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Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make

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Re: Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2014, 22:01
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This one really vexed me especially B Vs D.
Below if what I figured out, after some Google.Sharing it with the fraternity:
Regards.

Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make it any more likely for plants to become an invasive or persistent weed, according to a decade-long study published in the journal Nature.

1: The non underlined part "an invasive or persistent weed" need to refer a singular noun => a plant.

A) because they are genetically engineered does not make it any more likely for plants to
B) because it is genetically engineered does not make a plant any more likely to
>> Out.Read the below notes:
C) being genetically engineered does not make it any more likely that plants will
D) being genetically engineered does not make a plant any more likely to
>>Correct. Being used here as a Gerund.
E) being genetically engineered does not make a plant any more likely that it will

Quick Notes from Manhattan forum:
#1
Basically, there are 3 things in the world that can be subjects of a verb:
1/ nouns,
2/ pronouns, and
3/ clauses with "that" in front of them.

I'll assume #1 and #2 are self-explanatory.
An example of #3 is "That you were on time was a surprise to everyone". In that sentence, the entire italicized thing is the subject.

#2:
you can't say "because SUBJECT VERB ... is ...". this sentence is trying to use "(simply) because it is genetically engineered" as a subject.
in fact, you cannot use ANY clause starting with a conjunction (either a coordinating or subordinating conjunction -- look these up if you need to refresh yourself on what they are) as a subject.

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Re: Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2014, 21:47
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Re: Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2015, 13:05
A and B are wrong for a basic yet subtle reason: they don't have a noun (or word(s) that can function as a noun) for the word "does".
https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... tml#p18303
However, CDE fix this mistake, since the gerund "being" can function as a noun. Oh the joys of SC!

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Re: Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2015, 15:03
(D) is concise and "being" is used as part of a noun.

Whereas, (B) is nonsense.

Simplifying (B) by dropping "Simply", it reads: Because X is Y, or "Because it is genetically engineered does not make a plant any more likely to..."

(B) would make more sense if the subject was repeated before Y, or Because X it is Y: "Because it is genetically engineered, a plant is not any more likely to..."

The error in (B) would be clearer if you rearrange the sentence:

"Does not make a plant any more likely to become an invasive or persistent weed, according to a decade-long study published in the journal Nature, because it is genetically engineered."

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Re: Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2015, 15:12
JarvisR wrote:
#2:
you can't say "because SUBJECT VERB ... is ...". this sentence is trying to use "(simply) because it is genetically engineered" as a subject.
in fact, you cannot use ANY clause starting with a conjunction (either a coordinating or subordinating conjunction -- look these up if you need to refresh yourself on what they are) as a subject.[/highlight]


You can start a sentence with "because" if it's part of a dependent clause, just not an independent clause.

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Re: Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2015, 10:28
Yahsek wrote:
Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make it any more likely for plants to become an invasive or persistent weed, according to a decade-long study published in the journal Nature.

A) because they are genetically engineered does not make it any more likely for plants to
B) because it is genetically engineered does not make a plant any more likely to
C) being genetically engineered does not make it any more likely that plants will
D) being genetically engineered does not make a plant any more likely to
E) being genetically engineered does not make a plant any more likely that it will


What 'simply' modify in the correct answer choice E?

Analysis: simply is an adverb. Adverbs can modify many things but nouns.

Being is a gerund and therefore a noun. Can we conclude that simply does not modify being here?

If so what it modifies? Can simply modify the verb does not make?
The meaning refutes this alternative.

So what does simply as an adverb modify here?!

I tell you: we have a simple gerund here, being genetically modified is a simple gerund. A simple gerund is a noun outside, verb inside. Hence, for modifying a simple gerund we use adverbs not adjectives, even though gerunds are considered nouns.

For example consider this sentence: Running quickly 2 kilometers per week is his routine

We can say it in other order too: Quickly running 2 kilometers makes is his routine

Here quickly does not modify the verb 'is', but rather the gerund 'running'

How come that an adverb (quickly) can modify a noun (gerund running)?! This is because simple gerunds take adverbs and direct objects as does a normal verb; simple gerunds are of noun outside, verb inside structure.

In the question above , simply has the same role and modifies the 'being genetically modified'

Thanks for your attention

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Re: Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2016, 12:46
I am Still not clear why is B wrong?

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Re: Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make [#permalink]

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Re: Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make [#permalink]

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Let’s dissect the sentence. --Does not make-- is the verb of the clause and we need a subject for the verb. What can act as a subject here? --Because it is genetically engineered-- is already a subordinate clause, waiting for a main clause to fall back on. Hence, it cannot act as the subject. Therefore, B is out. What we need is a noun, a noun phrase or a gerund. That is the reason, choice D with - being genetically engineered- , which is indeed a gerund fits the bill appropriately.

It may be noted that being as part of a subject is an accepted use in GMAT as with the use of being as a part of a passive voice verb.
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Re: Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2016, 21:36
I chose B, despite noticing the ambiguity of 'it' in the sentence.
Only for the reason of BEi ng.

'being' is strongly abhorrent word in GMAT.

So why the OA is D???

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Re: Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2017, 02:08
soumya170293 wrote:
I chose B, despite noticing the ambiguity of 'it' in the sentence.
Only for the reason of BEi ng.

'being' is strongly abhorrent word in GMAT.

So why the OA is D???


My friend, beware of such rules as the one highlighted above.

Read this article. It may help you understand when to use being.

https://e-gmat.com/blog/gmat-verbal/sen ... -questions
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Re: Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2017, 19:13
"Because it is genetically engineered" should modify plants.

Something like-
"because it is genetically modified, the plant is blah blah"

or

"being something" MAKES the plant blah blah

So that's why the answer is D and not B

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Re: Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2017, 02:32
Yahsek wrote:
Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make it any more likely for plants to become an invasive or persistent weed, according to a decade-long study published in the journal Nature.

(A) because they are genetically engineered does not make it any more likely for plants to
(B) because it is genetically engineered does not make a plant any more likely to
(C) being genetically engineered does not make it any more likely that plants will
(D) being genetically engineered does not make a plant any more likely to
(E) being genetically engineered does not make a plant any more likely that it will



Hi
Could anyone provide details on the reason eliminating the 4 wrong choices?
Thanks
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Re: Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2017, 03:58
because clause as subject of sentence happen in spoken english, informal one.

because I study hard dose not mean I will pass the test.

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Re: Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2017, 11:36
Yahsek wrote:
Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make it any more likely for plants to become an invasive or persistent weed, according to a decade-long study published in the journal Nature.

(A) because they are genetically engineered does not make it any more likely for plants to
(B) because it is genetically engineered does not make a plant any more likely to
(C) being genetically engineered does not make it any more likely that plants will
(D) being genetically engineered does not make a plant any more likely to
(E) being genetically engineered does not make a plant any more likely that it will


You don't eliminate a choice simply because it having an avoidable concept. Weed goes with plant.. A and C out

A doesn't make it .. is a noun phrase.. B is out

in E- That it will.. it??Out

Being is gerund --- keep D,E.. will is not required in E..

D is the answer

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Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2017, 20:24
Simply because they are genetically engineered does not make it any more likely for plants to become an invasive or persistent weed, according to a decade-long study published in the journal Nature.

(A) because they are genetically engineered does not make it any more likely for plants to - many plants become "an invasive or persistent weed" (singular) ; 'it' is a pronoun that refers to the idea of "because the plants are genetically engineered" usage is incorrect
(B) because it is genetically engineered does not make a plant any more likely to - because it is genetically engineered" as a subject CAN'T be the subject --in fact, you cannot use ANY clause starting with a conjunction (either a coordinating or subordinating conjunction -- look these up if you need to refresh yourself on what they are) as a subject. ever.
(C) being genetically engineered does not make it any more likely that plants will - "plants" (plural) can become "an invasive or persistent weed" (singular). since multiple plants can't become one weed, that's incorrect.
(D) being genetically engineered does not make a plant any more likely to - Correct
(E) being genetically engineered does not make a plant any more likely that it will -- more likely that is undiomatic

(B) is also wrong for a much more tangible reason: it doesn't have a subject. Same problem with (A).

Choices A and B are trying to use "Simply because xxxxx" as a subject.

Basically, there are 3 things in the world that can be subjects of a verb:
1. nouns,
2. pronouns, and
3. clauses with "that" in front of them.

An example of #3 is "That you were on time was a surprise to everyone". In that sentence, the entire italicized thing is the subject.

Answer D
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