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# Shy adolescents often devote themselves totally to a hobby

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Senior Manager
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17 Feb 2010, 08:29
2
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Question Stats:

56% (01:34) correct 44% (01:55) wrong based on 376 sessions

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Shy adolescents often devote themselves totally to a hobby to help distract them from the loneliness brought on by their shyness. Sometimes they are able to become friends with others who share their hobby. But if they lose interest in that hobby, their loneliness may be exacerbated. So developing an all-consuming hobby is not a successful strategy for overcoming adolescent loneliness.
Which one of the following assumptions does the argument depend on?
(A) Eventually, shy adolescents are going to want a wider circle of friends than is provided by their hobby.
(B) No successful strategy fro overcoming adolescent loneliness ever intensifies that loneliness.
(C) Shy adolescents will lose interest in their hobbies if they do not make friends through their engagement in those hobbies.
(D) Some other strategy for overcoming adolescent loneliness is generally more successful than is developing an all-consuming hobby.
(E) Shy adolescents devote themselves to hobbies mainly because they want to make friends.
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17 Feb 2010, 09:17
I would go for D;

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17 Feb 2010, 10:25
14
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SudiptoGmat wrote:
Shy adolescents often devote themselves totally to a hobby to help distract them from the loneliness brought on by their shyness. Sometimes they are able to become friends with others who share their hobby. But if they lose interest in that hobby, their loneliness may be exacerbated. So developing an all-consuming hobby is not a successful strategy for overcoming adolescent loneliness.
Which one of the following assumptions does the argument depend on?
(A) Eventually, shy adolescents are going to want a wider circle of friends than is provided by their hobby.
(B) No successful strategy fro overcoming adolescent loneliness ever intensifies that loneliness.
(C) Shy adolescents will lose interest in their hobbies if they do not make friends through their engagement in those hobbies.
(D) Some other strategy for overcoming adolescent loneliness is generally more successful than is developing an all-consuming hobby.
(E) Shy adolescents devote themselves to hobbies mainly because they want to make friends.

IMO B.
Assumptions are unsaid premises. They are those missing links that would complete the story. Everything moves fine till we encounter lasts sentence. That seems a bit out of place. Stem says that shy kids develop hobbies---> hobbies help them find friends ---> is they loose hobby then loneliness increases (fine) ---> Therefore, hobby is not a good idea?? Well there is a missing link between the last two lines.

And see that B is the only option that fits there. Hobby decreases loneliness---> loss of hobbies decrease loneliness---> any strategy that has a risk of intensifying loneliness isn't a good strategy---> Therefore, hobby isn't a good strategy.

Makes sense, doesn't it!

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17 Feb 2010, 14:19
OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

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SD

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26 Feb 2010, 21:35
honeyrai - thanks for the explanation. Makes sense now --

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28 Feb 2010, 19:45
6
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Hey All,

You got to the right answer, for the right reason, already, so I only have one thing to add. The way to improve generally at CR is to start to recognize patterns in both the passage structures and the answer choices. For what it's worth, this question falls into one of the 4 categories we separate out within the greater category of "assumption" questions.

The first category (represented in this question) is "logic gap". Just as honeyrai so efficiently explained, there is a syllogism here with a missing piece. In case you've forgotten, a syllogism is a logical argument that works in this way: If a = b and b = c, then a = c. Logic gap questions tend to say a = b, so a = c, and we lose out on that important b = c part. If you start to recognize this as a pattern that comes back again and again, you're more likely not to fall for a trick or trap.

Word up.

Hope that helps!
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17 Mar 2010, 01:41
2
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honeyrai wrote:
SudiptoGmat wrote:
Shy adolescents often devote themselves totally to a hobby to help distract them from the loneliness brought on by their shyness. Sometimes they are able to become friends with others who share their hobby. But if they lose interest in that hobby, their loneliness may be exacerbated. So developing an all-consuming hobby is not a successful strategy for overcoming adolescent loneliness.
Which one of the following assumptions does the argument depend on?
(A) Eventually, shy adolescents are going to want a wider circle of friends than is provided by their hobby.
(B) No successful strategy fro overcoming adolescent loneliness ever intensifies that loneliness.
(C) Shy adolescents will lose interest in their hobbies if they do not make friends through their engagement in those hobbies.
(D) Some other strategy for overcoming adolescent loneliness is generally more successful than is developing an all-consuming hobby.
(E) Shy adolescents devote themselves to hobbies mainly because they want to make friends.

IMO B.
Assumptions are unsaid premises. They are those missing links that would complete the story. Everything moves fine till we encounter lasts sentence. That seems a bit out of place. Stem says that shy kids develop hobbies---> hobbies help them find friends ---> is they loose hobby then loneliness increases (fine) ---> Therefore, hobby is not a good idea?? Well there is a missing link between the last two lines.

And see that B is the only option that fits there. Hobby decreases loneliness---> loss of hobbies increases loneliness---> any strategy that has a risk of intensifying loneliness isn't a good strategy---> Therefore, hobby isn't a good strategy.

Makes sense, doesn't it!

Excellent explanation, just one correction highlighted in red.
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28 Mar 2010, 10:56
great question it went of like a beamer thanku for the explanations

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06 Apr 2010, 08:16
B it is.
The explanations above are sufficient to justify this.

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08 Apr 2010, 22:33
great question, awesome exp gaurav
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09 Apr 2010, 10:14
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey All,

You got to the right answer, for the right reason, already, so I only have one thing to add. The way to improve generally at CR is to start to recognize patterns in both the passage structures and the answer choices. For what it's worth, this question falls into one of the 4 categories we separate out within the greater category of "assumption" questions.

The first category (represented in this question) is "logic gap". Just as honeyrai so efficiently explained, there is a syllogism here with a missing piece. In case you've forgotten, a syllogism is a logical argument that works in this way: If a = b and b = c, then a = c. Logic gap questions tend to say a = b, so a = c, and we lose out on that important b = c part. If you start to recognize this as a pattern that comes back again and again, you're more likely not to fall for a trick or trap.

Word up.

Hope that helps!

It help. Thanks for the add on.

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09 Apr 2010, 10:35
2
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Great question and explanation! The question took me a long time to solve.

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10 Apr 2010, 03:01
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Awesome!

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09 Jun 2010, 07:15
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey All,

You got to the right answer, for the right reason, already, so I only have one thing to add. The way to improve generally at CR is to start to recognize patterns in both the passage structures and the answer choices. For what it's worth, this question falls into one of the 4 categories we separate out within the greater category of "assumption" questions.

The first category (represented in this question) is "logic gap". Just as honeyrai so efficiently explained, there is a syllogism here with a missing piece. In case you've forgotten, a syllogism is a logical argument that works in this way: If a = b and b = c, then a = c. Logic gap questions tend to say a = b, so a = c, and we lose out on that important b = c part. If you start to recognize this as a pattern that comes back again and again, you're more likely not to fall for a trick or trap.

Word up.

Hope that helps!

Thanks Tommy. I did eliminations and saw the answer. Like this one. Is this correct? Pls comment.

Shy adolescents often devote themselves totally to a hobby to help distract them from the loneliness brought on by their shyness. Sometimes they are able to become friends with others who share their hobby. But if they lose interest in that hobby, their loneliness may be exacerbated. So developing an all-consuming hobby is not a successful strategy for overcoming adolescent loneliness.
Which one of the following assumptions does the argument depend on?
(A) Eventually, shy adolescents are going to want a wider circle of friends than is provided by their hobby. IRRELEVANT. OUT
(B) No successful strategy fro overcoming adolescent loneliness ever intensifies that loneliness. HOLD
(C) Shy adolescents will lose interest in their hobbies if they do not make friends through their engagement in those hobbies.

WRONG FOR 2 REASONS.
ONE Y-> X IS WRONG (No friends -> No hobby)
The sequence was HOBBY -> DISTRACT LONELINESS -> FRIENDS

AND SECOND I NEED UNSTATED PREMISE

(D) Some other strategy for overcoming adolescent loneliness is generally more successful IRRELEVANT. OUT
(E) Shy adolescents devote themselves to hobbies mainly because they want to make friends. IRRELEVANT. OUT

IMO : B

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04 May 2012, 08:58
+1 B

If there are successful strategies that could intensify the loneliness, we could not claim that hobbies are not successful.
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10 Jul 2012, 07:00
The answer is B. Took me nearly four minutes to confirm B. But that's ok, because that's why there are 40-sec SC questions on the GMAT.

Cheers,
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18 Jan 2013, 21:58
lose interest in that hobby => intensifies/exacerbates loneliness
thus, hobby strategy is not success

gap: intensifies loniliness -> not successful strategy / no successful strategy intensifies loneliness

B fills that gap.

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27 Jan 2014, 01:42
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28 Jan 2014, 16:43
can any one explain B meaning :
(B) No successful strategy fro overcoming adolescent loneliness ever intensifies that loneliness.

i understood from B is that there are no stratigies will make the loneliness more sever . is my translation correct ? if it is not , why not correct ?

thanks

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28 Jan 2014, 18:49
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Expert's post
shagalo wrote:
can any one explain B meaning :
(B) No successful strategy fro overcoming adolescent loneliness ever intensifies that loneliness.

i understood from B is that there are no stratigies will make the loneliness more sever . is my translation correct ? if it is not , why not correct ?

thanks

No, your interpretation is not correct. B is saying that no SUCCESSFUL strategies will make the loneliness more severe (intense) and that single word "successful" is very important.

Remember that assumptions fill the gaps in the logic from premise to conclusion. The premise is that the hobby strategy may cause intensified (more severe) loneliness THEREFORE it cannot be a successful strategy. Why can't it be successful? There seems to be some benefits. In order to believe that because of the intensified loneliness it can't be a successful strategy we have to assume that successful strategies will NOT ever make loneliness more intense (severe).

Hope that helps!
KW
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