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# She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t

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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t  [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2016, 06:15
iMyself wrote:
Hi Expert,
I need to have an exact solution of THIS problem. If the correct answer is C, then the complete sentence will be:
Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in to he native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group discerning admirers, and her photographers were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.
Here, the BOLD is a tag. it works like "not only X...........but also Y" or "either X.............or Y"
I should not write:
He is not only a student but also he is going to USA for his higher education.----->doesn't make any sense.
also, i should not say:
The person is either Stanford student or he is going to ask a question in the forum.------->doesn't make any sense, too.

if we write this correct sentence like below, then it'll be run-on sentence.

She was less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in to he native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group discerning admirers, and her photographers were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

So for that reason, GMAC technically withdraw red part from the here (may be there is a specific rules to withdraw the subject)
Anyway, in the correct sentence there is a tag (e.g., less XXX........than YYY), THIS tags must show similar ideas like NOT only X.......BUT also Y, right?
But, in the correct option C, there is NO consistency in this TAG, this tags works like my wrong sentences! looks like below:
less SUCCESSFUL (adjective) than COMPLETE SENTENCE
Thank you all GMATclub members...

Your understanding is alright for not only X but also Y and either X or Y comparison markers. But for the superlative adjective + than comparison marker, you have a slight misunderstanding. The structure is:

X superlative adjective+than Y. ( the complete superlative adjective + than is the comparative marker)

This car is bigger than that car (is).
I am more successful than you (are). (there is no word successfuller, - superlative of successful is more successful (or less successful) - probably that gave rise to your confusion.)
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t  [#permalink]

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03 May 2017, 03:38
She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

--> we need a modifier here, not a clause.

A) She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to

B) Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to

C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in

D) Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to

E) She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t  [#permalink]

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15 May 2017, 05:53
siddhans wrote:
OG16 SC127
She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

A) She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to

B) Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to

C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in

D) Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to

E) She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in

Can someone explain this in detail?

Spoiler: :: I Wonder
Why is A,E wrong?

A "Less... compared to" is incorrect.
B "Less... compared to" is incorrect.
C Correct.
D "Less ... when" is incorrect.
E This sentence is a comma splice because two independent clauses are joined by a comma.
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t  [#permalink]

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15 May 2017, 09:22
mbaapp1234 wrote:
E This sentence is a comma splice because two independent clauses are joined by a comma.

Hi mbaapp1234, strictly speaking, E is not a comma splice, because it has three independent clauses connected by a coordinating conjunction (and).

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses comma splice, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t  [#permalink]

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15 May 2017, 09:51
You are wrong. It is a comma splice. Full sentence for your edification:

She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

The splice occurs in the first clause that ends with "native Germany." Simply put, a comma splice is a fragment with two independent clauses connected by a comma. We have a crystal clear example here. The last independent clause is not a list despite the presence of "and," but rather an extension of the first thought with a new subject and verb.

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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t  [#permalink]

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15 May 2017, 09:56
Hi mbaapp1234, if the entire sentence has three (or more) Independent clauses, then the first two Independent clauses will be most likely connected by a comma. But that doesn't make the sentence a comma splice.

For example, following is a correct sentence:

Peter plays football, his sister plays basketball, and his brother is into skating.

The presence of a comma after "football" does not make this a comma splice.
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t  [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2019, 10:56
concept -
1. we use past perfect to show complex sequencing
2. Being can be used as a Verb and a Noun
a. If it is to be used as a verb, then it has to be followed by a verb (basically some form of "to be"
b. If it is to be used as a noun, then Gerund
c. If it is used as a modifier, then it is WRONG.
3. As Compared to/with is WRONG
She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

(A) She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to
(B) Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to
(C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in
(D) Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to
(E) She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in

Meaning of the sentence - she lived in Germany before and was unsuccessful in Germany. Then she moved to New York.
so "Had" will be used with Germany.. only option C has this

A - the word - had - is used with New York
B - Being here is used as a Modifier... which is wrong
D - past perfect was required over here
E - sequencing wrong

Hope this helps
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She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 17 Apr 2019, 15:02
Hello Everyone!

Let's tackle this question, one issue at a time, and narrow it down to the correct choice quickly! To start, here is the original question with any major differences between the options highlighted in orange:

She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

(A) She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to
(B) Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to
(C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in
(D) Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to
(E) She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in

After taking a quick glance over the options, here are a few things we can focus on to narrow down our choices:

1. She was / Being / Although / She had been (Structure & Conjunctions)
2. had emigrated / emigrated / emigrating (Verb Tense)
3. compared to / as compared to / than she had been in / when compared to / than in (Comparisons & Idioms)

Let's start with #1 on our list, because it will eliminate a couple options pretty quickly. The phrase that's underlined is meant to act as a modifier for the subject, photographer Lotte Jacobi. This means that the phrase needs to look like a modifier, and not a complete sentence. Let's see how each option handles this when you add the remainder of the sentence to it:

(A) She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.
(B) Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.
(C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.
(D) Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.
(E) She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

We can eliminate options A & E because the underlined phrases are complete sentences, and not modifiers like we need them to be! Both of these sentences are actually great examples of comma splices - two complete sentences separated only by a comma, which isn't good enough to separate them (they need a conjunction or semicolon instead).

Next, let's tackle #3 on our list: comparisons. Whenever we see comparative words, such as "less," "fewer," "more," etc., we know that we need to check for any problems with redundant or non-parallel comparisons! Let's take a closer look at each option and make sure the comparisons are handled properly:

(B) Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to

This is INCORRECT because it's redundant. There is no need to say "as compared to" when we already have the word "less" indicating that we're comparing two things.

(C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in

This is CORRECT! It makes more sense to say "X is less than Y" because it's clear and concise. It's also clear that the sentence compares Jacobi's success in New York to her success in Germany.

(D) Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to

This is also INCORRECT because it's redundant. It also creates a non-parallel comparison! This phrase actually compares her success in New York to the country of Germany, which isn't parallel.

There you have it - option C is the correct choice! It's the only one that is clear, concise, and parallel!

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Originally posted by EMPOWERgmatVerbal on 04 Apr 2019, 11:22.
Last edited by EMPOWERgmatVerbal on 17 Apr 2019, 15:02, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t  [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2019, 05:03
She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

Hi,
Presence of "her native Germany" in the non underlined portion makes it clear that the entity being compared, Lotte Jacobi's success, must be from another place.
Lets pick the best of five:

(A) She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany

(B) Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to her native Germany

(C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in : Absolutely correct

(D) Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to her native Germany

(E) She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in her native Germany
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t  [#permalink]

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07 May 2019, 08:07
(Subj) She (V) was (Mod) less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany, ... Lotte Jacobi nevertheless ... [did things].
-- Notice verb tense and comparison in the underline.

1. use of "compared to"
(A) She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany
(B) Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to her native Germany
(D) Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to her native Germany
-- compares the success she had to Germany. We are trying to compare her levels of success in the 2 countries.

2. Sentence structure, run on
(E) She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in
-- there's a lack of a conjunction or something to distinguish between the two independent clauses in A and E

(C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in
-- Dependent clause followed by independent clauses.
-- Correctly states the idea: she was less successful after she emigrated to NY when compared to before
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t  [#permalink]

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19 May 2019, 10:51
She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to[/u] her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

(A) She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to Incorrect comparison, Incorrect choice of tenses, sequence of events doesn't match)

(B) Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to( same issue as in A)

(C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in ( Correct comparison, correct use of tenses)

(D) Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to ( incorrect comparison between b/w NY & NG)

(E) She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in( Incorrect choice of tenses, not the correct choice for sequence of events.)

Would go with choice C

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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t  [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2019, 20:13
Th correct answer is C - clear and concise.
I will just stick to why D is wrong as that's the second most chosen option. D is wrong for two reasons - It is comparing successful with native. Secondly, "Compared to" and Compared with" have different meanings. The former is used to compare the similarities, where as the latter is used differentiate.
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t  [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2019, 14:47
Hi experts!!

I hope you are great!

Please I need your help with a grammar structure in this question, the correct answer (C) give us next sentence:

(C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

My question is: what is the function (grammatically) of the bold section? I have been searching on the grammar forums, books, etc. and my alternatives are the next ones:

b) Appositive (with the form Noun (less successful) + preposition (after ..., than...)
c) Relative Clause in concise form (Ex: *She was*(omitted) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in her native Germany)
d) Any other grammar structure that i havent known yet (if you know other one please tell me)

Sincerely, i know that this knowledge is not necessary to answer this question but my learning strategy is to know every grammar structure as possible, so that i can solve any other question.

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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t  [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2019, 22:27
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The bolded part is an adjectival phrase modifying the subject. The adjectival phrase has been arrived by deleting the subject and verb from an IC.
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She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t  [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2019, 16:41
She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

(A) She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to

1st she was in Germany
2nd she came to New York

0—————————————0———————————————0
Germany--------------New York------------------Now(We are talking)

Past---------------------past--------------------------present

So we are standing in present and talking about her successful story.

So in this option we can see in New York its Had +past participle( Which is wrong)

Less Than is the correct idiom. So than is missing

WRONG

(B) Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to

Being : GMAT never like this but lets look at other errors

Same as A issue “had emigrated to New York.”

Less Than is the correct idiom. So than is missing

WRONG

(C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in

Correct answer. Look at this part you will get clear.

emigrated to New York

she had been in her native Germany

(D) Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to

emigrating to New York using present tense is wrong. So tense shift (WRONG)

Although and Compared to : Redundancy

Less Than is the correct idiom. So than is missing

(E) She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in

Same issue as D. (WRONG)
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t  [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2019, 23:00
She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

(A) She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to

(B) Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to

(C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in

(D) Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to

(E) She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in

If a sentence has 3 or more Independent Clauses then is it imperative that each one of them should be joined by either (;) or 'comma' + one of FANBOYS ?

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She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 21 Sep 2019, 02:45
Top Contributor
Sarja
Who said so? (meaning it is not so)
Example:

She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York.

IC 1. She was less successful
IC 2. She had immigrated to New York.

These two ICs are joined not by a semi colon or a coordinating conjunction but by a subordinating conjunction 'after'. Therefore, you may also add subordinating conjunctions to your list of connectors. I think the number of ICs is not critical to this point.

However, choice A is wrong not because of the connector but because of faulty comparison.

(Aside: Is it emigration or immigration, when one enters the US from abroad? MS word doesn't accept emigrated.)
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Originally posted by daagh on 21 Sep 2019, 00:37.
Last edited by daagh on 21 Sep 2019, 02:45, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t  [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2019, 01:34
daagh wrote:
Sarja
Who said so? (meaning it is not so)
Example:

She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York.

IC 1. She was less successful
IC 2. She had immigrated to New York.

These two ICs are joined not by a semi colon or a coordinating conjunction but by a subordinating conjunction 'after'. Therefore, you may also add subordinating conjunctions to your list of connectors. I think the number od ICs is not critical to this point.

However, choice A is wrong not because of the connector but because of faulty comparison.

(Aside: Is it emigration or immigration, when one enters the US from abroad? MS word doesn't accept emigrated.)

Thank You ! daagh

My doubt arose from your reply to this question a while back, reproducing below the same.

"A. She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to ---- comparing success to a place; in addition, the full text is a run-on".

I did not get the "full text is a run on" part, if you could please help me in understanding it. The original statement has 3 ICs and the first two are joined only by a 'comma' and the 3rd with 'comma' + 'And'

Is this construction correct?

Thanks
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She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t  [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2020, 21:10
Hi gmatninja, mikencgarry
In my opinion C is wrong because AFTER(PREPOSITION) is followed by a simple clause. Would u please explain.

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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t  [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2020, 05:38
Dear Friends,

Here is a detailed explanation to this question-

She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

(A) She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to

(B) Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to

(C) Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in

(D) Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to

(E) She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in

Choice A: This answer choice incorrectly compares the photographer's level of success to "Germany". Furthermore, the use of the comparative word "less" demands the use of the word "than". Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice B: This answer choice repeats the errors found in Option A. This answer choice also uses the word "being" to refer to a state of existence, "less successful". Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice C: This answer choice correctly compares the photographer's level of success in New York and Germany, respectively, through the phrase "than she had been in" and avoids both redundancy and the run-on error. Thus, this answer choice is correct.

Choice D: This answer choice repeats the errors found in Options A and B. This answer choice also suffers from a redundancy error due to the use of two words that convey contrast, "although" and "nevertheless". Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice E: This answer choice incorrectly connects two independent clauses through a comma, creating a run-on sentence. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Hence, C is the best answer choice.

To understand the concept of "Comma Splice and Run-Ons on GMAT", you may want to watch the following video (~6 minutes):

To understand the concept of "Use of Being on GMAT", you may want to watch the following video (~1 minute):

All the best!
Experts' Global Team
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Re: She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared t   [#permalink] 22 Jan 2020, 05:38

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