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Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
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Concentration: General Management, Finance
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13 Aug 2010, 10:30
1
6
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

65% (01:07) correct 35% (01:13) wrong based on 376 sessions

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I negated the choice to confirm the answer. Whats your reasoning? Anyone who wants to argue option A?

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Manager
Joined: 24 Dec 2009
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13 Aug 2010, 11:17
1
Excellent question.

B, D and E can be eliminated since they are irrelevant to the argument.

Answer choice C is more like a conclusion rather than assumption. If you read carefully, if paid sick leaves are removed by company, fewer employees would take off from work because of illness. That is basically a result if the company adopts this policy. Hence cant be an assumption.

Regarding A - If reduction in benefits of employees is not going to affect the downturn of employees, then as author have mentioned, company can increase the performance by eliminating paid sick leave.

If employees decide to leave company because of this strategy, it will affect the company performance in wrong sense. Hence A is a correct answer choice.

I hope my explanation is on track. Thank You.

Thanks,
Akhil M.Parekh
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13 Aug 2010, 11:35
For me it was between A and E becuase only those 2 options talk about the company as a whole. E says "reduction in the number of paid sick days" whereas argument talks about elimination of paid sick days.

only A remains.
Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
Posts: 864
Location: Singapore
Concentration: General Management, Finance
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13 Aug 2010, 19:52
Thanks guys ! I picked this question from Princeton Review. I believe the OA should be A.

Negate C should destroy the argument - opposite of NONE is "one" or more.
Logical negative C . If ONE paid sick leave were offered, fewer employees would take time off from work because of illness. ----> This doesn't seem to destroy the argument. Hence cannot be the answer.

Hope you enjoyed the question
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20 Mar 2012, 23:39
nusmavrik wrote:
I negated the choice to confirm the answer. Whats your reasoning? Anyone who wants to argue option A?

Pls correct the OA...........
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20 Mar 2012, 23:49
1
will go with A its negation makes the conclusion illogical
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22 Mar 2012, 17:56
its C for me as A assumes employees cannot be replaced by equally/more productive emplyees
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11 Oct 2014, 01:13
I doubt the vailidity of OA of this question as pointed out by many members on this forum. This question needs further discussion. VerbalBot
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13 Jun 2016, 19:12
Here we are talking about the resulting decrease in absenteeism resulting in a positive effect so A can not be the answer. We only care about the people who are employees so even if people left the company it would not affect the argument.
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13 Jun 2016, 22:25
IMO C

For assumption ques , try to use negation method if you understand the conclusion .

Here conclusion is decrease in paid vacation will cause increase in productivity .(easier language)

X causes Y

One method : come up with option that weaken the conclusion

X not cause Y

Decrease in paid vacation does not cause the increase in productivity .

Here underlying assumption can be 1) employees who take vacation will keep on doing so even if there is decrease in paid vacation hours

By using defender assumption .

Opt C correctly weakens the " weaken assumption"

Kudos pls...

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14 Jun 2016, 01:49
The OA is right in my line of reasoning. Here are some insights.
Conclusion - resulting decrease in absenteeism would have a positive effect in company's performance. Here the key words "would have" bring in cause and effect relationship in the conclusion itself. Note this is an assumption question and not a strengthen question. We always strengthen the conclusion in a strengthen question and this is not true for all assumptions question types.

Let me go one step ahead telling that a successful assumption can be a link itself between argument and conclusion. Here choice C nicely brings out this link. -> If No paid sick leave were offered, fewer employees would take time off from work because of illness.

Next broadly there are two kinds of assumptions. One type is active assumption where outside information is not allowed and one needs to think inside the box. This means we cann't bring in outside information unlike strengtheners can.However passive assumptions can be in the form of 'NOT' key word and bring in outside information. This problem is certainly not of passive assumption type, hence can be classified in active assumption category.

Answer A goes thru a lot of steps before it can even reach closer to conclusion. Let me explain. Benefits will decrease -> still employees will stay -> they will continue to perform at their predefined productivity levels -> company performance won't suffer.
I have never seen a problem being correct with so many logical steps.

Hence C is the correct answer
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01 Aug 2016, 08:04
I think option is C is already mentioned in the passage :\ , Experts please explain how C is correct
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02 Aug 2016, 22:44
anje29 wrote:
I think option is C is already mentioned in the passage :\ , Experts please explain how C is correct

I totally agree with your reply @anje29. Option C is a trap answer as it is a restatement.

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12 Sep 2016, 19:59
I have a different opinion - I think answer is C but ques needs a different sort of negation -

Actual option - If no paid sick leave offered, fewer employees would take time off from work because of illness

should be negated as below:
If paid sick leave offered, fewer(should be replaced by more) employees would take time off from work because of illness - this would now destroy the arguement. So, c is the correct answer. Can any one please confirm my understanding?
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20 Oct 2017, 05:26
1
Hello abhimahna,

This is a good question, but unfortunately, it is in the form of a screenshot and the answer is clearly marked. Can you please change this to Text format. For the ease of changing I have typed in the question here so that it can be copy-pasted.

Companies should eliminate paid sick Leaves for employees. This strategy would provide a disincentive for employees to take time off from work because of Illness. The resulting decrease in absenteeism would have a positive impact on companies' overall performances.

Which of the following is an assumption needed by the argument above?

A. Employees will stay at their companies regardless of change to their benefits.
B. Employees use sick days for vacation and other recreational purposes
C. If no paid sick leave were offered, fewer employees would take time off from work because of illness.
D. The benefit of companies' overall performance due to decreased absenteeism would benefit employees as well as shareholders.
E. The Reduction of paid sick leaves would affect all employees equally.

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