 40 percent less.
D. nearly 40 percent fewer than the 2001 – fewer than is wrong for mass noun
E. nearly 40 percent less than that of the 2001--- correct choice
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Re: In 2002 lack of resources reduced the agricultural production of the [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2015, 01:04
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GMATY14 wrote:
In 2002 lack of resources reduced the agricultural production of the country of Zabaria to about 20 million tons, nearly 40 percent less than those of the 2001 harvest.

A. nearly 40 percent less than those of the 2001
B. nearly 40 percent less than the 2001
C. nearly 40 percent
D. nearly 40 percent fewer than the 2001
E. nearly 40 percent less than that of the 2001

Find the things compared - Here agricultural production of country Zabaria in 2002 is compared with the agricultural production of country Zabaria in 2001

Only option (E) compares production of country Zabaria in 2002 to that of production of country Zabaria in 2001

Hence option (E) is the correct answer !!

I found a very useful book from this forum , uploading it here once again for clearing all the concepts relatedd to comparison on GMAT SC , hope you find it useful
Attachments

Comparison theory %26 question_Lucy 0911.pdf [919.19 KiB]

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Re: In 2002 lack of resources reduced the agricultural production of the [#permalink]

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17 May 2017, 01:22
in option "b", production of 2002 is compared with the harvest of 2001. so can kindly tell suggest me Y option b is wrong?

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Re: In 2002 lack of resources reduced the agricultural production of the [#permalink]

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17 May 2017, 06:14
In 2002 lack of resources reduced the agricultural production of the country of Zabaria to about 20 million tons, nearly 40 percent less than those of the 2001 harvest.

A. nearly 40 percent less than those of the 2001 (Production is singular. Therefore usage of those is wrong)
B. nearly 40 percent less than the 2001 (Wrong comparison of production with year)
C. nearly 40 percent (No Comparison)
D. nearly 40 percent fewer than the 2001 (Fewer is used for numbers)
E. nearly 40 percent less than that of the 2001 (Correct)

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Re: In 2002 lack of resources reduced the agricultural production of the [#permalink]

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19 May 2017, 03:39
axay wrote:
in option "b", production of 2002 is compared with the harvest of 2001. so can kindly tell suggest me Y option b is wrong?

Option B implies that the 2002 production was less than the year 2001, not the production of the year 2001.

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Re: In 2002 lack of resources reduced the agricultural production of the [#permalink]

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19 May 2017, 20:48
sayantanc2k wrote:
axay wrote:
in option "b", production of 2002 is compared with the harvest of 2001. so can kindly tell suggest me Y option b is wrong?

Option B implies that the 2002 production was less than the year 2001, not the production of the year 2001.

Hi sayantanc2k,

Option B implies 2002 production is less than 2001 harvest. Please note "harvest" in the non underlined portion of the sentence.

Option E implies 2002 production is less than production of the 2001 harvest. What does production of harvest means?

Hence, (B) is correct.

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Re: In 2002 lack of resources reduced the agricultural production of the [#permalink]

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19 May 2017, 21:04
daagh wrote:
What was less than what? It was the agricultural production that turned forty percent less in 2002 from that of 2001.

The second point is ‘production’ is a collective noun that is singular. So now we have to use ‘less than’.

Thirdly, the production has to be compared with another production and not a year.

A. nearly 40 percent less than those of the 2001 ---- ‘those of’ – production is singular; hence it should be ‘that of’
B. nearly 40 percent less than the 2001 --- production compared with a year; wrong
C. nearly 40 percent –means that the overall production was only 40 percent rather than 40 percent less.
D. nearly 40 percent fewer than the 2001 – fewer than is wrong for mass noun
E. nearly 40 percent less than that of the 2001--- correct choice

Hi,
Can you please elaborate on "‘production’ is a collective noun that is singular. So now we have to use ‘less than’. "

So the rule would be "less for collective singular" and "fewer for countable nouns" ? Just wanted to clarify this gap in understanding for future application!

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Re: In 2002 lack of resources reduced the agricultural production of the [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2017, 05:05
I don't know why Experts daagh and souvik101990 are missing the word Harvest - Harvest is nothing but production .
In B .
It is clearly comparing production to 2001 harvest. .

So please can you tell me why B is wrong. ?

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Re: In 2002 lack of resources reduced the agricultural production of the [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2017, 07:13
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Nightmare: I fully agree with you. I did miss the word 'harvest'. The problem was because this is a poor carbon copy of a similar OG question cited herein.(OG 13 Q9).
In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to about 41 million tons, nearly 25 percent less than those of the 1978 harvest.

(A) less than those of the 1978 harvest
(B) less than the 1978 harvest
(C) less than 1978
(D) fewer than 1978
(E) fewer than that of India's 1978 harvest

The official choice is B. Please note the word harvest is underlined in the official prompt.
The second more important problem is that the original poster in this forum had forgotten to underline the error part such that the word harvest was obscured in memory.

I fully acknowledge that harvest in this context is synonymous with production. (Although not so in actual reality. You see, what all is produced may not be harvested. Because there will be always some loss due to pests, floods, and other natural phenomena such s process loss in the form of shedding etc. However, this distinction is irrelevant to us.

In this context, in the given choice E, it is not clear what the relative pronoun 'that' is standing for. It is redundant. I will concur that B is the best choice.
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Re: In 2002 lack of resources reduced the agricultural production of the [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2017, 07:38
daagh wrote:
Nightmare: I fully agree with you. I did miss the word 'harvest'. The problem was because this is a poor carbon copy of a similar OG question cited herein.(OG 13 Q9).
In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to about 41 million tons, nearly 25 percent less than those of the 1978 harvest.

(A) less than those of the 1978 harvest
(B) less than the 1978 harvest
(C) less than 1978
(D) fewer than 1978
(E) fewer than that of India's 1978 harvest

The official choice is B. Please note the word harvest is underlined in the official prompt.
The second more important problem is that the original poster in this forum had forgotten to underline the error part such that the word harvest was obscured in memory.

I fully acknowledge that harvest in this context is synonymous with production. (Although not so in actual reality. You see, what all is produced may not be harvested. Because there will be always some loss due to pests, floods, and other natural phenomena such s process loss in the form of shedding etc. However, this distinction is irrelevant to us.

In this context, in the given choice E, it is not clear what the relative pronoun 'that' is standing for. It is redundant. I will concur that B is the best choice.

Thank you sir, I did not mean to offend you. am a big fan of yours so it became a habit of me to read your explanations which are more accurate and easy to understand.

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Re: In 2002 lack of resources reduced the agricultural production of the [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2017, 04:08
Thanks daagh for helping resolve the confusion.

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Re: In 2002 lack of resources reduced the agricultural production of the [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2017, 04:31
GMATY14 wrote:
In 2002 lack of resources reduced the agricultural production of the country of Zabaria to about 20 million tons, nearly 40 percent less than those of the 2001 harvest.

A. nearly 40 percent less than those of the 2001
B. nearly 40 percent less than the 2001
C. nearly 40 percent
D. nearly 40 percent fewer than the 2001
E. nearly 40 percent less than that of the 2001

THE CORRECT ANSWER CHOICE HERE IS B
Because it clearly compares the production to the 2001 HARVEST. Note that the HArvest word is not underlined.

E is incorrect here for the same reason. Many people missed out on the non-underlined word 'Harvest.'
Note that the usage of 'that' in option E is unclear.

Is there a way to change the Official Answer to B here. Many people will feel disheartened when they choose the right answer but it displays as wrong here.
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Re: In 2002 lack of resources reduced the agricultural production of the [#permalink]

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04 Nov 2017, 10:28
So B is the correct answer.

can anyone update the correct answer?

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Re: In 2002 lack of resources reduced the agricultural production of the   [#permalink] 04 Nov 2017, 10:28
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# In 2002 lack of resources reduced the agricultural production of the

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