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# Several recent studies suggest that a child born into a

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Intern
Joined: 07 Jun 2004
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Several recent studies suggest that a child born into a [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2004, 09:23
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Several recent studies suggest that a child born into a family whose members have allergies will probably themselves develop allergies following the onset of a minor viral infection.
(A) a child born into a family whose members have allergies will probably themselves develop allergies
(B) children born into families whose members have allergies will probably themselves develop allergies
(C) a child born into a family the members of which have allergies will probably develop an allergy
(D) in those families where members have allergies, children will probably develop allergies themselves
(E) children born into a family in which there are allergies will themselves probably develop an allergy

Although aspirin irritates the stomach, it can avoided if the aspirin tablet is given a coating that will not dissolve until the tablet reaches the intestine.
(A) Although aspirin irritates the stomach, it
(B) The irritation of the stomach caused by aspirin
(C) The fact that aspirin causes irritation of the stomach
(D) Aspirin causes stomach irritation, although it
(E) Aspirin irritates the stomach, which

Too old to bear arms himself, Frederick Douglass served as a recruiting agent, traveled through the North to exhort Black men to join the Union army.
(A) traveled through the North to exhort
(B) and he traveled through the North and exhorted
(C) and traveling through the North exhorted
(D) traveling through the North and exhorted
(E) traveling through the North and exhorting

Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of money, even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produce distinguished architecture.
(A) even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produce
(B) even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money will produce
(C) even though there is no certainty that the expenditure of money in large sums produces
(D) even though it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produces
(E) though there is no certainty as to the expenditure of money in large sums producing

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Senior Manager
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01 Sep 2004, 09:25
Please split them into separate questions for better discussion.

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SVP
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01 Sep 2004, 09:39
1. C
2. B
3. E
4. D

By the time I read the question and moved to key in my choices, I forgot what I chose and also my reasoning.

Please post one question at a time for better discussion and involvement. If you are new, you are welcome on the club.

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Manager
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01 Sep 2004, 09:55
1.D
2.B
3.E
4.D

Question A : I prefer D because it brings the idea in a concise manner. Somehow felt that 'born into a family' as redudant information. May be I am wrong.

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01 Sep 2004, 11:28
These guys are correct, One should start fresh thread per question to discuss the question duly. anyways, my picks are -
E
=> a pronoun "themselves" has ambiguous referants. Choice - C needs preposition to join "family" and "the members of which". The choice "D" suggested that needs the doer of the sentence i.e. children
B
=> choice b duly puts the subject "The irritation of the stomach" at the proper place.
A
=> The original sentence uses past participle - "traveled through the North to exhort Black men to join the Union army", which seems okay to me as the sentence is also in past tense.
C
=> "expenditure of money in large sums" is better then " expenditure of large sums of money".

Please post OAs and explanations from source !

Dharmin
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Perseverance, Hard Work and self confidence

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Director
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01 Sep 2004, 13:01
B
(D is wrong - changes meaning ... "children will probably develop allergies themselves"
E is wrong "family in which there are allergies" doeant make sense; the memebers have allergies
C is wrong I guess "the members of which" usage is wordy)

B
E
D

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GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 07 Jul 2004
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01 Sep 2004, 18:12
Post it as seperate threads for better discussion. I'll break up my answer using seperate posts:

Several recent studies suggest that a child born into a family whose members have allergies will probably themselves develop allergies following the onset of a minor viral infection.
(A) a child born into a family whose members have allergies will probably themselves develop allergies
(B) children born into families whose members have allergies will probably themselves develop allergies
(C) a child born into a family the members of which have allergies will probably develop an allergy
(D) in those families where members have allergies, children will probably develop allergies themselves
(E) children born into a family in which there are allergies will themselves probably develop an allergy

(A), (B) all have problems with pronouns and their modifications. It's not clear if themselves are pointing to the children or the members of the family.

(E) does not have this problem, but it is the members of the family that have allergy, not the family.

(D) has the strange effect of sayign the children created their own allergies. Indeed a phenomena ! (If that happens, a witch-hunt migth just take place !)

(C) is the best choice. No problems with pronouns, and no changing of the meaning in the sentence.

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01 Sep 2004, 18:16
Although aspirin irritates the stomach, it can avoided if the aspirin tablet is given a coating that will not dissolve until the tablet reaches the intestine.
(A) Although aspirin irritates the stomach, it
- it can be the aspirin or the irritation. Not clear here.

(B) The irritation of the stomach caused by aspirin
- Irritation of the stomach caused by aspirin can be avoided --> no unclear pronouns, and the sentence is clear, irritation is the item that can be avoided

(C) The fact that aspirin causes irritation of the stomach
- A fact cannot be avoided ! But an irritation can ! This choice alters the meaning of the sentence

(D) Aspirin causes stomach irritation, although it
- Here, it is not clear what it modifies

(E) Aspirin irritates the stomach, which
- which modifies stomach. Here it implies the stomach can be avoided !

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01 Sep 2004, 18:21
Too old to bear arms himself, Frederick Douglass served as a recruiting agent, traveled through the North to exhort Black men to join the Union army.
(A) traveled through the North to exhort
(B) and he traveled through the North and exhorted
(C) and traveling through the North exhorted
(D) traveling through the North and exhorted
(E) traveling through the North and exhorting

parallel structure in (E).. traveling .. exhorting.

You need a choice that says what Frederick did when he served as a recruiting agent.

At that point of time, he cannot be:
1) traveled (a past action item). He is still traveling at that point of time.
2) traveling and exhorted (he can't have finished exhorting young men to join the army while he is still traveling to do the latter)

(D) is not parallel

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GMAT Club Legend
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01 Sep 2004, 18:30
Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of money, even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produce distinguished architecture.
(A) even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produce
-expenditure produces (plural) so A is out

(B) even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money will produce
-not parallel. Architecture requires .... expenditure produces

(C) even though there is no certainty that the expenditure of money in large sums produces
- large sums of money, not money in large sums

(D) even though it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produces
- expenditure of large sums of money, and produces is correct tense and parallel.
(D) is my choice

(E) though there is no certainty as to the expenditure of money in large sums producing
-producing is absolutely wrong ! It doesn't even sound right to begin with.

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01 Sep 2004, 22:44
1.B
2.B
3.E
4.D

Waiting for the OA

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Intern
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02 Sep 2004, 09:47
hi following are the OAs with my doubts. Please expailn

B isn't "themselves" in B ambiguous? C looks better.
B passive voice should be avoided in GMAT. rule no. ###. ???
E why change tense?
D whats is the difference between "even if" and "even though"

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02 Sep 2004, 09:47
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