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She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t

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She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t [#permalink]

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She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

(A) She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to

(B) Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to

(C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in

(D) Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to

(E) She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t [#permalink]

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siddhans wrote:
She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

A) She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to

B) Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to

C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in

D) Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to

E) She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in

Can someone explain this in detail?

[Reveal] Spoiler: I Wonder
Why is A,E wrong?


It is better to use "than" if there is a comparative word in the sentence. Here, "less" is comparative, so we need to use "than".

Rules out A, B and D.

E: messes up the verb sequence. "Had been" (past perfect) is used for describing the older event from the two events in the past.

Understand the meaning of the sentence:
**************************************
Lotte Jacobi was quite famous in Germany.
Then she moved to New York.
And in New York, she became less famous.
*************************************

Older event: Her being more famous when she was in Germany.
Later event: Her being less famous when she moved to New York.

Had been- should be associated with the older event; i.e. her fame when she was in Germany.

E: uses had been with New York; it says after moving to New York, she had been less successful. Wrong.

C: corrects all these errors.

C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in
It uses "than" and eliminates all confusing comparator phrases such "as compared to" etc.
Less successful after she moved to New York -- had been is NOT used here, which is good.
she had been in Germany- had been is used for the time when she was in Germany; also good.

Ans: "C"
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t [#permalink]

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I think that the responses already given adequately address all the wrong answers, so I'll just clarify a few points about comparison.

(1) If you use "less," "fewer," or "more" to make a comparison, and if both nouns/prepositional phrases/whatever being compared appear after the "less" or "more," then you must use "than" to introduce the second. (This eliminates A, B, and D)

He has fewer cats than dogs.
This is correct, because "fewer" precedes the first noun, "cats," and "than" precedes the second noun, "dogs."
This is the structure you can expect to see on the GMAT.

He has three dogs, but fewer cats.
This is correct. It uses "fewer" without "than," but one of the nouns being compared appears before the "fewer."
Offhand, I don't remember seeing this structure on the GMAT.

(2) All of the words "less," "fewer," and "more" imply comparison, so any additional comparison signal, such as "compared to" or "relative to" is redundant. (This eliminates A, B, and D)


(3) Whatever the elements being compared, they must be both logically comparable and structurally similar. No comparison signal/parallel marker can coordinate two elements unless those elements are the same part of speech. (This eliminates A, B, and D)
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Last edited by MichaelS on 12 Jun 2013, 20:14, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t [#permalink]

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WaterFlowsUp wrote:
She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

A) She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to

B) Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to

C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in

D) Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to

E) She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in


theory:

Compared to/with” is redundant in a comparison that already includes the word more/less; in such an instance, more than/less than should be used
AS COMPARED TO/WITH and WHEN COMPARED TO/WITH ===>these two are wrong constructions.

A) She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to

B) Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to

C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in===>correct

D) Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to

E) She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in==>incorrect use of HAD...as she emigrated later to new york.

hope it helps
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t [#permalink]

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siddhans wrote:
She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

A) She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to

B) Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to

C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in

D) Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to

E) She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in

Can someone explain this in detail?

[Reveal] Spoiler: I Wonder
Why is A,E wrong?



Don't forget to pay attention to the meaning here - specifically the order of events.

She was originally in Germany. Then she went to New York.

So any usage of HAD -- must be associated with GERMANY -- since thas was further int he past.;;

Notice in (A) - we have "She was less successful after she had emigrated to NY" -- you cannot use HAD in the context of New York - so (A) is no good. Same with (B) and (E).

Only (C) uses regular past tense "emigrated" in context of New York and then "had been" in the context of Germany. This makes it clear that she emigrated to New York. But further into the past, she HAD BEEN in Germany.

So do pay attention to the MEANING and use the correct verb-tense accordingly.

We have explained this question in this video:

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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t [#permalink]

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D is not wrong because of the idiom, it's wrong because D makes a faulty comparison between her time in New York and Germany (itself). The key to C is that it correctly compares time "in New York" to time "in Germany".

Example:

Clinton Portis was more successful in Washington than Denver. <---D has this going on
Clinton Portis was more successful in Washington than in Denver. <--- C has this going on. That's why it's the best choice.

EDIT: As a general strategy, idioms are the LAST thing I would check in any SC problem. Generally speaking, there are very few questions where the idiom is wrong but the rest of the sentence is correct. Also, idioms are the hardest thing to remember, for native speakers and foreigners alike. I would only decide between 2 answer choices on a SC based on the idiom if I had tried all other possible rules (i.e. dangling modifier, pronoun reference, s-v agreement...idiom is at the bottom of the totem pole).
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t [#permalink]

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She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany
photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.
The two parts of the sentence are separated by a comma and not a semi colon - which directly implies that the first part of the sentence cannot be an independent clause- but a subordinate cluase, and we know from the context and structure of second part that it acts as a modifer to the subject "photographer Lotte Jacobi"
Any correct answer choice cannot therefore have a complete working verb in it - so A,D (was) and E ( had been) are all wrong because here the first fragment of the sentence are complete clauses
Between B & C:
as compared to should be followed by in. C is comparing how successful she was in New York to her native germany - it should be 'as compared to (when) IN Germany' Also, being is not preferred- it's redundant when compared to construction in C
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t [#permalink]

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siddhans wrote:
She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

A) She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to

B) Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to

C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in

D) Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to

E) She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in

Can someone explain this in detail?

[Reveal] Spoiler: I Wonder
Why is A,E wrong?



my take is
A) She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to
lacks correct comparison
B) [highlight]Being[/highlight] less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to
lacks correct comparison + passive construction
C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in
she was less successful ........new york than she had been in her native..... (perfect + simple comparison )
D) Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to
redundancy although + nevertheless together in a sentence
E) She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in
passive construction

I hope it helps for some atleast.......... :? :?
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t [#permalink]

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A. She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to ---- comparing success to a place; in addition the full text is a run-on

B. Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to ------ comparing success to a place;

C. Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in---the introductory clause correctly modifies photographer Jotte – In addition the choice uses sequentially proper chronological tensing

D. Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to ----- the contrast has already been crought out by the word – nevertheless-; although is redundant.

E. She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in --- The text is a run on

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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t [#permalink]

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She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

A) She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to
Wrong comparison, success in New York is compared to Germany.
B) Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to
Being is used :)
C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in
Correct comparision
D) Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to
Although and nevertheless ... redundency
E) She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in
Wrong comparison.
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t [#permalink]

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TheLordCommander wrote:
Although Michael has explained it well, I still want to confirm something. In option D, is compared to Germany wrong? is the grammer of comparison correct here?


First, "when compared to" is always wrong. The correct usage is "compared to".

Even if the word "when" were removed, the comparison would be improper. "Germany" is wrongly compared to a complete clause "although she was less successful after emigrating to New York".
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2008, 10:32
I say C.

The key is "...less native in New York than IN Germany..."

Of the answers, only C and E has this.

E incorrectly begins with "SHE" and shifts the focus of the sentences. I forget what the technical term is, but SHE is not the subject, PHOTOGRAPHER LOTTE JACOBI is the subject.

OA?
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2008, 14:22
bigfernhead wrote:
She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

A) She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to
B) Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to
C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in
D) Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to
E) She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in


Also go with C, which is also in correct tense.

A) Incorrect sequence of tense.
B) Incorrect sequence of tense.
C) Correct sequence of tense.
D) Violate the idiom "Less .......than".
E) Incorrect sequence of tense.
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2008, 17:02
First of all, "than" is not in answer D so it cannot be modified by anything else in answer D.

D is wrong because it violates the idiom usage of "than".

reply2spg wrote:
IMO D,

GMATTIGER I have a doubt here, don't you think that in option D "compared to" is modifying "than" and since Although is supporting to neverthless....what is wrong with D?

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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2008, 07:01
Well, you'll get questions on the test that only require knowledge of the idiom. In your example that you claim "D has this going on", you use the word "than" but the word "than" is not anywhere in answer D so how does it have it going on?

JorgeStevenson wrote:
D is not wrong because of the idiom, it's wrong because D makes a faulty comparison between her time in New York and Germany (itself). The key to C is that it correctly compares time "in New York" to time "in Germany".

Example:

Clinton Portis was more successful in Washington than Denver. <---D has this going on
Clinton Portis was more successful in Washington than in Denver. <--- C has this going on. That's why it's the best choice.

EDIT: As a general strategy, idioms are the LAST thing I would check in any SC problem. Generally speaking, there are very few questions where the idiom is wrong but the rest of the sentence is correct. Also, idioms are the hardest thing to remember, for native speakers and foreigners alike. I would only decide between 2 answer choices on a SC based on the idiom if I had tried all other possible rules (i.e. dangling modifier, pronoun reference, s-v agreement...idiom is at the bottom of the totem pole).

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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2011, 04:59
A brilliant explanation by fluke.
I would like to add another point to prove A is incorrect.
The comparison (as shown in A) is between the level of success and "native germany", an idea which is nonsensical.
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2011, 06:39
@siddhans, what is the source of this question?

IMV, it should be D. There seems to be a comparison, though she was not initally famous in NY, but eventually she was.... Using 'Although', makes more sense.

Any explanation why D would be wrong?
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2011, 20:41
Agree with the run-on comment. Need to be careful about illogical comparisons in this question as well.
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t [#permalink]

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She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.
A. She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to
B. Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to
C. Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in
D. Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to
E. She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2012, 02:47
She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

Meaning;
The success status of Lotte Jacobi is compared when she was in Germany, than her success status after going to NY.


A. She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to
success/less success can not be compared to a country-incorrect
B. Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to
"being"is incorrect also, success can not be compared to a country-incorrect
C. Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in
Comparison is logically and grammatically parallel by using "in " which states the success status of Jacobi in both places.
D. Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to
success can not be compared to a country-incorrect
E. She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in
distorted meaning

(C) wins
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t   [#permalink] 12 Aug 2012, 02:47

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